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Gender & Protection in East Africa
Issues Related to Gender Equality, Gender Sensitivity and Protection
Curated by Robin Landis
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Ebola, tsunamis and droughts — how gender inequality undermines community resilience

Ebola, tsunamis and droughts — how gender inequality undermines community resilience | Gender & Protection in East Africa | Scoop.it

Up to three out of four people who contract the deadly Ebola virus are women. Nearly two out of three people who died in the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami were female. And women in Mali are widely seen as bearing the greatest burden during times of hardship and crisis.

The reason women and girls experience disproportionately greater impact from disease outbreaks, natural disasters and other life-threatening hardships has little to do with biology — and much to do with gender roles....

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Human Rights Watch Reports African Union Troops Raped Refugees In Somalia

Some African Union troops in Somalia sexually exploited or raped women and girls who are internal refugees, a new report by an international human rights group alleged Monday.


Human Rights Watch said it interviewed 21 women and girls since 2013 who described being sexually abused or sexually exploited by Burundian or Ugandan military personnel in two bases in Mogadishu.


Ten separate incidents of sexual abuse, including rape and sexual assault, and 14 cases of sexual exploitation were documented during the period, the rights group said. Four of the rape cases and one sexual assault involved girls under 18. The youngest victim was a 12-year-old girl who was allegedly raped by a Ugandan soldier.

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What women want - Gender equality post 2015

What women want - Gender equality post 2015 | Gender & Protection in East Africa | Scoop.it

This blog by Tanvi Bhatkal accompanies her recently released report on gender and perception data, looking at the priority of gender equality from the MY World survey data.

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Women farmers: Voiceless pillars of African agriculture

Women farmers: Voiceless pillars of African agriculture | Gender & Protection in East Africa | Scoop.it

Women farmers are the pillars of African agriculture. According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation over two thirds of all women in Africa are employed in the agricultural sector and produce nearly 90 percent of food on the continent. They are responsible for growing, selling, buying and preparing food for their families.

Yet even as the guardians of food security, they are still marginalised in business relations and have minimal control over access to resources such as land, inputs such as improved seeds and fertilizer, credit and technology.

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ETHIOPIA | Guideline for gender sensitive budgeting on girls education

ETHIOPIA | Guideline for gender sensitive budgeting on girls education | Gender & Protection in East Africa | Scoop.it

Development partners, including UNICEF, have been supporting the Ethiopian Government so that the country could achieve universal access to education by 2015. The current support is focused on mobilising leadership committed to girls' education (locally, nationally and regionally) by developing the necessary tools for gender sensitive budgeting and participatory plan of action in budgets at district, regional and national levels.

These guidelines have been developed to address the current gaps in gender-sensitive budgeting for girls' education. It is believed these guidelines would assist the different stakeholders involved in the process of planning and budgeting to recognise and address female and male needs and interests; and provide them with opportunities through planning and budgeting.

This publication presents a guiding framework for concerned higher, middle and local government stakeholders to undertake gender budgeting for education. The guide is also designed to mobilise leadership committed to girls' education by developing the necessary tools for gender-sensitive budgeting and participatory action plans.

This guide was prepared by the Ethiopian Ministry of Finance and Economic Development (MOFED) and Ministry of Education (MOE) in collaboration with United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and The British Council.

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Center of the center: Keep your eye on the ball, women and agribusiness

Center of the center: Keep your eye on the ball, women and agribusiness | Gender & Protection in East Africa | Scoop.it

...If Agriculture is taking center stage, who’s at the center? Smallerholder farmers. Who’s at the center of the center? Women. Women are the backbone of African agriculture (and of the world, in general). Women are major stakeholders and their voices should be included in the discussion forming the policies that will directly affect them...

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ETHIOPIA | More refugees than any African country

The U.N. refugee agency reports Ethiopia now hosts more refugees than any other country in Africa, supplanting its neighbor, Kenya. The UNHCR says the main factor is the huge influx of refugees from conflict-ridden South Sudan.


