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The Outdoors Hates You: More New Tick-Borne Diseases (ICAAC 1) | Wired Science | Wired.com

The Outdoors Hates You: More New Tick-Borne Diseases (ICAAC 1) | Wired Science | Wired.com | Trending Microbes | Scoop.it
Scientists at a microbiology conference are reporting that tick-related illnesses are even more common than they appear.
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Trending Microbes
News and scientific breakthroughs in the world of microbiology
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Biofacade: Building powered by algae growing on its facade

Biofacade: Building powered by algae growing on its facade | Trending Microbes | Scoop.it

The very first building in the world with a shading system consisting of live micro-algae is being built in the suburb of Wilhemsburg in Hamburg. The “algae house” will be complete in 2013 and will comprise approximately 200 square meters of such elements.

 

Designed for the International Building Exhibition in Hamburg, the zero-energy house will be the first real-life test for the new façade system. Algae in the bio-reactor façades grow faster in bright sunlight to provide more shade. The bio-reactors power the building by capturing solar thermal heat and producing biomass that can be harvested.

 

The BIQ house was designed by Splitterwerk Architects, in collaboration with Colt International, Arup, and SSC. Arup’s Europe Research Leader, Jan Wurm, said: To use bio-chemical processes for adaptive shading is a really innovative and sustainable solution so it is great to see it being tested in a real-life scenario. As well as generating renewable energy and providing shade to keep the inside of the building cooler on sunny days, it also creates a visually interesting look that architects and building owners will like. The building is due to be completed in March 2013, and it will allow scientists, engineers, and builders the opportunity to assess the full potential of the system as a green alternative.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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The Outdoors Hates You: More New Tick-Borne Diseases (ICAAC 1) | Wired Science | Wired.com

The Outdoors Hates You: More New Tick-Borne Diseases (ICAAC 1) | Wired Science | Wired.com | Trending Microbes | Scoop.it
Scientists at a microbiology conference are reporting that tick-related illnesses are even more common than they appear.
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Field guide to the Epstein-Barr virus charts viral paths toward cancer

Field guide to the Epstein-Barr virus charts viral paths toward cancer | Trending Microbes | Scoop.it
Researchers have published the first annotated atlas of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) genome, providing the best look yet at how EBV interacts with human genes and proteins.
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Ecologist: Genetically Engineered Algae for Biofuel Pose Potential Risks That Should Be Studied

Algae are high on the genetic engineering agenda as a potential source for biofuel, and they should be subjected to independent studies of any environmental risks that could be linked to cultivating algae for this purpose, two prominent researchers...
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Hidden evolutionary complexity of Nucleo-Cytoplasmic Large DNA viruses of eukaryotes

Hidden evolutionary complexity of Nucleo-Cytoplasmic Large DNA viruses of eukaryotes | Trending Microbes | Scoop.it
The Nucleo-Cytoplasmic Large DNA Viruses (NCLDV) constitute an apparently monophyletic group that consists of at least 6 families of viruses infecting a broad variety of eukaryotic hosts. A comprehensive genome comparison and maximum-likelihood reconstruction of the NCLDV evolution revealed a set of approximately 50 conserved, core genes that could be mapped to the genome of the common ancestor of this class of eukaryotic viruses.

Results
We performed a detailed phylogenetic analysis of these core NCLDV genes and applied the constrained tree approach to show that the majority of the core genes are unlikely to be monophyletic. Several of the core genes have been independently acquired from different sources by different NCLDV lineages whereas for the majority of these genes displacement by homologs from cellular organisms in one or more groups of the NCLDV was demonstrated.

Conclusions
A detailed study of the evolution of the genomic core of the NCLDV reveals substantial complexity and diversity of evolutionary scenarios that was largely unsuspected previously. The phylogenetic coherence between the core genes is sufficient to validate the hypothesis on the evolution of all NCLDV from a common ancestral virus although the set of ancestral genes might be smaller than previously inferred from patterns of gene presence-absence.

 

Interesting stuff!  Strengthens my contention that  "...a virus is an infectious acellular entity composed of compatible genomic components derived from a pool of genetic elements" - http://rybicki.wordpress.com/2012/07/10/a-feeling-for-the-molechism-revisited/

Baculovirus image from my collection


Via Ed Rybicki
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New bacteria-resistant materials discovered

New bacteria-resistant materials discovered | Trending Microbes | Scoop.it
Using state-of-the-art technology, scientists at have discovered a new class of polymers that are resistant to bacterial attachment. These new materials could lead to a significant reduction in hospital infections and medical device failures.
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New approach of resistant tuberculosis

New approach of resistant tuberculosis | Trending Microbes | Scoop.it
Scientists have breathed new life into a forgotten technique and so succeeded in detecting resistant tuberculosis in circumstances where so far this was hardly feasible.
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MicrobeWorld - TWiP 42: The tick keeps on ticking

MicrobeWorld - TWiP 42: The tick keeps on ticking | Trending Microbes | Scoop.it
Vincent and Dickson answer listener emails about Leishmania, dual infection of vectors, tapeworms, liver flukes, toxoplasmosis, and much more.

