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Academic journal publications relating to FuturICT activity
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FuturICT: Linking science and arts: Intimate science, shared spaces and living experiments - Springer

FuturICT: Linking science and arts: Intimate science, shared spaces and living experiments - Springer | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it

J. Perelló, D. Murray-Rust, A. Nowak, S. R. Bishop

We aim to move beyond the idea of art as a tool for communicating science, towards a truly interdisciplinary practice where art and public engagement are a fundamental part of the way that science is carried out as promoted by the FuturICT project. Artistic exploration can have a scientific impact when artists act as designers, catalyzers and coordinators of experiments, which scientists interpret and respond to. We propose the creation of a travelling show, consisting of a set of core exhibits and ‘living experiments’: interactive, evolving pieces which blend artistic experience and scientific research. We also propose the creation of a new production oriented, distributed, inter-institutional research centre, focused on developing parallel relations between artistic practice and diverse fields of science. All these initiatives will be aligned with different areas of the FuturICT project, using different aspects of the Living Earth Simulator, Planetary Nervous System, and Knowledge Accelerator to support the creation of rich, interactive, collaborative experiences and in close contact with the educational and participatory platforms of FuturICT.

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JOURNAL: THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL SPECIAL TOPICS  Vol. 214 (November II 2012)"Participatory Science and Computing for Our Complex World".

http://epjst.epj.org/index.php?option=com_toc&url=/articles/epjst/abs/2012/14/contents/contents.html

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FuturICT - Towards integrative risk management and more resilient societies

FuturICT - Towards integrative risk management and more resilient societies | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it

Towards integrative risk management and more resilient societies

D. Al-Khudhairy, K. Axhausen, S. Bishop, H. Herrmann, B. Hu, W. Kröger, T. Lewis, J. MacIntosh, A. Nowak, S. Pickl, D. Stauffacher, E. Tan

 

Society depends decisively on the availability of infrastructure systems such as energy, telecommunication, transportation, banking and finance, health care and governmental and public administration. Even selective damages of one of these infrastructures may result in disruptions of governmental, industrial or public functions. Vulnerability of infrastructures therefore provides spectacular leverage for natural disasters as well as criminal and terrorist actions. Threats and risks are part of the technological, economical, and societal development. This article focuses on the development and characterization of an integrative risk-management which, from the perspective of “resilient systems”, can be seen as an innovative and pro-active crisis management approach dealing with the increasing amount of complexity in societies in a comprehensive, agile and adaptive way.

FuturICT's insight:

JOURNAL: THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL SPECIAL TOPICS Vol. 214 (November II 2012)"Participatory Science and Computing for Our Complex World".
http://epjst.epj.org/index.php?option=com_toc&url=/articles/epjst/abs/2012/14/contents/contents.html

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Bankruptcy cascades in interbank markets: Gabriele Tedeschi, Amin Mazloumian, Mauro Gallegati, Dirk Helbing

Bankruptcy cascades in interbank markets: Gabriele Tedeschi, Amin Mazloumian, Mauro Gallegati, Dirk Helbing | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it

We study a credit network and, in particular, an interbank system with an agent-based model. To understand the relationship between business cycles and cascades of bankruptcies, we model a three-sector economy with goods, credit and interbank market. In the interbank market, the participating banks share the risk of bad debits, which may potentially spread a bank’s liquidity problems through the network of banks. Our agent-based model sheds light on the correlation between bankruptcy cascades and the endogenous economic cycle of booms and recessions. It also demonstrates the serious trade-off between, on the one hand, reducing risks of individual banks by sharing them and, on the other hand, creating systemic risks through credit-related interlinkages of banks. As a result of our study, the dynamics underlying the meltdown of financial markets in 2008 becomes much better understandable.

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Exploring complex networks by means of adaptive walkers: APS- Luce Prignano Yamir Moreno, and Albert Díaz-Guilera

Exploring complex networks by means of adaptive walkers: APS- Luce Prignano Yamir Moreno, and Albert Díaz-Guilera | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it

Luce Prignano, Yamir Moreno, and Albert Díaz-Guilera 

Received 2 March 2012; published 26 December 2012

Finding efficient algorithms to explore large networks with the aim of recovering information about their structure is an open problem. Here, we investigate this challenge by proposing a model in which random walkers with previously assigned home nodes navigate through the network during a fixed amount of time. We consider that the exploration is successful if the walker gets the information gathered back home, otherwise no data are retrieved. Consequently, at each time step, the walkers, with some probability, have the choice to either go backward approaching their home or go farther away. We show that there is an optimal solution to this problem in terms of the average information retrieved and the degree of the home nodes and design an adaptive strategy based on the behavior of the random walker. Finally, we compare different strategies that emerge from the model in the context of network reconstruction. Our results could be useful for the discovery of unknown connections in large-scale networks.

