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Move Over, Madagascar: This Island Has the World’s Greatest Concentration of Unique Mammals

Move Over, Madagascar: This Island Has the World’s Greatest Concentration of Unique Mammals | Freefire Nature | Scoop.it

The majority of them are found nowhere else on Earth, making Luzon is a biological treasure trove
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The prosecutor who lassoed deforestation ("we need more dedicated lawyers like him to save nature")

The prosecutor who lassoed deforestation ("we need more dedicated lawyers like him to save nature") | Freefire Nature | Scoop.it

In late January, reporters with Brazilian publication ((o))eco left on a journalistic expedition to the state of Pará. Their goal was to discover the origins and the main effects of the so-called “Zero Deforestation Beef Agreement” signed between the Federal Public Ministry and major slaughterhouses operating in the Amazon, which forced the slaughterhouses to fight deforestation in the farms where they bought cattle for slaughter.

Azeredo’s first step was to study the causes behind the clearing of the forest. Experts pointed to cattle ranching as a major culprit. Work by the NGO Institute of Man and Environment in the Amazon (Imazon), for instance, had shown that livestock accounted for 80 percent of total deforestation in the Amazon. 

“We spent one year and a half investigating business dealings of the livestock chain to be able to prove that the cattle produced on illegally deforested areas in the region was being sold in São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, and other major cities of Brazil,” Azeredo said. “And it was also being exported and used by major companies worldwide.”

The next step was to sue ranchers and slaughterhouses caught selling cattle raised on deforested land. Then the MPF sent more than 200 supermarket chains a “Recommendation” — a legal term for the warning that precedes a lawsuit — not to buy beef from suppliers that had caused illegal deforestation.

That was when Azeredo had an idea that even the staunchest ruralist opponents have recognized as brilliant. The state of Pará has about 250,000 ranches, and there are hundreds of supermarket chains with more than 80,000 stores spread across the country. But the link between those cattle ranches and the supermarkets is formed by just a few dozen medium and large slaughterhouse operators that are responsible for butchering the cattle and distributing the resulting “cattle products” – companies such as JBS, Bertin (later bought by JBS), Marfrig, and Minerva. 

Azeredo’s plan was to turn those slaughterhouse operators into guardians against deforestation.

Prosecutor Daniel Azeredo’s idea was simple and effective. The MPF had caught slaughterhouses buying deforestation cattle and applied fines totaling two billion Brazilian real (about $500 million). But an even more powerful instrument of pressure was the fear that buying illegal beef provoked in large supermarkets, such as Pão de Açucar and Walmart. With the possibility of being sued, they would rather avoid beef from Pará, which would be perhaps a fatal blow to the state’s slaughterhouses.


Via Bert Guevara
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Bert Guevara's curator insight, June 21, 10:18 PM
A brilliant lawyer made the right analysis of the deforestation problem and found a legal way to fight it. Read the long article to appreciate the strategy, which may be applied in other parts of the world.

"Prosecutor Daniel Azeredo’s idea was simple and effective. The MPF had caught slaughterhouses buying deforestation cattle and applied fines totaling two billion Brazilian real (about $500 million). But an even more powerful instrument of pressure was the fear that buying illegal beef provoked in large supermarkets, such as Pão de Açucar and Walmart. With the possibility of being sued, they would rather avoid beef from Pará, which would be perhaps a fatal blow to the state’s slaughterhouses."
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Pollution 'hampers bees' foraging'

Pollution 'hampers bees' foraging' | Freefire Nature | Scoop.it
Honeybees' ability to find flowers could be hampered by a chemical in diesel exhaust, say scientists.
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Four new species of legless lizards discovered in California | EarthSky.org

Four new species of legless lizards discovered in California | EarthSky.org | Freefire Nature | Scoop.it
Scientists have discovered four new species of curious-looking legless lizards living among fragile landscapes in California.
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Florida citrus grower fined $1,500 for killing millions of honeybees

Florida citrus grower fined $1,500 for killing millions of honeybees | Freefire Nature | Scoop.it
Two beekeepers say that their losses from the bee deaths are upwards of $390,000.
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Unusual night-sky phenomena caught on film

Unusual night-sky phenomena caught on film | Freefire Nature | Scoop.it
Two rare sights recently shared the sky over Scotland, letting a lucky videographer record time-lapse footage of noctilucent clouds alongside the northern lights.
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Nature Blows My Mind! Amazing leaf-mimicking animals

Nature Blows My Mind! Amazing leaf-mimicking animals | Freefire Nature | Scoop.it
From katidids to geckos, some animals have mastered the art of looking exactly like a leaf!
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The Emotional Lives of Animals - Waking Times « Waking Times

The Emotional Lives of Animals - Waking Times « Waking Times | Freefire Nature | Scoop.it
Evidence clearly pointing to the rich emotional lives of animals.
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9 Healing Herbs for a Natural Medicine Cabinet: Grow Your Own Healing Herb Garden