Via Chris Upton + helpers
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Human antibodies that protect against large variety of flu viruses described

Human antibodies that protect against large variety of flu viruses described | Trending Microbes | Scoop.it
Scientists have described three human antibodies that provide broad protection against Influenza B virus strains. The same team had previously reported finding broadly neutralizing antibodies against Influenza A strains.
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State struggles to control EEE threat

State struggles to control EEE threat | Trending Microbes | Scoop.it
State and local agencies are struggling to stop the spread of mosquito-borne viruses in Southeastern Massachusetts as they face what some health officials say is an unprecedented level of infection in the insect population.

Via Dr. Mary T. Johnson
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Lupus Risk Linked To Common Bacteria, Study Finds

Lupus Risk Linked To Common Bacteria, Study Finds | Trending Microbes | Scoop.it
While the number of people diagnosed with lupus has more than tripled over the past four decades, researchers remain baffled, for the most part, as to what exactly causes the autoimmune disease.
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Leveraging bacteria in drinking water to benefit consumers

Leveraging bacteria in drinking water to benefit consumers | Trending Microbes | Scoop.it
Contrary to popular belief, purified drinking water from home faucets contains millions to hundreds of millions of widely differing bacteria per gallon, and scientists have discovered a plausible way to manipulate those populations of mostly...
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Testers fear reality of genetically modified Olympians

Testers fear reality of genetically modified Olympians | Trending Microbes | Scoop.it
There have been "marathon mice", "Schwarzenegger mice" and dogs whose wasted muscles were repaired with injected substances that switch off key genes. It may not be long before we get the first genetically modified athlete.
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Clinics Rush to Warn Patients of Tainted Steroid

Clinics Rush to Warn Patients of Tainted Steroid | Trending Microbes | Scoop.it
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Virus detector harnesses ring of light in 'whispering gallery mode'

Virus detector harnesses ring of light in 'whispering gallery mode' | Trending Microbes | Scoop.it
By affixing nanoscale gold spheres onto a microscopic bead of glass, researchers have created a super-sensor that can detect even single samples of the smallest known viruses.
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Teaching a microbe to make fuel

A genetically modified organism could turn carbon dioxide or waste products into a gasoline-compatible transportation fuel.
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Increased cellular immune responses and CD4+ T-cell proliferation correlate with reduced plasma viral load in SIV challenged recombinant simian varicella virus - simia...

An effective AIDS vaccine remains one of the highest priorities in HIV-research. Our recent study showed that vaccination of rhesus macaques with recombinant simian varicella virus (rSVV) vector -- simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) envelope and gag genes, induced neutralizing antibodies and cellular immune responses to SIV and also significantly reduced plasma viral loads following intravenous pathogenic challenge with SIVMAC251/CX1.

Via Ken Yaw Agyeman-Badu
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New light shed on important metabolite in bacteria

New light shed on important metabolite in bacteria | Trending Microbes | Scoop.it
Scientists have collected the first precise data ever on the function of a transport protein for formate – an important metabolite in bacteria. The findings could potentially lead to the development of new antibiotic active ingredients.
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Fungi that steal genes from bacteria | Lab Rat, Scientific American Blog Network

Fungi that steal genes from bacteria | Lab Rat, Scientific American Blog Network | Trending Microbes | Scoop.it
In order to survive in complex and interesting environments in the wild, bacteria have a whole arsenal of chemical products that they make within the cell. ...
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Protein proves to be vital in immune response to bacteria | Newswire

Protein proves to be vital in immune response to bacteria | Newswire | Trending Microbes | Scoop.it

A team of researchers led by scientists at Rockefeller University have discovered that a protein once thought to be mainly involved in antiviral immunity is in fact more important in fighting bacterial infections and could provide new mechanisms for treating diseases like tuberculosis, which is increasingly becoming resistant to antibiotic medication.

 

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NewsDaily: Sewage-munching microbes may generate electricity

NewsDaily: Sewage-munching microbes may generate electricity | Trending Microbes | Scoop.it
Microbes used to treat human waste might also generate enough electricity to power whole sewage plants, scientists hope.
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CDC confirms 145 cases of swine flu

CDC confirms 145 cases of swine flu | Trending Microbes | Scoop.it
Swine flu is spreading in Indiana, with human cases rising tenfold in a week, state public health officials said on Wednesday, confirming 113 people are infected and saying they expect to see more...
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Engineering Life to Survive on Mars and Aid Human Colonization | Wired Science | Wired.com

Engineering Life to Survive on Mars and Aid Human Colonization | Wired Science | Wired.com | Trending Microbes | Scoop.it
A team of undergraduates from Stanford and Brown universities are applying synthetic biology to space exploration, outfitting microbes to survive extreme Martian conditions and produce resources needed to sustain a human colony.
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Small Things Considered: Ehux: The Little Eukaryote with a Big History

Small Things Considered: Ehux: The Little Eukaryote with a Big History | Trending Microbes | Scoop.it
by Jaime E. Zlamal Coccolithovirus, a giant double-stranded DNA virus, infects Ehux. The virus (pink) was first observed in 1999 by W.H. Wilson and was found to be a “giant-virus” having 472 protein-coding genes.
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Bites from Vampire Bats Might Protect People against Rabies: Scientific American

Bites from Vampire Bats Might Protect People against Rabies: Scientific American | Trending Microbes | Scoop.it
Several native individuals in the Peruvian Amazon appear to have developed natural antibodies to the rabies virus...
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