UNHCR reports by the end of July, Ethiopia was sheltering almost 630,000 registered refugees, including nearly one-quarter of a million refugees from South Sudan. The agency says most of them, nearly 190,000, have fled into Ethiopia since war erupted in their country in mid-December.


Besides the South Sudanese, the UNHCR reports Ethiopia also is hosting 245,000 Somalis and nearly 100,000 Eritreans....

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E-COURSE | Gender-sensitive Governance: what does it look like and how can we work towards it?

This free web-based course provides participants with a general grounding in the current concepts of governance from a gender perspective and offers some examples and resources for applying these within key governance institutions, with a focus on governments.

  

Overview:

Why does gender matter for governance? How can we expose gender-blind institutions and processes? What strategies have enhanced the opportunities and outcomes for women and girls in government processes? What can we learn from this and how can we integrate this into our own work?


This pilot course aims to support development practitioners who are working to strengthen gender equality in relation to governance processes in their workplace. To support them this course seeks to equip participants with an introductory knowledge that can help them to take forward strategies for positive change....

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Gender sensitive policy, climate change adaptation and agriculture

Gender sensitive policy, climate change adaptation and agriculture | Gender & Protection in East Africa | Scoop.it

...Across the continent, Africa’s women are primary producers in agricultural activities, managers and users of productive natural resources. They possess a strong body of knowledge and expertise that can be used in climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies. Furthermore, as stewards of natural and household resources, women are at critical positions to contribute to livelihood strategies adapted to changing environmental realities. However, they face marginalization in critical areas relating to access and ownership, policy and decision making...


Via Bukar Usman (D.V.M., M.V.S.c)
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Bukar Usman (D.V.M., M.V.S.c)'s curator insight, August 23, 12:43 PM

 African #women especially those directly engaged as primary food producers are not only vulnerable to climate change but they are also effective agents of change in relation to implementing adaptation and mitigation strategies” said Dr. Ruth Aura, Chairperson of Federation of Women Lawyers – Kenya (FIDA-Kenya) who attended the meeting.

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Sexual violence affects men too


In Uganda, the Refugee Law Project based at Makerere University helps men who have been raped during conflict. The Observer newspaper has published a first-hand report of meetings with some of these men.


Yet the issue of male rape is rarely discussed in comparison with sexual violence against women. One 2002 review showed that, of the 4,076 NGOs that addressed wartime and politically motivated sexual violence, only three per cent mentioned the experience of males in their information leaflets.


Human rights lawyer Lara Stemple has written that, when it comes to human rights law too, attempts to create laws that are sensitive to both male and female experiences of sexual violence have been "distressingly limited"...


...She says a decisive moment came in 2010, when researchers looked for the first time at how the same conflict can affect both women and men. One survey in the Democratic Republic of Congo showed that 40 per cent of women had experienced sexual violence in conflict - but 24 per cent of men had too...


...Stemple says there is hope of developing international law recognising the burden of wartime rape on men. But she points out that it would benefit from more research on what sexual violence is like for men. For example, she says, some studies have found that men sometimes experience sexual arousal during rape, which often leaves victims feeling guilty and confused.


"What I would really like to see is a law that is both gender inclusive and gender sensitive," says Stemple. And, she says, uncovering more of the distinct ways in which rape affects different genders remains a research need.

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Four questions reveal horrifying situation for LGBTs in Kenyan refugee camps

Four questions reveal horrifying situation for LGBTs in Kenyan refugee camps | Gender & Protection in East Africa | Scoop.it


With a budget of hundreds of dollars when thousands are needed, Victor Mukasa, executive director of the Kuchu Diaspora Alliance (KDA), is operating a cross-border operation to house and protect Ugandan LGBT refugees in Kenya, where a current effort to promote a stone-the-gays bill is underway...


...Mukasa  works from American shores to help lesbians, gays, bisexual and transgender people (sometimes self-identified with the Swahili-originated Ugandan term, "Kuchu") in east Africa in the face of terrifying situations for LGBTs in Kenyan refugee camps...


