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A day in the life of a convict

A day in the life of a convict | first contacts | Scoop.it
A convict’s life depended on who they worked for, where they worked and the kind of skills they had to offer.

Via Maria Kritsotakis, Catherine Smyth
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Maria Kritsotakis's curator insight, April 3, 2014 8:25 AM

Along with the British Colonisation of Australia came the convicts too. No longer accepted in America after The War of Independence ended, NSW was the answer to the problem for Britain.This site from Sydney Living Museums in conjunction with Historical Houses Trust of NSW focuses on convict life at Hyde Park Barracks. Hyde Park Barracks is heritage listed as one of the most significant convict sites in the world.This is an excellent resource for teachers and students. Children will enjoy this site which includes lots of photos, clear and concise accounts of the daily life of the convicts, actual newspaper articles about them and videos . Excursions can be  arranged to Hyde Park Barracks to visit the convict museum which runs educational programs that are directed at stage 2 and 3 and are  aligned with the HSIE curriculum.

 

There are numerous teaching activities that can be inspired by this subject. Recording the differences between a convicts clothing and our own today looking at the food they ate and  the food we eat, setting up a mock trial in small groups and determining punishments for the crimes, are but a few suggestions. For a more formal assessment children could research female convicts ( as Hyde Park Barracks was home to male convicts only) and present their findings to the class in a short five minute oral presentation where they would report on the female convicts clothing, crime and punishment, what type of labour they were sentenced to and what became of them if and when they were released ( The National Library of Australia, 2014).

 

 

References.

 

The National Library of Australia. (2014). Retrieved from

Treasure Explorer http://treasure-explorer.nla.gov.au/explore/treasures

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First Contacts-First Fleet | AC History Units

First Contacts-First Fleet | AC History Units | first contacts | Scoop.it

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Digital Collections - Maps - Flinders, Matthew, 1774-1814. General chart of Terra Australis or Australia [cartographic material] : showing the parts explored between 1798 and 1803 by M. Flinders Co...

Digital Collections - Maps - Flinders, Matthew, 1774-1814. General chart of Terra Australis or Australia [cartographic material] : showing the parts explored between 1798 and 1803 by M. Flinders Co... | first contacts | Scoop.it

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Catherine Smyth's curator insight, February 5, 2014 9:57 PM

Explore this online map of Australia in 1798-1803 in the time of Matthew Flinders.

Nerolie Callaghan's curator insight, October 23, 2015 8:50 AM

Very interesting maps of early Australia.

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First Fleet - Behind the News - YouTube

Recently we celebrated Australia day on the 26th of January. But why do we mark it on that day in particular? To answer that question, Sarah will take you ba...

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Catherine Smyth's curator insight, May 5, 2014 9:32 PM

This YouTube clip, produced by BTN, tells the story of children who came to Australia on the First Fleet in 1788.

 

Support materials with teaching ideas include the following key inquiry questions:

When is Australia Day?

Complete the following sentence: The day marks the anniversary of...

Describe life in Britain in the 1700s.

Why were prisoners transported to the colonies?

What sorts of crimes were committed by people who were transported?

How many ships transported convicts in the First Fleet?

What do you think life would have been like on board the ships in the First Fleet?

New _______________ was the name give to mainland Australia.

Who was the commander chosen to lead the colony?

Name three facts you learnt watching the BtN First Fleet story.

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Self Improvement Wednesday - Convict secrets of The Rocks

Self Improvement Wednesday - Convict secrets of The Rocks | first contacts | Scoop.it
Your lesson this week: Convict secrets of The Rocks precinct in Sydney. Your teacher is Associate Professor Grace Karskens from the University of New South Wales. Download the audio file Next week: Sp

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Catherine Smyth's curator insight, July 2, 2014 12:25 AM

In this audio recording, historian Grace Karskens talks about what life was like for convicts living in the Rocks.

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SBS: First Australians

SBS: First Australians | first contacts | Scoop.it

This documentary series traces the history of Australia from 1788 in seven episodes. It was produced in consultation with Aboriginal communities. Primary teachers could use video extracts when teaching about British colonisation or build their own professional knowledge about the topic.


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Irini Kassidis's curator insight, November 2, 2013 10:34 PM

An excellent resource for educators to use in their lesson planning.

Geoffrey King's curator insight, April 11, 2014 9:58 PM

A great resource to explain the origins of English culture and language of Australia.