©2012 American Physical Society

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FuturICT: A planetary nervous system for social mining and collective awareness:F.Giannotti, D.Pedreschi, A.Pentland, P.Lukowicz, D.Kossmann, J. Crowley and D.Helbing

FuturICT: A planetary nervous system for social mining and collective awareness:F.Giannotti, D.Pedreschi, A.Pentland, P.Lukowicz, D.Kossmann, J. Crowley and D.Helbing | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it
By F.Giannotti, D.Pedreschi, A.Pentland, P.Lukowicz, D.Kossmann, J. Crowley and D.Helbing
We present a research roadmap of a Planetary Nervous System (PNS), capable of sensing and mining the digital breadcrumbs of human activities and unveiling the knowledge hidden in the big data for addressing the big questions about social complexity. We envision the PNS as a globally distributed, self-organizing, techno-social system for answering analytical questions about the status of world-wide society, based on three pillars: social sensing, social mining and the idea of trust networks and privacy-aware social mining. We discuss the ingredients of a science and a technology necessary to build the PNS upon the three mentioned pillars, beyond the limitations of their respective state-of-art. Social sensing is aimed at developing better methods for harvesting the big data from the techno-social ecosystem and make them available for mining, learning and analysis at a properly high abstraction level. Social mining is the problem of discovering patterns and models of human behaviour from the sensed data across the various social dimensions by data mining, machine learning and social network analysis. Trusted networks and privacy-aware social mining is aimed at creating a new deal around the questions of privacy and data ownership empowering individual persons with full awareness and control on own personal data, so that users may allow access and use of their data for their own good and the common good. The PNS will provide a goal-oriented knowledge discovery framework, made of technology and people, able to configure itself to the aim of answering questions about the pulse of global society. Given an analytical request, the PNS activates a process composed by a variety of interconnected tasks exploiting the social sensing and mining methods within the transparent ecosystem provided by the trusted network. The PNS we foresee is the key tool for individual and collective awareness for the knowledge society. We need such a tool for everyone to become fully aware of how powerful is the knowledge of our society we can achieve by leveraging our wisdom as a crowd, and how important is that everybody participates both as a consumer and as a producer of the social knowledge, for it to become a trustable, accessible, safe and useful public good.
FuturICT's insight:

JOURNAL: THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL SPECIAL TOPICS  Vol. 214 (November II 2012)"Participatory Science and Computing for Our Complex World".

http://epjst.epj.org/index.php?option=com_toc&url=/articles/epjst/abs/2012/14/contents/contents.html

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FuturICT: The road towards ethical ICT :J. van den Hoven, D. Helbing, D. Pedreschi, J. Domingo-Ferrer, F. Gianotti, M. Christen

FuturICT: The road towards ethical ICT :J. van den Hoven, D. Helbing, D. Pedreschi, J. Domingo-Ferrer, F. Gianotti, M. Christen | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it

J. van den Hoven, D. Helbing, D. Pedreschi, J. Domingo-Ferrer, F. Gianotti, M. Christen

 

The pervasive use of information and communication technology (ICT) in modern societies enables countless opportunities for individuals, institutions, businesses and scientists, but also raises difficult ethical and social problems. In particular, ICT helped to make societies more complex and thus harder to understand, which impedes social and political interventions to avoid harm and to increase the common good. To overcome this obstacle, the large-scale EU flagship proposal FuturICT intends to create a platform for accessing global human knowledge as a public good and instruments to increase our understanding of the information society by making use of ICT-based research. In this contribution, we outline the ethical justification for such an endeavor. We argue that the ethical issues raised by FuturICT research projects overlap substantially with many of the known ethical problems emerging from ICT use in general. By referring to the notion of Value Sensitive Design, we show for the example of privacy how this core value of responsible ICT can be protected in pursuing research in the framework of FuturICT. In addition, we discuss further ethical issues and outline the institutional design of FuturICT allowing to address them.

FuturICT's insight:

JOURNAL: THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL SPECIAL TOPICS  Vol. 214 (November II 2012)"Participatory Science and Computing for Our Complex World".

http://epjst.epj.org/index.php?option=com_toc&url=/articles/epjst/abs/2012/14/contents/contents.html

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FuturICT: A complex systems approach to constructing better models for managing financial markets and the economy - J.Doyne Farmer, M.Gallegati, C.Hommes, A.Kirman, P.Ormerod, S.Cincotti, A.Sanchez...

