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Fragrance Chemicals & Health
This topic explore how air fresheners, scented cleaning products, scented laundry detergents, and perfumes may affect health.
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The Scary Truth About Air Fresheners

The Scary Truth About Air Fresheners | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

 

"When life stinks, the $8.3 billion global air-freshener industry is here to mask its scent. But, as the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) and leading pollutant exposure researchers are finding, there’s a price to pay for making a pungent post-party dorm room suddenly smell like a morning meadow. Turns out, many air fresheners release toxic chemicals and organic compounds that can rough up everything from our skin to male reproductive systems."

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Caution: These seven household items may feminize baby boys - Environmental Working Group

"High phthalate levels have been linked to decreased sperm motility and concentration and altered hormone levels in adult men; in a recent study of 134 newborn boys and their mothers, researchers found distinct differences in the reproductive systems of the boys whose mothers had the highest phthalate levels during pregnancy. Further research revealed that those moms' phthalate levels weren't uncommon -- in fact, an estimated one quarter of American women would have similarly high phthalate levels. ...

 

[Common exposure sources include:]

 

Fragrance: Diethyl phthalate (DEP) is often used as part of the "fragrance" in some products. Since DEP won't be listed separately, you're better off choosing personal care products, detergents, and cleansers that don't have the word "fragrance" on the ingredients list. ...

 

Air Fresheners: New research from the NRDC demonstrates that, just like fragrances in personal care products, most air fresheners contain phthalates. That even goes for the ones labeled "fragrance free." NRDC suggests that you open your windows and use fans to circulate air and keep it fresh."

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Why You Need to Ditch Dryer Sheets - EcoWatch

Why You Need to Ditch Dryer Sheets - EcoWatch | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

 

"Fragrances can include tens to hundreds of different chemicals, some of which are toxic, and many of which are known allergens, like limonene and linalool. All fragrance chemicals are usually kept secret from consumers. Dryer sheets can contain volatile organic compounds like acetaldehyde and butane, which can cause respiratory irritation. Quats, a fabric softener chemical, is often part of a family of chemicals called quaternary ammonium compounds, many of which are linked to asthma. Acetone, used in dryer sheets, can cause nervous system effects like headaches or dizziness.

 

Not surprisingly, when asked, survey respondents frequently report adverse health effects from exposure to dryer vents. One study found nearly 11 percent of the respondents reported irritation from exposure to emissions from dryer vents vented outside. Nearly 40 percent of respondents who indicated that they were “chemically sensitive” reported irritation from dryer vent emissions."

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TOXIC CHEMICALS IN AIR FRESHENER AND HEALTH EFFECTS - Dr. Anne Steinemann

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Hidden Hazards in Air Fresheners and Deodorizers - Dr. Anne Steinemann

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Three compelling reasons not to wear synthetic perfumes

Three compelling reasons not to wear synthetic perfumes | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

"When you apply anything labeled with a "fragrance" ingredient today, you can be assured you are subjecting yourself to anywhere from tens to hundreds of various chemicals. This includes lotions, which you may apply to your entire body, facial skin care products and other beauty and self care items that you may use every single day, multiplying your exposure exponentially. None of these chemicals need to be directly disclosed in labeling since they are considered proprietary in nature."

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caotar's curator insight, March 7, 2013 11:03 AM

Encore une autre raison pour rester vigilant. On ne peut, effectivement, pas connaître la composition des parfums et des cosmétiques qu'on utilise. Et le plus inquiétant, c'est qu'on garde encore en tête toutes les interrogations qu'a pu susciter le Paraben et ses foultitudes de déclinaisons...

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EHP – Formaldehyde and Epigenetic Alterations: MicroRNA Changes in the Nasal Epithelium of Nonhuman Primates

EHP – Formaldehyde and Epigenetic Alterations: MicroRNA Changes in the Nasal Epithelium of Nonhuman Primates | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

"Conclusions: Our study reveals that formaldehyde exposure significantly disrupts miRNA expression profiles within the nasal epithelium, and these alterations likely influence apoptosis signaling."

