Flipped Teaching - Do I or don't I?
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Flipped Teaching - Do I or don't I?
For the Curation Assignment, I chose to compile a list of different resources around a form of blended learning called "flipped Teaching" to reflect on the following questions (among others): 1) What is "Flipped Teaching"? 2) Why should teachers use "Flipped Teaching"? 3) What are some of the advantages/disadvantages of "Flipped Teaching"? 4) How can teachers properly set up "Flipped Teaching" in their classrooms? 5) What Web2.0 Tools or Course Management Systems are available to teachers to help them "flip" their classrooms? 6) What online resources can be effectively used within a "Flipped Teaching" framework? *Starting in the winter of 2014, the ESL Department at Algoma University will be opening a new Bridging Program (BP) to help our international students ready themselves for academic study. The information gathered below on this page should be a good starting point for both the design and implementation of a "Flipped" learning environment for our students.
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Project-Based Learning: A Short History

Project-Based Learning: A Short History | Flipped Teaching - Do I or don't I? | Scoop.it
Credit: Ethan Pines


Projects make the world go 'round. For almost any endeavor -- whether it's launching a space shuttle, designing a marketing campaign, conducting a trial, or staging an art exh
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(8) Project-Based Learning

 

This article describes how Project-Based Learning (PBL) is a good fit for the classroom because it puts the focus on student-directed learning.  This is important in today's world where students have to sort through a great deal of information on the internet.  Unlike textbook-driven instruction, PBL puts the student in charge of asking questions and discovering answers.  This is very important for our Bridging Program because we are trying to simulate a first-year academic class environment where the students have to independent and finish assignments on their own. 

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Reflections on the Flipped Classroom

Paul Andersen reflects on the flipped classroom. Intro Music Atribution Title: I4dsong_loop_main.wav Artist: CosmicD Link to sound: http://www.freesound.org/...
Tyler Pollard's insight:

(20) What are some reflections teachers have about "Flip Teaching"?

 

This video called "Reflections on the Flipped Classroom" was very insightful.  The teacher, in the video, talked about how classrooms today are very complex and how some students are reluctant to complete independent study at home. I agree that "Flipped Teaching" should not be oversimplified and that it involves a lot more than just posting a Khann Academy video for homework to motivate students.  In a related video, called "The Flipped Classroom" (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2H4RkudFzlc &nbsp) another teacher describes himself as a "tutor, a guide, or someone who puts out fires" which is in lines with how I describe myself as a "facilitator".  I know our ESL staff is very excited about finally having more one-on-one time with our students in the Bridging Program. 

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ED535608.pdf

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(15) How do you train teachers to use "Flip Teaching"?

 

 The above PDF entitled "Preparing All Teachers to Meet the Needs of English Language Learners from AmericaNProgress" is also very relevant to universities across Canada.  The growing numbers of ELLs in Canada means that teachers should be better prepared to meet their diverse needs.  At Algoma University, I have been working together with the ESL staff to help them to update their teaching methodologies and provide more effective instruction. Recently, all our staff became certified through TESL Canada http://www.tesl.ca and we are now in the process of being approved by Languages Canada http://www.languagescanada.ca.  Both of these organizations have very high standards which has resulted in www.ESL@Algomau.ca completely revamping its curriculum for the start of Winter, 2014.

 

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Centre for Canadian Language Benchmarks / Centre des niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens

Centre for Canadian Language Benchmarks / Centre des niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens | Flipped Teaching - Do I or don't I? | Scoop.it
Tyler Pollard's insight:

(14) How can Canadian Language Benchmarks be used in "Flip Teaching?"

 

 Since I started working at Algoma, I have grown very familiar with Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB) system http://www.language.ca/.  Our ESL department uses them throughout our curriculum because they provide national standards in English, which we can measure students against during our program.  The 12 CLB benchmarks act as reference points along a continuum from basic to advanced level.  For our Bridging Program, we will use "Flip Teaching" to get our students to apply their knowledge in class and involve them in higher order thinking which fits in nicely with CLB.  Our ESL Department is also guided by the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) (http://www.ielts.org) which also evaluates the English language proficiency of people who want to study or work in Canada. 

