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Ever wondered howa hospital treats coronary heart disease and angina

Ever wondered howa hospital treats coronary heart disease and angina | First Aid Training |
A coronary angioplasty operation helps relieve blockages or narrowing of your arteries. It is a type of treatment for heart conditions.
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Lack of first aid skills leads to 140,000 deaths a year

Lack of first aid skills leads to 140,000 deaths a year | First Aid Training |

Although up to 140,000 people die each year due to lack of access to first aid, about half of all UK employers have no formal processes in place to assess workers’ needs in an emergency.

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British Heart Foundation - Footballer lends support

British Heart Foundation - Footballer lends support | First Aid Training |
Fabrice Muamba has helped to deliver our 100,000-strong ELS petition to Downing Street...
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Parents warned of dangers of liquid washing tablets 'that look like sweets' after children hospitalised

Parents warned of dangers of liquid washing tablets 'that look like sweets' after children hospitalised | First Aid Training |
Parents have been warned about the dangers of liquid washing tablets ‘that look like sweeties’ after treating children for near fatal injuries.
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Calls for parents to receive first aid training | Westcountry - ITV News

Calls for parents to receive first aid training | Westcountry - ITV News | First Aid Training |
Read the latest Westcountry stories, Calls for parents to receive first aid training on ITV News, videos, stories and all the latest Westcountry news...
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British Heart Foundation - Pacemakers

British Heart Foundation - Pacemakers | First Aid Training |


Your heart’s sinus node sends an electrical impulse to make your heart beat.

You may need to have an artificial pacemaker fitted if:

you have a particular type of heart block - a delay in the electrical conduction through the heart that can make the heart beat too slowlyyour heart beats too fast, which is not effectively controlled by medicationyou have heart failure, which may cause your heart to pump out of synch.

Having a pacemaker can greatly improve your quality of life and for some people it can be life saving.

Most pacemakers are very reliable and comfortable. They're smaller than an average matchbox and weigh about 20 to 50 grams. A pacemaker sits just under your collar bone and will have one or more leads which are placed into your heart through a vein. Pacemakers used to be much bigger, you can read how we helped change that in our heart health timeline.

A pacemaker has a pulse generator - a battery powered electronic circuit - and one or more electrode leads:

pacemakers with one lead are called single chamber pacemakerspacemakers with with two leads are called dual chamber pacemakerspacemakers with three leads are called biventricular pacemakers.

Your doctor will discuss which is the most suitable type of pacemaker for you and this will depend on the reasons why you need to have one.

How do they work?

The job of a pacemaker is to artificially take over the role of your heart's natural pacemaker, the sinus node. Electrical impulses are sent by the pacemaker to stimulate your heart to contract and produce a heartbeat. Most pacemakers work just when they’re needed - on demand. Some pacemakers send out impulses all of the time - this is called fixed rate.

Pacemakers do not give your heart an electrical shock.

How are pacemakers fitted?

Pacemakers are fitted under a local anaesthetic with sedation, so you’ll feel very sleepy. After the pacemaker is fitted, you’ll usually stay overnight in hospital and your pacemaker will be checked thoroughly before you leave. Serious complications from pacemakers are very unusual.

How quickly will I recover?

It’s normal to feel tired for a few days afterwards, but most people find that they are able to get back to their normal lifestyle fairly quickly. You’re not allowed to drive a car for at least a week after your pacemaker is fitted.

Who can I talk to?

It’s important that you and your family understand why you’re having a pacemaker fitted and what the operation involves. It’s also important that you understand what to expect in hospital before, during and after your operation during your recovery.

It’s natural to feel worried, but it often helps to talk about your feelings with someone close to you or with a healthcare professional.

If you have any question or if anything is worrying you, talk to your doctor or call our Heart Helpline on 0300 330 3311 (you’ll be charged a local call rate).

You can also visit our Publications section to download or order our booklet Pacemakers for more information.

