Teaching presence is a significant component of the community of inquiry model developed by Garrison, Anderson and Archer in 2000. The components of this model are cognitive presence, social presence and teaching presence. Cognitive presence encompasses the course content and its contribution to critical thinking skills. Social presence is the social environment created in an online teaching course. Teaching presence includes the organization of course content, activities, and interaction along with the added expertise of the instructor (Anderson, Elloumi, 274). Teaching presence is defined in the model as "the design, facilitation, and direction of cognitive and social processes for the purpose of realizing personally meaningful and educationally worthwhile learning outcomes" (Anderson, Rourke, Garrison, Archer). Although the instructor is not physically present in a distance learning course, implementing the following techniques can improve the sense of presence for your students.
Via Dennis T OConnor