Science, Technology, and Current Futurism
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Science, Technology, and Current Futurism
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The Science of What Makes an Introvert and an Extrovert

The Science of What Makes an Introvert and an Extrovert | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Do you like to make small talk? Do you prefer one-to-one conversations or group activities? These questions and many others often show up in personality quizzes to reveal how introverted or extroverted you are, but what does that really mean? Here's what science tells us about extroversion and introversion.
Sharrock's insight:

"Several decades ago, German psychologist Hans Eysenck came up with a more biologically based model for E/I. According to Eysenck's theory, the behaviors of introverts and extroverts are due to differences in cortical arousal (the speed and amount of the brain's activity). Compared with extroverts, introverts have naturally high cortical arousal, and may process more information per second." (excerpt)

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Sorting Out Emotions | Caltech

Sorting Out Emotions | Caltech | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Building on previous studies targeting the amygdala, a team of researchers has found that some brain cells recognize emotions based on the viewer's preconceptions rather than the true emotion being expressed.
Sharrock's insight:

"These are very exciting findings suggesting that the amygdala doesn't just respond to what we see out there in the world, but rather to what we imagine or believe about the world," says Ralph Adolphs, the Bren Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at Caltech and coauthor of a paper that discusses the team's study.  "It's particularly interesting because the amygdala has been linked to so many psychiatric diseases, ranging from anxiety to depression to autism.  All of those diseases are about experiences happening in the minds of the patients, rather than objective facts about the world that everyone shares."


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Sandeep Gautam's curator insight, March 2, 2015 12:49 AM

emotions are the products of our mind, as much as they are of objective reality out there!

Miklos Szilagyi's curator insight, March 4, 2015 3:29 AM

Another, deeper roots to our biases... on the brain-cell level... well, that might be a challenge...

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Use psychology to beat professional stockpickers - Financial Times

Use psychology to beat professional stockpickers - Financial Times | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Use psychology to beat professional stockpickers
Financial Times
Behavioural finance has been talked about, urgently for at least a decade now.
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Sensory Substitution and Brain Plasticity: How to Augment our Senses

Since 1968 scientists have been creating sensory substitution and augmentation devices. With these devices they try to replace or enhance one sense by using another sense. For example, in tactile–vision, stimulation of the skin driven by input to a camera is used to replace the ordinary sense of vision that uses our eyes. The feelSpace belt aims to give people a magnetic sense of direction using vibrotactile stimulation driven by a digital compass. This talk discusses these developing technologies, mentions psychologists studying the minds and behavior of subjects who use these kind of devices, and analyzes the nature of perceptual experience and sensory interaction. The talk also explores the nature, limits and possibilities of these technologies, how they can be used to help those with sensory impairments, and what they can tell us about perception and perceptual experience in general.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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What Adults Need to Know about Pediatric Depression | MIND Guest Blog, Scientific American Blog Network

What Adults Need to Know about Pediatric Depression | MIND Guest Blog, Scientific American Blog Network | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
Research shows that children, even babies, experience depression1. The clinical term is called Pediatric Depression, and rates are higher now than ever before2. In the United ...
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From “Economic Man” to Behavioral Economics

From “Economic Man” to Behavioral Economics | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it

A short history of modern decision making. This line of research—dubbed heuristics and biases, although you may be more familiar with its offshoot, behavioral economics—has become the dominant academic approach to understanding decisions. Its practitioners have had a major influence on business, government, and financial markets. Their books—Predictably Irrational; Thinking, Fast and Slow; and Nudge,to name three of the most important—have suffused popular culture. So far, so good. This research has been enormously informative and valuable. Our world, and our understanding of decision making, would be much poorer without it. It is not, however, the only useful way to think about making decisions


Via Bonnie Hohhof
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Pop Music Getting Sadder and Sadder - The Science of Society

Pop Music Getting Sadder and Sadder - The Science of Society | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
New research finds Top 40 hits increasingly convey a complex mix of feelings.

 

excerpt: "Over the past half-century, pop hits have become longer, slower and sadder, and they increasingly convey “mixed emotional cues,” according to a study just published in the journal Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity and the Arts."

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Do Animals Think?

Do Animals Think? | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
By Clive Wynne | Psychology Today

 

Consciousness is not a tidy all-or-nothing entity; it varies with age, culture, experience and gender. And if animals have conscious experiences, these presumably vary widely as well. it might help to consider what an animal might be conscious of. It seems more likely than not that some animals are aware of objects and events that are critically important in their lives, such as what food is tasty, which animals are dangerous predators, and whether particular companions are friendly or aggressive.

 

The fact is that we lack adequate methods to identify conclusively what behavior is "conscious." But scientific study of consciousness is undergoing a renaissance as reflected in recent books, conferences and journals. And these investigations have begun to include nonhuman consciousness. In particular, Alan Cowey of Oxford University and Petra Stoerig of the Institute of Medical Psychology at Ludwig-Maximilians University in Germany have developed procedures by which a monkey can signal whether or not it is consciously aware of a particular visual stimulus.

Sharrock's insight:

from the article: "The definition of consciousness has eluded us for over a century, but many psychologists as well as supporters of the Great Ape Project agree on three classes of evidence: language, self-awareness and "theory of mind.""


I continue to explore these concepts in relation to artificial intelligence and machine consciousness. I am interested in this approach to exploring nonhuman intelligence and nonhuman consciousness. 

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What Can Psychology Tell Us About Why People Go To Facebook? - SocialTimes

What Can Psychology Tell Us About Why People Go To Facebook? - SocialTimes | Science, Technology, and Current Futurism | Scoop.it
If you ask someone why they go on Facebook, you should get a lot of different responses. Some will say
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