Fragrance Chemicals & Health
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Fragrance Chemicals & Health
This topic explore how air fresheners, scented cleaning products, scented laundry detergents, and perfumes may affect health.
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Three compelling reasons not to wear synthetic perfumes

Three compelling reasons not to wear synthetic perfumes | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

"When you apply anything labeled with a "fragrance" ingredient today, you can be assured you are subjecting yourself to anywhere from tens to hundreds of various chemicals. This includes lotions, which you may apply to your entire body, facial skin care products and other beauty and self care items that you may use every single day, multiplying your exposure exponentially. None of these chemicals need to be directly disclosed in labeling since they are considered proprietary in nature."

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caotar's curator insight, March 7, 2013 11:03 AM

Encore une autre raison pour rester vigilant. On ne peut, effectivement, pas connaître la composition des parfums et des cosmétiques qu'on utilise. Et le plus inquiétant, c'est qu'on garde encore en tête toutes les interrogations qu'a pu susciter le Paraben et ses foultitudes de déclinaisons...

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EHP – Formaldehyde and Epigenetic Alterations: MicroRNA Changes in the Nasal Epithelium of Nonhuman Primates

EHP – Formaldehyde and Epigenetic Alterations: MicroRNA Changes in the Nasal Epithelium of Nonhuman Primates | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

"Conclusions: Our study reveals that formaldehyde exposure significantly disrupts miRNA expression profiles within the nasal epithelium, and these alterations likely influence apoptosis signaling."

Environmental Illness Network Minnesota's insight:

Formaldehyde is an ingredient in many "air fresheners."

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Impact of air fresheners and deodorizers on the indoor total volatile organic compounds [Kokuritsu Iyakuhin Shokuhin Eisei Kenkyusho Hokoku. 2007] - PubMed - NCBI

In this study, we investigated the emission rate of VOCs and carbonyl compounds for 30 air fresheners and deodorizers by the standard small chamber test method (JIS A 1901). The total VOC (TVOC) emission rates of these household products ranged from the undetectable level (< 20 microg/unit/h) to 6,900 microg/unit/h. The mean TVOC emission rate of the air fresheners for indoor use (16 products) was 1,400 microg/unit/ h and that of the deodorizers for indoor use (6 products) was 58 microg/unit/h, indicating that the fragrances in the products account for the major part of the TVOC emissions. Based on the emission rates, the impacts on the indoor TVOC were estimated by the simple model with a volume of 17.4 m3 and a ventilation frequency of 0.5 times/h. The mean of the TVOC increment for the indoor air fresheners was 170 microg/m3, accounting for 40% of the current provisional target value, 400 microg/m3. These results suggest that daily use of household products can significantly influence the indoor air quality.
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Household chemicals' 'cocktail effect' raises cancer concerns for watchdog

Household chemicals' 'cocktail effect' raises cancer concerns for watchdog | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

"...McGlade said that the real problem was not a single chemical or product, but the fact that we are constantly exposed to so many of them, and the interactions between them in our bodies. 'It's the cocktail effect,' she said. That effect is one of the most difficult to study."

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Exposed: Cancer-Causing Toxins Found in Air Fresheners

"Here are some of the ingredients found in the popular metered air fresheners—you know, the ones that are battery-operated and pump out mists of supposed sanitizers several times an hour..."

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ScienceDirect.com - Environmental Impact Assessment Review - Fragranced consumer products: Chemicals emitted, ingredients unlisted

"We investigated volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from 25 common fragranced consumer products—laundry products, personal care products, cleaning supplies, and air fresheners—using headspace analysis with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Our analysis found 133 different VOCs emitted from the 25 products, with an average of 17 VOCs per product. Of these 133 VOCs, 24 are classified as toxic or hazardous under U.S. federal laws, and each product emitted at least one of these compounds."

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Erin Grills's curator insight, March 6, 2013 2:10 PM

This article does not show an advancement made to better chemical engineering, but i plan to use this to show possible advancements. I think I am going to end my presentation with new advancements that can be made, and I believe that this will be a good topic to show. Chemcial engineers would be the people who work with the production factories to cut down on the toxic ingredients and create a cleaner, safer product.

