Genomics
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Rescooped by AJ Montpetit from #EAv (e)LOCRIS - Is Empire Avenue worth it?
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Artist Creates Human 3D Printed DNA Portraits From DNA Fragments - Bit Rebels

Artist Creates Human 3D Printed DNA Portraits From DNA Fragments - Bit Rebels | Genomics | Scoop.it
Heather Dewey-Hagborg uses street trash containing DNA fragments to create lifelike and eerie DNA portraits of people. They serve as wall mounted art.

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'John L Evans''s curator insight, May 12, 2013 8:19 PM

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Trends in Genetics - Resequencing rice genomes: an emerging new era of rice genomics

Trends in Genetics - Resequencing rice genomes: an emerging new era of rice genomics | Genomics | Scoop.it

Rice is a model system for crop genomics studies. Much of the early work on rice genomics focused on analyzing genome-wide genetic variation to further understand rice gene functions in agronomic traits and to generate data and resources for rice research. The advent of next-generation high-throughput DNA sequencing technologies and the completion of high-quality reference genome sequences have enabled the development of sequencing-based genotyping and genome-wide association studies (GWAS) that have significantly advanced rice genetics research. This has led to the emergence of a new era of rice genomics aimed at bridging the knowledge gap between genotype and phenotype in rice. These technologies have also led to pyramid breeding through genomics-assisted selection, which will be useful in breeding elite varieties suitable for sustainable agriculture. Here, we review the recent advances in rice genomics and discuss the future of this line of research.


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Rescooped by AJ Montpetit from DNA and RNA Research
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Architecture and evolution of a minute plant genome

Architecture and evolution of a minute plant genome | Genomics | Scoop.it

It has been argued that the evolution of plant genome size is principally unidirectional and increasing owing to the varied action of whole-genome duplications (WGDs) and mobile element proliferation1. However, extreme genome size reductions have been reported in the angiosperm family tree. Here we report the sequence of the 82-megabase genome of the carnivorous bladderwort plant Utricularia gibba. Despite its tiny size, the U. gibba genome accommodates a typical number of genes for a plant, with the main difference from other plant genomes arising from a drastic reduction in non-genic DNA. Unexpectedly, we identified at least three rounds of WGD in U. gibba since common ancestry with tomato (Solanum) and grape (Vitis). The compressed architecture of the U. gibba genome indicates that a small fraction of intergenic DNA, with few or no active retrotransposons, is sufficient to regulate and integrate all the processes required for the development and reproduction of a complex organism.


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Rescooped by AJ Montpetit from Plant Biology Teaching Resources (Higher Education)
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SciAmBlog: Mosses Make Two Different Plants From the Same Genome, and a Single Gene Can Make the Difference

SciAmBlog: Mosses Make Two Different Plants From the Same Genome, and a Single Gene Can Make the Difference | Genomics | Scoop.it

"One of the most astonishing secrets in biology is this: every plant you see makes two different plants from the same genome. And, scientists recently reported, a single gene from an ancient, powerful lineage can make the difference."


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Mary Williams's comment, May 13, 2013 3:22 AM
Here's an engaging article to help you explain alternation of generations
Jennifer Mach's curator insight, May 13, 2013 8:41 AM

Nice summary of the recent KNOX2 work published in Science.

Rescooped by AJ Montpetit from Longevity science
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Extracting human DNA with full genetic data in minutes | KurzweilAI

Extracting human DNA with full genetic data in minutes | KurzweilAI | Genomics | Scoop.it

University of Washington engineers and NanoFacture, a Bellevue, Wash., company, have created a device that can extract human DNA from fluid samples in a simpler, more efficient and environmentally friendly way than conventional methods.

The device will give hospitals and research labs a much easier way to separate DNA from human fluid samples, which will help with genome sequencing, disease diagnosis and forensic investigations.

 

 


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