Environmental Illness Network Minnesota's insight:

Formaldehyde is an ingredient in many "air fresheners."

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Exposed: Cancer-Causing Toxins Found in Air Fresheners

"Here are some of the ingredients found in the popular metered air fresheners—you know, the ones that are battery-operated and pump out mists of supposed sanitizers several times an hour..."

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Why perfume could be making you depressed

Why perfume could be making you depressed | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it
"Some people have tremendously adverse reactions to very low levels of chemicals—chemicals most of us can't even smell," says study author Dr. David Katerndahl, a professor of family and community medicine at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.
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Doctors overlook chemical illnesses, study finds -ScienceDaily

Chemical intolerance contributes to the illnesses of one in five patients but the condition seldom figures in their diagnosis, according to new clinical research.
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Not So Sexy: Hidden Chemicals in Perfume and Cologne | Environmental Working Group

Not So Sexy: Hidden Chemicals in Perfume and Cologne | Environmental Working Group | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

"A rose may be a rose. But that rose-like fragrance in your perfume may be something else entirely, concocted from any number of the fragrance industry’s 3,100 stock chemical ingredients, the blend of which is almost always kept hidden from the consumer."

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Study Highlights Hidden Dangers In Everyday Products -- Even The "Green" Ones - Forbes

Study Highlights Hidden Dangers In Everyday Products -- Even The "Green" Ones - Forbes | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

"A first-of-its-kind, peer-reviewed study published in Environmental Health Perspectives... reveals an alarming number of unlabeled chemicals of concern in commonly used household and personal care products" ...

 

"Fragranced products – including air fresheners, dryer sheets, and perfume – and sunscreens had the largest number of target chemicals and some of the highest concentrations. Fragrances can trigger asthma and some have been shown to mimic estrogen, including making breast cancer cells grow in laboratory studies."

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Toxic effects of air freshener emissions [Arch Environ Health. 1997 Nov-Dec] - PubMed - NCBI

"Emissions of this air freshener at several concentrations (including concentrations to which many individuals are actually exposed) caused increases in sensory and pulmonary irritation, decreases in airflow velocity, and abnormalities of behavior measured by the functional observational battery score... the authors noted the presence of chemicals with known irritant and neurotoxic properties. The Material Safety Data Sheet for the air freshener indicated that there was a potential for toxic effects in humans... The results demonstrated that the air freshener may have actually exacerbated indoor air pollution via addition of toxic chemicals to the atmosphere."

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The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics : Fragrance

The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics : Fragrance | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

"What's that smell? Unfortunately, there's no way to know. Fragrance is considered a trade secret, so companies don't have to tell us what's in it – often dozens or even hundreds of synthetic chemical compounds."

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5 Reasons to Avoid Air Fresheners

5 Reasons to Avoid Air Fresheners | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it
Have you ever wondered what’s in those myriad air fresheners that make your home smell like a tropical vacation or a woodsy cabin surrounded by wildflowers? It’s certainly not roses… Here are five reasons we think you should altogether avoid air fresheners.
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TOXIC CHEMICALS IN FRAGRANCE LAUNDRY PRODUCTS AND HEALTH EFFECTS - Dr. Anne Steineman

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Healthier Alternatives to Fragranced Consumer Products - Dr. Anne Steinemann

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EHP – Formaldehyde and Epigenetic Alterations: MicroRNA Changes in the Nasal Epithelium of Nonhuman Primates

Background: Formaldehyde is an air pollutant present in both indoor and outdoor atmospheres. Because of its ubiquitous nature, it is imperative to understand the mechanisms underlying formaldehyde-induced toxicity and carcinogenicity. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can influence disease caused by environmental exposures, yet miRNAs are understudied in relation to formaldehyde. Our previous investigation demonstrated that formaldehyde exposure in human lung cells caused disruptions in miRNA expression profiles in vitro. ...


