Science, Technology, and Current Futurism
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A Machine That Trains Your Brain to Pay Attention

A Machine That Trains Your Brain to Pay Attention | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
A new brain-scanning technique could change the way scientists think about human focus.

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Spaceweaver's curator insight, February 11, 2015 6:06 PM

Interesting new method, using neuronal signals read by fMRI machine to create feedback loops that help humans to train certain abilities which are not available to conscious access.

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Bias, complexity and uncertainty in ecosystem risk assessment: pharmaceuticals, a new challenge in scale and perspective - environmentalresearchweb

Bias, complexity and uncertainty in ecosystem risk assessment: pharmaceuticals, a new challenge in scale and perspective - environmentalresearchweb | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it

From historical waste sites to contemporary spills and non-point source pollution, there are many unintentional natural experiments occurring in which the inadvertent pharmacological effects of chemicals can be monitored in addition to traditional toxicological assays (Bowyer et al. 2003, Manahan 2011, Godduhn et al. 2013). The precautionary principle accounting for the irresolvable uncertainty of complex systems needs to be included so that recognition a system's potential destabilization is included in policy decisions. The logistical and spatial barriers to accomplishing a thorough ecosystem risk assessment can be reduced by using 'citizen science' to increase the availability of data, creating an ecosystem perspective. This approach will allow a longitudinal design to support the sustainability goal for the health and welfare of future generations.

 
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Communication Studies and Artificial Intelligence - h+ Magazine

Communication Studies and Artificial Intelligence - h+ Magazine | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Communication studies must come to terms with the development that communicative exchange is no longer exclusively human.
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The Physical Basis of High-Throughput Atomically Precise Manufacturing — Metamodern

The Physical Basis of High-Throughput Atomically Precise Manufacturing — Metamodern | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
The Physical Basis
of High-Throughput
Atomically Precise Manufacturing
As outlined below, atomically precise manufacturing (APM) can be understood through physics, engineering design principles, proof-of-concept examples, computational modeling, and parallels with familiar technologies. Several chapters in Radical Abundance discuss these topics in depth.
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Researchers develop handheld sensor to sniff out fish fraud

Researchers develop handheld sensor to sniff out fish fraud | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Scientists at the University of South Florida's College of Marine Science have developed a handheld sensor capable of debunking fraudulent seafood species claims, helping to ensure that consumers are get what they pay for.
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Tri-layered artificial blood vessels created for the first time

Tri-layered artificial blood vessels created for the first time | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
By combining micro-imprinting and electro-spinning techniques, researchers at Shanghai University's Rapid Manufacturing Engineering Center have developed a vascular graft composed of three layers for the first time.
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FAA opens way for companies to stake claims to lunar rights

FAA opens way for companies to stake claims to lunar rights | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Do we have the right to reserve rights to the moon? Apparently so. At least that’s the message the U.S. government appears to be sending. In an exclusive report by Reuters, “U.S.
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Researchers improve artificial intelligence algorithms for semi-autonomous vehicles

Researchers improve artificial intelligence algorithms for semi-autonomous vehicles | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
For decades, researchers in artificial intelligence, or AI, worked on specialized problems, developing theoretical concepts and workable algorithms for various aspects of the field.
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How Languages and Genes Evolve Together

How Languages and Genes Evolve Together | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Goran Tomasevic/Reuters As human populations disperse, the separation leads to changes both in genes and in language. So if we look at human DNA and languages over time, we should find that they differ along similar geographic lines.
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Phys.Org Mobile: New algorithm can separate unstructured text into topics with high accuracy and reproducibility

Phys.Org Mobile: New algorithm can separate unstructured text into topics with high accuracy and reproducibility | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
"To create a better algorithm, Amaral took a network approach. The result, called TopicMapping, begins by preprocessing data to replace words with their stem (so "star" and "stars" would be considered the same word). It then builds a network of connecting words and identifies a "community" of related words (just as one could look for communities of people in Facebook). The words within a given community define a topic. "The algorithm was able to perfectly separate the documents according to language and was able to reproduce its results. It also had high accuracy and reproducibility when separating 23,000 scientific papers and 1.2 million Wikipedia articles by topic."
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Here's What Killed The British Technology Industry

