Find out what's known about Galapagos Penguins including their world range and habitats, feeding behaviors, life history, ecology, reproduction, and conservation status.
|Scooped by Jonathan Wong|
1.Yes, penguins do exist on the equator! Galapagos penguins, Spheniscus mendiculus (Sundevall, 1871), are the most northerly occurring of all the penguins (third smallest of the world's 17 or so penguin species as well). They stand 40-45 cm tall and weigh 1.6-2.5 kg
2.Galapagos penguins have a thin white band that runs under their chin and a black upside down horseshoe shape around their belly. The Galapagos penguin may look like the magellanic penguin but they are smaller and their black markings on their belly are thinner
3.They are found only around the Galapagos and Isabela Islands just north of the Equator.
4.Galapagos penguins are thought to have been brought to the Galapagos islands by the Humboldt Current, which brings cold waters and nutrients north from Antarctica. One of the main problems for these penguins is keeping cool
5.Living close to the equator it can get to over 38°C during the daytime. They keep cool by swimming and hunting for food in the cold water of the Cromwell Current during the day
6. During the cool nights they sleep and nest on the land. They hold their flippers out to help cool themselves and protect their feet from getting sunburned by holding their flippers over their feet when on land.