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Nonalcoholic Red Wine Reduces Blood Pressure. Seriously good news but wheres the fun in it? | Defib Centre

Nonalcoholic Red Wine Reduces Blood Pressure. Seriously good news but wheres the fun in it?


Nonalcoholic red wine was associated with a greater reduction in blood pressure than regular red wine in a new study. The researchers, led by Dr Gemma Chiva-Blanch (University of Barcelona, Spain), conclude that the polyphenols found in red wine are the likely mediators of the blood-pressure reduction and that alcohol appears to weaken their antihypertensive effect.

They suggest that daily consumption of nonalcoholic red wine may be useful for the prevention of mild to moderate hypertension.

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Prolonged CPR Efforts May Be Beneficial, Study Says

Prolonged CPR Efforts May Be Beneficial, Study Says | First Aid Training |

When a hospital patient goes into cardiac arrest, one of the most difficult questions facing the medical team is how long to continue cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Now a new study involving hundreds of hospitals suggests that many doctors may be giving up too soon.

The study found that patients have a better chance of surviving in hospitals that persist with CPR for just nine minutes longer, on average, than hospitals where efforts are halted earlier.

There are no clear, evidence-based guidelines for how long to continue CPR efforts.

The findings challenge conventional medical thinking, which holds that prolonged resuscitation for hospitalized patients is usually futile because when patients do survive, they often suffer permanent neurological damage. To the contrary, the researchers found that patients who survived prolonged CPR and left the hospital fared as well as those who were quickly resuscitated.

The study, published online Tuesday in The Lancet, is one of the largest of its kind and one of the first to link the duration of CPR efforts with survival rates. It should prompt hospitals to review their practices and consider changes if their resuscitation efforts fall short, several experts said.

Between one and five of every 1,000 hospitalized patients suffer a cardiac arrest. Generally they are older and sicker than nonhospitalized patients who suffer cardiac arrest, and their outcomes are generally poor, with fewer than 20 percent surviving to be discharged from the hospital.

“One of the challenges we face during an in-hospital cardiac arrest is determining how long to continue resuscitation if a patient remains unresponsive,” said Dr. Zachary D. Goldberger, the lead author of the new study, which was financed by the American Hospital Association, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the National Institutes of Health. “This is one area in which there are no guidelines.”

Dr. Goldberger and his colleagues gathered data from the world’s largest registry of in-hospital cardiac arrest, maintained by the American Heart Association, identifying 64,339 patients who went into cardiac arrest at 435 hospitals in the United States from 2000 to 2008.

The researchers examined adult hospital patients in regular beds or intensive care units, excluding patients in the emergency room and those who suffered arrest during procedures. They calculated the median duration of resuscitation efforts for the nonsurvivors rather than the survivors, in order to measure a hospital’s tendency to engage in more prolonged resuscitation efforts.

One of the first surprises was the significant variation in duration of CPR among the hospitals, ranging from a median of 16 minutes in hospitals spending the least amount of time trying to revive patients to a median of 25 minutes among those spending the most — a difference of more than 50 percent.

The researchers initially thought they would find that some patients were being subjected to protracted resuscitation efforts in vain, said the senior author, Dr. Brahmajee Nallamothu, an associate professor at the University of Michigan and a cardiologist at the Ann Arbor VA Medical Center.

But as it turned out, those extra minutes made a positive difference. Patients in hospitals with the longest CPR efforts were 12 percent more likely to survive and go home from the hospital than those with the shortest times.

Dr. Nallamothu and his colleagues found that neurological function was similar, regardless of the duration of CPR.

The patients who got the most added benefit from prolonged CPR were those whose conditions do not respond to defibrillation, or being shocked. The extra time spent on prolonged CPR may give doctors time to analyze the situation and try different interventions, they said.

“You can keep circulating blood and oxygen using CPR for sometimes well over 30 minutes and still end up with patients who survive and, importantly, have good neurological survival,” said Dr. Jerry P. Nolan, a consultant in anesthesia and critical care medicine at Royal United Hospital NHS Trust in Bath, England, who wrote a commentary accompanying the article.

