Fujifilm X
1.9K views | +0 today
Follow
Your new post is loading...
Your new post is loading...
Scooped by Oleg Dabrynski
Scoop.it!

Blood Brothers: the Fujifilm XF 56mm f/1.2 R APD

Blood Brothers: the Fujifilm XF 56mm f/1.2 R APD | Fujifilm X | Scoop.it
So yes, the rumours were true: Fujifilm has announced a new, different
version of their stellar XF 56mm f/1.2 R lens — the XF 56mm f/1.2 R APD.
I’m stressing the word different as opposed to better and I’ll explain why
in a bit.

APD stands for apodized. This is a process by which an optical filter is
introduced inside the lens assembly to modify the way it renders out of
focus areas — specifically, to make them smoother. And because this filter
gets gradually darker at the edges, it also adds a slight vignetting
effect. And I do mean slight: light falloff more than any real darkening.

I was fortunate to again be hired by Fuji to shoot samples for this version
as I had done for the previous model last winter, along with my Canadian
colleague Nathan Elson from Calgary (his stunning images are here; very
cool shoot). But the deadline and turnaround were a lot tighter this time
and I barely had a few days with it.

The lens Tokyo sent in was a prototype with nothing but a yellow sticker to
distinguish it from my own “normal” 56mm. Since it wasn’t anywhere near a
production model, this isn’t a review at all — just a look at the photo
shoot and a few personal notes. And btw, these images aren’t the same
versions you’ll find on the official product page: we send in unprocessed
raw files for sample use. No retouching, no sharpening. Nada. It’s a
humbling experience if there ever was one. The photos here were processed
in LR5 with my usual methods (although Capture One was used as well for
some of these; more on that eventually).

In studio

I didn’t reinvent the wheel on this shoot; part of it was due to time
constraints but I also meant to retain a certain visual filiation with the
original 56mm sessions. Everything was shot with my own X-T1 — no special
firmware needed this time around.


Soft light
SB-900 in Elinchrom Deep Octa (+ silver reflector on #3). All shot at f/1.2
except image #1 (f/1.8).


A serious tangle... 100% view of image #1.


Hard light
Single Elinchrom BX500ri strobe fitted with barn doors and shot through a
gobo. All shot at f8 except #1 (f11).

 Change of scenery

Shooting in August as opposed to January made it a teeeeensy bit easier to
go outdoors… Like 40+ degrees easier. So we did a few. All natural light
with a large silver reflector positioned in front and slightly to the left
of Frédérique. Last image was done indoors using straight up window light.
All shot wide open at f/1.2.

Soft & Softer

It's hard to tell what exactly is going on and how much of an effect the
APD process has on the actual results without a direct comparison. Below
are two shots taken about 30 seconds apart — the first with the standard
56, the second with the new APD version. Keep your eyes on the bricks in
the background (top left) as you switch from one image to the next: you'll
notice a bit more blurring breaking up the pattern. There's also a very
mild darkening at the edges.

Standard version

APD version

conclusion

So given the slightly more pleasing bokeh (it's no use, I'll never like
that word), common wisdom would dictate that the APD is the better of the
two right? Well, I’m sticking with different. Because there actually are
trade-offs with the apodization process:

1. Less light gathering capabilities at the same aperture (I’d say
around 1 stop but I didn’t measure it). Note: I compensated for this
in post in the comparison images.
2. No phase detection AF, resulting in slower focusing. Because of the
internal filter and how it interacts with the light, the camera can
only use contrast detection.

These are not faults, they’re predictable and unavoidable byproducts of
this type of lens construction. So it really comes down to what you value
most and what you need in terms of performance/aesthetics. The APD is
indeed the new King of XF Bokeh, but it does its thing at a price —
monetary yes, but technical as well.

------

Some lenses have something… This hard to define quality that isn’t
necessarily about sharpness or chart performance; something which coats
images in a few stray drops of magic. The XF 35mm f/1.4 has it. The 23mm
consistently flirts with greatness. I’ve loved everything I’ve shot with
the original XF 56mm f/1.2 lens since the moment I unboxed the prototype in
December of last year. It simply floors me day after day after day and has
never once let me down. From what I've seen, this version carries on the
legacy.