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How is Technology Transforming Education? Sir Ken Robinson Video Series from Adobe Education

Technology is changing the world rapidly, impacting the way students learn and opening new possibilities for educators. Take a look what Sir Ken Robinson had...
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(1)   What are the needs of the "Digital Generation"?

 

This video is all about how technology is transforming education.  I like when the presenter, Ken Robinson says, "Technology isn't technology when you were born with it".  I've heard this expressed before and it makes sense that the older generation might consider all the Apps and Tools out there as technology whereas students might not look at it this way.  Perhaps it is just something they use and don't think much about.  The other videos below "Digital Natives Vs. Digital Immigrants" (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0hXZ4wlekRg&nbsp) and "21st Century Education" (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O35n_tvOK74) take a close look at the special needs of our "Digital General" and how we, as teachers, can meet them by incorporating more technology into our classrooms.  I definitely feel like a "Digital Immigrant" but it is never too late to learn!  

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Moodle.com - We give you powerful free tools to help you educate the world

This site describes Moodle Pty Ltd, the main company behind Moodle, and the associated worldwide network of Moodle Partner companies that provide certified services for Moodle.
Tyler Pollard's insight:

(16) What Course Management Systems are available to teachers?

 

I started to use Moodle about five years ago at a university in Korea when my friend introduced it to me.  I was hooked immediately on this CMS and it paved the road to where I am today.  I have also experimented a bit with Blackboard (http://www.blackboard.com) which was the platform for my Masters in Linguistics Degree from Aston University back in 2008.  The one thing I do not like about Moodle is the way it lists the lessons in chronological order so the user has to scroll down the page to find the most recent lesson. I will have to write them to complain!

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Web conferencing software - Conference services | Adobe Connect 9

Adobe Connect - an enterprise web conferencing software solution for secure web meetings, eLearning and webinars. Try Adobe Connect today.
Tyler Pollard's insight:

(13) What professional software is out there for schools who would like to implement "Flipped Teaching"? 

 

I have been trying to persuade, Algoma University to provide the funding for the Adobe Suite Package available on the Microsoft site, which includes Adobe Connect and Adobe Presenter.  For now, I have been using free versions of Camtasia Studio www.camtasia.com to edit, and http://www.techsmith.com/ to store the recordings.  I feel the Adobe Suite would be good for the future of blended learning at Algoma but it is not just a simple matter of buying the software.  There also needs to be money put into training the staff how to use the software properly. 

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Flipped Class Webinar 06.12.12_0

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 (2) Why should I flip my classroom?

 

 I was very happy to find this kind of medium to learn more about "Flipped Teaching".  The only experience I have with Adobe Connect has been at UOIT.  This webinar explained some very good reasons why teachers should "flip" their classrooms.  I think the biggest reason to change is motivation.  Students have a hard time listening to teacher-centred classrooms or being passive observers.  The following links "Should You Flip Your Classroom?"(http://www.edutopia.org/blog/flipped-classroom-ramsey-musallam) and "Why should I flip?" (http://www.techsmith.com/edu-k12-flipped-learning.html) also give solid evidence why a teacher should introduce this new model into their classroom.  However, I think a lot of it is common sense.  As was stated in this last article, "Good teaching, regardless of discipline, should always limit passive transfer of knowledge in class, and promote learning environments built on the tenants of inquiry, collaboration and critical thinking".  Most teachers are aware of these things especially with experience!

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5 Digital Tools For The Flipped Classroom

5 Digital Tools For The Flipped Classroom | Flipped Teaching - Do I or don't I? | Scoop.it
These 5 tools will help any teacher create a flipped classroom tomorrow.
Tyler Pollard's insight:

(11) What Web2.0 tools or apps are available to teachers to help them flip their classrooms? 