FuturICT: A complex systems approach to constructing better models for managing financial markets and the economy - J.Doyne Farmer, M.Gallegati, C.Hommes, A.Kirman, P.Ormerod, S.Cincotti, A.Sanchez... | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it

A complex systems approach to constructing better models for managing financial markets and the economy - Springer

J. Doyne Farmer, M. Gallegati, C. Hommes, A. Kirman, P. Ormerod, S. Cincotti, A. Sanchez, D. Helbing

 

We outline a vision for an ambitious program to understand the economy and financial markets as a complex evolving system of coupled networks of interacting agents. This is a completely different vision from that currently used in most economic models. This view implies new challenges and opportunities for policy and managing economic crises. The dynamics of such models inherently involve sudden and sometimes dramatic changes of state. Further, the tools and approaches we use emphasize the analysis of crises rather than of calm periods. In this they respond directly to the calls of Governors Bernanke and Trichet for new approaches to macroeconomic modelling.

 

 

FuturICT's insight:

JOURNAL: THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL SPECIAL TOPICS  Vol. 214 (November II 2012)"Participatory Science and Computing for Our Complex World".

http://epjst.epj.org/index.php?option=com_toc&url=/articles/epjst/abs/2012/14/contents/contents.html

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FuturICT: Exploratory of society: L. E. Cederman, R. Conte, D. Helbing, A. Nowak, F. Schweitzer, A. Vespignani

FuturICT: Exploratory of society: L. E. Cederman, R. Conte, D. Helbing, A. Nowak, F. Schweitzer, A. Vespignani | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it

FuturICT: Exploratory of Society

L. E. Cederman, R. Conte, D. Helbing, A. Nowak, F. Schweitzer, A. Vespignani

Abstract

A huge flow of quantitative social, demographic and behavioral data is becoming available that traces the activities and interactions of individuals, social patterns, transportation infrastructures and travel fluxes. This has caused, together with innovative computational techniques and methods for modeling social actions in hybrid (natural and artificial) societies, a qualitative change in the ways we model socio-technical systems.

 

For the first time, society can be studied in a comprehensive fashion that addresses social and behavioral complexity. In other words we are in the position to envision the development of large data and computational cyber infrastructure defining an exploratory of society that provides quantitative anticipatory, explanatory and scenario analysis capabilities ranging from emerging infectious disease to conflict and crime surges.

 

The goal of the exploratory of society is to provide the basic infrastructure embedding the framework of tools and knowledge needed for the design of forecast/anticipatory/crisis management approaches to socio technical systems, supporting future decision making procedures by accelerating the scientific cycle that goes from data generation to predictions.

FuturICT's insight:

JOURNAL: THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL SPECIAL TOPICS  Vol. 214 (November II 2012)"Participatory Science and Computing for Our Complex World".

http://epjst.epj.org/index.php?option=com_toc&url=/articles/epjst/abs/2012/14/contents/contents.html

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FuturICT & Causality discovery technology

FuturICT & Causality discovery technology | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it

M. Chen, T. Ertl, M. Jirotka, A. Trefethen, A. Schmidt, B. Coecke, R. Bañares-Alcántara

Abstract

Causality is the fabric of our dynamic world. We all make frequent attempts to reason causation relationships of everyday events (e.g., what was the cause of my headache, or what has upset Alice?). We attempt to manage causality all the time through planning and scheduling. The greatest scientific discoveries are usually about causality (e.g., Newton found the cause for an apple to fall, and Darwin discovered natural selection). Meanwhile, we continue to seek a comprehensive understanding about the causes of numerous complex phenomena, such as social divisions, economic crisis, global warming, home-grown terrorism, etc. Humans analyse and reason causality based on observation, experimentation and acquired a priori knowledge. Today’s technologies enable us to make observations and carry out experiments in an unprecedented scale that has created data mountains everywhere. Whereas there are exciting opportunities to discover new causation relationships, there are also unparalleled challenges to benefit from such data mountains. In this article, we present a case for developing a new piece of ICT, called Causality Discovery Technology. We reason about the necessity, feasibility and potential impact of such a technology.

FuturICT's insight:

JOURNAL: THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL SPECIAL TOPICS  Vol. 214 (November II 2012)"Participatory Science and Computing for Our Complex World".

http://epjst.epj.org/index.php?option=com_toc&url=/articles/epjst/abs/2012/14/contents/contents.html

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FuturICT: Participatory computing to understand and manage our complex world in a more sustainable and resilient way: D. Helbing, S. Bishop, R. Conte, P. Lukowicz, J. B. McCarthy

FuturICT: Participatory computing to understand and manage our complex world in a more sustainable and resilient way: D. Helbing, S. Bishop, R. Conte, P. Lukowicz, J. B. McCarthy | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it
We have built particle accelerators to understand the forces that make up our physical world. Yet, we do not understand the principles underlying our strongly connected, techno-socio-economic systems. We have enabled ubiquitous Internet connectivity and instant, global information access. Yet we do not understand how it impacts our behavior and the evolution of society.

