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Prevalence of fragrance sensitivity in the American Population. [J Environ Health. 2009] - PubMed - NCBI

"Results aggregated from both surveys found that 30.5% of the general population reported scented products on others irritating, 19% reported adverse health effects from air fresheners, and 10.9% reported irritation by scented laundry products vented outside. This study reveals that a considerable percentage of the U.S. population reports adverse health effects or irritation from fragranced products, with higher percentages among those with asthma and chemical sensitivity."

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Fragrance Chemicals & Health
This topic explore how air fresheners, scented cleaning products, scented laundry detergents, and perfumes may affect health.
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Hazards of Scented Products: The Top Health & Fitness Moments of 2014 - Men's Journal

Hazards of Scented Products: The Top Health & Fitness Moments of 2014 - Men's Journal | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

"Whether it's your car air freshener, laundry detergent, cologne, or 'pine fresh' aftershave, if it's scented, it's likely laden with phthalates. These hormone-disrupting chemicals can cause a host of health issues."

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How Perfume Messes With Your Hormones (Even If You Don't Wear It) - MindBodyGreen

"Phthalates are associated with serious health issues, but you won’t find them listed on the labels. Ingredients in perfumes are considered a trade secret, so manufacturers can hide hundreds of chemicals under the term 'fragrance.'”

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Incense Use and Cardiovascular Mortality among Chinese in Singapore: The Singapore Chinese Health Study - Environmental Health Pespectives

"Long-term exposure to incense burning in the home environment was associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality in the study population."

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Is Your Perfume Poison? - Mercola.com

Hidden behind some perfume's pleasant scents are toxic chemicals linked to hormone disruption, reproductive problems, and even cancer.
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Men's Phthalate Levels Linked to Pregnancy Trouble - Live Science

Men's Phthalate Levels Linked to Pregnancy Trouble - Live Science | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it
High levels of some hormone-mimicking chemicals, phthalates, in men, is linked to delayed pregnancy in their female partners.
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The Scary Truth About Air Fresheners

The Scary Truth About Air Fresheners | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

 

"When life stinks, the $8.3 billion global air-freshener industry is here to mask its scent. But, as the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) and leading pollutant exposure researchers are finding, there’s a price to pay for making a pungent post-party dorm room suddenly smell like a morning meadow. Turns out, many air fresheners release toxic chemicals and organic compounds that can rough up everything from our skin to male reproductive systems."

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The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics : Fragrance

The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics : Fragrance | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

"What's that smell? Unfortunately, there's no way to know. Fragrance is considered a trade secret, so companies don't have to tell us what's in it – often dozens or even hundreds of synthetic chemical compounds."

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Pollutants from incense smoke cause human lung-cell inflammation

Burning incense, a popular cultural practice in many parts of the world, generates indoor air pollutants that may cause inflammation in human lung cells, say researchers.
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5 Reasons to Avoid Air Fresheners

5 Reasons to Avoid Air Fresheners | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it
Have you ever wondered what’s in those myriad air fresheners that make your home smell like a tropical vacation or a woodsy cabin surrounded by wildflowers? It’s certainly not roses… Here are five reasons we think you should altogether avoid air fresheners.
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Why You Need to Ditch Dryer Sheets - EcoWatch

Why You Need to Ditch Dryer Sheets - EcoWatch | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

 

"Fragrances can include tens to hundreds of different chemicals, some of which are toxic, and many of which are known allergens, like limonene and linalool. All fragrance chemicals are usually kept secret from consumers. Dryer sheets can contain volatile organic compounds like acetaldehyde and butane, which can cause respiratory irritation. Quats, a fabric softener chemical, is often part of a family of chemicals called quaternary ammonium compounds, many of which are linked to asthma. Acetone, used in dryer sheets, can cause nervous system effects like headaches or dizziness.

 

Not surprisingly, when asked, survey respondents frequently report adverse health effects from exposure to dryer vents. One study found nearly 11 percent of the respondents reported irritation from exposure to emissions from dryer vents vented outside. Nearly 40 percent of respondents who indicated that they were “chemically sensitive” reported irritation from dryer vent emissions."

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TOXIC CHEMICALS IN AIR FRESHENER AND HEALTH EFFECTS - Dr. Anne Steinemann

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Hidden Hazards in Air Fresheners and Deodorizers - Dr. Anne Steinemann

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EHP – Formaldehyde and Epigenetic Alterations: MicroRNA Changes in the Nasal Epithelium of Nonhuman Primates

Background: Formaldehyde is an air pollutant present in both indoor and outdoor atmospheres. Because of its ubiquitous nature, it is imperative to understand the mechanisms underlying formaldehyde-induced toxicity and carcinogenicity. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can influence disease caused by environmental exposures, yet miRNAs are understudied in relation to formaldehyde. Our previous investigation demonstrated that formaldehyde exposure in human lung cells caused disruptions in miRNA expression profiles in vitro. ...