 

Claire Reinthal's curator insight, April 20, 2015 5:42 AM

 

 

Description of what is on this site:

 

Directed and produced by Rachel Perkins, an Arrernte woman from Central Australia, First Australians, specifically Episode 1, excellently  'explains changes in the community and family life' experienced by the Aboriginal peoples at the time of the arrival of the First Fleet and beyond. This episode 'evaluates the effects of these' changes 'on individuals' such as Bennelong. The information at http://www.sl.nsw.gov.au/discover_collections/history_nation/terra_australis/education/bennelong/bennelong_extracts.pdf could prove a useful follow-up resource. This is one of the resources selected using selection criteria such as whether the creator of the work is Aboriginal.

 

The effects of these changes on groups of Aboriginal people are illustrated, such as those experienced by the Aboriginal people of Warang (Sydney). It also enables the audience to evaluate the effects of these changes on 'environments' due to British settlement. Allen Madden from the Gadigal Clan, talking of Captain Philip, explains that "...immediately he orders trees to be chopped down and land to be cleared..." (Perkins, 2008).

 

 

A teaching idea:

 

Children could be asked to write down what stands out to them as they watch the episode, after which time they pair and share and then share their partners response with the class. Teacher can display mind-map of ideas on interactive whiteboard and students can research one of the first Australians mentioned in the episode and present some of the ideas in the mind map in relation to CCS2.2, from the perspective of that first Australian.

 

 

An idea for an assessment task:

 

In order to assess the learning of the students on how well they can fulfill the HSIE outcome CCS2.2, perhaps after giving them a few lessons to research the changes and their impacts, I would ask them to write a speech from the perspective of a particular Aboriginal person or group. 

 

 

Literacy strategy/links to English KLA:

 

This could also fulfill some of the outcomes for the English K-6 Syllabus such as EN2-6B in that writing a speech requires students to 'distinguish between different forms of English' as they 'plan and deliver short presentations'.

 

 

References:

 

Hunter, J. (1788). The Taking of Colbee and Bennalong.

Retrieved from the State Library of NSW website: http://www.sl.nsw.gov.au/discover_collections/history_nation/terra_australis/education/bennelong/bennelong_extracts.pdf

 

Perkins, R. (Director and Producer). (2008). First Australians

[Motion picture]. Australia: Blackfella Films.

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Journals of the First Fleet | State Library of New South Wales

Journals of the First Fleet | State Library of New South Wales | first contacts | Scoop.it

Explore our incredible stories online through a unique selection of digitised items from the Library's vast collections, including books, journals, letters, pictures, photos, plans, maps and ephemera


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layne peebles's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:55 PM

there were many different methods that they used to get here. some of them include maps photos and books.

cy.osaki's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:00 PM

this sight is useful because it has the journals of the first fleet

Erin Behn's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:06 PM

Diarys' and Pictures made by convicts. in 1788 and beyond.

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Discovery | Finding Bennelong

Discovery | Finding Bennelong | first contacts | Scoop.it

Who was Benne


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Catherine Smyth's curator insight, April 27, 2014 2:17 AM

Who was Bennelong? This resource uses a range of primary and secondary sources to construct a historical narrative of this significant man. Woollarawarree Bennelong (c.1764-1813) is present in all of the early accounts of the Colony of NSW.

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First Fleet Arrives 1788 (YouTube), Aboriginal perspective

Landing 1788

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Samantha Towers's curator insight, April 13, 2014 8:19 PM

This is a video about the first fleet and British colonisation in Australia. It focuses on information about Aboriginal ownership of the land and an Aboriginal perspective of first fleet arrival and subsequent settlement by the British by conducting interviews with historians of Aboriginal heritage. The video covers Arthur Phillip’s role briefly. It then goes on to explain that the settlers saw the land as a British territory, not owned by the Aboriginal people who already lived there. The video covers some aspects of early colonial life and then ends with a short reference to the impact of small pox on the Aboriginal population.  

 

This would be a good resource to use to introduce a unit about British Colonisation to students while providing a strong focus on Aboriginal perspective. The Aboriginal perspective on British colonization is one which can be easily overlooked in a classroom, however by introducing the topic with a resource that emphasizes their experience students should be able to see and remember how much of an impact early British settlers had on the lives of the first Australians.

 

Another way in which this video may be used is (in conjunction with supporting information) to work with the students as a class to create a timeline of British settlement/colonization from the perspective of the Aboriginal people. As a reflection exercise (or assessment) ask the children to replicate the timeline made as a group in their individual workbooks from memory or with only minimal prompts. 

Emma Forwood's curator insight, March 18, 2015 3:11 AM

Evaluate and select curriculum resources for teaching Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander perspective using 5 key criteria.

 

Teachers should consider:

1. Authenticity

2. Balanced nature of the presentation

3. Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander participation

4. Accuracy and support

5. Exclusion of content of a secret or sacred nature.