Here's What Killed The British Technology Industry | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
In the case of Alan Turing, we should not only remember what he lived for, but what he died for. Which was nothing.
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How the Next Generation of Botnets Will Exploit Anonymous Networks, and How to Beat Them | MIT Technology Review

How the Next Generation of Botnets Will Exploit Anonymous Networks, and How to Beat Them | MIT Technology Review | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Computer scientists are already devising strategies for neutralizing the next generation of malicious botnets .
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Atoms can indeed be in two places at the same time, shown by indirect measurement

Atoms can indeed be in two places at the same time, shown by indirect measurement | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it

Almost 100 years ago physicists Werner Heisenberg, Max Born und Erwin Schrödinger created a new field of physics: quantum mechanics. Objects of the quantum world – according to quantum theory – no longer move along a single well-defined path. Rather, they can simultaneously take different paths and end up at different places at once. Physicists speak of quantum superposition of different paths. At the level of atoms, it looks as if objects indeed obey quantum mechanical laws. Over the years, many experiments have confirmed quantum mechanical predictions. In our macroscopic daily experience, however, we witness a football flying along exactly one path; it never strikes the goal and misses at the same time. Why is that so?

"There are two different interpretations," says Dr. Andrea Alberti of the Institute of Applied Physics of the University of Bonn. "Quantum mechanics allows superposition states of large, macroscopic objects. But these states are very fragile, even following the football with our eyes is enough to destroy the superposition and makes it follow a definite trajectory."


But it could also be that footballs obey completely different rules than those applying for single atoms. "Let us talk about the macro-realistic view of the world," Alberti explains. "According to this interpretation, the ball always moves on a specific trajectory, independent of our observation, and in contrast to the atom." But which of the two interpretations is correct? Do "large" objects move differently from small ones?


The physicists describe their research in the journal Physical Review X: With two optical tweezers they grabbed a single Caesium atom and pulled it in two opposing directions. In the macro-realist's world the atom would then be at only one of the two final locations.  Quantum-mechanically, the atom would instead occupy a superposition of the two positions.


"We have now used indirect measurements to determine the final position of the atom in the most gentle way possible," says the PhD student Carsten Robens. Even such an indirect measurement (see figure) significantly modified the result of the experiments. This observation excludes – falsifies, as Karl Popper would say more precisely – the possibility that Caesium atoms follow a macro-realistic theory. Instead, the experimental findings of the Bonn team fit well with an interpretation based on superposition states that get destroyed when the indirect measurement occurs. All that we can do is to accept that the atom has indeed taken different paths at the same time.


"This is not yet a proof that quantum mechanics hold for large objects," cautions Alberti. "The next step is to separate the Caesium atom's two positions by several millimetres. Should we still find the superposition in our experiment, the macro-realistic theory would suffer another setback."


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Eminent Infotech Pvt Ltd's curator insight, February 6, 2015 1:33 AM


Give Service of Lead Generation.


Lead generation is the generation of consumer interest or inquiry into products or services of a business. Leads can be created for purposes such as list building, e-newsletter list acquisition or for sales leads. The methods for generating leads typically fall under the umbrella of advertising, but may also include non-paid sources such as organic search engine results or referrals from existingcustomers.This service is provided by Eminent infotech pvt ltd.

Online lead generation  is an Internet marketing term that refers to the generation of prospective consumer interest or inquiry into a business’ products or services through the Internet. Leads can be generated for a variety of purposes: list building, e-newsletter list acquisition, building out reward programs, loyalty programs or for other member acquisition programs.

A lead usually is the contact information and in some cases, demographic information of a customer who is interested in a specific product or service. There are two types of leads in the lead generation market: sales leads and marketing leads by Eminent infotech.

