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Fragrance Chemicals & Health
This topic explore how air fresheners, scented cleaning products, scented laundry detergents, and perfumes may affect health.
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The Scary Truth About Air Fresheners

The Scary Truth About Air Fresheners | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

 

"When life stinks, the $8.3 billion global air-freshener industry is here to mask its scent. But, as the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) and leading pollutant exposure researchers are finding, there’s a price to pay for making a pungent post-party dorm room suddenly smell like a morning meadow. Turns out, many air fresheners release toxic chemicals and organic compounds that can rough up everything from our skin to male reproductive systems."

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Caution: These seven household items may feminize baby boys - Environmental Working Group

"High phthalate levels have been linked to decreased sperm motility and concentration and altered hormone levels in adult men; in a recent study of 134 newborn boys and their mothers, researchers found distinct differences in the reproductive systems of the boys whose mothers had the highest phthalate levels during pregnancy. Further research revealed that those moms' phthalate levels weren't uncommon -- in fact, an estimated one quarter of American women would have similarly high phthalate levels. ...

 

[Common exposure sources include:]

 

Fragrance: Diethyl phthalate (DEP) is often used as part of the "fragrance" in some products. Since DEP won't be listed separately, you're better off choosing personal care products, detergents, and cleansers that don't have the word "fragrance" on the ingredients list. ...

 

Air Fresheners: New research from the NRDC demonstrates that, just like fragrances in personal care products, most air fresheners contain phthalates. That even goes for the ones labeled "fragrance free." NRDC suggests that you open your windows and use fans to circulate air and keep it fresh."

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European Commission Fact Sheet: Allergenic fragrances in cosmetic products

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TOXIC CHEMICALS IN FRAGRANCE LAUNDRY PRODUCTS AND HEALTH EFFECTS - Dr. Anne Steineman

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Healthier Alternatives to Fragranced Consumer Products - Dr. Anne Steinemann

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Trigger factors mainly from the environmental type are reported by adolescents with migraine. [Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2013] - PubMed - NCBI

"Results: Fifty of the participants exhibited chronic migraine and the other 50 participants demonstrated episodic migraine. The most common group of trigger factors reported was the environmental one, mainly sun/clarity, followed by hot weather and the smell of perfume. Conclusions: Ninety-one percent of children and adolescents with migraine reported a trigger factor precipitating the migraine attack."

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Enviroblog: "Natural" Extracts Can Trigger Allergies

Enviroblog: "Natural" Extracts Can Trigger Allergies | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

"Some of the natural extracts the EC categorizes as "established allergens" in people are several citrus oil extracts such as citrus bergamia and citrus limonum found in dish soaps and all-purpose cleaners, rose flower oil found in some botanical air fresheners and lavender extract added to detergents and spot removers. These essential oils may trigger an allergic reaction after a few contacts or can cause someone to develop an allergy over a longer period of time."

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caotar's curator insight, March 7, 2013 7:49 AM

Ce n'est pas parce que les extraits sont naturels qu'ils ne sont pas nocifs.

Certaines personnes, étant plus sensibles que d'autres, peuvent, malheureusement, développer des allergies, des réactions cutanées et déclencher des crises d'asthme.

Alors, prudence ! Surtout avec les produits d'entretien et cosmétiques soit-disant safe. A fortiori, quand tout le marketing développé autour des normes et des certifications bio et autres peut être trompeur ! Très trompeur !

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The use of household cleaning products during pregnancy and lower respiratory tract infections and wheezing during early life. [Int J Public Health. 2012] - PubMed - NCBI

"CONCLUSION:  The use of cleaning sprays, air fresheners and solvents during pregnancy may increase the risk of wheezing and infections in the offspring."

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Exposed: Cancer-Causing Toxins Found in Air Fresheners

"Here are some of the ingredients found in the popular metered air fresheners—you know, the ones that are battery-operated and pump out mists of supposed sanitizers several times an hour..."

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ScienceDirect.com - Environmental Impact Assessment Review - Fragranced consumer products: Chemicals emitted, ingredients unlisted

"We investigated volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from 25 common fragranced consumer products—laundry products, personal care products, cleaning supplies, and air fresheners—using headspace analysis with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Our analysis found 133 different VOCs emitted from the 25 products, with an average of 17 VOCs per product. Of these 133 VOCs, 24 are classified as toxic or hazardous under U.S. federal laws, and each product emitted at least one of these compounds."

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Erin Grills's curator insight, March 6, 2013 11:10 AM

This article does not show an advancement made to better chemical engineering, but i plan to use this to show possible advancements. I think I am going to end my presentation with new advancements that can be made, and I believe that this will be a good topic to show. Chemcial engineers would be the people who work with the production factories to cut down on the toxic ingredients and create a cleaner, safer product.