Dr. Stephen J. Green, associate chairman of cardiology at North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System, who was not involved in the study, said hospitals might have to modify their practices in light of the new research.

“You don’t want to be on the low end of this curve,” Dr. Green said. “Hospitals that are outliers should reassess what they’re doing and think about extending the duration of their CPR.”

Still, he and other experts worried that the new findings could lead to protracted efforts to resuscitate patients for whom it is inappropriate because they are at the end of their lives or for other reasons.

“There isn’t going to be a magic number,” Dr. Green said. “If you’re in there 10 to 15 minutes, you need to push higher, but as you get up higher and higher, you get to the point of very little return.”

The study authors acknowledge that their research does not indicate that longer CPR is better for every patient.

“The last thing we want is for the take-home message to be that everyone should have a long resuscitation,” Dr. Goldberger said. “We’re not able to identify an optimal duration for all patients in the hospital.”

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Cardiac arrest more common in young than thought

Cardiac arrest more common in young than thought | First Aid Training |

Cardiac arrest is relatively rare in young people, but it may be more common than experts have thought, according to a new study.

Using 30 years of data from King County in Washington, researchers found that the rate of cardiac arrest among children and young adults was about 2.3 per 100,000 each year.

That's not a big risk. But the figure is substantially higher than the "widely accepted" estimate for young athletes (not just young people in general), said senior researcher Dr. Jonathan Drezner.

According to that estimate, one in 200,000 young athletes (up to age 35) suffers cardiac arrest each year.

Cardiac arrest occurs when the heart suddenly stops pumping blood to the rest of the body. It is fatal within minutes without immediate treatment.

A major cause of cardiac arrest is ventricular fibrillation, where the heart's main pumping chamber starts to quiver chaotically. A device called a defibrillator can "shock" the heart back into a normal rhythm - though even with treatment, cardiac arrest is often deadly.

The good news from the current study is that young people's survival of cardiac arrest got much better over the 30-year period. It rose from 13 percent in the 1980s, to 40 percent between 2000 and 2009.

"It's very gratifying to see that our efforts are paying off," said Dr. Dianne L. Atkins, a pediatric cardiologist at the University of Iowa in Iowa City.

Research over the years has allowed experts to figure out the best way to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and public campaigns have been done to encourage more people to learn CPR.

CPR cannot "restart" the heart, but it can keep blood and oxygen moving through the victim's body until medical help arrives.

"Learn CPR and be willing to do it," said Atkins, who wrote an editorial published with the study in the journal Circulation.

The true rate of cardiac arrest among kids and young adults has long been debated.

Drezner said he thinks his team's findings come closer to the "real" figure than most past studies, because of its methodology.

The findings come from a cardiac arrest database kept by King County in Washington State. Emergency medical services report all cases of cardiac arrest to the registry.

Drezner's team also used other records, like autopsy reports and hospital records, to try to figure out the cause of each cardiac arrest.

Between 1980 and 2009, there were 361 cases of cardiac arrest logged for children and adults age 35 and younger - including 26 toddlers under 3, most of whom had congenital abnormalities.

That amounted to a rate of 2.28 cases for every 100,000 young people each year.

Atkins agreed that this study gives a clearer picture of the true incidence of cardiac arrest in young people. "It's the best data we have."

And, she said, researchers should know how common the problem is before widespread screening programs, if any, can be put in place.

The idea of screening kids for heart problems that could cause cardiac arrest is controversial. Some countries, including Italy and Israel, have mandatory electrocardiogram (EKG) screening for young athletes. The U.S. is not one of them.

For now, Atkins suggested that parents be aware that cardiac arrest can strike children -- but also keep the risk in context.

"It is still a very uncommon event," she said. "I don't think the message is that parents should be so frightened that they don't let their kids go out for competitive sports."

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CPR, First-Aid Training A Life-Saving Must For Parents

CPR, First-Aid Training A Life-Saving Must For Parents | First Aid Training |

We wish it didn't happen but it does.