Sales leads are generated on the basis of demographic criteria such as FICO score, income, age, HHI, etc. These leads are resold to multiple advertisers. Sales leads are typically followed up through phone calls by the sales force. Sales leads are commonly found in the mortgage, insurance and finance leads.

Marketing leads are brand-specific leads generated for a unique advertiser offer. In direct contrast to sales leads, marketing leads are sold only once. Because transparency is a necessary requisite for generating marketing leads, marketing lead campaigns can be optimized by mapping leads to their sources. This whole information about Flying talk.

Businesses strive to generate “quality” leads, those with a higher probability of a desired outcome.customers.

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Diffusion Tensor Imaging of the Brain

Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a promising method for characterizing microstructural changes or differences with neuropathology and treatment. The diffusion tensor may be used to characterize the magnitude, anisotropy and orientation of the diffusion tensor. This paper reviews the biological mechanisms, acquisition and analysis methodology of DTI measurements. The relationships between DTI measures and white matter pathologic features (ischemia, myelination, axonal damage, inflammation, and edema) are summarized. Applications of DTI to tissue characterization in neurotherapeutic applications are reviewed. The interpretations of common DTI measures – mean diffusivity (MD), fractional anisotropy (FA), radial diffusivity (Dr) and axial diffusivity (Da) – are discussed. In particular, FA is highly sensitive to microstructural changes, but not very specific to the type of changes (e.g., radial or axial). In order to maximize the specificity, it is recommended that future studies use multiple diffusion tensor measures (e.g., MD and FA, or Da and Dr) to better characterize the tissue microstructure.

 
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No Big Bang? Quantum equation predicts universe has no beginning

No Big Bang? Quantum equation predicts universe has no beginning | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
(Phys.org) —The universe may have existed forever, according to a new model that applies quantum correction terms to complement Einstein's theory of general relativity. The model may also account for dark matter and dark energy, resolving multiple problems at once.

 

..."Ali and Das explain in their paper that their model avoids singularities because of a key difference between classical geodesics and Bohmian trajectories. Classical geodesics eventually cross each other, and the points at which they converge are singularities. In contrast, Bohmian trajectories never cross each other, so singularities do not appear in the equations.

 

"In cosmological terms, the scientists explain that the quantum corrections can be thought of as a cosmological constant term (without the need for dark energy) and a radiation term. These terms keep the universe at a finite size, and therefore give it an infinite age. The terms also make predictions that agree closely with current observations of the cosmological constant and density of the universe."

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A Map of Science — Metamodern

A Map of Science — Metamodern | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it

Under the title “A Map of Science”, it was featured by Nature in 2006. Here’s a description by the developers at informationesthetics.org:

As to what the image depicts, it was constructed by sorting roughly 800,000 scientific papers into 776 different scientific paradigms (shown as red and blue circular nodes) based on how often the papers were cited together by authors of other papers. Links (curved lines) were made between the paradigms that shared common members, then treated as rubber bands, holding similar paradigms closer to one another when a physical simulation forced them all apart: thus the layout derives directly from the data. Larger paradigms have more papers. Labels list common words unique to each paradigm.

Each “list of common words unique to each paradigm” forms a streaming ribbon in the image above. What the authors call a paradigm, I would call a field, or topical area (such as seismology, organometallic chemistry, cryptology, virology, and stellar dynamics), clustered within broader areas (such as geophysics, chemistry, computer science, molecular biology, and astrophysics).

Sharrock's insight:

The author added: "Update: In the comments, modeless at seadragon.com points to a zoomable version of the map that uses the Seadragon technology. Highly recommended for viewing the textual details."