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35 Most Beautiful Butterfly Pictures | Incredible Snaps

35 Most Beautiful Butterfly Pictures | Incredible Snaps | Freefire Nature | Scoop.it
35 Most Beautiful Butterfly Pictures - When we see Colorful butterflies flying it will be a good treat for eyes. If we make a butterfly tattoo or any butterfly design it'll look great and classy.
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For the First Time in 35 Years, A New Carnivorous Mammal Species is Discovered in the Americas

For the First Time in 35 Years, A New Carnivorous Mammal Species is Discovered in the Americas | Freefire Nature | Scoop.it
The olinguito, an adorable new species described as a cross between a house cat and a teddy bear, was just discovered by Smithsonian scientists
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Wild Medicinal Plant Profile-- Reishi Mushrooms (ganoderma tsugae), or, The Mystery of the Stumps Revisited

Wild Medicinal Plant Profile-- Reishi Mushrooms (ganoderma tsugae), or, The Mystery of the Stumps Revisited | Freefire Nature | Scoop.it
In a post I wrote about over year ago, I told the story of the "mystery of the stumps" where I described my relationship to the forest where I grew up, the forest to which I belong.  I told the tal...
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Monarch Butterflies in Decline Due to Proliferation of GM Crops - Waking Times « Waking Times

Monarch Butterflies in Decline Due to Proliferation of GM Crops - Waking Times « Waking Times | Freefire Nature | Scoop.it
The overuse of Monsanto’s Roundup herbicide on GMO crops is believed to be destroying the milkweed necessary for monarch butterflies to thrive.
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Perseid outburst expected in 2016 | EarthSky.org

Perseid outburst expected in 2016 | EarthSky.org | Freefire Nature | Scoop.it
Outburst - perhaps 200 meteors an hour - predicted for 2016 Perseid meteor shower. Peak night August 11-12, but watch on the nights leading up to the peak, too.
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Great Barrier Reef will be smothered with silt, because coal

Great Barrier Reef will be smothered with silt, because coal | Freefire Nature | Scoop.it
An Australian agency has given Indian and Australian coal mining companies permission to dump silt from a dredging project in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park.
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How Cheeky: Fossil Fish Is Oldest Creature With a Face

How Cheeky: Fossil Fish Is Oldest Creature With a Face | Freefire Nature | Scoop.it
A newly discovered fish fossil is the earliest known creature with what might be recognized as a face.
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Climate Change Leaves Hares Wearing The Wrong Colors : NPR

Climate Change Leaves Hares Wearing The Wrong Colors : NPR | Freefire Nature | Scoop.it
Snowshoe hares rely on camouflage, turning white in the winter to match the snow, and then turning brown for the summer. But a changing climate could mean fewer days with snow on the ground, and more days when they're visible to prey.
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Discoveries in the Amazon: 15 new bird species | EarthSky.org

Discoveries in the Amazon: 15 new bird species | EarthSky.org | Freefire Nature | Scoop.it
Birds' formal description printed in special volume of Handbook of the Birds of the World. Not since 1871 have so many bird species been introduced under a single cover.
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PHOTOS: Teen's Inspiring Turtle Rescue

PHOTOS: Teen's Inspiring Turtle Rescue | Freefire Nature | Scoop.it
A teen is winning admirers for a pictorial of how he saved a stranded leatherback sea turtle.
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Wolves Howl to 'Keep in Touch' with Friends

Wolves Howl to 'Keep in Touch' with Friends | Freefire Nature | Scoop.it
A new study found that wolves howled more frequently to members of their pack with which they spent more time, suggesting they howl to re-establish contact and come together.
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Climate change killing harp seal pups

Climate change killing harp seal pups | Freefire Nature | Scoop.it
As sea ice levels continue to decline in the northern hemisphere, scientists are observing an unsettling trend in harp seal young mortalities regardless of juvenile fitness.
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Amazing Bird Photography by Sompob Sasismit | Incredible Snaps

Amazing Bird Photography by Sompob Sasismit | Incredible Snaps | Freefire Nature | Scoop.it
Thailand has the Indomalaya ecozone which attracts the birds and provide the suitable condition and atmosphere for the bird to live their life. Sompob Sasismit, a native photographer who capture this awesome birds photographs at perfect timing.
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Hurricane enable: How climate change is mixing up bigger, badder storms

Humans are playing bartender with the climate, and it doesn't bode well for your beach vacation.
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"Bee-friendly" plants could be bee killers

"Bee-friendly" plants could be bee killers | Freefire Nature | Scoop.it
Half of a sampling of "bee-friendly" plants purchased from major retailers tested positive for bee-killing neonic pesticides, according to a new report.
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List of Foods We Will Lose if We Don’t Save the Bees

List of Foods We Will Lose if We Don’t Save the Bees | Freefire Nature | Scoop.it
While we don’t need bees to pollinate every single crop, here is just a brief list of some of the foods we would lose if all our bees continue to perish:
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