To fill the knowledge gaps and keep up with the fast pace at which our world is changing, a Knowledge Accelerator must urgently be created. The financial crisis, international wars, global terror, the spreading of diseases and cyber-crime as well as demographic, technological and environmental change demonstrate that humanity is facing serious challenges. These problems cannot be solved within the traditional paradigms.

Moving our attention from a component-oriented view of the world to an interaction-oriented view will allow us to understand the complex systems we have created and the emergent collective phenomena characterising them. This paradigm shift will enable new solutions to long-standing problems, very much as the shift from a geocentric to a heliocentric worldview has facilitated modern physics and the ability to launch satellites.

The FuturICT flagship project will develop new science and technology to manage our future in a complex, strongly connected world. For this, it will combine the power of information and communication technology (ICT) with knowledge from the social and complexity sciences.

ICT will provide the data to boost the social sciences into a new era. Complexity science will shed new light on the emergent phenomena in socially interactive systems, and the social sciences will provide a better understanding of the opportunities and risks of strongly networked systems, in particular future ICT systems. Hence, the envisaged FuturICT flagship will create new methods and instruments to tackle the challenges of the 21st century.

FuturICT could indeed become one of the most important scientific endeavours ever, by revealing the principles that make socially interactive systems work well, by inspiring the creation of new platforms to explore our possible futures, and by initiating an era of social and socio-inspired innovations.
FuturICT's insight:

JOURNAL: THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL SPECIAL TOPICS  Vol. 214 (November II 2012)"Participatory Science and Computing for Our Complex World".

http://link.springer.com/journal/11734/214/1/page/1

http://epjst.epj.org/index.php?option=com_toc&url=/articles/epjst/abs/2012/14/contents/contents.html

 

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Complexity Science, Learning Analytics & Collective Intelligence

Complexity Science, Learning Analytics & Collective Intelligence | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it
FuturlCT is a FET Flagship project using collective, participatory research, integrated across the fields of ICT, the social sciences and complexity science, to design socio-‐inspired technology and develop a science of global, socially interactive systems. The project will bring together, on a global level, Big Data, new modelling techniques and new forms of interaction, leading to a new understanding of society and its co-‐ evolution with technology. It will place Europe at the forefront of a major scientific drive to understand, explore and manage our complex, connected world in a more sustainable and resilient manner.

Working with FuturICT is the closest that someone in my field may get to “Big Science” a la Human Genome project or Large Hadron Collider. We don’t tend to have projects of that scale in human-centred computing! But the over-arching theme of Complexity Science as a way of making sense of societal big data provides that scale of vision. The European Physical Journal does not spring to mind as the first place to look for work on ICT for learning analytics or collective intelligence – my particular interests – but it has an explicit focus on advances in Complex Systems, including socio-technical-economic systems, not just physical or biological. So it’s very satisfying to point to a more detailed account of the thinking behind the proposal, which we’ve just published as an open access special issue of EPJST.

Within the special issue, you’ll find a fascinating set of contributions from European scientists who set out a 10 year research agenda within their fields: what are the really tough problems? There are also visionary position papers outlining the kind of socio-technical infrastructure that FuturICT will investigate, and a foregrounding of the ethical dimensions that human Big Data and Analytics always raise.
FuturICT's insight:

JOURNAL: THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL SPECIAL TOPICS  Vol. 214 (November II 2012)"Participatory Science and Computing for Our Complex World".

http://epjst.epj.org/index.php?option=com_toc&url=/articles/epjst/abs/2012/14/contents/contents.html

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THE FUTURICT FET FLAGSHIP SUBMISSION to the European Commission

THE FUTURICT FET FLAGSHIP SUBMISSION SUMMARY DOCUMENT


FUTURICT is one of the 6 flagships which were funded over a duration of 12 months starting from May 2011.

 

These flagship pilots aim to create a design and description of consolidated candidate FET Flagship Initiatives, including assessment of feasibility in scientific, technical and financial terms.

 

On October 23, the FUTURICT Flagship Pilot presented its integrated research agenda, including the involvement and commitment from key stakeholders to the European Commission. 

 

By the end of 2012 to beginning of 2013, at least two of the Pilots are expected to be chosen to be launched as full FET Flagship Initiatives.

 

FUTURICT is a FET Flagship project using collective, participatory research, integrated across the fields of ICT, the social sciences and complexity science, to design socio-inspired technology and develop a science of global, socially interactive systems.