What are their conditions like in refugee camps?
The Kuchu Diaspora Alliance-USA (KDA-USA) is aware of the presence of Ugandan LGBT refugees in camps in different parts of the world. However, we have focused on the situation of those in Kenya. There are two types of LGBT refugees in in Kenya: those in the Kakuma Camp, northwestern Kenya and the urban refugees living in Nairobi and neighboring cities.

The conditions for both types are horrible. In Kakuma Camp, they have lately been under attack because of their perceived sexual orientation by fellow refugees, mostly, Sudanese and Somalians. The refugees report that there is no protection from the United Nations High Commission on Refugees (UNHCR); and the police have been reported to threaten the victims with application of Kenyan law, which prohibits homosexuality. One such attack took place on June 27, 2014.

A Ugandan LGBT refugee was stoned by Sudanese refugees who claimed that homosexuals do not deserve to live among human beings. The attackers went ahead and raided the area where the LGBT refugees camped and attacked them too. Efforts to get protection from the UNHCR were in vain. The police in Kakuma are reported to have harassed the victims even further. The LGBT refugees, for fear of being killed by their attackers, left the camp and spent the night at the UNCHR offices only to be ordered to return to the camp the following day without any protection. These kinds of attacks happen every now and then....

...For the urban refugees, mainly in the capital, Nairobi, housing, medication and food are the major problems. A lot of gay men have resorted to commercial sex work in order to survive....


...Many have fled Kakuma Camp because of the unbearable conditions there and as a result, the numbers of homeless LGBT refugees are rising in Nairobi. We hear of different initiatives supporting them financially but the refugees themselves do not know where those funds go. They need help and that is why the KDA-USA has stood in the gap.


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RWANDA | Women empowerment common sense - Kagame


...Rwanda has the highest women representation of any parliament in the world, constituting an unprecedented 64 per cent of the Lower House.

Women are also strongly represented in other national and local institutions, well above the constitutional threshold of 30 per cent that either gender is guaranteed in decision-making organs.


...Kagame addressed Rwanda's transformation following the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi, saying "We came out determined and committed to reverse the situation. We looked each other in the eyes and asked one thing: who benefitted from Genocide?


"Not one single person or family benefitted from the Genocide. We could choose to work towards a common good or the common destruction that we had already experienced."...


...Addressing leaders and members of the Aspen Institute, the President spoke of Rwanda's progress and challenges, pointing out that the Genocide was a lesson for all Rwandans.




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Beyond Disaggregated Indicators: Applying Gender-Sensitive Monitoring and Evaluation to Enhance Learning

Beyond Disaggregated Indicators: Applying Gender-Sensitive Monitoring and Evaluation to Enhance Learning | Gender & Protection in East Africa | Scoop.it


****This webinar has already taken place.  See below for more information and to view the recording.


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4-RwR5rjHrk


Beyond Disaggregated Indicators: Applying Gender-Sensitive Monitoring and Evaluation to Enhance Learning


The importance of Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) to enhance learning is by now well established. At the same time, practitioners are increasingly aware of the need to take into account gender issues to improve program effectiveness. But what does adopting a gender-lens mean for M&E and how is gender-sensitive M&E different? Clearly, disaggregating key indicators by male and female is not enough.

This webinar provided practical examples of how gender-sensitive M&E can be done and what difference it makes for youth development programs. Participants learned how to be more gender-sensitive during the development of their M&E plan, data collection, and analysis. Presenters at this ApplyIt! Webinar included Kevin Hempel (Independent Consultant, Youth Employment & Livelihood Development), Karen Austrian (Associate, Poverty, Gender & Youth Program, Population Council, Kenya) and Jeff Edmeades (Senior Social Demographer, Research and Programs, International Center for Women on Research (ICRW).


