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Report Finds Gradual Fall in Female Genital Cutting in Africa

Report Finds Gradual Fall in Female Genital Cutting in Africa | Gender and Crime | Scoop.it
An assessment by Unicef describes the ancient practice as “remarkably tenacious,” but finds declines in the procedure in more than half of the countries where it is concentrated.

Via Rob Duke
Matthew West's insight:

This is an article that highlights the obligations that people are willing to undergo to feel and be socially acceptable. In Western societies we view this type of cultural practice as uncivilized and barbaric. Still, this is what is acceptable in certain countries. What is more, this ritual is becoming a tradition no longer practiced or lessening and without explanation. The cause for the decline may be the information that is circulating of the threat of infection and death that this practice may cause. The decline in certain areas may be the mothers and elders deliberately putting the lives of their daughters above culture and tradition, thus creating what might potentially be a new socially acceptable practice.        

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Inca Child Sacrifice Victims Were Drugged

Inca Child Sacrifice Victims Were Drugged | Gender and Crime | Scoop.it
Mummy hair reveals that young sacrifice victims were heavy users of coca and alcohol in their last years of life.

Via Rob Duke
Matthew West's insight:

It is rather difficult to view stories like these that involve children from a cultural relativist point of view. Even in ancient rituals and ceremonies, the though of and the identification of a "chosen" child is heinous -- drugging them for a year before their sacrifice and carrying this gruesome act out is just inhuman and seemingly unreal. I must admit that I have a hard time with viewing certain rituals (that involve children but do not involve violence) from a cultural relativist's point-of-view, but in most of these instances I can find something to try and understand. Not in this case. This is a part of the past that can never be appreciated.   

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Rob Duke's curator insight, July 30, 2013 2:29 AM

Here's an interesting historical article related to our topic.

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Moving Forward To End Violence Against Women - New Europe

New Europe Moving Forward To End Violence Against Women New Europe It is no coincidence that the majority of advances in recent international jurisprudence on war crimes against women have come from trailblazing women at the helm of international...
Matthew West's insight:

The political tensions within Mali seem to be growing in an unprecedented rate. Mali women are being subjected to horrible violence due to the uprising. The UN's intervention into the matter will hopefully bring an end to the gross crimes against women that are taking place in this politically frustrated region. 

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FBI sex crime task force work questioned - Chattanooga Times Free Press

FBI sex crime task force work questioned - Chattanooga Times Free Press | Gender and Crime | Scoop.it

Chattanooga Times Free Press FBI sex crime task force work questioned Chattanooga Times Free Press The task force agents post on websites such as Craigslist, arranging meetings with people who believe they will be able to have sex with underage...


Via Rob Duke
Matthew West's insight:

The misconduct of law enforcement agents is devastating. It is unacceptable when the alleged actions of an agent can "compromise dozens of cases," which are being compiled on multiple offenders. The victims of these crimes lose all sense of security under circumstances such as these. The victim's unrest, which is brought on by the possibly of these "compromised cases," due to these allegations is inexcusable. 

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Monogamy reduces major social problems of polygamist cultures: study

Monogamy reduces major social problems of polygamist cultures: study | Gender and Crime | Scoop.it
In cultures that permit men to take multiple wives, the intra-sexual competition that occurs causes greater levels of crime, violence, poverty and gender inequality than in societies that institutionalize and practice monogamous marriage.

Via Sakis Koukouvis
Matthew West's insight:

This is an interesting article -- In Western society we really do not have much contact with those who practice a polygamous lifestyle, but the fact that evidence shows that there is a reduced rate in crime for monogamous societies is not a shock. It seems that anywhere oppressive measures are lifted and civil rights are implemented the rates for crime often lower. This would also be the case for polygamous societies that are starting to negatively sanction "multiple wives/husbands." In my discussions about polygamy, I have never taken a supportive stance to the suppression of gender equality -- this finding comes as no surprise to me!     

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Former NIU cop re-indicted on rape charges - Chicago Tribune

Former NIU cop re-indicted on rape charges - Chicago Tribune | Gender and Crime | Scoop.it

Former NIU cop re-indicted on rape charges Chicago Tribune A DeKalb County grand jury has re-indicted a former Northern Illinois University police officer for rape, nearly three months after prosecutors dropped identical charges against him and...


