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FuturICT - The Road towards Ethical ICT

FuturICT - The Road towards Ethical ICT | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it

"FuturICT - The Road towards Ethical ICT

 

Jeroen van den Hoven, Dirk Helbing, Dino Pedreschi, Josep Domingo-Ferrer, Fosca Gianotti, Markus Christen

 

The pervasive use of information and communication technology (ICT) in modern societies enables countless opportunities for individuals, institutions, businesses and scientists, but also raises difficult ethical and social problems.

 

In particular, ICT helped to make societies more complex and thus harder to understand, which impedes social and political interventions to avoid harm and to increase the common good.

 

To overcome this obstacle, the large-scale EU flagship proposal FuturICT intends to create a platform for accessing global human knowledge as a public good and instruments to increase our understanding of the information society by making use of ICT-based research.

 

In this contribution, we outline the ethical justification for such an endeavor. We argue that the ethical issues raised by FuturICT research projects overlap substantially with many of the known ethical problems emerging from ICT use in general.

 

By referring to the notion of Value Sensitive Design, we show for the example of privacy how this core value of responsible ICT can be protected in pursuing research in the framework of FuturICT. In addition, we discuss further ethical issues and outline the institutional design of FuturICT allowing to address them."

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Theoretical And Technological Building Blocks For An Innovation Accelerator

Theoretical And Technological Building Blocks For An Innovation Accelerator

 

Frank van Harmelen, George Kampis, Katy Borner, Peter van den Besselaar, Erik Schultes, Carole Goble, Paul Groth, Barend Mons, Stuart Anderson, Stefan Decker, Conor Hayes, Thierry Buecheler, Dirk Helbing

 

(Submitted on 4 Oct 2012)

 

The scientific system that we use today was devised centuries ago and is inadequate for our current ICT-based society: the peer review system encourages conservatism, journal publications are monolithic and slow, data is often not available to other scientists, and the independent validation of results is limited.

 

Building on the Innovation Accelerator paper by Helbing and Balietti (2011) this paper takes the initial global vision and reviews the theoretical and technological building blocks that can be used for implementing an innovation (in first place: science) accelerator platform driven by re-imagining the science system.

 

The envisioned platform would rest on four pillars: (i) Redesign the incentive scheme to reduce behavior such as conservatism, herding and hyping; (ii) Advance scientific publications by breaking up the monolithic paper unit and introducing other building blocks such as data, tools, experiment workflows, resources; (iii) Use machine readable semantics for publications, debate structures, provenance etc. in order to include the computer as a partner in the scientific process, and (iv) Build an online platform for collaboration, including a network of trust and reputation among the different types of stakeholders in the scientific system: scientists, educators, funding agencies, policy makers, students and industrial innovators among others.

 

Any such improvements to the scientific system must support the entire scientific process (unlike current tools that chop up the scientific process into disconnected pieces), must facilitate and encourage collaboration and interdisciplinarity (again unlike current tools), must facilitate the inclusion of intelligent computing in the scientific process, must facilitate not only the core scientific process, but also accommodate other stakeholders such science policy makers, industrial innovators, and the general public.

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Physics peeks into the ballot box | Print Edition - Physics Today

Physics peeks into the ballot box | Print Edition - Physics Today | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it

PHYSICS PEEKS INTO THE BALLOT BOX

Santo Fortunato and Claudio Castellano

 

In different countries and over time, electoral features such as statistics of candidates’ performance and turnout rates show universal behaviors. Are voters as predictable as atoms?

 

Santo Fortunato is an associate professor in the department of biomedical engineering and computational science at Aalto University in Espoo, Finland, and a research leader at the Complex Networks and Systems Lagrange Laboratory of the Institute for Scientific Interchange in Turin, Italy.

 

Claudio Castellano is a research scientist at the Italian National Research Council’s Institute for Complex Systems at Sapienza University of Rome 

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FuturICT - The Road towards Ethical ICT

"FuturICT - The Road towards Ethical ICT

 

Jeroen van den Hoven, Dirk Helbing, Dino Pedreschi, Josep Domingo-Ferrer, Fosca Gianotti, Markus Christen

 

The pervasive use of information and communication technology (ICT) in modern societies enables countless opportunities for individuals, institutions, businesses and scientists, but also raises difficult ethical and social problems. In particular, ICT helped to make societies more complex and thus harder to understand, which impedes social and political interventions to avoid harm and to increase the common good. To overcome this obstacle, the large-scale EU flagship proposal FuturICT intends to create a platform for accessing global human knowledge as a public good and instruments to increase our understanding of the information society by making use of ICT-based research. In this contribution, we outline the ethical justification for such an endeavor. We argue that the ethical issues raised by FuturICT research projects overlap substantially with many of the known ethical problems emerging from ICT use in general. By referring to the notion of Value Sensitive Design, we show for the example of privacy how this core value of responsible ICT can be protected in pursuing research in the framework of FuturICT. In addition, we discuss further ethical issues and outline the institutional design of FuturICT allowing to address them.

 

 

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When Networks Network

When Networks Network | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it

When Networks Network

By Elizabeth Quill

 

- When networks depend on other networks, such as a communications network that relies on a power grid, failure can cascade back and forth between the two. This behavior may explain sudden breakdowns in interacting systems. Thus, the effects of an attack on a single node can reduce an übernetwork  that starts with 12 operating nodes to just four.- 

 

Once studied solo, systems display surprising behavior when they interact.

 

Half a dozen times each night, your slumbering body performs a remarkable feat of coordination.

 

During the deepest throes of sleep, the body’s support systems run on their own timetables. Nerve cells hum along in your brain, their chitchat generating slow waves that signal sleep’s nether stages. Yet, like buses and trains with overlapping routes but unsynchronized schedules, this neural conversation has little to say to your heart, which pumps blood to its own rhythm through the body’s arteries and veins. Air likewise skips into the nostrils and down the windpipe in seemingly random spits and spats. And muscle fluctuations that make the legs twitch come and go as if in a vacuum. Networks of muscles, of brain cells, of airways and lungs, of heart and vessels operate largely independently.

 

Every couple of hours, though, in as little as 30 seconds, the barriers break down. Suddenly, there’s synchrony. All the disjointed activity of deep sleep starts to connect with its surroundings. Each network — run via the group effort of its own muscular, cellular and molecular players — joins the larger team.

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