Conclusions: Formaldehyde exposure significantly disrupts miRNA expression profiles within the nasal epithelium, and these alterations likely influence apoptosis signaling.

Environmental Illness Network Minnesota's insight:

According to the EPA (http://www.epa.gov/kidshometour/products/airf.htm), formaldehde is one of the four basic ingredients of air fresheners.

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Enviroblog: "Natural" Extracts Can Trigger Allergies

Enviroblog: "Natural" Extracts Can Trigger Allergies | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

"Some of the natural extracts the EC categorizes as "established allergens" in people are several citrus oil extracts such as citrus bergamia and citrus limonum found in dish soaps and all-purpose cleaners, rose flower oil found in some botanical air fresheners and lavender extract added to detergents and spot removers. These essential oils may trigger an allergic reaction after a few contacts or can cause someone to develop an allergy over a longer period of time."

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caotar's curator insight, March 7, 2013 10:49 AM

Ce n'est pas parce que les extraits sont naturels qu'ils ne sont pas nocifs.

Certaines personnes, étant plus sensibles que d'autres, peuvent, malheureusement, développer des allergies, des réactions cutanées et déclencher des crises d'asthme.

Alors, prudence ! Surtout avec les produits d'entretien et cosmétiques soit-disant safe. A fortiori, quand tout le marketing développé autour des normes et des certifications bio et autres peut être trompeur ! Très trompeur !

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Household chemicals' 'cocktail effect' raises cancer concerns for watchdog

Household chemicals' 'cocktail effect' raises cancer concerns for watchdog | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

"...McGlade said that the real problem was not a single chemical or product, but the fact that we are constantly exposed to so many of them, and the interactions between them in our bodies. 'It's the cocktail effect,' she said. That effect is one of the most difficult to study."

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Fragrance chemicals lyral and lilial decrease viability of HaCat cells' by increasing free radical production and lowering intracellular ATP level: Protection by antioxidants. [Toxicol In Vitro. 20...

"We investigate in this study the biochemical effects on cells in culture of two commonly used fragrance chemicals: lyral and lilial... We propose lyral and lilial as toxic to mitochondria that have a direct effect on electron transport chain, increase ROS production, derange mitochondrial membrane potential, and decrease cellular ATP level, leading thus to cell death."

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Perfume Health Risks: Fragrances Can Contribute To Health Problems Like Allergies And Rashes

Perfume Health Risks: Fragrances Can Contribute To Health Problems Like Allergies And Rashes | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it
About one in 10 people are estimated to have ongoing allergic reactions to chemical elements in fragrances, but with the increased use of scents -- whether it's an air freshener or scented candle -- allergies are on the rise with 55 percent of Americans testing positive for at least one allergen.
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Could Your Perfume Be Giving You Diabetes? | Rodale News

Could Your Perfume Be Giving You Diabetes? | Rodale News | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it
Researchers find a type of chemical used in perfumes, candles and other personal care products is linked to type 2 diabetes in adults.
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Endocrine Disruptors and Asthma-Associated Chemicals in Consumer Products

"We detected 55 compounds, indicating a wide range of exposures from common products. Vinyl products contained > 10% bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and could be an important source of DEHP in homes. In other products, the highest concentrations and numbers of detects were in the fragranced products (e.g., perfume, air fresheners, and dryer sheets) and in sunscreens. Some products that did not contain the well-known endocrine-disrupting phthalates contained other less-studied phthalates (dicyclohexyl phthalate, diisononyl phthalate, and di-n-propyl phthalate; also endocrine-disrupting compounds), suggesting a substitution. Many detected chemicals were not listed on product labels."

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Toxic Chemicals Found In Common Scented Laundry Products, Air Fresheners

Toxic Chemicals Found In Common Scented Laundry Products, Air Fresheners | Fragrance Chemicals & Health | Scoop.it

"A University of Washington study of top-selling laundry products and air fresheners found the products emitted dozens of different chemicals. All six products tested gave off at least one chemical regulated as toxic or hazardous under federal laws, but none of those chemicals was listed on the product labels."

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