French New Wave and Modern Film
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French New Wave and Modern Film
The influences of the French New Wave film movement on modern filmmaking.
Curated by Zach Baxley
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Dogme 95: The Vow of Chastity (abridged)

Dogme 95: The Vow of Chastity (abridged) | French New Wave and Modern Film | Scoop.it
A short introduction to the Danish film manifesto
Zach Baxley's insight:

Lars von Trier (Antichrist) and Thomas Vinterberg compiled both the Dogme 95 Manifesto and The Vow of Chastity, rules that the collective of directors abide .  It attempts to preserve simplicty of film by refusing to include over the top CGI or special effects, i.e. stories should be used as the driving force of films.  These are the leaders of the newest wave of revolutionary French filmmaking which again attempts to break away from Hollywood conventions.

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Carrie At The Prom

Carrie(1976) "most shocking and grotesque scene" EVER!!!
Zach Baxley's insight:

Brian de Palma borrows here the elements of split screen shots and comic book style delivery that gave the film Carrie a surreal feeling.  Truffaut was the culprit of this influence of playing with frame space.  The shock value, I believe, can also be accredited to the era.

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Quentin Tarantino

Pulp Fiction Movie Clip - watch all clips http://j.mp/xrvP0G click to subscribe http://j.mp/sNDUs5 Mia Wallace (Uma Thurman) convinces Vincent Vega (John Tra...
Zach Baxley's insight:

Quentin Tarantino mixes low class with high class cultures, includes over-extended dialogue and features insane, visceral characters.  The breadcrumbs seem to lead back to Godard and Breathless.  This scene, in particular, reiderates the Wave's niche for dancing scenes.

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Jump Cuts

Jump Cuts | French New Wave and Modern Film | Scoop.it
Posts about Jump Cuts written by wubr2000
Zach Baxley's insight:

Editing was viewed not only as a driving force behind the story, but as an element of the story itself.  Disruptive and noticeable, the editing seeks to pull away from classic Hollywood conventions, as this was an early attempt at dismantling them from the oversaturated medium.

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Francois Truffaut "The 400 Blows"

The 400 Blows Movie Clip - watch all clips http://j.mp/xxNn6b click to subscribe http://j.mp/sNDUs5 Antoine (Jean-Pierre Leaud) visits the beach, something h...
Zach Baxley's insight:

Francois Truffaut was one of the most important contributors to French New Wave film.  This film, The 400 Blows, was his magnum opus.  Shot in black and white, it included complex tracking/panning shots dubbed with musical sequences that evoked intense atmosphere.  It also featured a new technique of cutting shots early.

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Tenets of French New Wave

Tenets of French New Wave | French New Wave and Modern Film | Scoop.it
“Tidal wave” would have been a more appropriate name for this explosion of vibrant, innovative, and highly self-conscious films by young French directors in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
Zach Baxley's insight:

France had just been liberated from Germany's rule (which prohibited importation of foreign film and the production of non-government film), and the national cinema's tone was of rebellion against an authoritarian government.  The French New Wave movement was categorized by highly experimental techniques of shooting and low budget methods.  It attempted to recreate American genres (such as Noire) as works of art rather than just stories.  It defied American values and broke ties with traditional plot formulas.

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Light Showers. 99% Humidity. Winds SE 12 MPH. (magnolia)

"Magnolia - The Exodus for Kids" http://www.metaphilm.com/philm.php?id=96_0_2_0 "(...) In an unexpected portrayal, Moses is played by Stanley Spector, the bo...
Zach Baxley's insight:

Paul Thomas Anderson's Magnolia is another great example of modern existentially themed films.  A menacing underscore follows the constantly changing scenes which switch between several characters constantly for three hours, always building in suspense.  Camera angles and framing are also familiar: continuous tracking and panning with focus on metaphorically pertinent objects and areas.

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Luca Brasi Sleeps With The Fishes

The Godfather Playlist : http://goo.gl/o3g38 Visit: http://www.quizandquestions.com For A Movie Quiz Godfather Quiz: http://www.quizandquestions.com/the-godf...
Zach Baxley's insight:

Francis Ford Coppola is known to include the same elements of extended, intricate, subtle dialogue that French New Wave was known for, and also low key lighting from the modified Hollywood Noire genre.  In this scene, the effect of drifting from calmness to intensity is presented, as well as a lack of underscoring which speaks to the existential qualities of the style period.

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Moonrise Kingdom dance scene

The song is by Françoise Hardy - Le temps de l'amour
Zach Baxley's insight:

Wes Anderson's Moonrise Kingdom is an example of a modern film (and a director) that continually draws influence from Truffaut and the New Wave.  Unique long shots and character framing resemble The 400 Blows.  Also, the French underscoring, cloudy beach setting and dancing are familiar elements.

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Jean Luc Godard "Breathless"

Breathless Movie Clip - watch all clips http://j.mp/xAhyev click to subscribe http://j.mp/sNDUs5 While joyriding through the countryside, Michel (Jean-Paul B...
Zach Baxley's insight:

Jean Luc Godard was the second figurehead of the movement.  In this film he incorporates long bouts of monologue/dialogue and a new technique known as jump cuts, which add a sense of realism to the film's atmospere.  The protagonist is a psychopathic antihero, which is a recurring theme of French New Wave.

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Nazi controlled French cinema

Nazi controlled French cinema | French New Wave and Modern Film | Scoop.it
Zach Baxley's insight:

Douce by Claude Autant-Lara is the style of film Truffaut and his colleagues sought to depart from.  This film was created under German controlled France and is structured as a classic Hollywood narrative.  Truffaut viewed these films and directors as having a lack of reverence for their predecessors and unrooted in French culture with references to anti-religious and anti-military ideals.  He viewed it as bad art.

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Cahiers du cinema

Cahiers du cinema | French New Wave and Modern Film | Scoop.it
Cahiers du cinema             In a cramped office at 146, avenue des Champs-Elysee, a group of French cinephiles published the first, yellow volume of Cahiers du cinema. The year was 1951 and the w...
Zach Baxley's insight:

Filmmakers Eric Rohmer and André Bazin derived the auteur cinema theory; which held that directors were the leading voice in their films using mise-en-scene as a way to add themes to stories.  These new critics canonized formerly debunked American directors for having unique individual styles of filmmaking that did not focus on politics, but rather seeked to explain ordinary life; and discredited former Classic Hollywood Cinema techniques for producing biased, systematic work that referenced implied values.

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