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Targeted variation of genomes using TAL effectors - plantsynbio workshop Nottingham

Slides from my presentation in Nottingham 2013


Via dromius
The Planetary Archives™ 's insight:

These people need to be stopped before they create something they can't control, if they haven't already.....

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Photo Essay: Women Are Feeding the World - Modern Farmer

Photo Essay: Women Are Feeding the World - Modern Farmer | Food Security, Permaculture, & Environment | Scoop.it
Queen Turner, a Humphrey Fellow who visited UC Davis as part of her fellowship, inspected the beekeeping operation on the rooftop of the San Francisco Chro
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Why Supermarkets Are On The Way Out

Why Supermarkets Are On The Way Out | Food Security, Permaculture, & Environment | Scoop.it

The supermarket model was built on cheap energy in an era of low oil prices that will never return. They are stuck now with their multibillion-pound investment in sophisticated logistics and ordering systems that depend on just-in-time buying, trucking food across the globe – from farms to a handful of mega-processors to centralised distribution centres to stores – burning fuel on each leg of the journey.


Via Graham Watson, jon inge
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Graham Watson's curator insight, October 8, 12:25 PM

A Guardian friendly take on the future for large grocery retailers. It's not pretty and prophesizes their doom, but then again, there are some interesting angles to this - not least the fact that the supermarkets business model are, according to Felicity Lawrence, predicated upon low energy costs.

 

However, bear in mind that the Guardian would probably want us all to be living "The Good Life" a la Tom and Barbara. (If you're a student, you might want to ask a 'grown-up' at this point...)

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The Ultimate Guide to Sheet Mulching - Chelsea Green

The Ultimate Guide to Sheet Mulching - Chelsea Green | Food Security, Permaculture, & Environment | Scoop.it
Sheet mulching is a soil nurturing technique that is best done in the fall. Learn how to prepare the perfect sheet mulch from author Toby Hemenway.
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Unfolding Truth: Dismantling the World Bank's Myths on Agriculture and Development (PDF)

Unfolding Truth: Dismantling the World Bank's Myths on Agriculture and Development (PDF) | Food Security, Permaculture, & Environment | Scoop.it
In the 1980s and 1990s, the World Bank and International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) intervention in developing countries’ national policies, through aid conditionality and austerity programs known as Structural Adjustments Programs (SAPs), triggered a wave of global resistance against the International Financial Institutions (IFIs). in the face of growing criticism that these policies increased poverty, debt, and dependency on rich countries, saps were eventually withdrawn in 2002; however the World Bank, through renewed means, continues to pursue and impose its neoliberal agenda on the developing world.
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jon inge's curator insight, October 7, 4:29 AM

market based solutions don't help the very poorest 

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Unfolding Truth: Dismantling the World Bank's Myths on Agriculture and Development (PDF)

Unfolding Truth: Dismantling the World Bank's Myths on Agriculture and Development (PDF) | Food Security, Permaculture, & Environment | Scoop.it
In the 1980s and 1990s, the World Bank and International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) intervention in developing countries’ national policies, through aid conditionality and austerity programs known as Structural Adjustments Programs (SAPs), triggered a wave of global resistance against the International Financial Institutions (IFIs). in the face of growing criticism that these policies increased poverty, debt, and dependency on rich countries, saps were eventually withdrawn in 2002; however the World Bank, through renewed means, continues to pursue and impose its neoliberal agenda on the developing world.
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jon inge's curator insight, October 7, 4:29 AM

market based solutions don't help the very poorest 

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Ecology On Water Rule: Let Them Eat Fish - Capital Press

Ecology On Water Rule: Let Them Eat Fish - Capital Press | Food Security, Permaculture, & Environment | Scoop.it
Washington's Department of Ecology proposes new water quality standards to ensure you can eat fish everyday without risking taking in too many toxins. If the rule is adopted, it's unclear whether anything will change.
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How Do You Farm A Clam That Can Grow 3 Feet Long And Live For Over A Century?

