Science, Technology, and Current Futurism
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The Robots Running This Way | MIT Technology Review

The Robots Running This Way | MIT Technology Review | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Some of the machines acquired recently by Google represent a giant leap forwards for robot-kind.
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Here's How a Chimp Is Smarter Than You

Here's How a Chimp Is Smarter Than You | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Chimps recently figured out a computer game more quickly than humans. It may be because they're so familiar with navigating basic win-lose dynamics.
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excerpt: “The hypothesis is that win or lose-type games are seminal things that happen in a chimp’s life,” Camerer says, referring to “hide and seek” situations with predators, gambits designed to seek domination within a group, and incursion by rival groups to maximize territory. “They have a lot of experience, we think, with these win-lose situations.”

  

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Why Mosquitoes Bite Some People But Not Others

Why Mosquitoes Bite Some People But Not Others | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
VIDEO: Are you a prime target for mosquitoes? We go behind the science to show you who those bloodsuckers love best and why.
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DEET and over the counter antihistamines. Wow. 

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Blue Frog Lounge by Serie Architects

Blue Frog Lounge by Serie Architects | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it

A large north lit industrial warehouse within the old mill district in Mumbai is to be converted into a complex of sound recording studios and an acoustic lounge. This lounge will consist of a restaurant, bar and a live stage. Beyond this amalgamation of provisions, Blue Frog seeks to stage an acoustic experience par excellence.

The deep structure that was employed is of a cellular organization composed of circles of varying sizes in plan approximating a horse-shoe configuration. The differential extrusions of these circles encapsulated at different levels as tiered cylindrical seating booths, allow the eye level of diners and standing patrons to be distributed across staggered levels that increase in height away from the stage.

These booths seat between 4-10 people and are arranged around an open centre that can either double up as a potential 360 degree stage or accommodate standing patrons, bringing them closer to the main stage to create an intimate viewing experience. These mahogany paneled cylindrical booths maintain not only uninterrupted views to the stage, but also constant distance between diners irrespective of how crowded the lounge gets.

The undulating height of the seating booths is gently modulated by a glowing acrylic resin surface, which unifies the disparate types together and retains the presence of the architecture even in the midst of the spectacle of a state-of-the-art sound and light show at the Blue Frog.

Based on this desire to have it all, the question for us is: how do you collapse a theatre, restaurant, bar and club into a warehouse whilst maintaining all the performative characteristics of each individual type?

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5 Things You Should Know About Quantum Internet

5 Things You Should Know About Quantum Internet | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it

Below I will demystify some misconceptions that have been swirling around quantum encryption/decryption and the quantum internet more generally, providing you with a realistic understanding of what is and isn’t possible when it comes to data security today and in the future.

 

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informative

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REINFORCEMENT LEARNING and POMDPs, POLICY GRADIENTS, EVOLUTIONARY REINFORCEMENT LEARNING, UNIVERSAL REINFORCEMENT LEARNERS

REINFORCEMENT LEARNING and POMDPs, POLICY GRADIENTS, EVOLUTIONARY REINFORCEMENT LEARNING, UNIVERSAL REINFORCEMENT LEARNERS | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Reinforcement Learning (RL) is closely related to how animals and humans act and learn. Without a teacher, solely from occasional real-valued pain and pleasure signals, RL agents must find out how to interact with a dynamic environment to maximize their future expected reward. The traditional approach to RL makes strong assumptions about the environment, such as the Markov assumption: the current input of the agent tells it all it needs to know about the environment. This is often unrealistic. If we want to narrow the gap between learning abilities of humans and machines, then we will have to study how to learn general algorithms instead of reactive mappings. This area seems destined to become central to machine learning (e.g., robotics) and artificial intelligence in general. In previous work we already devised general algorithms that are applicable in non-Markovian settings. In the current project we will further extend and apply our recent state-of-the-art results on practical and theoretical aspects of general reinforcement learners and search / optimization algorithms. We will apply our methods to the most difficult RL benchmark problems, and augment the present benchmark lists by new hard problems for partially observable environments where existing RL methods have great difficulties.
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Why we're all so obsessed with deep learning