A baby swallows a penny while playing with a wallet. A toddler slips under the pool's surface unnoticed for too long. A child gets a chunk of food stuck in his throat during dinner time. I've experienced some of these moments with my two young sons. Thankfully, they've come out of the situations unharmed, but I was left utterly shaken.

I learned some lifesaving techniques during lifeguard training when I was a teenager, but that was more than 20 years ago. When an accident happens, do we know what to do? Should all parents refresh our past knowledge and be comfortable with at-home lifesaving techniques?

"Every family should have somebody trained in basic first aid and CPR skills," says Paul Shipman, spokesperson for the American Red Cross in Connecticut, which teaches approximately 120,000 people each year in a variety of safety procedures. The "basic level" class for the "average everyday responder" is offered all around the state each month and results in a certification that is valid for two years. Joe Lodge teaches the 3-1/2 class and says parents shouldn't put it off because we are too busy.

"Bottom line is, yes, you should make the time," he says. "Some of parents' natural instincts are a lot of what we do teach when it comes to choking situations," but it's important for us to know the proper technique of five back blows followed by five abdominal thrusts so that we don't cause further damage.

The class also covers both adult and infant CPR, which begins with a sequence called: "check, call, care."

Often during an emergency, onlookers shy away from getting involved. "One of the top fears that people have for barriers are usually not knowing exactly what to do or making the situation worse," says Lodge, who believes that learning solid steps will offset feelings of panic. Lodge, a teacher for 12 years, leads his students through a repetitive pattern of 30 chest compressions and two subsequent rescue breaths on adult and baby mannequins.

"Just enough to make the chest rise," says Lodge, as he watches his students find a pace that could keep a body alive and prevent brain damage. He also introduces an AED — automated external defibrillator — which can now be found in many public places. While it appears daunting, with sticky pads and plugs, this talking machine literally walks users through commands to restore heart rhythm with electric shock. Free, printable brochures and a new smartphone app, both available at, should be reviewed each month so techniques remain familiar.

I participated in an evening session and feel so much more prepared to tackle any unforeseen emergency involving my loved ones.

"A few hours of training can really make a lifesaving difference," says Shipman. We make plans for fires and storms. We protect our homes with alarms and fences. Why not take precautions to keep our kids' bodies safe as well?

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First Aid Training, equally helpful for everybody

Everybody gets ill regardless of how much he takes care of his health. Almost every family has some mature members that are ordinarily effected by various illnesses as a result of age facto such as diabetes, higher blood stress and so on. These men and women need added care 24 hrs every day. Moreover, they also need healthcare support a lot more frequently than standard men and women. In place of calling the medical professional yet again and yet again, you may monitor the health conditions of one's liked types by obtaining some training. Everybody lives for himself, why do not we reside for our liked types? You just have to get training in an effort to find out some basic factors about usually used healthcare treatments.

You will find certain schools and colleges which have made it compulsory for its college students to have first aid training which is surely a very good practice as this basic training enables them to serve the humanity in situation of any unexpected emergency. In case you have not been a part of such school unluckily then you definitely may perhaps nonetheless get this training from any healthcare institutes. You will find a huge number of healthcare institutes on the market and just about all of them are supplying first aid programs. This training is given to educate men and women how you can reach in unexpected emergency situations such as in situation of unexpected illness, any accident or some other unexpected occasion. A sizable number of life survival and health subjects are included in this training. Even though, this training can long for less than per week but its time period mostly vary from one healthcare institute towards the other depending on the factors to become covered within the training.

It is actually usually perceived this training is designed for nurses or other paramedic workers which is not truth. Any one of us may perhaps need first aid at anytime and often paramedical workers or unexpected emergency service can not reach you on time which may perhaps take your life o that of one's liked types. First aid studying programs support you to conquer these worst situations so it's extremely recommended to have this training advertisement also give it to your youngsters.