 

The FUTURICT project will bring together, on a global level, Big Data, new modelling techniques and new forms of interaction, leading to a new understanding of society and its co-evolution with technology.

 

This will place Europe at the forefront of a major scientific drive to understand, explore and manage our complex, connected world in a more sustainable and resilient manner.

The unifying goal of the FUTURICT FET flagship is to integrate the fields of information and communication technologies (ICT), social sciences and complexity science, to develop a new kind of participatory science and technology that will help us to understand, explore and manage the complex, global, socially interactive systems that make up our world today, while at the same time paving the way for a new paradigm of ICT systems that will leverage socio-inspired self-organisation, self-regulation, and collective awareness.

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Madrid Arena: las fuerzas de la tragedia ( In Spanish)

Madrid Arena: las fuerzas de la tragedia ( In Spanish) | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it
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FuturICT: Complexity aided design -A. Carbone, M. Ajmone-Marsan, K. W. Axhausen, M. Batty, M. Masera, E. Rome

FuturICT: Complexity aided design -A. Carbone, M. Ajmone-Marsan, K. W. Axhausen, M. Batty, M. Masera, E. Rome | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it

A. Carbone, M. Ajmone-Marsan, K. W. Axhausen, M. Batty, M. Masera, E. Rome

“In the next century, planet earth will don an electronic skin. It will use the Internet as a scaffold to support and transmit its sensations. This skin is already being stitched together. It consists of millions of embedded electronic measuring devices: thermostats, pressure gauges, pollution detectors, cameras, microphones, glucose sensors, EKGs, electroencephalographs. These will probe and monitor cities and endangered species, the atmosphere, our ships, highways and fleets of trucks, our conversations, our bodies–even our dreams ....What will the earth’s new skin permit us to feel? How will we use its surges of sensation? For several years–maybe for a decade–there will be no central nervous system to manage this vast signaling network. Certainly there will be no central intelligence...some qualities of self-awareness will emerge once the Net is sensually enhanced. Sensuality is only one force pushing the Net toward intelligence”. These statements are quoted by an interview by Cherry Murray, Dean of the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences and Professor of Physics. It is interesting to outline the timeliness and highly predicting power of these statements. In particular, we would like to point to the relevance of the question “What will the earth’s new skin permit us to feel?” to the work we are going to discuss in this paper. There are many additional compelling questions, as for example: “How can the electronic earth’s skin be made more resilient?”; “How can the earth’s electronic skin be improved to better satisfy the need of our society?”;“What can the science of complex systems contribute to this endeavour?”

FuturICT's insight:

JOURNAL: THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL SPECIAL TOPICS Vol. 214 (November II 2012)"Participatory Science and Computing for Our Complex World".

http://epjst.epj.org/index.php?option=com_toc&url=/articles/epjst/abs/2012/14/contents/contents.html

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FuturICT: Socio-inspired ICT

FuturICT: Socio-inspired ICT | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it

Socio-inspired ICT

A. Ferscha, K. Farrahi, J. van den Hoven, D. Hales, A. Nowak, P. Lukowicz, D. Helbing

Modern ICT (Information and Communication Technology) has developed a vision where the “computer” is no longer associated with the concept of a single device or a network of devices, but rather the entirety of situated services originating in a digital world, which are perceived through the physical world. It is observed that services with explicit user input and output are becoming to be replaced by a computing landscape sensing the physical world via a huge variety of sensors, and controlling it via a plethora of actuators. The nature and appearance of computing devices is changing to be hidden in the fabric of everyday life, invisibly networked, and omnipresent, with applications greatly being based on the notions of context and knowledge. Interaction with such globe spanning, modern ICT systems will presumably be more implicit, at the periphery of human attention, rather than explicit, i.e. at the focus of human attention.Socio-inspired ICT assumes that future, globe scale ICT systems should be viewed as social systems. Such a view challenges research to identify and formalize the principles of interaction and adaptation in social systems, so as to be able to ground future ICT systems on those principles. This position paper therefore is concerned with the intersection of social behaviour and modern ICT, creating or recreating social conventions and social contexts through the use of pervasive, globe-spanning, omnipresent and participative ICT.