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FuturistSpeaker.com – A Study of Future Trends and Predictions by Futurist Thomas Frey » Blog Archive » 12 Emerging Trends that Everyone Missed at CES

FuturistSpeaker.com – A Study of Future Trends and Predictions by Futurist Thomas Frey » Blog Archive » 12 Emerging Trends that Everyone Missed at CES | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it

Every year that I attend CES in Las Vegas I reach a point of sensory overload. It’s not just from all the people, lights, noise, and smells, but an overload of product strategies and emerging trends for the coming year.
With everything from R2D2 showing up outside the convention center, to meeting celebrities on the showroom floor, or coming face-to-face with a Paul Bunyan-sized electronic game-playing running shoe by Sketchers, or walking into a booth full of the coolest Chinese technologies ever made but not being able to talk to anyone because they don’t speak English, it’s not possible to describe all the sensations a person will experience at an event like this.
Everyone will experience CES in their own unique way, and the impressions they walk away with will help define their understanding of the world to come. Big time decisions are being made by the impressions made here.


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Mesozoic mammals—what do we know from China?

Mesozoic mammals—what do we know from China? | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
The most exciting findings covering Mesozoic mammals over the last two decades have come from the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods of China.
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The future of holographic video

The future of holographic video | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Holographic video displays, featuring three-dimensional images, are about to "go large" and become a lot more affordable at the same time, thanks to the work of a team of Brigham Young University (BYU) researchers and their collaborators at...
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What’s Up With That: Why Do Cats Love Boxes So Much?

What’s Up With That: Why Do Cats Love Boxes So Much? | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
What are we to make of the strange gravitational pull that empty boxes have on cats?
The post What’s Up With That: Why Do Cats Love Boxes So Much? appeared first on WIRED.
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Uber to start work on driverless technology - The Hill

Uber to start work on driverless technology - The Hill | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Google, a large Uber investor, has been working on similar technology for years. 
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Physicists Have Built A Time Machine Simulator

Physicists Have Built A Time Machine Simulator | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Time travel still isn't possible, but this is incredible.
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How Amazon tricks you into thinking it always has the lowest prices

How Amazon tricks you into thinking it always has the lowest prices | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it

“Amazon may not actually be the lowest-priced seller of a particular product in any given season,” the report reads, “but its consistently low prices on the highest-viewed and best-selling items drive a perception among consumers that Amazon has the best prices overall — even better than Walmart.”

The study was part of a white paper Boomerang released on Tuesday to bring attention to the idea of price perception in e-commerce. The startup has created a “price perception index,” which it described as “a numerical pricing model that captures customer psychology of price perception. It does so by providing a tangible statistic of how a company’s products…are priced, relative to the competition, weighted by customer interest.”...


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Doug Hall's curator insight, January 13, 2015 5:37 PM

Interesting POV on Amazon marketing, pricing and online shopping strategies.

Jeff Domansky's curator insight, January 13, 2015 6:18 PM

Here's a fascinating look at Amazon, it's pricing strategies and its product marketing tactics.

Intelishift's curator insight, January 13, 2015 7:29 PM

They are even very clever with #cloud hosting.

 

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The Untold Story Of The Invention Of The Game Cartridge

The Untold Story Of The Invention Of The Game Cartridge | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
If you’ve ever used one, you have two men to thank: Wallace Kirschner and Lawrence Haskel, who invented the game cartridge 40 years ago while working at an obscure company and rebounding from a business failure. Once the pair's programmable system had been streamlined and turned into a commercial product—the Channel F console—by a team at pioneering electronics company Fairchild, it changed the fundamental business model of home video games forever. By injecting flexibility into a new technology, it paved the way for massive industry growth and the birth of a new creative medium.
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Is a computer in a mouse the 'next evolution of the PC'?

Is a computer in a mouse the 'next evolution of the PC'? | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it

Engineers at a Polish start-up have crammed an entire computer into the tiny space inside a mouse, and are now looking for help to bring it to market.
The makers of the device claim that it’s the next step in the evolution of the PC, one which “should have been made a long time ago”.
“The computer industry needs freshness and Mouse-Box has got plenty of it,” says the Mouse-Box website.
Somehow, inside the snazzy red mouse is 128GB of storage, Wi-Fi, a micro HDMI port to connect to a monitor or projector and a four-core 1.4GHz processor from UK-based ARM.
It also has an accelerometer and a gyroscope.


Via Alexander Crépin
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