How Do You Farm A Clam That Can Grow 3 Feet Long And Live For Over A Century? | Food Security, Permaculture, & Environment | Scoop.it
We called up Marco Pinchot, of Taylor Shellfish Farms in Puget Sound. Taylor is the largest shellfish farm in the country, and they’re not just doing geoduck. “If you’ve ever had Manila clams in New York City, they’ve come from us,” says Pinchot.
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Midnight Oil - Beds Are Burning - YouTube

Music video by Midnight Oil performing Beds Are Burning. (C) 1997 Midnight Oil
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GRAINS

GRAINS | Food Security, Permaculture, & Environment | Scoop.it
At Brooklyn Porridge Co, we celebrate the global diversity of porridge by using a variety of ancient, naturally gluten-free whole grains. Although each grain holds its own distinctive flavor, textu...
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Bamboo Charcoal - Charcoal for Your BBQ Made from Bamboo

Bamboo Charcoal - Charcoal for Your BBQ Made from Bamboo | Food Security, Permaculture, & Environment | Scoop.it
Environmentally friendly bamboo charcoal has a high combustion value and is ideal for the barbecue as it does not smoke or smell like some other charcoals.
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Petrolify®: Don't Just Seize the Day, Seize Life - YouTube

Side effects may vary. Find out of Petrolify® is right for your world at http://www.petrolify.com Director: Jacob McClure (http://www.jacobardenmcclure.com) ...

Via Khannea Suntzu
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From Fish to Flowers

From Fish to Flowers | Food Security, Permaculture, & Environment | Scoop.it
At the Chilly Root Farms in Homer, AK, the snow- covered Kenai Mountains form a backdrop to the peony fields.
The promise of gold, oil and king crab has lured fortune seekers to Alaska for decades.
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Evolutionary history of honeybees revealed by genomics

Evolutionary history of honeybees revealed by genomics | Food Security, Permaculture, & Environment | Scoop.it

In a study published in Nature Genetics, researchers from Uppsala University present the first global analysis of genome variation in honeybees. The findings show a surprisingly high level of genetic diversity in honeybees, and indicate that the species most probably originates from Asia, and not from Africa as previously thought.

 

The honeybee (Apis mellifera) is of crucial importance for humanity. One third of our food is dependent on the pollination of fruits, nuts and vegetables by bees and other insects. Extensive losses of honeybee colonies in recent years are a major cause for concern. Honeybees face threats from disease, climate change, and management practices. To combat these threats it is important to understand the evolutionary history of honeybees and how they are adapted to different environments across the world.

 

"We have used state-of-the-art high-throughput genomics to address these questions, and have identified high levels of genetic diversity in honeybees. In contrast to other domestic species, management of honeybees seems to have increased levels of genetic variation by mixing bees from different parts of the world. The findings may also indicate that high levels of inbreeding are not a major cause of global colony losses", says Matthew Webster, researcher at the department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University.

 

Another unexpected result was that honeybees seem to be derived from an ancient lineage of cavity-nesting bees that arrived from Asia around 300,000 years ago and rapidly spread across Europe and Africa. This stands in contrast to previous research that suggests that honeybees originate from Africa.

 

Reference: A worldwide survey of genome sequence variation provides insight into the evolutionary history of the honeybee Apis mellifera, Nature Genetics, 2014. dx.doi.org/10.1038/ng.3077


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald, Eben Lenderking
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World Food Day and the Family Farm: Celebrating the Bedrock of Global Food Production – by Destroying It

World Food Day and the Family Farm: Celebrating the Bedrock of Global Food Production – by Destroying It | Food Security, Permaculture, & Environment | Scoop.it
Imagine what small farmers could achieve if they had access to more land and could work in a supportive policy environment, rather than under the siege conditions they too often face. For example, the vast majority of farms in Zimbabwe belong to smallholders and their average farm size has increased as a result of the Fast Track Land Reform Programme. Small farmers in the country now produce over 90% of diverse agricultural food crops, while they only provided 60 to 70% of the national food before land redistribution.
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The Amish: Reinventing Organic Agriculture