To access the resources from the event:

http://www.youtheconomicopportunities.org/event/2149/beyond-disaggregated-indicators-applying-gender-sensitive-monitoring-and-evaluation


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Gains Made Protecting Children in Conflict Overshadowed By New Global Crises

In an all-day debate in the Security Council, over 60 speakers urged accelerated action to prevent and ensure accountability for the killing, recruiting and other abuse of children in situations of armed conflict that continued despite greater awareness of the scourge.

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Why are so many women dying from Ebola?

Why are so many women dying from Ebola? | Gender & Protection in East Africa | Scoop.it

...It shouldn't take so many deaths -- more than 1,200 at the time of this writing -- to realize how attention to gender dynamics might help save lives (in this case through, among other things, targeted messaging to women about the importance of using protective measures at home or allowing loved ones to be cared for by trained professionals)...


...Data show that many infectious diseases affect one gender more than another. Sometimes it's men, as with dengue fever. Sometimes it's women generally, as with E. coli, HIV/AIDS (more than half the people living with the virus are female), and Ebola in some previous outbreaks. Sometimes it's pregnant women and mothers, as with H1N1 (an outbreak in Australia is currently infecting women over men by a 25 percent margin).


Yet when women are the primary victims of an epidemic, few are willing to recognize that this is the case, ask why, and build responses accordingly. Indeed, experts say that too little is being done to put even the small amount that is known about gender differences and infectious diseases into practice -- to determine in advance of outbreaks, for instance, how understanding gender roles might help in the development of a containment or prevention strategy. Not only that, but there is too little research being done to understand how infectious diseases affect the sexes differently on a biological level....

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Increased access to fertilizers help farmers to double yield

A new report released by the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA) has found out that over the last five years, 1.7 million African farmers in 13 countries have embraced farming practices that have rejuvenated 1.6 million hectares and helped them double or even triple crop yields.


This report, made available to Vanguard Agriculture, is coming against the background of a major threat to food security across the continent due to the steady drain of essential nutrients from African soils.


The analysis from AGRA focuses on intensive efforts initiated five years ago to support smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa, where a lack of agriculture extension services and a scarcity of basic soil supplements have contributed to severely depressed yields for crucial staples like maize, banana and cassava....

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Hounded from home, raped Congolese woman seeks refugee in Burundi

...Four months ago, Mama Monique* was dragged out of her home in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo and raped by four armed men, who had just murdered her husband.


The crime was not carried out in some rural backwater, but in Goma, a city of several hundred thousand people and capital of North Kivu province. Yet nobody came to help her or offer condolences, instead neighbours shunned the 49-year-old Congolese businesswoman and acted as though she was to blame for the rape.....


...UNHCR and its partners help newly arrived refugees with food, water, shelter and medical assistance. Mama Monique has been receiving medical care and counselling for trauma. Her children are hopeful that even in exile they can resume their studies and prepare for the future. For their mother, it will be more difficult to adjust to a new life after losing so much.


Burundi currently hosts around 50,000 refugees, mostly from Democratic Republic of the Congo (47,800). Some 9,200 asylum-seekers from the DRC have been granted refugees status in Burundi since the start of 2013.

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Supporting Africa's women farmers

Short clip about women farmers and Self Help Africa's work supporting rural people to grow more and earn more from their land.

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Experience of Somali refugees shows how conflict, gender, environmental scarcity become entwined

Experience of Somali refugees shows how conflict, gender, environmental scarcity become entwined | Gender & Protection in East Africa | Scoop.it

...All of them held a remarkably deep knowledge of environmental conditions in Somalia and could describe at length how drought, deforestation, desertification, and extreme heat created scarcity of essential household resources like food, water, and cooking fuel. A lack of sanitation, water-borne diseases, and sudden-onset disasters like floods further exacerbated the health and personal security impacts of scarcity.


Participants in general, but more particularly women, saw these environmental problems as inextricably linked to the ongoing conflict, political instability, and lack of competent governance and economic structures...