Aside from first aid you must also get CPR training as bulk from the sufferers lose period for brief period either as a result of shock from the accident or as a result of any significant damage. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) aids them in respiration. In this training, you are going to find out how you can conserve the life of other people by stabilizing their breather manually ahead of any equipments or healthcare workers reaches the patient.

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NJ Babysitter Draws On First Aid Training To Save Choking Child - CBS New York

NJ Babysitter Draws On First Aid Training To Save Choking Child - CBS New York | First Aid Training |
Babysitter Anna Reid, 15, was feeding 3-year-old Lia Simitz pizza when the toddler took a bite too big and a piece was lodged in her throat.
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Babysitters should receive first aid training in schools – Daycare Trust

Babysitters should receive first aid training in schools – Daycare Trust | First Aid Training |
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Responsibilities of Employees in an Emergency

Responsibilities of Employees in an Emergency | First Aid Training |
In an emergency, many of us tend to think of saving ourselves, but employees and employers alike have a responsibility to help.
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State trooper gives first aid to bleeding construction worker

A state trooper put his first aid training to work this morning when a construction worker accidentally cut deeply into his wrist while working on a highway project in Danvers, State Police said.
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Every wondered how an ICD (or implantable cardioverter defibrillator) works?

Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD)

An ICD (or implantable cardioverter defibrillator) is a small device which can be used to treat people with dangerously abnormal heart rhythms.

Abnormal heart rhythms (or arrhythmias) can cause your heart to beat too quickly, too slowly or in an irregular pattern. These heart rhythms can happen suddenly and unexpectedly and sometimes people die as a result.

The ICD is inserted just under your collar bone. It looks similar to a pacemaker and is a little bigger than a matchbox. It is made up of:

a pulse generator - a battery powered electronic circuitone or more electrode leads which are placed into your heart through a vein

An ICD can give your heart electric pulses or shocks to get your heart rhythm back to normal.

How does an ICD work?

Your ICD constantly monitors your heart rhythm through the electrodes and if it notices a dangerous heart rhythm it can deliver three treatments:

Pacing - a series of low-voltage electrical impulses at a fast rate to correct the heart rhythmCardioversion – one or more small electric shocks to try and restore the heart to a normal rhythmDefibrillation – one or more larger electric shocks to try and restore the heart to a normal rhythm

Who needs an ICD?

ICDs are used for some of the people who:

have already had a life threatening abnormal heart rhythm and are at risk of having it againhaven’t had a life threatening heart rhythm, but who have had tests that show they are at risk of one in the future. This is usually because they have inherited certain faulty genes and may have a condition such as Cardiomyopathy, Long QT syndrome or Brugada Syndromehave another type of heart condition, such as heart failure, and who have had, or at risk of having a life-threatening abnormal heart rhythm have had other treatments to correct their heart rhythm which have been unsuccessful.

How is an ICD fitted?

ICDs are inserted under local anaesthetic, but with sedation, so you will feel very sleepy. It can take as little as one hour to insert the ICD, although the time it takes will depend on the type of device you're having. You will usually stay overnight in hospital and your ICD will be checked thoroughly before you leave.

Who can I talk to?

It’s natural to feel worried about having an ICD fitted, but it often helps to talk about your feelings with someone close to you or with a healthcare professional.

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James Barry (16) real CPR story

James Barry (16) real CPR story | First Aid Training |

Having practiced CPR and attending many first aid courses that my dad has run I was amazed that when I needed to perform CPR for real how my reflexes took over and I automatically got on with the job in hand.

I was at college when the caretaker collapsed. People stood around looking but not doing anything. When I approached the man a member of staff was shaking him trying to get him to respond. I immediately tilted the casualties head to open his airway, I then listened for breathing whilst counting to 10. This seemed an eternity but I was sure that the man was not breathing. I asked the member of staff to call for an ambulance and say that this was a cardiac arrest.

I started CPR. This felt similar to what I had practiced on the courses but there was a little bit more resistance on the chest than on the Brad manikin. I actually felt the chest give on a couple of occasions as ribs gave way.