FuturICT's insight:

JOURNAL: THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL SPECIAL TOPICS Vol. 214 (November II 2012)"Participatory Science and Computing for Our Complex World".
http://epjst.epj.org/index.php?option=com_toc&url=/articles/epjst/abs/2012/14/contents/contents.html

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Financial price dynamics and pedestrian counterflows: A comparison of statistical stylized facts

Financial price dynamics and pedestrian counterflows: A comparison of statistical stylized facts | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it

Financial price dynamics and pedestrian counterflows: A comparison of statistical stylized facts

Daniel R. Parisi, Didier Sornette, and Dirk Helbing

Accepted Friday Dec 14, 2012

We propose and document the evidence for an analogy between the dynamics of granular counter-flows in the presence of bottlenecks or restrictions and financial price formation processes. Using extensive simulations, we find that the counter-flows of simulated pedestrians through a door display eight stylized facts observed in financial markets when the density around the door is compared with the logarithm of the price. Finding so many stylized facts is very rare indeed among all agent-based models of financial markets. The stylized properties are present already when the agents in the pedestrian model are assumed to display a zero-intelligent behavior. If agents are given decision-making capacity and adapt to partially follow the majority, periods of herding behavior may additionally occur. This generates the very slow decay of the autocorrelation of absolute return due to an intermittent dynamics. Our finding suggest that the stylized facts in the fluctuations of the financial prices result from a competition of two groups with opposite interests in the presence of a constraint funneling the flow of transactions to a narrow band of prices with limited liquidity.

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FuturICT: Towards a global participatory platform

FuturICT: Towards a global participatory platform | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it

S. Buckingham Shum, K. Aberer, A. Schmidt, S. Bishop, P. Lukowicz, S. Anderson, Y. Charalabidis, J. Domingue, S. de Freitas, I. Dunwell, B. Edmonds, F. Grey, M. Haklay, M. Jelasity, A. Karpištšenko, J. Kohlhammer, J. Lewis, J. Pitt, R. Sumner, D. Helbing

 

The FuturICT project seeks to use the power of big data, analytic models grounded in complexity science, and the collective intelligence they yield for societal benefit. Accordingly, this paper argues that these new tools should not remain the preserve of restricted government, scientific or corporate élites, but be opened up for societal engagement and critique. To democratise such assets as a public good, requires a sustainable ecosystem enabling different kinds of stakeholder in society, including but not limited to, citizens and advocacy groups, school and university students, policy analysts, scientists, software developers, journalists and politicians. Our working name for envisioning a sociotechnical infrastructure capable of engaging such a wide constituency is the Global Participatory Platform (GPP). We consider what it means to develop a GPP at the different levels of data, models and deliberation, motivating a framework for different stakeholders to find their ecological niches at different levels within the system, serving the functions of (i) sensing the environment in order to pool data, (ii) mining the resulting data for patterns in order to model the past/present/future, and (iii) sharing and contesting possible interpretations of what those models might mean, and in a policy context, possible decisions. A research objective is also to apply the concepts and tools of complexity science and social science to the project’s own work. We therefore conceive the global participatory platform as a resilient, epistemic ecosystem, whose design will make it capable of self-organization and adaptation to a dynamic environment, and whose structure and contributions are themselves networks of stakeholders, challenges, issues, ideas and arguments whose structure and dynamics can be modelled and analysed.

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JOURNAL: THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL SPECIAL TOPICS Vol. 214 (November II 2012)"Participatory Science and Computing for Our Complex World".
http://epjst.epj.org/index.php?option=com_toc&url=/articles/epjst/abs/2012/14/contents/contents.html

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FuturICT: Towards a living earth simulator

FuturICT: Towards a living earth simulator | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it
M. Paolucci, D. Kossman, R. Conte, P. Lukowicz, P. Argyrakis, A. Blandford, G. Bonelli, S. Anderson, S. de Freitas, B. Edmonds, N. Gilbert, M. Gross, J. Kohlhammer, P. Koumoutsakos, A. Krause, B. -O. Linnér, P. Slusallek, O. Sorkine, R. W. Sumner, D. Helbing

The Living Earth Simulator (LES) is one of the core components of the FuturICT architecture. It will work as a federation of methods, tools, techniques and facilities supporting all of the FuturICT simulation-related activities to allow and encourage interactive exploration and understanding of societal issues. Society-relevant problems will be targeted by leaning on approaches based on complex systems theories and data science in tight interaction with the other components of FuturICT. The LES will evaluate and provide answers to real-world questions by taking into account multiple scenarios. It will build on present approaches such as agent-based simulation and modeling, multiscale modelling, statistical inference, and data mining, moving beyond disciplinary borders to achieve a new perspective on complex social systems.
FuturICT's insight:

JOURNAL: THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL SPECIAL TOPICS  Vol. 214 (November II 2012)"Participatory Science and Computing for Our Complex World".

http://epjst.epj.org/index.php?option=com_toc&url=/articles/epjst/abs/2012/14/contents/contents.html

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FuturICT: Theoretical and technological building blocks for an innovation accelerator

FuturICT: Theoretical and technological building blocks for an innovation accelerator | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it

