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33rd Square: Microbatteries Offer A Boost For Electronics

33rd Square: Microbatteries Offer A Boost For Electronics | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new lithium-ion battery technology that is 2,000 times more powerful than comparable batteries.
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Why Not Nuclear-Powered Aircraft? | RealClearScience

Why Not Nuclear-Powered Aircraft? | RealClearScience | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
We have nuclear submarines and nuclear ships, so why not nuclear planes?
Well, that's a very good question, one the United States spent $1.04 billion back in the 1950s trying to answer.
The idea for...
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Quantifying ‘Causality’ in Complex Systems: Understanding Transfer Entropy

Quantifying ‘Causality’ in Complex Systems: Understanding Transfer Entropy | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
PLOS ONE: an inclusive, peer-reviewed, open-access resource from the PUBLIC LIBRARY OF SCIENCE. Reports of well-performed scientific studies from all disciplines freely available to the whole world.

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Collaborative learning for robots | KurzweilAI

Collaborative learning for robots | KurzweilAI | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it

Researchers from MIT’s Laboratory for Information and Decision Systems have developed an algorithm in which distributed agents — such as robots exploring a building — collect data and analyze it independently. Pairs of agents, such as robots passing each other in the hall, then exchange analyses.

In experiments involving several different data sets, the researchers’ distributed algorithm actually outperformed a standard algorithm that works on data aggregated at a single location, as described in an arXiv paper.

 


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New clues to how synapses in the brain are programmed | KurzweilAI

New clues to how synapses in the brain are programmed | KurzweilAI | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it

Washington University School of Medicine researchers have identified a group of proteins that program synapses in the brain, controlling neural development and learning, with implications for conditions such as autism.

 

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Lab-Grown Cheese Made by 'Milking' Genetically Modified Yeast Cells

Lab-Grown Cheese Made by 'Milking' Genetically Modified Yeast Cells | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it

The team first studied animal genomes to isolate the gene sequences responsible for producing milk protein or casein.  After optimizing the genes to work within yeast, they synthesized the gene from scratch in a genetic compiler, base pair by base pair. There’s no need to touch a cow in the making of the cheese.

These synthetic milk genes are inserted into yeast cells which begin manufacturing caseins. After the cells have been left to do their thing for awhile, the scientists separate yeast from caseins, add sugar (not lactose—making the cheese edible for the lactose intolerant), water, and vegetable oil.

Sharrock's insight:

excerpt: "Cheese is only the latest attempt by scientists to make animal products in the lab."

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Neuroscientists Are Really Upset About Major Neuroscience Projects

Neuroscientists Are Really Upset About Major Neuroscience Projects | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Building a brain sounds like a worthy goal, one that makes it seem as though the future is within reach. Figuring out how our pesky old brains actually work has lots of potential benefits: We could learn more efficiently, cure mental illnesses, or even build smart robots. So last year,...
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Secrets of the Creative Brain

Secrets of the Creative Brain | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
A leading neuroscientist who has spent decades studying creativity shares her research on where genius comes from, whether it is dependent on high IQ—and why it is so often accompanied by mental illness. 
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Panda caught eating meat on camera – video

A wild panda is caught on surveillance camera eating a dead gnu in south-west China
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The Secrets of Successful Transit Projects — Revealed! | Streetsblog USA

The Secrets of Successful Transit Projects — Revealed! | Streetsblog USA | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
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IBM’s Supercomputer Watson Has Graduated From Culinary School

IBM’s Supercomputer Watson Has Graduated From Culinary School | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
“Pickles,” chef Michael Laiskonis tells me as I poke at the plate he’s put in front of me. The menu said beet salad, but this isn’t that weary marriage of root vegetables with goat cheese, pistachio, and arugula. The former Le Bernardin chef reveals that it’s roasted beets and white...
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Photosynthesis photographed for the first time

Photosynthesis photographed for the first time | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Researchers at ASU capture a 'molecular movie' of water splitting into oxygen, protons and electrons.
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How to Make Water Flow Uphill Using the Leidenfrost Effect

How to Make Water Flow Uphill Using the Leidenfrost Effect | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it

In this 2013 video by Science Friday, researchers take advantage of the Leidenfrost effect to make droplets of water flow up an incline. The Leidenfrost effect occurs when a liquid is placed on a surface that is significantly hotter than the liquid’s boiling point. A layer of vapor prevents the liquid from touching the surface and thus boiling rapidly away—the vapor also allows the liquid to move across the surface with ease.


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Phys.Org Mobile: Evolution of life's operating system revealed in detail

Phys.Org Mobile: Evolution of life's operating system revealed in detail | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
the ribosome: "The core of the ribosome is essentially the same in all living systems, while the outer regions expand and become complicated as species gain complexity. By digitally peeling back the layers of modern ribosomes in the new study, scientists were able to model the structures of primordial ribosomes."
Sharrock's insight:
man's ever-increasing understanding of the organelles and processes will lead to more approaches to many other scientific fields and to new technology.
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Astrocytes, The Brain's Lesser Known Cells, Get Some Cognitive Respect

"What I thought quite unique was the idea that astrocytes, traditionally considered only guardians and supporters of neurons and other cells, are also involved in the processing of information and in other cognitive behavior," says Verma, a professor in the Laboratory of Genetics and American Cancer Society Professor.

