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Organic Farming Techniques

Organic Farming Techniques | Gardening in the Northwest | Scoop.it

Organic Farming Techniques

Most modern organic farming techniques take their roots from old agricultural practices that promote ecological sustainability and conserve natural resources such as soil and water.  These farming techniques are used by organic farmers to complement the processes and elements of nature that are already present in their farmlands. That is, farmers use organic farming techniques in order to cultivate good healthy crops and harvest good yields without harming the ecosystem. To do so, modern organic farmers combine old traditional practices with scientific knowledge to maintain a healthy balance that permeates across the soil, the water system, the air, and the various organisms that make up the local ecosystem.

Expert organic farmers combine several farming techniques to achieve the most beneficial effect not only to the farm and its produce but also to its immediate environs. In addition, true organic farmers are ecologically intuitive and consider ‘pests’ and ‘weeds’ as natural inhabitants of any organic farm and seek only to manage their population instead of eradicating them completely. Basically, organic farming techniques address four fundamental challenges in agriculture: 1) how to maintain soil structure and fertility in order to produce healthy crops; 2) how to control pests, diseases, and weeds; 3) how to conserve farm resources such as water; and, 4) how to implement good, ecologically sound husbandry if the farm also outputs animal products. Some of the common organic farming techniques include composting, green manure, crop rotation, mulching, biological management of pests and weeds, and the use of organic pesticides and fertilizers.

Crop Rotation

The cultivation of the same crop year after year has been found to significantly reduce soil fertility and may cause a rise in the population of pests and weeds. Organic farmers “rotate” the planting of crops from one plot of farmland to another wherein the crop is prevented from being planted to the original site until after three to four years. Crop rotation allows the build-up of nutrients by one type of crop for the later consumption of the said nutrients by another crop type. Crop rotation also allows natural predators to thrive in the organic farm.

Organic Fertilizers

Organic fertilizers are soil-enriching materials that naturally occur in nature or are produced through a completely natural process without the aid of synthetic elements or additives. The main ingredients of organic fertilizers are animal or plant matter, or a combination of the two. Organic fertilizers include manure, compost, peat, slurry, worm castings, seaweed, and guano. Basically, any material that occurs naturally and has undergone the process of decomposition may be considered as an organic fertilizer.

Green Manure

Green manure are also called cover crops and are used to improve soil structure and fertility. They simulate the beneficial effects of synthetic fertilizers but are cheaper and free from chemicals that degrade the environment. Green manure also increases the water holding capacity of soils and prevents erosion and weed growth.

Composting

Composting is a process which includes natural decomposition of plant and animal matter so that it is eventually used as a soil additive. Made up of leaves, fruit skins, or animal manure, compost is easy to prepare and may be used to improve soil quality or prevent the build up of pests and diseases.

Organic Weed Control

For organic farmers, weeds are natural inhabitants of the farm ecosystem and should be managed as such. This means that the objective is not to completely eradicate them by potent herbicides but to curb their spread through various ecologically sound methods. Crop rotation, manual hoeing, application of mulches, green manure, and introduction of natural weed consumers are some of the methods organic farmers use to manage weeds.


Via Giri Kumar
Herald Sihombing's insight:

Different techniques help different plants grow in different places. This helps me know how to garden depending on the location of where I live.

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Gardening in the Northwest
Northwest gardening with organic plants
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Aphids, and How to Get Rid of Them

Here are five tried-and-true organic methods for controlling aphids in your garden. (Aphids, and How to Get Rid of Them http://t.co/lEvsT2lFFi)
Herald Sihombing's insight:

This article allowed me to see how to get rid of aphids: One of the many problems that may occur in a garden. I found out that you don't need any chemicals to get ride of them, which could also harm your plants.

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Organic Vegetable Garden Seeds - Seed Company Catalog | Seeds Organic

Seeds Organic Company in Ontario Canada sells organic vegetable seeds. Browse through our catalog to see our full list of products. (Just ordered organic, heirloom seeds for my garden! So excited. Greta's Organic Gardens is a local seed company...
Herald Sihombing's insight:

Organic plants allow for a more fresh diet. Plus, you know what you're putting into your body because you know what nutrients you gave to the plants that you planted yourself.

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DIY - Homemade Fertilizer, Not Compost!