F. van Harmelen, G. Kampis, K. Börner, P. van den Besselaar, E. Schultes, C. Goble, P. Groth, B. Mons, S. Anderson, S. Decker, C. Hayes, T. Buecheler, D. Helbing

 

Modern science is a main driver of technological innovation. The efficiency of the scientific system is of key importance to ensure the competitiveness of a nation or region. However, the scientific system that we use today was devised centuries ago and is inadequate for our current ICT-based society: the peer review system encourages conservatism, journal publications are monolithic and slow, data is often not available to other scientists, and the independent validation of results is limited. The resulting scientific process is hence slow and sloppy. Building on the Innovation Accelerator paper by Helbing and Balietti, this paper takes the initial global vision and reviews the theoretical and technological building blocks that can be used for implementing an innovation (in first place: science) accelerator platform driven by re-imagining the science system. The envisioned platform would rest on four pillars: (i) Redesign the incentive scheme to reduce behavior such as conservatism, herding and hyping; (ii) Advance scientific publications by breaking up the monolithic paper unit and introducing other building blocks such as data, tools, experiment workflows, resources; (iii) Use machine readable semantics for publications, debate structures, provenance etc. in order to include the computer as a partner in the scientific process, and (iv) Build an online platform for collaboration, including a network of trust and reputation among the different types of stakeholders in the scientific system: scientists, educators, funding agencies, policy makers, students and industrial innovators among others. Any such improvements to the scientific system must support the entire scientific process (unlike current tools that chop up the scientific process into disconnected pieces), must facilitate and encourage collaboration and interdisciplinarity (again unlike current tools), must facilitate the inclusion of intelligent computing in the scientific process, must facilitate not only the core scientific process, but also accommodate other stakeholders such science policy makers, industrial innovators, and the general public. We first describe the current state of the scientific system together with up to a dozen new key initiatives, including an analysis of the role of science as an innovation accelerator. Our brief survey will show that there exist many separate ideas and concepts and diverse stand-alone demonstrator systems for different components of the ecosystem with many parts are still unexplored, and overall integration lacking. By analyzing a matrix of stakeholders vs. functionalities, we identify the required innovations. We (non-exhaustively) discuss a few of them: Publications that are meaningful to machines, innovative reviewing processes, data publication, workflow archiving and reuse, alternative impact metrics, tools for the detection of trends, community formation and emergence, as well as modular publications, citation objects and debate graphs. To summarize, the core idea behind the Innovation Accelerator is to develop new incentive models, rules, and interaction mechanisms to stimulate true innovation, revolutionizing the way in which we create knowledge and disseminate information.

FuturICT's insight:

JOURNAL: THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL SPECIAL TOPICS  Vol. 214 (November II 2012)"Participatory Science and Computing for Our Complex World".

http://epjst.epj.org/index.php?option=com_toc&url=/articles/epjst/abs/2012/14/contents/contents.html

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FuturICT: Manifesto of computational social science

FuturICT: Manifesto of computational social science | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it

R. Conte, N. Gilbert, G. Bonelli, C. Cioffi-Revilla, G. Deffuant, J. Kertesz, V. Loreto, S. Moat, J. -P. Nadal, A. Sanchez, A. Nowak, A. Flache, M. San Miguel, D. Helbing

 

Abstract. The increasing integration of technology into our lives has created unprecedented volumes of data on society’s everyday behaviour. Such data opens up exciting new opportunities to work towards a quantitative understanding of our complex social systems, within the realms of a new discipline known as Computational Social Science.

Against a background of financial crises, riots and international epidemics, the urgent need for a greater comprehension of the complexity of our interconnected global society and an ability to apply such insights in policy decisions is clear. This manifesto outlines the objectives of this new scientific direction, considering the challenges involved in it, and the extensive impact on science, technology and society that the success of this endeavour is likely to bring about.

 

FuturICT's insight:

JOURNAL: THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL SPECIAL TOPICS  Vol. 214 (November II 2012)"Participatory Science and Computing for Our Complex World".

http://epjst.epj.org/index.php?option=com_toc&url=/articles/epjst/abs/2012/14/contents/contents.html

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FuturICT: An economic and financial exploratory

FuturICT: An economic and financial exploratory | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it
S. Cincotti, D. Sornette, P. Treleaven, S. Battiston, G. Caldarelli, C. Hommes, A. Kirman