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Why perfume could be making you depressed

Why perfume could be making you depressed | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it
"Some people have tremendously adverse reactions to very low levels of chemicals—chemicals most of us can't even smell," says study author Dr. David Katerndahl, a professor of family and community medicine at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.
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Influence of environment exposures on the frequency of contact allergies in children and adolescents. [Ann Agric Environ Med. 2012] - PubMed - NCBI

Much concern is provoked by the higher rates of sensitization to fragrances in younger children, compared to adolescents, which may be attributed to the higher exposure nowadays of infants and children to fragrant products. On the other hand, a limitation of exposure to the preservatives thimerosal and Kathon CG has resulted in decreased rates of sensitization to these haptens. Altogether, these observations demonstrate that the rates of contact sensitizations in children reflect changes in their environment, and limitations imposed on the use of haptens with strong sensitizing properties, may be an effective tool in the prevention of contact allergy.
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Accommodation and Compliance Series: Employees with Fragrance Sensitivity

The Job Accommodation Network (JAN) is the leading source of free, confidential, and practical information on workforce accommodations and the employment provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
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The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics : Fragrance

The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics : Fragrance | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

"What's that smell? Unfortunately, there's no way to know. Fragrance is considered a trade secret, so companies don't have to tell us what's in it – often dozens or even hundreds of synthetic chemical compounds."

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5 Reasons to Avoid Air Fresheners

5 Reasons to Avoid Air Fresheners | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it
Have you ever wondered what’s in those myriad air fresheners that make your home smell like a tropical vacation or a woodsy cabin surrounded by wildflowers? It’s certainly not roses… Here are five reasons we think you should altogether avoid air fresheners.
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Why You Need to Ditch Dryer Sheets - EcoWatch

Why You Need to Ditch Dryer Sheets - EcoWatch | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

 

"Fragrances can include tens to hundreds of different chemicals, some of which are toxic, and many of which are known allergens, like limonene and linalool. All fragrance chemicals are usually kept secret from consumers. Dryer sheets can contain volatile organic compounds like acetaldehyde and butane, which can cause respiratory irritation. Quats, a fabric softener chemical, is often part of a family of chemicals called quaternary ammonium compounds, many of which are linked to asthma. Acetone, used in dryer sheets, can cause nervous system effects like headaches or dizziness.

 

Not surprisingly, when asked, survey respondents frequently report adverse health effects from exposure to dryer vents. One study found nearly 11 percent of the respondents reported irritation from exposure to emissions from dryer vents vented outside. Nearly 40 percent of respondents who indicated that they were “chemically sensitive” reported irritation from dryer vent emissions."

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TOXIC CHEMICALS IN AIR FRESHENER AND HEALTH EFFECTS - Dr. Anne Steinemann

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Hidden Hazards in Air Fresheners and Deodorizers - Dr. Anne Steinemann

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Three compelling reasons not to wear synthetic perfumes

Three compelling reasons not to wear synthetic perfumes | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

"When you apply anything labeled with a "fragrance" ingredient today, you can be assured you are subjecting yourself to anywhere from tens to hundreds of various chemicals. This includes lotions, which you may apply to your entire body, facial skin care products and other beauty and self care items that you may use every single day, multiplying your exposure exponentially. None of these chemicals need to be directly disclosed in labeling since they are considered proprietary in nature."

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caotar's curator insight, March 7, 2013 8:03 AM

Encore une autre raison pour rester vigilant. On ne peut, effectivement, pas connaître la composition des parfums et des cosmétiques qu'on utilise. Et le plus inquiétant, c'est qu'on garde encore en tête toutes les interrogations qu'a pu susciter le Paraben et ses foultitudes de déclinaisons...

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Europe mulls perfume ingredient ban

Europe mulls perfume ingredient ban | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it
The European Commission is to consider restricting 12 ingredients used in the production of perfume which it is thought can cause allergic reactions in users.
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Is your scent making you ill? Today's obsession with perfuming everything from candles to bin liners could be to blame

Is your scent making you ill? Today's obsession with perfuming everything from candles to bin liners could be to blame | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it
The smell of fresh air is becoming something of a distant memory, thanks to our increasing use of fragrance.
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Cleaning products and air fresheners: emissions and resulting concentrations of glycol ethers and terpenoids. [Indoor Air. 2006] - PubMed - NCBI

While effective cleaning can improve the healthfulness of indoor environments, this work shows that use of some consumer cleaning agents can yield high levels of volatile organic compounds, including glycol ethers--which are regulated toxic air contaminants--and terpenes that can react with ozone to form a variety of secondary pollutants including formaldehyde and ultrafine particles.
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Fragrance chemicals lyral and lilial decrease viability of HaCat cells' by increasing free radical production and lowering intracellular ATP level: Protection by antioxidants. [Toxicol In Vitro. 20...

"We investigate in this study the biochemical effects on cells in culture of two commonly used fragrance chemicals: lyral and lilial... We propose lyral and lilial as toxic to mitochondria that have a direct effect on electron transport chain, increase ROS production, derange mitochondrial membrane potential, and decrease cellular ATP level, leading thus to cell death."

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Perfume Health Risks: Fragrances Can Contribute To Health Problems Like Allergies And Rashes

Perfume Health Risks: Fragrances Can Contribute To Health Problems Like Allergies And Rashes | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it
About one in 10 people are estimated to have ongoing allergic reactions to chemical elements in fragrances, but with the increased use of scents -- whether it's an air freshener or scented candle -- allergies are on the rise with 55 percent of Americans testing positive for at least one allergen.
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Not So Sexy: Hidden Chemicals in Perfume and Cologne | Environmental Working Group

Not So Sexy: Hidden Chemicals in Perfume and Cologne | Environmental Working Group | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

"A rose may be a rose. But that rose-like fragrance in your perfume may be something else entirely, concocted from any number of the fragrance industry’s 3,100 stock chemical ingredients, the blend of which is almost always kept hidden from the consumer."

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