DIY - Homemade Fertilizer, Not Compost! | Gardening in the Northwest | Scoop.it
DIY fertilizer is nothing like or even close to being compost. Compost – Garden, Yard and Household Waste [A Crash Course] You may also like {Link Updated, 3/26/2013} Compost, United States EPA web...
Herald Sihombing's insight:

Making your own compost does not only help your environment, but it also helps you know what to put in your garden to help your plants grow the way you want them to, providing the nutrients you want in them.

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Organic Liquid Fertilizer helps the crop to become better

Born glottalization fertilizer helps the exclude till befit preferring: .Iip http://t.co/f4UGn3sSxC
Herald Sihombing's insight:

Liquid fertilizer allows the nutrients to seep in the soil rather than having to dig to put in the nutrients.

 

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Your views on climate change and gardening

Your views on climate change and gardening | Gardening in the Northwest | Scoop.it
GARDENING IN A  CHANGING CLIMATE (Royal Horticultural Society and the University of Reading) You are invited to take part in a research study. Before you decide whether or not to take part, it is i...
Herald Sihombing's insight:

This article showed me the different climates that are around the Northwest. This also allowed me to see what different types of plants I could plant in my garden.

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Organic Farming Techniques

Organic Farming Techniques | Gardening in the Northwest | Scoop.it

Organic Farming Techniques

Most modern organic farming techniques take their roots from old agricultural practices that promote ecological sustainability and conserve natural resources such as soil and water.  These farming techniques are used by organic farmers to complement the processes and elements of nature that are already present in their farmlands. That is, farmers use organic farming techniques in order to cultivate good healthy crops and harvest good yields without harming the ecosystem. To do so, modern organic farmers combine old traditional practices with scientific knowledge to maintain a healthy balance that permeates across the soil, the water system, the air, and the various organisms that make up the local ecosystem.

Expert organic farmers combine several farming techniques to achieve the most beneficial effect not only to the farm and its produce but also to its immediate environs. In addition, true organic farmers are ecologically intuitive and consider ‘pests’ and ‘weeds’ as natural inhabitants of any organic farm and seek only to manage their population instead of eradicating them completely. Basically, organic farming techniques address four fundamental challenges in agriculture: 1) how to maintain soil structure and fertility in order to produce healthy crops; 2) how to control pests, diseases, and weeds; 3) how to conserve farm resources such as water; and, 4) how to implement good, ecologically sound husbandry if the farm also outputs animal products. Some of the common organic farming techniques include composting, green manure, crop rotation, mulching, biological management of pests and weeds, and the use of organic pesticides and fertilizers.

Crop Rotation

The cultivation of the same crop year after year has been found to significantly reduce soil fertility and may cause a rise in the population of pests and weeds. Organic farmers “rotate” the planting of crops from one plot of farmland to another wherein the crop is prevented from being planted to the original site until after three to four years. Crop rotation allows the build-up of nutrients by one type of crop for the later consumption of the said nutrients by another crop type. Crop rotation also allows natural predators to thrive in the organic farm.

Organic Fertilizers

Organic fertilizers are soil-enriching materials that naturally occur in nature or are produced through a completely natural process without the aid of synthetic elements or additives. The main ingredients of organic fertilizers are animal or plant matter, or a combination of the two. Organic fertilizers include manure, compost, peat, slurry, worm castings, seaweed, and guano. Basically, any material that occurs naturally and has undergone the process of decomposition may be considered as an organic fertilizer.

Green Manure

Green manure are also called cover crops and are used to improve soil structure and fertility. They simulate the beneficial effects of synthetic fertilizers but are cheaper and free from chemicals that degrade the environment. Green manure also increases the water holding capacity of soils and prevents erosion and weed growth.

Composting

Composting is a process which includes natural decomposition of plant and animal matter so that it is eventually used as a soil additive. Made up of leaves, fruit skins, or animal manure, compost is easy to prepare and may be used to improve soil quality or prevent the build up of pests and diseases.

Organic Weed Control

For organic farmers, weeds are natural inhabitants of the farm ecosystem and should be managed as such. This means that the objective is not to completely eradicate them by potent herbicides but to curb their spread through various ecologically sound methods. Crop rotation, manual hoeing, application of mulches, green manure, and introduction of natural weed consumers are some of the methods organic farmers use to manage weeds.


Via Giri Kumar
Herald Sihombing's insight:

Different techniques help different plants grow in different places. This helps me know how to garden depending on the location of where I live.

more...