Conclusions: Formaldehyde exposure significantly disrupts miRNA expression profiles within the nasal epithelium, and these alterations likely influence apoptosis signaling.

Environmental Illness Network Minnesota's insight:

According to the EPA (http://www.epa.gov/kidshometour/products/airf.htm), formaldehde is one of the four basic ingredients of air fresheners.

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Scented Laundry Products Emit Hazardous Chemicals - ACN Latitudes

Scented Laundry Products Emit Hazardous Chemicals - ACN Latitudes | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

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"Findings, published online in the journal Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health, show that air vented from machines using the top-selling scented liquid laundry detergent and scented dryer sheet contains hazardous chemicals, including two that are classified as carcinogens."

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Ozone-initiated VOC and particle emissions from a cleaning agent and an air freshener: Risk assessment of acute airway effects - Environment International

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EU sniffs out ingredients blamed for skin allergies. Organic cosmetic newcomers will be worst affected - 2luxury2.com

EU sniffs out ingredients blamed for skin allergies. Organic cosmetic newcomers will be worst affected - 2luxury2.com | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

"It is estimated that between 1-3% of the population in Europe has a skin allergy to fragrances, according to EU’s Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS)."

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The Scary Stuff That’s Hiding in Your Perfume - One Green Planet

The Scary Stuff That’s Hiding in Your Perfume - One Green Planet | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it
Your perfume or cologne may be hiding a whole lot of who-knows-what chemicals in them that may be aggravating your allergies or those around you with its toxins.
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Cytotoxic effects of air freshener biocides in lung epithelial cells. - PubMed - NCBI

Nat Prod Commun. 2013 Sep;8(9):1301-4. Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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Asthma related to cleaning agents: a clinical insight -- Vandenplas et al. 3 (9) -- BMJ Open

"These data indicate that a substantial proportion of workers who experience asthma symptoms related to cleaning materials show a pattern of bronchial reaction consistent with sensitiser-induced occupational asthma. The results also suggest that quaternary ammonium compounds are the principal cause of sensitiser-induced occupational asthma among cleaners."

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Caution: These seven household items may feminize baby boys - Environmental Working Group

"High phthalate levels have been linked to decreased sperm motility and concentration and altered hormone levels in adult men; in a recent study of 134 newborn boys and their mothers, researchers found distinct differences in the reproductive systems of the boys whose mothers had the highest phthalate levels during pregnancy. Further research revealed that those moms' phthalate levels weren't uncommon -- in fact, an estimated one quarter of American women would have similarly high phthalate levels. ...

 

[Common exposure sources include:]

 

Fragrance: Diethyl phthalate (DEP) is often used as part of the "fragrance" in some products. Since DEP won't be listed separately, you're better off choosing personal care products, detergents, and cleansers that don't have the word "fragrance" on the ingredients list. ...

 

Air Fresheners: New research from the NRDC demonstrates that, just like fragrances in personal care products, most air fresheners contain phthalates. That even goes for the ones labeled "fragrance free." NRDC suggests that you open your windows and use fans to circulate air and keep it fresh."

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EHP – Phthalate Exposure and Allergy in the U.S. Population: Results from NHANES 2005-2006

"Conclusion: In this cross-sectional analysis of a nationally representative sample, HMW phthalate metabolites, particularly MBzP, were positively associated with allergic symptoms and sensitization in adults, but there was no strong evidence for associations between phthalates and allergy in children aged 6-17 years."

Environmental Illness Network Minnesota's insight:

Phthalates are common ingredients in air fresheners and other fragranced products.

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European Commission Fact Sheet: Allergenic fragrances in cosmetic products

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TOXIC CHEMICALS IN FRAGRANCE LAUNDRY PRODUCTS AND HEALTH EFFECTS - Dr. Anne Steineman

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Healthier Alternatives to Fragranced Consumer Products - Dr. Anne Steinemann

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Trigger factors mainly from the environmental type are reported by adolescents with migraine. [Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2013] - PubMed - NCBI

"Results: Fifty of the participants exhibited chronic migraine and the other 50 participants demonstrated episodic migraine. The most common group of trigger factors reported was the environmental one, mainly sun/clarity, followed by hot weather and the smell of perfume. Conclusions: Ninety-one percent of children and adolescents with migraine reported a trigger factor precipitating the migraine attack."

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