The Amish: Reinventing Organic Agriculture | Food Security, Permaculture, & Environment | Scoop.it
A group of farmers have developed a technique that eliminates the need for chemicals.
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Destroying African Agriculture

Destroying African Agriculture | Food Security, Permaculture, & Environment | Scoop.it
At the time of decolonization in the 1960s, Africa was not just self-sufficient in food but was actually a net food exporter, its exports averaging 1.3 million tons a year between 1966-70. Today, the continent imports 25% of its food, with almost every country being a net food importer. Hunger and famine have become recurrent phenomena, with the last three years alone seeing food emergencies break out in the Horn of Africa, the Sahel, Southern Africa, and Central Africa.
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How To Pick Mushrooms Without Poisoning Yourself

How To Pick Mushrooms Without Poisoning Yourself | Food Security, Permaculture, & Environment | Scoop.it
Foraged vegetables are always more fun to cook. So Food52’s resident forager, Tama Matsuoka Wong, is introducing us to the seasonal wild plants we should be looking for, and the recipes that will make our kitchens feel a little more wild.
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Time to End the Abuse and Exploitation of Animals

Time to End the Abuse and Exploitation of Animals | Food Security, Permaculture, & Environment | Scoop.it
If we accept that animals are self-aware beings and have emotions, then this raises the question of whether we should keep animals in captivity (zoos), whether we should allow the cruel confinement and treatment of farm animals, and whether we...
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California Farmers File Suit Alleging Oil Companies' Faulty Wastewater Injection Caused Crop Loss

California Farmers File Suit Alleging Oil Companies' Faulty Wastewater Injection Caused Crop Loss | Food Security, Permaculture, & Environment | Scoop.it

Palla Farms LLC, a ninety-two-year-old family farm operation, says it had to tear out hundreds of cherry trees due to high levels of salt and boron in the groundwater it has used to irrigate its crops for the past 25 years. The company claims its almond orchard has also experienced production declines.

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Noah’s Ark for Fruits, Nuts and Grapes

Noah’s Ark for Fruits, Nuts and Grapes | Food Security, Permaculture, & Environment | Scoop.it
Almonds, apricots, cherries, figs, grapes, kiwi, olives, peaches, pistachios, plums, pomegranates, walnuts: The repository’s list adds up to 253 taxa and so much mouth-watering diversity that a 30-foot stroll will net you five kinds of plums.
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Food Truck Economics

Food Truck Economics | Food Security, Permaculture, & Environment | Scoop.it

But what is the future of food trucks? At some point, there will be enough new entrants to the market that the profits will be competed away and the market will be saturated. Or perhaps local governments will start to heavily regulate food truck permits like they do taxi medallions and liquor licenses. Already, we’re seeing evidence of each of these trends that might curb the food truck movement.

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Robots Cooked and Served My Dinner 

Robots Cooked and Served My Dinner  | Food Security, Permaculture, & Environment | Scoop.it
In the Chinese city of Kunshan, a small army of robot cooks and waiters serve dumplings and fried rice to curious customers at Tian Waike Restaurant.

Via Khannea Suntzu
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Food service workers, beware.....

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Saha wa Hanadi - Asian Episode on Vimeo

This is "Saha wa Hanadi - Asian Episode" by Jacqwi Campbell on Vimeo, the home for high quality videos and the people who love them.
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Need Land, Will Farm: Young Americans Reclaim Soil to Grow Food Sustainably

Need Land, Will Farm: Young Americans Reclaim Soil to Grow Food Sustainably | Food Security, Permaculture, & Environment | Scoop.it
78 percent of beginning farmers polled by the National Young Farmers Coalition list lack of capital as the biggest challenge they face when trying to start up their own farm.
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