Giving breaths was as practiced in the classes and I used a face shield which I keep in a pouch on my keys. I continued with CPR for about 3 minutes and then an ambulance arrived. I continued with the CPR whilst I spoke to the paramedics and explained what had happened. It was only at this time that I realised how out of breath I was. It was a real relief to see the paramedics although I had heard the sirens of the ambulance as they came along the driveway.

The paramedics told me to keep doing chest compressions whilst they set up their equipment and inserted an airway. One paramedic stuck defib pads to the mans chest, I was told to move away from the casualty and they delivered a shock. The casualty lifted off the floor when he received the shock. Just as this was happening a second ambulance arrived.

It appeared that the shock from the defib had worked as the paramedics could see a heart beat on their monitor and the man was trying to breath himself. All 4 paramedics got the casualty onto a stretcher and set off for hospital on blue lights and sirens.

I have since met the man involved in this incident at a college open evening and will be starting this college in September.

I was really surprised how the training I had just took over but I must admitted I was in shock afterwards and felt sick. I would get involved in a medical emergency again and this has given me confidence to want to become a first aid instructor and follow my dream of becoming a paramedic.

James Barry (aged 16)

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First aid lesson for MP John - CPR & Defib

AN MP has been taught life-saving skills as part of a campaign to introduce defibrillators to all public buildings.
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All Liverpool primary schools to get defibrillators after £100k boost to Oliver King Foundation / Liverpool ECHO Heartbeat campaign

All Liverpool primary schools to get defibrillators after £100k boost to Oliver King Foundation / Liverpool ECHO Heartbeat campaign | First Aid Training |

ALL Liverpool primary schools will be given life-saving defibrillators thanks to a £100,000 boost to the Oliver King Foundation and the ECHO’s Heartbeat campaign.

The machines, which restart the heart when a person suffers cardiac arrest, will be placed in all 122 of the city’s junior schools.

Today supporters of the Oliver King Foundation said the news would greatly improve the chances of youngsters’ lives being saved across the city.

Oliver was swimming in the pool at King David High School in March last year the killer condition Sudden Arrhythmic Death Syndrom (SADS), struck, and despite efforts to revive him he died.

Oliver’s dad Mark, 51, said he was “shaking with excitement” over the news that all primary schools would have the machines – especially as SADS , which causes the heart to suddenly stop, tends to strike healthy, active youngsters.

He added: “It’s absolutely fabulous news, and a great push in the right direction.

“The government should take note now of the need to have these in all schools.

“It’s not rocket science to see that they save lives.”


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First aid training for primary students has long-term benefits

First aid training for primary students has long-term benefits | First Aid Training |

"When children are given professional first aid training at primary school, the benefits can be felt long term. That's why training in the early years is so incredibly important," says Fritz Sterz from the University Department of Emergency Medicine at the MedUni Vienna as pupils start school this week. The results of a recent study by Katrin Steiner from the MedUni Vienna, who is writing her thesis, also highlight this fact. The anaesthetist and emergency medicine physician has demonstrated that primary school children who are given first aid training in the first to fourth grades of school score highly when it comes to using a defibrillator or performing chest compressions.


