Genetically modified seeds
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History of GMOS

American RadioWorks is the national documentary unit of American Public Media.
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Citation: "History of GMOS." History of GMOS. American Radio Works, n.d. Web. 15 July 2013.


Summary:  A perfect breakdown, year by year of biotechnology.  This article explains how DNA was spliced and how that generated GMOs decades later.  

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Institute for Responsible Technology -

Institute for Responsible Technology - | Genetically modified seeds | Scoop.it
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Citation: "Institute for Respsonsible Technology." Institute for Responsible Technology -. N.p., 8 July 2013. Web. 08 July 2013.


Summary: This website has information regarding tests done on animals that consumed GMOs.  It explained the results of those animals and what could potentially happen to humans.  There is also information about risks, who is at most risk, what foods to avoid and where GMOs come from.  

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FDA's Role in Regulating Safety of GE Foods

FDA's Role in Regulating Safety of GE Foods | Genetically modified seeds | Scoop.it
GMOs, genetically modified organisms, biotech foods, or genetically engineered foods - whatever name they're called - seem to be a captivating topic. Learn more about them and how they are regulated in this FDA Consumer Update.
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Citation: "For Consumers." FDA's Role in Regulating Safety of GE Foods. N.p., 14 May 2013. Web. 08 July 2013.


Summary: A visual diagram of how GMOs are produced and information about the federal regualations within the United States.  This article also explains the regulations on labeling products that contain GMOs.

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How to Deal with the Upcoming Challenges in GMO Detection in Food and Feed

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Citation: Broeders, Sylvia R. M., Sigrid C. J. De Keersmaecker, and Nancy H. C. Roosens. "How To Deal With The Upcoming Challenges In GMO Detection In Food And Feed." Journal Of Biomedicine & Biotechnology 2012.(2012): 1-11. Academic Search Complete. Web. 8 July 2013.


Summary: This article goes into great detail about the challenges there are and will be to identify GMO's.  Since some GMO's are authorized in some countries and some are not authorized in others there is a vast number of differenet GMO's.  Because of the differences with authorization there is no basic identification strategy.  

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Monsanto | Why Agriculture Needs to Be Improved

Monsanto | Why Agriculture Needs to Be Improved | Genetically modified seeds | Scoop.it
The answer you’ll hear most often is that agriculture needs to produce more food because the world’s population is growing.
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Reference Citation:

"Improving Agriculture." Monsanto. N.p., 8 July 2013. Web. 08 July 2013

 

Summary: Monsanto is a large producer of many seeds in the agriculture industry.  They believe that they need to supply the growing population's food needs.  However, within this website Monsanto is defending the use of GMO's.  Why?  

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GMO Reality Check

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Reference Citation:

SMITH, MELISSA DIANE. "Gmo Reality Check." Better Nutrition 74.8 (2012): 36-39. Academic Search Complete. Web. 24 June 2013.

 

Summary:  The article talks about how products containing GMO's are not required to be labeled in the United States.  The growing trend of purchasing non GMO products, the risks of eating GMO products and the basic breakdown of what GMO means is all discussed in this article. 

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Genetically Modified Foods Position Paper:: The American Academy of Environmental Medicine (AAEM)

Genetically Modified Foods Position Paper:: The American Academy of Environmental Medicine (AAEM) | Genetically modified seeds | Scoop.it
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Citation: Dean, Amy, M.O, and Jennifer Armstrong, M.D. "Genetically Modified Foods." Position Paper:: The American Academy of Environmental Medicine (AAEM). N.p., 8 May 2009. Web. 15 July 2013.


Summary: This article breaks down the genetics involved in a GMO, health risks, the results of animal testing and much more.  This article was written by doctors who have studied the side effects of GMO's.

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Engineering the Future of Food

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Citation: Schonwald, Josh. "Engineering The Future Of Food." Futurist 46.3 (2012): 24-28. Academic Search Complete. Web. 8 July 2013.


Summary: This article states all the benefits that consuming GMOs will give to people.  It argues that GMOs are actually much better for you than what is available without the intergration of better traits from plants.  Producing foods that have a higher amount of vitamins and less bitterness is what could be in our biotech future.  

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See what you eat—broad GMO screening with microarrays

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Citation:Von Götz, Franz. "See What You Eat—Broad GMO Screening With Microarrays." Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry 396.6 (2010): 1961-1967. Academic Search Complete. Web. 8 July 2013.


Summary: This article explains in great detail about the steady increase of GM crops and why we need them.  It also expalins what these GM crops have a potential for, enhancing levels of vitamins or antibiotics.  With the benefits of the GM crops there is a need to intergrate more traits together to produce a higher yield and resist herbicides and drought, however detecting all GMOs has become harder.  A microarray may be the answer to detect all GMOs with the power it posesses for multiplex detection.  

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Improving the weak assessments of GMO risks

Improving the weak assessments of GMO risks

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Citation: Davidson, Steve. "Improving The Weak Assessments Of GMO Risks." Ecos 122 (2004): 34. Academic Search Complete. Web. 8 July 2013.

 

Summary: Currently there is no procedure for doing ecological risk assessment for GMO's.  Scientists from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) are trying to correct the procedure that currently is a checklist.  The downfall to a checklist is they do not predict what could go wrong, by examining what could go wrong scientists can ward off any risks that GMO's could carry.  

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Genetically Modified Crops - History

Genetically Modified Crops - History | Genetically modified seeds | Scoop.it
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Citation:

"Genetically Modified Crops." - History. Www.eWebsite.com, n.d. Web. 08 July 2013


Summary: This website is dedicated to GMO crops.  Information consists of the history of GMO why there was a need for it and if there are risks.  It also explains if there is a risk to consuming GMO products.

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GMO's Food Security or Threat to Food Safety

GMO's Food Security or Threat to Food Safety

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Reference Citation:

A. M. Salariya, et al. "GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS (Gmos): FOOD SECURITY OR THREAT TO FOOD SAFETY." Pakistan Journal Of Science 64.2 (2012): 6-12. Academic Search Complete. Web. 24 June 2013.

 

Summary: An explaination of what GMO means, how and when it started and if it is safe for us.  Are GMO's effective in a way to produce more food for our growing population and what are the long term effects if any, from this, the article explains.

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