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Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka celebrates one year on the job as UN Women's Executive Director

She is perhaps the most powerful African woman on earth, leading a major United Nations agency that focuses on women’s issues on the global scene. With her post as Executive Director of UN Women, while also holding the title of Under-Secretary General, Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka is in a unique position at the world body....

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Are gender-sensitive evaluations and feminist evaluations different?

Are gender-sensitive evaluations and feminist evaluations different? | Gender & Protection in East Africa | Scoop.it

Author: Ranjani K. Murthy, cross-posted from the Gender and Evaluation website, August 22 2014


In evaluation conferences, at times I hear "I do feminist evaluations, and not gender evaluations. Feminist evaluation places issues of power at the center of defining scope of evaluation, evaluation process and, how findings are used.  They look at intersections between gender and identities, and examine how the project/programme change social structures. Gender evaluations do not deal with issues of power and structures."...


...To conclude, gender-redistributive evaluations and feminist evaluations are similar, while gender-neutral and gender-specific evaluations are not.   

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SOUTH SUDAN | Stretched to the limit - massive increase in humanitarian funding urgently needed

SOUTH SUDAN | Stretched to the limit - massive increase in humanitarian funding urgently needed | Gender & Protection in East Africa | Scoop.it

...Notably, with the expense and difficulty of reaching large parts of the population in South Sudan, a significant portion of the funding that is available has been directed towards UN Protection of Civilian (PoC) sites, which host only 10 per cent of those displaced across South Sudan. To ensure aid reaches the majority of displaced South Sudanese, CARE is urging stronger support to humanitarian organizations that are also working outside the Protection of Civilian sites.


Furthermore, UN figures suggest that funding for responding to and preventing sexual and gender-based violence - the issue highlighted in the recent CARE report, The Girl Has No Rights: Gender-based violence in South Sudan - has only received 55 per cent of the funding required to meet demand....


..."With a potential famine on the horizon and conditions continuing to deteriorate rapidly, the international community must act now to address the massive shortfall in funding for the South Sudan relief effort. Failure to fully commit to addressing the crisis in South Sudan will put many thousands of lives at greater risk."...

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Gender mainstreaming at the African Development Bank

Gender mainstreaming at the African Development Bank | Gender & Protection in East Africa | Scoop.it

September 1st, 2014 marks the first anniversary of the creation of the Special Envoy on Gender at the African Development Bank[i] (ADB). The Association for Women's Rights in Development (AWID) spoke to Geraldine Fraser-Moleketi, the first Special Envoy on Gender Issues at ADB, to learn more about the Bank's main goals and challenges for gender equality...

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Gender & Statebuilding in Fragile & Conflict-affected States

Gender & Statebuilding in Fragile & Conflict-affected States | Gender & Protection in East Africa | Scoop.it

This 2013 publication provides an overview of the key issues, challenges and opportunities for ensuring more systematic consideration of gender issues in statebuilding in fragile and conflict-affected countries.

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Africa and the US: Partners for women’s economic empowerment

...The AWEP-WECREATE Centers in Africa are the result of a joint initiative of the State Department’s Bureau of African Affairs (AF) and Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs (EB), and partnership with the Secretary’s Office of Global Women’s Issues (S/GWI), to further leverage two successful programs that seek to foster local entrepreneurship, trade, and investment through training, mentoring, and networking. 


One is the African Women's Entrepreneurship Program (AWEP), a trade and investment program that is part of the Department of State’s International Visitor Leadership Program (IVLP).  It provides professional networking, business development, export promotion, access to capital, and access to market opportunities to African women entrepreneurs, connecting them with U.S. policy makers, companies, industry associations, nonprofit groups, and multilateral development organizations. 


The other is the Women’s Entrepreneurial Centers of Resources, Education, Access and Training for Economic Empowerment (WECREATE), a flagship program that will work with other public and private partners (including from the State Department to create women’s entrepreneurial centers around the world.


See more at: http://blogs.state.gov/stories/2014/08/08/africa-and-united-states-partners-women-s-economic-empowerment#sthash.twg02Lut.dpuf



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