Does this mean you should immediately sell your 6 months-old standard 56mm?
Well, I won’t — and I certainly won’t feel cheated. What this amounts to is
choice, not replacement, upgrade or deprecation. As far as I’m concerned,
neither can disappoint.

These are siblings...
Blood brothers — in lightning, thunder and magic.

P.S More images in a less controlled setting:
Sept 11: La Ferme
Sept 12: Always Crashing in the Same Car
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Oleg Dabrynski
Scoop.it!

Alberta is Beautiful - Fuji Landscape Photography

Alberta is Beautiful - Fuji Landscape Photography | Fujifilm X | Scoop.it
Living in Alberta one could say that the flat prairies are kind of boring. 
They can be, yet at the same time they can be quite exciting.  The prairies
are not that flat, and depending which direction you go from Edmonton the
landscape varies.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Oleg Dabrynski
Scoop.it!

I fell in love with my X - Wieselblitz - Portrait- and Pet Photography by Elke Vogelsang, Hildesheim

I fell in love with my X - Wieselblitz - Portrait- and Pet Photography by Elke Vogelsang, Hildesheim | Fujifilm X | Scoop.it
If you want to bore the hell out of me, talk to me about gear. I’m definitely not a camera geek. There are a lot of people who spent a lot of time comparing specifications, reading camera reviews, zooming in to the pixel. Lots of people spend more time on the gear than on taking …
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Oleg Dabrynski
Scoop.it!

No Pants Day #6 - Fuji x100s How I love to hate thee

No Pants Day #6 - Fuji x100s How I love to hate thee | Fujifilm X | Scoop.it
You ever have one of those things in your life that always seems to
frustrate, but you just can't seem to part with it emotionally?  Many folks
have had that car, that burned oil, would randomly not start (and by
randomly I mean at the most inconvenient time possible), yet anytime
someone would recommend you get rid of it, you'd quickly start making
excuses on why you should keep it.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Oleg Dabrynski
Scoop.it!

Natural light portraits with Fuji XE-1

Natural light portraits with Fuji XE-1 | Fujifilm X | Scoop.it
I spent the day at the studios of Karl Bratby , Fashion photographer, with the a Fuji  camera representative and some fellow photographers trying out the new lens selections and XT-1 camera body.  Fuji is leading the digital mirrorless camera revolution with their ground breaking new cameras,…
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Oleg Dabrynski
Scoop.it!

NY with Fuji X Pro1 By Pieter Vermeulen | STEVE HUFF PHOTOS

NY with Fuji X Pro1 By Pieter Vermeulen | STEVE HUFF PHOTOS | Fujifilm X | Scoop.it
NY with Fuji X Pro1 By Pieter Vermeulen Hi Steve, Long time reader from The Netherlands here, and I wanted to share some pictures. After years of
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Oleg Dabrynski
Scoop.it!

Old Meets New – X-Pro1 + Nikkor 105mm — Calgary Photographer – Nathan Elson

Old Meets New – X-Pro1 + Nikkor 105mm — Calgary Photographer – Nathan Elson | Fujifilm X | Scoop.it
Nathan Elson is a photographer based out of Calgary, AB that photographs fashion, portrait, and commercial photography.
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Oleg Dabrynski from Fuji X-Pro1
Scoop.it!

An Interview with Portrait & Fashion Photographer Dave Kai Piper | SLR Lounge

An Interview with Portrait & Fashion Photographer Dave Kai Piper | SLR Lounge | Fujifilm X | Scoop.it

Who Is Dave Kai Piper?

 

Professional photographer, re-toucher, educator, organizer, Fuji X-Photographer, teacher and one very busy guy. I had the good fortune and pleasure of interviewing the man behind Ideas And Images and got a little insight into what it takes to run and sustain a successful photography business, how he creates the images you see here and much more, read on for all the details!

 

How would you describe your style?
You promised these questions would be easy! I guess for some people this is a really easy question, but I do struggle with this one. At the moment if someone was to log on to my website they would see a mix of headshots, landscapes, music photography and fashion. During 2013, I started to shoot much more with deeper depth and single lighting, I guess styles change, I feel 2014 will be my beauty year...........