 

 This article listed a number of tools, which are readily available to help teachers flip their classrooms, which can be used to record lectures, including YouTube, Edmodo, Schoology, and Moodle.  I found more information about tools and apps "All That Teachers Need to Know about Flipped Classroom- Tutorials, Tools and Apps" (http://www.educatorstechnology.com/2013/11/all-that-teachers-need-to-know-about.html?m=1&nbsp)  "7 Essential Tools for a Flipped Classroom" (http://edcetera.rafter.com/7-essential-tools-for-a-flipped-classroom) and "A Comprehensive List of Apps and Tools" (https://ww.diigo.com/bookmark/http://www.educatorstechnology.com/2013/09/a-comprehensive-list-of-apps-and-tools.html?gname=diigoineducation).  It is simply overwhelming the amount of Web 2.0 tools and apps that are available to teachers.  I think it is important to use just a few of the tools at the start and then slowly incorporate more tools as the class become familiar with the technology. 

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In 'Flipped' Classrooms, a Method for Mastery

In 'Flipped' Classrooms, a Method for Mastery | Flipped Teaching - Do I or don't I? | Scoop.it
A system that reverses the lecture-homework routine makes it possible for students to learn subjects thoroughly at their own pace.
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(9) Mastery Learning and the "Flipped Classroom" 

 

The more I read about Master Learning the more I'm becoming an advocate of this teaching methodology especially for the lower levels of ESL.  I like the fact that Mastery Learning rewards students for actual learning and will not allow a student to simply, "turn in a shoddy paper, take the D and move on" as stated in this article.  I believe the main benefit of the "Flipped Classroom" is that a teacher can have students moving through the material at their own pace and then use the class time for individual tutoring or mentoring.  Another related article I enjoyed was "Mastery Learning" (http://www.education.com/reference/article/mastery-learning) which explained how all students have the ability to learn well when provided with the necessary time and appropriate learning conditions.  I believe the asynchronous environment of "Flipped Teaching" is the kind of environment which will allow students the needed time for mastery within our Bridging Program. 

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The Flipped Classroom Model: A Full Picture

The Flipped Classroom Model: A Full Picture | Flipped Teaching - Do I or don't I? | Scoop.it
Due to Khan Academy's popularity, the idea of the flipped classroom has gained press and credibility within education circles. Briefly, the Flipped Classroom as described by Jonathan Martin is: Fli...
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How the Flipped Classroom Is Radically Transforming Learning - THE DAILY RIFF - Be Smarter. About Education.

How the Flipped Classroom Is Radically Transforming Learning - THE DAILY RIFF - Be Smarter. About Education. | Flipped Teaching - Do I or don't I? | Scoop.it
. . .AND how it changes the way teachers talk with parents - - -
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How the iPhone Could Reboot Education | Gadget Lab | Wired.com

How the iPhone Could Reboot Education | Gadget Lab | Wired.com | Flipped Teaching - Do I or don't I? | Scoop.it
How do you educate a generation of students eternally distracted by the internet, cellphones and video games? Easy. You enable them by handing out free i
Tyler Pollard's insight:

(10) How can Mobile Technology be used in Flip Teaching?

 

This article really opened my eyes to the capabilities of using mobile technology in the classroom.  I love the idea of sending responses electronically and anonymously to the teacher as well as how teachers can use polls during class.  Another article I really enjoyed was called "How to Use Cell Phones as Learning Tools" (http://www.teachhub.com/how-use-cell-phones-learning-tools) which talked about how phones should not be banned in the classroom.  I definitely feel that if a majority of students have this technology in their pockets,  teachers should use it to their advantage when "Flipping the Classroom".  For example, I have been using a new App called Audioboo in my classroom, which allows students to record their group work and then send it directly to the teacher.  Just think about all the paper that we could save!

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The Flipped Mobile Classroom: Learning "Upside Down"

The Flipped Mobile Classroom: Learning "Upside Down" | Flipped Teaching - Do I or don't I? | Scoop.it
In the past few months, the flipped learning model has hit mainstream media with articles appearing in the New York Times and even Southwest Airlines' Spirit magazine. Traditionally, students learn n
Tyler Pollard's insight:

(12) Blogs on Flipped Teaching

 

Recently, I have been reading a lot of blogs entries on Edutopia dedicated to "Flipped Teaching".  The above scoop is a recent entry where the author talks about "flipping" MacBeth in her English classroom using a Animoto -- a free, cross-platform video creation tool.  I thought this was a very creative way to check whether your students understand the content of the play. In the past, I have used Anomoto to get students to make a short video about "healthy lifestyles" which was also proved very successful.  Another blog entry that I like from Edutopia is named "Before We Flip Classrooms, Let's Rethink What We're Flipping To" http://www.edutopia.org/blog/rethinking-the-flipped-classroom-idit-harel-caperton.  In this entry, the writer makes the point that "Flipped Teaching" is using rather traditional instructional methods when she says, "Just think of the TV which is half a century old!".  After reading her blog, I feel that the technology teachers implement should move beyond streaming impersonal instructional video tutorials or filmed lectures aimed at mass audiences to engage learners on a more personal level. 