Via Rob Duke
Matthew West's insight:

This was a very confusing and complex investigation -- there was allegations being thrown around left and right: was the initial police report doctored?; were testimonies that could have clarified the interaction between the student and the campus police officer held back?

This seems like a serious miss/lack of communication between agencies.

What I find most appalling is the lack of communication between legal counsel and the student -- the student learning from the news media that the charges were being dropped as the police officer was cleared of all charges is totally unacceptable. 

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Women's rights at stake if Afghan-Taliban peace negotiations collapse - GlobalPost (blog)

Women's rights at stake if Afghan-Taliban peace negotiations collapse - GlobalPost (blog) | Gender and Crime | Scoop.it
The Hindu Women's rights at stake if Afghan-Taliban peace negotiations collapse GlobalPost (blog) Tuesday morning's Taliban attack on areas near Afghanistan's presidential palace and the US CIA headquarters in Kabul may be detrimental to the...

Via Rob Duke
Matthew West's insight:

I agree with the writer of this article - we, as an "international community," have an obligation and duty to uphold women's rights globally. While India is making progressive steps for the implementation of women's rights, there are regions within the Middle East that are still enforcing religious morals/rules to persecute and subjugate women. Women's rights should be a term of the negotiation as well as a term for future negotiations, but to think that this term would be immediately upheld would be a bit naive on our part - the subjugation of women has been a religious and cultural practice for thousands of years within regions of the Middle East.  

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Cops get training in handling cases of crime against women - Times of India

Cops get training in handling cases of crime against women - Times of India | Gender and Crime | Scoop.it
Cops get training in handling cases of crime against women Times of India ALLAHABAD: Acknowledging that criminal law (amendment) ordinance 2013 has been implemented in view of increasing cases of crime against women across the nation, the police...
Matthew West's insight:

Legislation passed that issues stricter punish for those who commit gender specific crimes. This is becoming a front-running issue in several countries including the U.S. Time will be the only test to see if this type of negative sanction will deter those who specifically target and victimize women. This seems like the next step towards gender equality. Will the next step be to target "white collar crime" against women? 

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Jimmy Carter Blames Religious Leaders For Women's Mistreatment

Jimmy Carter Blames Religious Leaders For Women's Mistreatment | Gender and Crime | Scoop.it
ATLANTA — Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter says religious leaders, including those in Christianity and Islam, share the blame for mistreatment of women across the world.

Via Rob Duke
Matthew West's insight:

Former President Carter seems very consistent with his human rights campaign. In this article he scolds the religions that put into practice old teachings that subjugate women below men. He points out the consistent suppression of women's rights in these ancient texts and highlights in his personal ideology where women are to be treated as equals to men.  

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Women politicians can end India's gender abuses, says U.N.

Women politicians can end India's gender abuses, says U.N. | Gender and Crime | Scoop.it

NEW DELHI (TrustLaw) - Giving women more voice in India's political arena will help end rampant gender discrimination and crimes such as rape, child marriage and female foeticide in the largely patriarchal country, the head of the U.N. Women said.

Some of the most powerful figures in India's political history are women, such as former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and her daughter-in-law, Sonia Gandhi, who heads the ruling Congress-led coalition government and there are over one million female politicians represented in village councils.

Yet the country's women continue to face a plethora of threats - from female foeticide, child marriage, dowry and honour killings to discrimination in health and education and crimes such as rape, domestic violence and human trafficking.

"Facts are facts. There are challenges we know that India has and we have been speaking to authorities about that," Michele Bachelet, former Chilean president and now head of U.N. Women, told TrustLaw late on Friday at the end of a three-day visit to India.

"But I truly believe  -

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Matthew West's insight:

I am excited by this story. It will be interesting to track the process of this socio-political women's empowerment movement. The presence of the UN in this matter should bring enough widespread attention to gender equality -- as to inspire other societies that have oppressive policies to rethink the suppression of women's rights. The progressiveness of women in politics world wide is extremely exciting! 