Via Thomas Menk
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Oleg Dabrynski
Scoop.it!

Mongolia - Häävalokuvaaja Wedding Photographer - Timo Soasepp

Mongolia - Häävalokuvaaja Wedding Photographer - Timo Soasepp | Fujifilm X | Scoop.it
If I had to condense my experiences in Mongolia to a few words, I’d use unpredictable, disorganised, traditional and full of potential.
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Oleg Dabrynski from Fuji X-Pro1
Scoop.it!

A sort of gear review: The Fuji X-series | Greg Funnell

A sort of gear review: The Fuji X-series | Greg Funnell | Fujifilm X | Scoop.it


The other day I had to make a call I never wanted to have to make. At 28 I needed to see a chiropractor - some would call it the photographers curse, a curse that unfortunately goes with the territory. Lugging heavy camera gear around, usually with it hanging from the neck, waist or one shoulder eventually takes its toll. This realisation along with some other vague and equally suspicious excuses was one of the reasons I'd been interested getting myself one of Fujifilm's X-Series cameras - the thought of having a camera that was small and light and could maybe even supplement my heavy old SLR was appealing. I knew they would probably never replace my SLR for work but as everyday cameras they seemed to offer a good compromise. In 2011 I bought the Fujifilm x100, a camera I loved to hate, a camera that for me was so nearly there in terms of what I personally was after but somehow not quite. It looked fantastic (for some reason more of an appeal to me than it really should be) and contained pretty much my perfect carry around set-up; packing an equivalent of 35mm f/2 lens. It was almost too silent when it took a photo (to the point where at times I wasn't even sure it had taken) but is small size and discretion were a big plus for me, the whole thing could slip in my pocket and yet it felt good in the hand with a nice weight. The whole manual shutter and aperture operation were a total winner for me. .....


Via Thomas Menk
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Oleg Dabrynski
Scoop.it!

Ladakh Photo Trek Part 3

Ladakh Photo Trek Part 3 | Fujifilm X | Scoop.it
    After the official workshop ended, as often, we offered an extension on the trip. The planned extension was to Srinagar Kashmir and the surrounding valley But as you might know the Ka...
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Oleg Dabrynski
Scoop.it!

Santa Cruz and the Fujinon XF 18-135mm

Santa Cruz and the Fujinon XF 18-135mm | Fujifilm X | Scoop.it
We took a road trip to Santa Cruz last month and I thought it would be a
good opportunity to rent and try out the Fujinon XF 18-135mm lens. Even
though I generally prefer prime lenses, the XF 18-135mm intrigued me
because it's the first weather resistant lens from Fuji and because it
covers a very useful focal length range. Being someone that spends a lot of
time shooting near the ocean, the idea of having a weather resistant lens
that covers most of my shooting situations sounded quite appealing.

During the week I spent with the lens, I was impressed with almost
everything about it. While it's bigger and heavier than the lenses I'm used
to shooting with, it didn't feel as unwieldy as I expected. In fact, it
felt quite well balanced with the X-T1. I don't have the battery grip for
the X-T1, but I think those that do will find that they pair nicely with
the XF 18-135mm lens. All the images I captured with the lens were plenty
sharp for me and the image stabilization came in handy on numerous
occasions.

The only issue I had with the lens was with vignetting while using my Lee
Seven5 filter system. With the lens zoomed out to 18mm, there was
noticeable vignetting in the corners when I had the filter system mounted
on the lens. Zooming in to about 24mm seemed to have taken care of the
vignetting in my images. This wasn't a huge issue for me since I had the XF
14mm for my wide angle images, but it's definitely something to keep in
mind if you plan to use this lens for long exposures. With that, I'll leave
you with a few images shot in and around Santa Cruz using the X-T1 and XF
18-135mm lens. 
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Oleg Dabrynski
Scoop.it!

Lofoten

Lofoten | Fujifilm X | Scoop.it
All photos shot on a Fujifilm X-T1 with XF lenses of 14mm, 18-55mm, 35mm and 55-200mm. Processed in Lightroom. Property of Jonas Jacobsson. July 2014.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Oleg Dabrynski
Scoop.it!