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educational-origami - Bloom's Digital Taxonomy

educational-origami - Bloom's Digital Taxonomy | Flipped Teaching - Do I or don't I? | Scoop.it
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(4) Bloom's Taxonomy Wiki

 

I found this wiki very interesting in how it presents the levels of Bloom's Taxonomy from the lower levels to the higher levels.  I was able to gather more information about this classification system by visiting the following website:  Introduction to Bloom's Taxonomy and its Domains (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BBt_hBTemko&nbsp).  Most importantly, I was able to learn how to apply Bloom's Taxonomy to "Flip Teaching" by reading the article entitled "Applying Bloom’s Taxonomy to Learning Technologies"  (http://www.astd.org/Publications/Blogs/L-and-D-Blog/2013/05/Applying-Blooms-Taxonomy-to-Learning-Technologies). This article suggests that you, as a teacher, "categorize your learning objectives into one of the six levels of learning and then use appropriate activities that correspond to the levels of learning in order to achieve the desired level of mastery".  I would like to reflect on Bloom's Taxonomy, Differentiated Learning, the Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB) and Mastery Learning before I design the "Flipped Classroom" environment for Algoma's Bridging Program and hopefully take the strongest parts of each!

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Synchronous or Asynchronous? How to Pick Your Training Delivery Method by Danielle Slatinsky : Learning Solutions Magazine

Synchronous or Asynchronous? How to Pick Your Training Delivery Method by Danielle  Slatinsky : Learning Solutions Magazine | Flipped Teaching - Do I or don't I? | Scoop.it
Tyler Pollard's insight:

(7) What are the advantages and disadvantages  of Synchronous Learning and Asynchronous Learning?

 

This article gives a great deal of information to consider when you set up your class such as Internet accessibility or instructor availability.  In addition, I would like to start using the ADDIE instructional design methodology where A=Analyze, D=Design, D=Develop, I=Implement, and E=Evaluate.  The following comparisons between synchronous and Asynchronous Learning (http://academictech.doit.wisc.edu/blend/facilitate/communicate&nbsp); and  (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_synchronous_and_asynchronous_signalling) also gave me many insights as to when I should use each teaching style or when I should combine them.  The one main drawback about synchronous collaboration is that it is not suitable for situations that call for less immediate response or where parties are not able to respond right away.

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Flip teaching - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Flip teaching - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Flip teaching (or flipped classroom) is a form of blended learning in which students learn new content online by watching video lectures, usually at home, and what used to be homework (assigned problems) is now done in class with teacher offering more personalized guidance and interaction with students, instead of lecturing.

Tyler Pollard's insight:

(6) History of the "Flipped Classroom"

 

I used Wikipedia as a quick reference for the history of "Flipped Teaching".  I liked the expression I found on this site, which often accompanies this style of teaching, "From Sage on the Stage to Guide on the Side".   I continued my search and found some more information on a blog called “The Short History of Flipped Learning” (http://flippedlearning1.wordpress.com/history).  I was very interested in the story of how it was successfully used in 2004, by Jonathan Bergmann and Aaron Sams at Woodland Park High School in Woodland Park, Colorado to teach Chemistry because it is such a difficult subject area to teach traditionally. 

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Educational Vodcasting - Flipping the Classroom

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(17) How do you make a screen capture for "Flipped Teaching"?

 

As explained in the article, most teachers think it is difficult to make and host videos for students.  Up until 5 years ago, I definitely thought you had to be tech savvy to do so.  However, through articles such as this, I have been introduced to several tools such as Jing (or Snagit, Screencast-o-Matic which make the process very simple.  The following article (http://www.hongkiat.com/blog/win-screen-recording-softwares/) introduces even more tools, which I would like to practice with at home.  So far, I am a big fan of Camtasia Studio and I would like to use this software to record videos for our students as well as for training our ESL staff in the Bridging Program.