The study centres around a class of 25 school children from Vienna's 16th district. In first grade, the children were given a professional first aid lesson as part of a project organised by Thomas Uray from the University Department of Emergency Medicine which involved practical exercises, video clips and questionnaires. After it, 47.8 per cent of the children were able to execute an emergency call perfectly, 56.6 per cent were able to operate the defibrillator correctly and 28.6 per cent were able to perform chest compressions appropriately. The class has now undergone further training and testing in fourth grade by a team led by Katrin Steiner from the MedUni Vienna. "The children were able to remember the practical, hands-on actions very well and tackled the problems in a very motivated way without any inhibitions. Only the theory side of things had slipped a little in their memories," explains Steiner. Three years later, 100 per cent of the children were able to operate the defibrillator correctly after a refresher course, 95 per cent made the emergency call clearly and understandably, while 72.2 per cent were able to perform chest compressions correctly. Parents learn from their children "The results clearly speak in favour of first aid training at primary school," says Steiner. In Austria, this training is not currently on the curriculum - unlike countries such as Canada, the Czech Republic or Norway, for example. Just two to three hours of training per academic year are enough to perfectly prepare children for these types of emergency. The added bonus is that "parents learn from their children and benefit from their lower inhibitory threshold for providing first aid," says Steiner. First aid courses for children are currently provided by the Austrian Red Cross Youth, the Samaritans and as part of the Children's University programme at the MedUni, which is held every year during the summer holidays. One third can be saved A recent study by the MedUni Vienna has shown that someone who is given cardiac massage by a first aider straight after a cardiac arrest has a 70% higher chance of survival. "Unfortunately, there is often no first aider on hand, or people are afraid of doing something wrong during resuscitation. Chest compressions never do any harm, unlike doing nothing," says Fritz Sterz from the University Department of Emergency Medicine at the MedUni Vienna. In Vienna alone, around 3,000 people die every year from cardiac arrest.


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5 Reasons Why First Aid Training is Important

Human bodies are susceptible to injuries, illnesses and trauma. We never know when any injury may happen to us or the people we love or those who are around us. Thus it is always good to have some amount of basic knowledge to take care of critical situations, to keep it from going from bad to worse or till the medical help arrives.

Administering first aid to victims in the event of accidents, mishaps and occurrences during office and school hours or in the case of some accident is encouraged. One must know the basics of administering first aid and this knowledge is gained by getting trained.

Listed below are the 5 top reasons why first aid training is so important.

'• Increases safety: The basis of first aid training is 'prevention'. It is always better to be safe than to be sorry. Knowledge of first aid promotes the sense of safety and well being amongst people, prompting them to be more alert and safe in the surroundings they dwell in. Awareness and desire to be accident free keeps you more safe and secure, reducing the number of causalities and accidents.

'• Helps save lives: If a person who is trained to give first aid administration happens to see any casualty in his vicinity, immediate action can be taken and lives be saved. While it is natural for most of us to rush to support any injured person, a trained person is more reliable, confident and in control of himself and his actions while in trauma situations.

'• Helps relieve pain: Some injuries require a very simple solution like applying ice pack or a quick rub. A ride to the emergency room is not necessary, at least not for some time. In such cases, calling a person trained in first aid courses is more reliable. They can help reduce the pain by performing simple procedures and can help relieve pain at least temporarily.

'• Makes people more secure: Knowing that you can save your own life when required, or that of the people you know or those in trauma during some emergency helps you relax more and be more secure. The sense of security promotes a healthy and a more confident environment around you where you and the people around you would feel more secure. The presence of such people provides reassurance to the others in the situation.

'• Prevents the situation from becoming worse: A trained person would know how to keep the situation from becoming bad to worse. They will provide temporary treatment which will keep the condition of the victim from deteriorating, till professional help arrives.

Knowledge of first aid promotes a healthy, secure and a safer environment, and instills confidence amongst people, their families, their colleagues and associates. Basic first aid knowledge is very helpful in dealing with trauma situations. Not just the medical help they provide, but the confidence they exhibit is very helpful during casualties. Being trained to provide first aid is useful to oneself and society.


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Baby first aid: parents to the rescue

Baby first aid: parents to the rescue | First Aid Training |

"I was driving recently when a strangled gurgle erupted from the rear seat, where my eight-month-old daughter Esme might have been choking to death. This guttural "uurrrgh-blurrgh" continued for a heart-stopping second before she returned to her happy "ah-ba-ba-ba" song but I was shaken up by the incident to the extent that I signed up for a first aid course."

For many of us, first aid knowledge is a bit like our recall of amazing scientific facts down the pub – bewilderingly vague. I never really gave my ignorance a second thought until I realised that as a father of twins it would be horrific if something went wrong and I couldn't do anything about it.