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Paying for sex: Women's groups call for EU-wide ban

Paying for sex: Women's groups call for EU-wide ban | Gender and Crime | Scoop.it

Campaigners say prostitution now needs regulating on an international as well as a national level.

 

More than 200 women's rights groups are calling for laws to make paying for sex a crime across the European Union.

 

Campaigners presented key policy recommendations for legislation to MEPs in Brussels on Wednesday.

 

"Prostitution is a form of violence, an obstacle to gender equality and an open door for organised crime to develop," a campaign spokeswoman told the BBC.

 

But opponents say the move is likely to drive the prostitution industry further underground.

 

The European Women's Lobby (EWL), which leads the campaign, wants EU member states to implement six key policies, including the criminalisation of all forms of procuring, and the creation of effective exit programmes for sex workers.

 

"The most important thing to understand about prostitution is that imposing sexual intercourse with money is a form of violence that shouldn't be accepted," EWL spokeswoman Pierrette Pape told the BBC.

 

"If we understand that, we can then put comprehensive policies into place that will change mentalities and respect gender equality between women and men."

 

'No boundaries'


EWL cites Sweden as a successful example, saying that street prostitution had halved there since paying for sex was outlawed a decade ago.

 

In contrast, there has been no significant improvement of the conditions of sex workers in the Netherlands where the sector has been legalised, Ms Pape said.

 

She said the issue now needed regulating on an international level, beyond country-specific laws.

 

"It is a problem that knows no political and geographical boundaries," she said, adding that EU policies on human trafficking would not be effective unless they also addressed prostitution.

 

"There is a legal base in the treaties to address the transnational crime of the sexual exploitation of women and children."

 

So far 36 European MEPs are already supporting the proposal, Ms Pape said.

 

Critics, however, argue that criminalising prostitution also increases the risk of rape and violence.

 

The UK Network of Sex Work Projects (UNSWP) believes the move would have damaging consequences for prostitutes.

 

"It creates a legal and policy climate, in which sex workers are more stigmatised and socially excluded, and in which it is harder to offer [them] accessible support services," the organisation told the BBC.

"It erodes sex worker safety and rights. The council of Europe should reject such laws and [instead] support initiatives and legal changes, which improve the social status and safety of sex workers and allow criminal justice authorities to focus their limited resources on violent and other crimes committed against sex workers."

 

Many sex workers say the sector needs more transparency and better regulation, the BBC's Maddy Savage reports from Brussels.

 

In the Netherlands, Austria and Germany, prostitutes register their services in return for the same rights and responsibilities as people running other kinds of businesses.

 

The EU currently does not have the power to legislate on prostitution. But new laws designed to reduce human trafficking are set to come into force next year and EU officials told the BBC both issues are closely linked.

 

They are currently analysing different countries' approaches and are expected to report back on their findings in 2016.


Via PunterPress
Matthew West's insight:

I'm not sure I agree with the argument that "[p]rostitution is a for of violence [...]." It seems that the sex workers and customers enter into a consenting verbal contract -- the payment being the proof of consent. However, I understand that violence can happen during the "services," which I feel is undefendable and appalling.

I totally agree that making prostitution a crime will cause this trade to resort to underground coverage. This would be detrimental to the health to all those involved in the sex-trade as there would be no Health and Human Sevices to treat and contain sexually transmitted diseases.

I also feel it is worth taking into consideration that the sex workers are asking for more regulation of the trade and not prohibition -- this request should be taken into account and not dismissed.  

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UN Crime Commission Highlights Femicide, Human Trafficking and Environmental Crime

UN Crime Commission Highlights Femicide, Human Trafficking and Environmental Crime | Gender and Crime | Scoop.it

 

20/05/13

 

Femicide (gender-related killings), human trafficking and environmental crime were high on the agenda at the UN Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, during its 22nd Session from 22-26 April.

Matthew West's insight:

I wonder if there will be a proposal to establish a Truth and Reconciliation Committee in order for the victims to come forward and testify to the types of crimes against humanity and oppression they were subjected to. With the extremely brave women that might come forward to give testimonies to these atrocities, in hopes to highlight these unspeakable acts by oppresive govts, groups, and regimes, maybe the prosecutors of these international crimes will take impunity off the table for the perpetrators of these heinous crimes.

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