Review | 20 Countries with Fujifilm X-Series Cameras

Review | 20 Countries with Fujifilm X-Series Cameras | Fujifilm X | Scoop.it
Since May 2013, I’ve had the pleasure of working with the Fujifilm X-Series Cameras (X-E1, X-E2, and X-T1) and XF lenses in more than 20 different countries worldwide. Dozens of images and countless cups of coffee later, Here's my complete review.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Oleg Dabrynski
Scoop.it!

New system in my bag

New system in my bag | Fujifilm X | Scoop.it
My take on Fuji X-pro1 X Digital rangefinder mirror-less camera for travel and when it' needs to get small and mobile...
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Oleg Dabrynski
Scoop.it!

On vacation with Fujifilm X-T1 + 14mm + X100s

On vacation with Fujifilm X-T1 + 14mm + X100s | Fujifilm X | Scoop.it
I recently spend one week camping in the southern and south western part of
Norway, on the coast line from Kristiansand to Stavanger. It's a beautiful
area of Norway I think, especially in the summer. You don't have the nice
deep fjords of western Norway, or the mountains of North Norway that goes
steep into the sea - but this part of Norway has its beauty of its own I
think.

Sunrise over Borestranda, Jæren. Fujifilm X-T1 + XF14mm lens, ISO 800,
f/16, 1/125 sec. I could have used a lower ISO and 1/60 sec and gotten a
sharp image - but the wind made the grass swayed in the wind so I bumped
the ISO to 800. Also I wanted to use f/16 to get it nice and sharp from
front to back

I travelled together with my wife. She is pregnant, and that made some
impact of what I could and could not do. Most of my photos were taken
during day time, in harsh sun light. Not the best time of the day for
taking pictures. Still, I managed to get out some mornings on my own and
take som shots, while she was sleeping.

Early morning, about 4:50 am I guess. Sun rise at Borestranda, Jæren. Taken
with the Fujifilm X-T1 + XF14mm f/2.8R, at ISO 400, f/11 and 1/60sec. Hand
held. Developed in Lightroom 5.5.

I travelled with my Fujifilm X-T1 with the XF 14mm f2.8, XF 23mm f/1.4, XF
35mm f/1.4, XF 56mm f/1.2 lenses. I also carried with me the Fujifilm
X100s. I had the 23mm angle already covered with the XF 23mm f/1.4 lens,
but I soon discovered it was nice to have two camera bodies with different
focals lenghts mounted. So I ended up having the XF 14mm f2.8 mounted on
the X-T1 and using the X100s camera for everything else. That was true for
90% of time for that whole week!  I took some portrait shots of my wife
with the XF56mm, but that was it. The picture below is my wife, 8 months
pregnant. I used the X100s camera for this shot.

My wife, Joy, near Kristiansand, Norway. Fujifilm X100s, ISO 200, f/2.8,
1/250 sec. Post processed in Lightroom 5.5.

What I found was that the X100s was very, very handy for all the more
social happenings - like going to a restaurant or meeting friends. It is so
discreet and quiet. The X-T1 is not that big actually, but I found myself
using the X100s a lot! I even took some landscape and nature shots with it
as well. But for the landscape work I mostly used the X-T1.

Kvalsfossen, shot with Fujifilm X100s, ISO 400, f/5.6, 1/60 sec.

Bridge over Kilefjorden, shot with the Fujifilm X100s, ISO 400, f/8, 1/125
sec. 

What I missed was longer lens for my X-T1. I was thinking about buying the
XF 55-200mm lens, but I've read that there is a weather resistant verison
coming later, so I might wait for that one. On the wider side I never felt
like I missed anything wider than the XF 14mm f2.8. Maybe I could have made
some more interesting shots some places, but shooting wider than 14mm (21mm
on FF) is more demanding I think. Here's few more shots with my X-T1 and XF
14mm lens.

Bridge over Kilefjorden. Fujifilm X-T1 + XF14mm lens at ISO 200, f/8, 1/55
sec.

Jæren area, early morning. Fujifilm X-T1 + XF14mm lens, ISO 800, f/8, 1/60
sec.