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Why perfume could be making you depressed

Why perfume could be making you depressed | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it
"Some people have tremendously adverse reactions to very low levels of chemicals—chemicals most of us can't even smell," says study author Dr. David Katerndahl, a professor of family and community medicine at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.
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Doctors overlook chemical illnesses, study finds -ScienceDaily

Chemical intolerance contributes to the illnesses of one in five patients but the condition seldom figures in their diagnosis, according to new clinical research.
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Could Your Perfume Be Giving You Diabetes? | Rodale News

Could Your Perfume Be Giving You Diabetes? | Rodale News | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it
Researchers find a type of chemical used in perfumes, candles and other personal care products is linked to type 2 diabetes in adults.
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Not So Sexy: Hidden Chemicals in Perfume and Cologne | Environmental Working Group

Not So Sexy: Hidden Chemicals in Perfume and Cologne | Environmental Working Group | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

"A rose may be a rose. But that rose-like fragrance in your perfume may be something else entirely, concocted from any number of the fragrance industry’s 3,100 stock chemical ingredients, the blend of which is almost always kept hidden from the consumer."

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Endocrine Disruptors and Asthma-Associated Chemicals in Consumer Products

"We detected 55 compounds, indicating a wide range of exposures from common products. Vinyl products contained > 10% bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and could be an important source of DEHP in homes. In other products, the highest concentrations and numbers of detects were in the fragranced products (e.g., perfume, air fresheners, and dryer sheets) and in sunscreens. Some products that did not contain the well-known endocrine-disrupting phthalates contained other less-studied phthalates (dicyclohexyl phthalate, diisononyl phthalate, and di-n-propyl phthalate; also endocrine-disrupting compounds), suggesting a substitution. Many detected chemicals were not listed on product labels."

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Prevalence of fragrance sensitivity in the American Population. [J Environ Health. 2009] - PubMed - NCBI

"Results aggregated from both surveys found that 30.5% of the general population reported scented products on others irritating, 19% reported adverse health effects from air fresheners, and 10.9% reported irritation by scented laundry products vented outside. This study reveals that a considerable percentage of the U.S. population reports adverse health effects or irritation from fragranced products, with higher percentages among those with asthma and chemical sensitivity."

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Can aromatherapy produce harmful indoor air pollutants?

Spas that offer massage therapy using fragrant essential oils, called aromatherapy, may have elevated levels of potentially harmful indoor air pollutants such as volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and ultrafine particles, according to a new article.
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Enviroblog: "Natural" Extracts Can Trigger Allergies

Enviroblog: "Natural" Extracts Can Trigger Allergies | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

"Some of the natural extracts the EC categorizes as "established allergens" in people are several citrus oil extracts such as citrus bergamia and citrus limonum found in dish soaps and all-purpose cleaners, rose flower oil found in some botanical air fresheners and lavender extract added to detergents and spot removers. These essential oils may trigger an allergic reaction after a few contacts or can cause someone to develop an allergy over a longer period of time."

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caotar's curator insight, March 7, 2013 10:49 AM

Ce n'est pas parce que les extraits sont naturels qu'ils ne sont pas nocifs.

Certaines personnes, étant plus sensibles que d'autres, peuvent, malheureusement, développer des allergies, des réactions cutanées et déclencher des crises d'asthme.

Alors, prudence ! Surtout avec les produits d'entretien et cosmétiques soit-disant safe. A fortiori, quand tout le marketing développé autour des normes et des certifications bio et autres peut être trompeur ! Très trompeur !

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Europe mulls perfume ingredient ban

Europe mulls perfume ingredient ban | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it
The European Commission is to consider restricting 12 ingredients used in the production of perfume which it is thought can cause allergic reactions in users.
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The use of household cleaning products during pregnancy and lower respiratory tract infections and wheezing during early life. [Int J Public Health. 2012] - PubMed - NCBI

"CONCLUSION:  The use of cleaning sprays, air fresheners and solvents during pregnancy may increase the risk of wheezing and infections in the offspring."