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Salman Khan: Let's use video to reinvent education

http://www.ted.com Salman Khan talks about how and why he created the remarkable Khan Academy, a carefully structured series of educational videos offering c...
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(19) MOOC's importance to "Flip Teaching"

 

A massive open online course (MOOC) is an online course aimed at unlimited participation and open access via the web.  It has great relevance to the "Flipped Classroom" because a lot of this content is free and available to both students and teachers.  Some popular sites are TED (www.ted.com/talks) and Khan Academy (http://www.khanacademy.org/).  For the new Bridging Program at Algoma, I will be recording the lectures in three different streams of study and supplementing them with content from MOOC.  As part of this process, I will be sure to look at the following site "The 25 Best Places To Take Free Online Computer Science Classes" (http://www.edudemic.com/the-25-best-places-to-take-free-online-computer-science-classes) when designing the content for my Computer Science students. 

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A Teacher's Rant -- Why Flipping Classrooms is 'Flipping Ridiculous' - New America Media

A Teacher's Rant -- Why Flipping Classrooms is 'Flipping Ridiculous' - New America Media | Flipped Teaching - Do I or don't I? | Scoop.it
New America Media is a nationwide association of over 3000 ethnic media organizations representing the development of a more inclusive journalism.
Tyler Pollard's insight:

(5) What are the disadvantages of "flipping" your classroom? 

 

This article explains why teachers should refrain from flipping their classrooms in low-income areas because many of the kids may be computer illiterate.  This article made me realize that the digital divide is not only still here, it is getting bigger every day.  The following video "What If Students Don't Watch The Videos?" http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g1MKpyVPilI&feature=related&nbsp highlights another problem which is important to consider if teachers want to incorporate "Flipped Teaching".  To deal with this problem, teachers, using this model, should give their students questions or an activity along with the assigned video so that they have to produce something before they come to the next class.

 

 

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Quick start guide to flipping your classroom using screencasting or lecture videos

Quick start guide to flipping your classroom using screencasting or lecture videos | Flipped Teaching - Do I or don't I? | Scoop.it
On Your Mark, Get Set, FLIP! Are you thinking about flipping your classroom? There are lots of different, interesting ways to flip a class. One popular, entry-level approach to flipped teaching is ...
Tyler Pollard's insight:

(18) How do teachers "flip" their classrooms?

 

This articles gives a quick start guide on how teachers can "flip" their classrooms either by using contect online or by using their own lectures.  I thought this was very helpful.  The more I read about the "Flipped Classroom", the more I realize that the teacher has to prepare a lot of this content beforehand.  As a teacher, you have to plan what activities the students will be required to do before, during and after the class and how all this content will fit together.  I like the suggestion given in the article to prepare students for "Flipped Teaching" during the first class expecially giving them advice on how to effectively watch videos.  

 

 

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Tips & Strategies for Effective Differentiation & Instruction.wmv

This video will help teachers with differentiation of instruction to provide an effective, engaging, learning environment by creating a culture of student su...
Tyler Pollard's insight:

(3)  What is differentiation of instruction? Why is it important to "Flip Teaching"?

 

Differentiation instruction basically means tailored instruction to meet the needs of all your students.  Through this video, I learned three ways to differentiate learning by thinking more about Presentation, Process and Product.  In another related resource, "What Is Differentiated Instruction?" (http://www.readingrockets.org/article/263/) I learned more about how to improve the learning environment by doing such things as "providing materials that reflect a variety of cultures and home settings".  After researching more about  differentiated learning, I think it is a real disservice to the class to teach to the middle because you are not looking after the low or high level students.  The "Flipped Classroom" allows the teacher to do just that because students can work through the material at their own pace and get individual tutoring from the instructor during class.   

 

 

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Flipping the classroom

Flipping the classroom | Flipped Teaching - Do I or don't I? | Scoop.it
MacSchool THE 12-year-olds filing into Courtney Cadwell's classroom at Egan Junior High in Los Altos, a leafy suburb of Silicon Valley, each take a white MacBook...
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