Why we're all so obsessed with deep learning | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Deep learning is all the rage among the tech scene right now, and that’s more a result of its utility than because it sounds cool.
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Use a Kindle Fire as a Screen for a Raspberry Pi

Use a Kindle Fire as a Screen for a Raspberry Pi | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
If you're looking for a way to make the Raspberry Pi a bit more portable, programmer Jeff Ammons shows off how he uses his Kindle Fire as a screen for his Raspberry Pi.
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Via Lisa Durff
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A traveler's guide to in-flight WiFi

A traveler's guide to in-flight WiFi | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it

You're on a nice, long domestic flight. In coach. There's a screaming baby two rows up; the pages of the in-flight magazine are stuck together with someone else's chewing gum; and the 9-inch overhead CRT is showing a 2-year-old episode of New Girl that you've already seen a half-dozen times -- without sound, because you always end up in the seat with a broken headphone jack. Oh, and you have five hours left to go to LAX.

 

If you play your cards right (and pack some noise-canceling headphones), your next cross-country haul could be a whole lot more pleasant, thanks to in-flight WiFi. Nearly all of the major US airlines now offer WiFi in the sky. Thousands of passengers flying above North America are online right now, watching adorable kittens meow on YouTube, reading up on their destinations or researching a new device right here on Engadget. But while some carriers offer service on many of their planes, few have it available fleet-wide, making it difficult to plan your travel around connectivity. So, which airlines offer the best service and how can you sort what you'll have on board? Explore the turbulent world of WiFi at 30,000 feet.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Faster DNA Sleuthing Saves Critically Ill Boy Stricken by Encephalitis

Faster DNA Sleuthing Saves Critically Ill Boy Stricken by Encephalitis | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
A 14-year-old boy’s turnaround and quick recovery after being stricken by encephalitis - which led to him being hospitalized for six weeks and put into a medically induced coma after falling critic...
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DARPA is working on its own deep-learning project for natural-language processing

DARPA is working on its own deep-learning project for natural-language processing | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, or DARPA, is building a set of technologies to help it better understand human language so it can analyze speech and text sources and alert analysts of potentially useful information.

Via Scott Turner
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Cryogenic Suspended Animation is About to Become a Reality

Cryogenic Suspended Animation is About to Become a Reality | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Called Rapid Induction Hypothermia, medical team plans to cool patients suffering from significant blood loss from trauma to save them.
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Human language's deep origins appear to have come directly from birds and primates

Human language's deep origins appear to have come directly from birds and primates | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Human language builds on birdsong and speech forms of other primates, researchers hypothesize in new research. From birds, the researchers say, we derived the melodic part of our language, and from other primates, the pragmatic, content-carrying parts of speech. Sometime within the last 100,000 years, those capacities fused into roughly the form of human language that we know today.

 

The expressive layer and lexical layer have antecedents, the researchers believe, in the languages of birds and other mammals, respectively. For instance, in another paper published last year, Miyagawa, Berwick, and Okanoya presented a broader case for the connection between the expressive layer of human language and birdsong, including similarities in melody and range of beat patterns.

 

Birds, however, have a limited number of melodies they can sing or recombine, and nonhuman primates have a limited number of sounds they make with particular meanings. That would seem to present a challenge to the idea that human language could have derived from those modes of communication, given the seemingly infinite expression possibilities of humans.

 

Reference:

Shigeru Miyagawa, Shiro Ojima, Robert C. Berwick, Kazuo Okanoya. The integration hypothesis of human language evolution and the nature of contemporary languages. Frontiers in Psychology, 2014; 5 DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00564


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Robots to the Rescue, Slowly | MIT Technology Review

Robots to the Rescue, Slowly | MIT Technology Review | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Scenes from the DARPA Robotics Challenge in Florida.
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Complicated or complex - knowing the difference is important

Complicated or complex - knowing the difference is important | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Understanding the difference between complex and complicated systems is becoming important for many aspects of management and policy. With complicated problems or issues one can define the problem ...
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