Sharrock's insight:

excerpt: "It's not that astrocytes are quick—they're still slower than neurons. But the new evidence suggests that astrocytes are actively supplying the right environment for gamma waves to occur, which in turn makes the brain more likely to learn and change the strength of its neuronal connections."

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Jaron Lanier on Transhumanism

Jaron Lanier on Transhumanism | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
I first encountered Jaron Lanier’s work when I taught his essay “One-Half of A Manifesto” to computer science students at the University of Texas at Austin.

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Pierre Tran's curator insight, July 10, 1:17 AM

Les transhumanistes sont bien obligés de reconnaître les dangers d'un "totalitarisme cybernétique" que brandit Jaron Lanier.

luiy's curator insight, July 10, 5:30 AM

Here are the most important beliefs of cybernetic totalism:

 

1) That cybernetic patterns of information provide the ultimate and best way to understand reality.


2) That people are no more than cybernetic patterns.


3) That subjective experience either doesn’t exist, or is unimportant because it is some sort of ambient or peripheral effect.


4) That what Darwin described in biology, or something like it, is in fact also the singular, superior description of all creativity and culture.


5) That qualitative as well as quantitative aspects of information systems will be accelerated by Moore’s Law.

 

And finally, the most dramatic:

6) That biology and physics will merge with computer science (becoming biotechnology and nanotechnology), resulting in life and the physical universe becoming mercurial; achieving the supposed nature of computer software. Furthermore, all of this will happen very soon! Since computers are improving so quickly, they will overwhelm all the other cybernetic processes, like people, and will fundamentally change the nature of what’s going on in the familiar neighborhood of Earth at some moment when a new “criticality”is achieved- maybe in about the year 2020. To be a human after that moment will be either impossible or something very different than we now can know.

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The Cultural Origins of Human Cognition

The Cultural Origins of Human Cognition | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Michael Tomasello argues that the roots of the human capacity for symbol-based culture, and the kind of psychological development that takes place within it, are based in a cluster of uniquely human cognitive capacities that emerge early in human...

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Sponge Converts Sunlight Into Steam for Electricity : DNews

Sponge Converts Sunlight Into Steam for Electricity : DNews | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
A completely new structure heats water and turns it into steam. Continue reading →
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Chinese Drones Will Use Genetic Algorithms to Learn to Hunt For Submarines

Chinese Drones Will Use Genetic Algorithms to Learn to Hunt For Submarines | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
RT @melagic_chaos: Chinese Drones Will Use Genetic Algorithms to Learn to Hunt For Submarines http://t.co/srybv96G

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Accusations of fraud spur a revolution in scientific publishing

Accusations of fraud spur a revolution in scientific publishing | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Mark Lorch: Three and a half centuries after the first science journal was published, post-publication peer review is shaking up the old system
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Accusations of fraud spur a revolution in scientific publishing

Accusations of fraud spur a revolution in scientific publishing | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Mark Lorch: Three and a half centuries after the first science journal was published, post-publication peer review is shaking up the old system
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These Microbes Drive The Planet’s Breath And Ocean’s Pulse – Phenomena: Not Exactly Rocket Science

These Microbes Drive The Planet’s Breath And Ocean’s Pulse – Phenomena: Not Exactly Rocket Science | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
A few years ago, a team of scientists took an expensive robot, attached it to a buoy floating off the coast of Hawaii, and left it there. From the outside, it would have looked like an elaborate ga...
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Category: Nanogenerators

Category: Nanogenerators | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
NANOGENERATORS are innovative self-powered energy harvesters that convert kinetic energy created from vibrational and mechanical sources into electrical power, removing the need of external circuits...
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33rd Square: Nicholas Negroponte Says In The Future We Will Swallow A Pill To Learn

33rd Square: Nicholas Negroponte Says In The Future We Will Swallow A Pill To Learn | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
MIT Media Lab founder Nicholas Negroponte is a consummate predictor highlights interfaces and innovations he foresaw in the 1970s and 1980s that were scoffed at then but are ubiquitous today.
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Phys.Org Mobile: Ancient arachnid brought back to life (w/ Video)

Phys.Org Mobile: Ancient arachnid brought back to life (w/ Video) | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
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Media Availability: Vaccine Made from Complex of Two Malaria Proteins Protects Mice From Lethal Infection

An experimental vaccine designed to spur production of antibodies against a key malaria parasite protein, AMA1, was developed more than decade ago by scientists from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health. It showed promise in test-tube and animal experiments and in early-stage clinical trials, but returned disappointing results in recent human trials conducted in malaria-endemic countries.


Now, the NIAID scientists have improved on their original vaccine with a new candidate that delivers AMA1 protein together with part of a second parasite protein called RON2. In a natural infection, malaria parasites use the AMA1-RON2 complex to attach to and invade red blood cells. When injected into mice as a complex, the AMA1-RON2 vaccine prompted robust antibody production and protected the animals from a lethal form of mouse malaria. Moreover, when antibodies produced in response to AMA1-RON2 vaccine were administered to other, non-vaccinated mice, those animals received some protection from infection as well. Further analysis showed that the improved antibody response following AMA1-RON2 vaccination was due to an increased proportion of antibodies aimed directly at the AMA1-RON2 junction, which made them better at inhibiting parasite invasion.
The researchers note that this strategy of vaccination with the functional protein AMA1-RON2 complex could be tested in the next generation of human malaria vaccines. Such vaccines, which would contain multiple AMA1 sequences in complex with RON2, might induce antibodies targeted to a range of genetically diverse malaria parasites.

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