Two years ago I was travelling the same area with the X-Pro1 and the XF18mm
and the XF35mm lenses. I found it easer to photograph this time with the
X-T1. Everybody's talking about the improved autofocus on the X-T1 over the
earlier X-models. And that is true. But for the kind of photography I did
on this trip it didn't matter. I use EVF for accurate framing on my
landscape shots, and the EVF on the X-T1 is so much better than the
X-Pro1's. Also, the the tiltable LCD screen found its use from time to
time.

I used manual focusing most of the time with the XF14mm lens, using the
markings/scale on the outside of the lens. Also having focus peaking helped
me too. With the XF 56mm lens I used autofocus, and I used Face Detection
when taking pictures of people. That worked really well, it makes sure the
eyes are in focus and that is really needed when photographing at
f/1.2-2.0. I wish the X100s had that feature as well. 

So - what will be my travel setup next time, for travelling as light as
possible without missing anything? Two camera bodies for sure, the X100s
and X-T1. The 14mm is a no brainer, that one has to come with me. The
XF23mm I will leave at home because of the X100s focal lenght. The 35mm
will stay home too most likely. The 56mm will come with me of course.
Maybe, just maybe, I will get a 55-200mm lens too. But then again - it all
begins to get heavy. So, we'll see. 

Early morning at Jæren, Norway. Fujifilm X-T1 + XF14mm lens, ISO 800, f/8,
1/60 sec. Post processed in Lightroom 5.5

All images copyright by Lars Authen. 
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Oleg Dabrynski
Scoop.it!

The Palouse – A Visual Journey with the Fuji X-Series – Part 1

The Palouse – A Visual Journey with the Fuji X-Series – Part 1 | Fujifilm X | Scoop.it
Each world religion has a place of very special importance where millions of the faithful make their pilgrimage. Similarly, there is a place that every photographer should visit. It is a land like ...
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Oleg Dabrynski
Scoop.it!

Fujifilm X System with Piet Van den Eynde

Fujifilm X System with Piet Van den Eynde | Fujifilm X | Scoop.it
  Last year after the Rajasthan Photo Trek, Piet Van den Eynde and I decided to take a few minutes to talk about our experience with the X-series cameras in the field. Piet is a brand ambassad...
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Oleg Dabrynski
Scoop.it!

First Long Exposures with the Fujifilm X-T1

First Long Exposures with the Fujifilm X-T1 | Fujifilm X | Scoop.it
Since the Fujifilm X-T1 was announced in January, I've been on the fence
about purchasing one to replace my X-Pro1. As much as I like the X-Pro1,
the fall it took in September last year seems to be slowly taking its toll.
After considering my options, I went ahead and ordered the X-T1 kit which
includes the XF 18-55mm lens.

My X-T1 arrived Friday and this past weekend, during a break in the rain, I
took it along with the XF 18-55mm to Huntington Beach to shoot a few long
exposures. After one morning of shooting, here are my first impressions on
using the X-T1 for long exposure photography.

The Good

The Images - no surprise here since the X-T1 uses an updated version of the
X-Pro1 sensor which is also in the X100S. I haven't processed any RAW files
yet since they aren't supported in Lightroom, but the JPEGs are typical
Fuji.

The Viewfinder - I'll be honest, I was a little underwhelmed by the new
electronic viewfinder at first. Perhaps, my expectations were too high
because of all the glowing reviews I had read. Once I put it to use at
Huntington Beach however, I started to see and understand what all the fuss
was about. In good light, the viewfinder along with all its new technology
is really something to behold. Since I often focus manually when shooting
long exposures, the new dual screen display made checking focus much
easier. Especially now that I can set the focus peaking color to red, what
a difference!

The Tilting LCD - this is definitely a nice addition. Not something I
needed, but it really does help when shooting on a tripod. I found the
display a little dim when I was composing in bright sunlight, perhaps I
should've adjusted the brightness setting. In any case, I ended up using
the EVF when this was the case so having both options was a big plus.

The ISO Dial - on the X-Pro1 and X100S, I leave Auto ISO on unless I'm
shooting long exposures. To make things faster and easier, I program one of
the custom settings on both cameras to set my ISO to 200. With the X-T1,
this wasn't necessary since it can now be done with the turn of a dial. The
locking ISO dial works for me because I don't need to change my ISO very
often or very quickly. For those that need to change ISO frequently, the
lock button on the ISO dial may slow things down a bit.