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Is your scent making you ill? Today's obsession with perfuming everything from candles to bin liners could be to blame

Is your scent making you ill? Today's obsession with perfuming everything from candles to bin liners could be to blame | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it
The smell of fresh air is becoming something of a distant memory, thanks to our increasing use of fragrance.
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Cleaning products and air fresheners: emissions and resulting concentrations of glycol ethers and terpenoids. [Indoor Air. 2006] - PubMed - NCBI

While effective cleaning can improve the healthfulness of indoor environments, this work shows that use of some consumer cleaning agents can yield high levels of volatile organic compounds, including glycol ethers--which are regulated toxic air contaminants--and terpenes that can react with ozone to form a variety of secondary pollutants including formaldehyde and ultrafine particles.
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Fragrance chemicals lyral and lilial decrease viability of HaCat cells' by increasing free radical production and lowering intracellular ATP level: Protection by antioxidants. [Toxicol In Vitro. 20...

"We investigate in this study the biochemical effects on cells in culture of two commonly used fragrance chemicals: lyral and lilial... We propose lyral and lilial as toxic to mitochondria that have a direct effect on electron transport chain, increase ROS production, derange mitochondrial membrane potential, and decrease cellular ATP level, leading thus to cell death."

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Perfume Health Risks: Fragrances Can Contribute To Health Problems Like Allergies And Rashes

Perfume Health Risks: Fragrances Can Contribute To Health Problems Like Allergies And Rashes | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it
About one in 10 people are estimated to have ongoing allergic reactions to chemical elements in fragrances, but with the increased use of scents -- whether it's an air freshener or scented candle -- allergies are on the rise with 55 percent of Americans testing positive for at least one allergen.
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Chemical Watch | News| Increased risk of heart problems following long-term use of cleaning products

Researchers have found that long-term use of household sprays and scented products is associated with reduced heart rate variability in older women, which suggests an increased risk of cardiovascular health hazards.
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Influence of environment exposures on the frequency of contact allergies in children and adolescents. [Ann Agric Environ Med. 2012] - PubMed - NCBI

Much concern is provoked by the higher rates of sensitization to fragrances in younger children, compared to adolescents, which may be attributed to the higher exposure nowadays of infants and children to fragrant products. On the other hand, a limitation of exposure to the preservatives thimerosal and Kathon CG has resulted in decreased rates of sensitization to these haptens. Altogether, these observations demonstrate that the rates of contact sensitizations in children reflect changes in their environment, and limitations imposed on the use of haptens with strong sensitizing properties, may be an effective tool in the prevention of contact allergy.
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Accommodation and Compliance Series: Employees with Fragrance Sensitivity

The Job Accommodation Network (JAN) is the leading source of free, confidential, and practical information on workforce accommodations and the employment provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
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Study Highlights Hidden Dangers In Everyday Products -- Even The "Green" Ones - Forbes

Study Highlights Hidden Dangers In Everyday Products -- Even The "Green" Ones - Forbes | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

"A first-of-its-kind, peer-reviewed study published in Environmental Health Perspectives... reveals an alarming number of unlabeled chemicals of concern in commonly used household and personal care products" ...

 

"Fragranced products – including air fresheners, dryer sheets, and perfume – and sunscreens had the largest number of target chemicals and some of the highest concentrations. Fragrances can trigger asthma and some have been shown to mimic estrogen, including making breast cancer cells grow in laboratory studies."

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Romantic, Candle-lit Dinners: An Unrecognized Source Of Indoor Air Pollution

Romantic, Candle-lit Dinners: An Unrecognized Source Of Indoor Air Pollution | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

"Burning candles made from paraffin wax -- the most common kind used to infuse rooms with romantic ambiance, warmth, light and fragrance -- is an unrecognized source of exposure to indoor air pollution, including the known human carcinogens, scientists report."

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