This paper describes the vision of a European Exploratory for economics and finance using an interdisciplinary consortium of economists, natural scientists, computer scientists and engineers, who will combine their expertise to address the enormous challenges of the 21st century. This Academic Public facility is intended for economic modelling, investigating all aspects of risk and stability, improving financial technology, and evaluating proposed regulatory and taxation changes. The European Exploratory for economics and finance will be constituted as a network of infrastructure, observatories, data repositories, services and facilities and will foster the creation of a new cross-disciplinary research community of social scientists, complexity scientists and computing (ICT) scientists to collaborate in investigating major issues in economics and finance. It is also considered a cradle for training and collaboration with the private sector to spur spin-offs and job creations in Europe in the finance and economic sectors. The Exploratory will allow Social Scientists and Regulators as well as Policy Makers and the private sector to conduct realistic investigations with real economic, financial and social data. The Exploratory will (i) continuously monitor and evaluate the status of the economies of countries in their various components, (ii) use, extend and develop a large variety of methods including data mining, process mining, computational and artificial intelligence and every other computer and complex science techniques coupled with economic theory and econometric, and (iii) provide the framework and infrastructure to perform what-if analysis, scenario evaluations and computational, laboratory, field and web experiments to inform decision makers and help develop innovative policy, market and regulation designs.

FuturICT's insight:

JOURNAL: THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL SPECIAL TOPICS  Vol. 214 (November II 2012)"Participatory Science and Computing for Our Complex World".

http://epjst.epj.org/index.php?option=com_toc&url=/articles/epjst/abs/2012/14/contents/contents.html

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FuturICT: Accelerating scientific discovery by formulating grand scientific challenges: Dirk Helbing

FuturICT: Accelerating scientific discovery by formulating grand scientific challenges: Dirk Helbing | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it

by Dirk Helbing

 

One important question for science and society is how to best promote scientific progress. Inspired by the great success of Hilbert’s famous set of problems, the FuturICT project tries to stimulate and focus the efforts of many scientists by formulating Grand Challenges, i.e. a set of fundamental, relevant and hardly solvable scientific questions.

FuturICT's insight:

JOURNAL: THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL SPECIAL TOPICS  Vol. 214 (November II 2012)"Participatory Science and Computing for Our Complex World".

http://epjst.epj.org/index.php?option=com_toc&url=/articles/epjst/abs/2012/14/contents/contents.html

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Introduction: The FuturICT knowledge accelerator towards a more resilient and sustainable future - Dirk Helbing

Introduction: The FuturICT knowledge accelerator towards a more resilient and sustainable future - Dirk Helbing | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it
The FuturICT project is a response to the European Flagship Call in the Area of Future and Emerging Technologies, which is planning to spend 1 billion EUR on each of two flagship projects over a period of 10 years.

FuturICT seeks to create an open, global but decentralized, democratically controlled information platform that will use online data and real-time measurements together with novel theoretical models and experimental methods to achieve a paradigm shift in our understanding of today’s strongly interdependent and complex world and make our techno-socio-economic systems more flexible, adaptive, resilient, sustainable, and livable through a participatory approach.
FuturICT's insight:

JOURNAL: THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL SPECIAL TOPICS  Vol. 214 (November II 2012)

"Participatory Science and Computing for Our Complex World".

http://link.springer.com/journal/11734/214/1/page/1

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THE FUTURICT EDUCATION ACCELERATOR

THE FUTURICT EDUCATION ACCELERATOR

 

Education is a major force for economic and social wellbeing. Despite high aspirations, education at all levels can be expensive and ineffective.

 

Three Grand Challenges are identified: (1) enable people to learn orders of magnitude more effectively, (2) enable people to learn at orders of magnitude less cost, and (3) demonstrate success by exemplary interdisciplinary education in complex systems science.

 

A ten year ‘man-on-the-moon’ project is proposed in which FuturICT’s unique combination of Complexity, Social and Computing Sciences could provide an urgently needed transdisciplinary language for making sense of educational systems.

 

In close dialogue with educational theory and practice, and grounded in the emerging data science and learning analytics paradigms, this will translate into practical tools (both analytical and computational) for researchers, practitioners and leaders; generative principles for resilient educational ecosystems; and innovation for radically scalable, yet personalised, learner engagement and assessment.

 

The proposed Education Accelerator will serve as a ‘wind tunnel’ for testing these ideas in the context of real educational programmes, with an international virtual campus delivering complex systems education exploiting the new understanding of complex, social, computationally enhanced organisational structure developed within FuturICT.

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Nate Silver and the Rise of Political Data Science - Forbes

Nate Silver and the Rise of Political Data Science - Forbes | FuturICT Journal Publications | Scoop.it
For the last few months, the political pundit class has been at war with NYT/FiveThirtyEight blogger Nate Silver.  Joe Scarborough of MSNBC called him a “joke,” while an op-ed in the LA Times accused him of running a “numbers racket.”  The Examiner...
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