The Bad

The Buttons - by far, my biggest complaint about the X-T1 are the buttons,
especially those on the 4-way directional pad. They are too recessed and
don't provide enough feedback to know when they've been pressed. I
understand that changes were probably necessary to accommodate weather
sealing, but these are the buttons many people use the most. I now find the
task of changing my AF point to be a more difficult and slower process.
While this isn't a deal breaker for me because my subjects tend to be
stationary, it may be for those that need to change their focus point
quickly.

The Threaded Shutter Button - or lack there of, most likely another trade
off to accommodate weather sealing. This won't matter to some, but for
anyone that wants exposure times exceeding 30 seconds, a $50 remote from
Fuji is now required (at least until something cheaper comes along).

The Bottom Line

As you can see, the good for me outweighs the bad. While the X-T1 isn't
perfect, it does offer several improvements for long exposure photography
over the X-Pro1. The biggest ones being the new EVF and tilting LCD. Are
these must have improvements, not by any means. But since I was in the
market for a new camera, they are certainly welcomed.

My recommendation to anyone considering the X-T1 as an upgrade from the
X-Pro1 or X-E1/2 is to try it out in the store first. While the new EVF
really is great, it may not be enough to warrant an upgrade. Especially if
you are using an X-E2 which already has the updated X-Trans sensor found in
the X-T1.

With that, I'll leave you with my first long exposure images from
Huntington Beach shot with the X-T1 and XF 18-55mm.

3.2 seconds at f/11

9 seconds at f/16

12 seconds at f/22

17 seconds at f/22

9 seconds at f/22
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Oleg Dabrynski from Fujifilm X Series APS C sensor camera
Scoop.it!

Solving for X: Algebra of the Fujifilm X-System

Solving for X: Algebra of the Fujifilm X-System | Fujifilm X | Scoop.it

Another day, another camera system...

Remember: all my reviews are user experience based. I don't shoot test charts or do measurements. I take photos and make prints. My goal is to have my work hanging in peoples homes and businesses – not to be a "professional" reviewer or photographer.

In this blog post I'm going to stop short of a full review of a specific camera or lens – I am instead reviewing the system itself and explaining why I think it's worth a look and why I shoot it.


Via hpc
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Oleg Dabrynski
Scoop.it!

Fujifilm XF 60mm Pictures

Fujifilm XF 60mm Pictures | Fujifilm X | Scoop.it
Here is a gallery of pictures taken by Damien Lovegrove with the fabulous Fujifilm XF 60mm f/2.4 macro prime lens. All the pictures were shot on the Fujifilm X-Pro1 camera.
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Oleg Dabrynski from Fuji X-Pro1
Scoop.it!

California Dreaming with the X-series cameras | Olaf Sztaba

California Dreaming with the X-series cameras | Olaf Sztaba | Fujifilm X | Scoop.it


What a trip it was! Almost 10 days, 5,500 kilometres, three ghost towns, the Oregon Coast, San Francisco, Yosemite and lots in-between. Kasia and I had planned this trip for a long time. Some places we had visited before (Shaniko, Oregon Coast), while others (Bodie, Yosemite) were new for us. As usual with such a wide photographic endeavour we tried to plan this trip around light – photographing in the mornings and evenings – driving during the day and at night. Of course, we didn’t have much control over the quality of the light we would encounter but this time we were extremely fortunate in this regard. First on our list was Shaniko – one of our favourite ghost towns in Oregon. We’ve visited this tiny intriguing place before but all we got was blue sky and strong summer light. Not this time! As we approached Shaniko from the north we saw a big storm building up in the east and with a bit of good luck we encountered fantastic light. Just before Shaniko, Kasia noticed an abandoned farm in the distance; she insisted we make a turn into a rural road to get to it. She was right – it was a stunning sight.....


All images were captured with the Fuji X-Pro1 with 14mm F2.8 lens and Fuji X100s


Via Thomas Menk
more...
Thomas Menk's curator insight, September 8, 2013 3:32 AM

Thx Olaf and Kasia for your suggestion - great pictures :-)