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Get them young! Children practice first aid on teddies

Get them young! Children practice first aid on teddies | First Aid Training |

Pre-school children at Treetops Nursery in Sutton enjoyed a visit from local NHS emergency medical advisor.

Simone Carey taught the children about how to stay safe and what to do in emergency situations.

They put what they learnt to practice by trying on bandages and administering first aid on their teddies.

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Defib as easy to use as a smartphone?

The latest scientific studies show the importance of the bystander as a first responder

( - Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) differs from a heart attack in a couple of important ways. First, SCA is the leading cause of death in the U.S., according to the Mayo Clinic, and is more common than heart attack. Second, SCA can be successfully treated by a bystander with an automated external defibrillator (AED), according to several peer-reviewed medical studies.

Virtually every day in America, AED technology enables an individual with little or no medical training to save the life of another human being. This fact makes SCA unique among other leading causes of death such as heart attack, stroke and cancer – afflictions that require interventions from medical professionals.

SCA is an arrhythmia – an electrical disorder of the heart – that can be corrected by a shock from an AED. Heart attack is caused by a blocked artery, which must be cleared or bypassed in a medical facility. Still, only about 8 percent of about 380,000 annual SCA victims in America survive to hospital discharge – primarily because they do not receive shocks quickly enough from an AED. This 8 percent survival rate is dismal, especially when compared to the roughly 85 percent survival rate of heart attack victims.

In any workplace, every employee can be and should be a potential lifesaver.

Too often, workers suffer SCA and die because a defibrillator is not available in time to save them. Conversely, about 90 percent of SCA victims who receive shocks within the first minute after arrest survive, according to the Sudden Cardiac Arrest Association. The chances of survival decrease by 7 to 10 percent with each passing minute. After 10 minutes, less than 5 percent of victims survive.

The aggregate SCA survival rate, recorded across various populations, has remained around 8 percent for the past 30 years, according to a study published in the American Heart Association’s Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes. However, the authors noted that survival was “greatest in locations in which a defibrillator is available.” They also said that because most out-of-hospital cardiac events are witnessed, efforts to improve survival should focus on the prompt use of an AED and CPR by those who witness the event.

While receiving AED/CPR training obviously has its benefits, a Johns Hopkins study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology emphasized that “speed is more important than training.” In a review of 13,759 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests, the authors found an average survival rate of 7 percent. However, the survival rate increased to 38 percent when patients received an AED shock before EMS arrival. Non-medical volunteers operating the AED achieved the highest survival rate (40%), followed by healthcare workers (16%) and police (13%). “On average, early AED defibrillation before EMS arrival seems to nearly double a victim’s odds of survival after OHCA,” the authors wrote.

Speed saves

With speed recognized as the most important aspect of AED lifesaving, the focus shifts away from relying on EMS response to having AEDs available in workplaces and public places. While AED/CPR-trained individuals are sometimes present in these areas, SCA victims are often rescued by untrained bystanders.

These Good Samaritans use AEDs successfully, even though they may have never used them before. A survey of 1,018 travelers from 38 nations passing through the Amsterdam central railway station found that roughly half of these individuals would be willing to use an AED in an emergency. Among those expressing reluctance, the most common barriers to using an AED were a lack of knowledge of how to work the AED and concerns about harming the victim.

Approaching the tipping point to higher SCA survival

Today, AEDs are approaching a tipping point similar to the one that happened with the introduction of the iPhone. Before Apple launched this product, most consumers were intimidated by smart phones. The iPhone made smart phones easy – this innovation and its impact on other manufacturers made text and email by phone commonplace, turned mobile devices into the most common way to access the Internet, and merged it all with music, video and a world of apps. Now, many people manage their lives from their smart phone.

In a similar fashion, new AED technology merges audio, video, training and maintenance capabilities into an easy-to-use lifesaving device that inspires confidence in the minds of potential rescuers. A survey by AED designer and manufacturer Defibtech and Harris Interactive asked the question: In addition to audio instruction (provided by the AED during a rescue situation), what would give you greater confidence to use an AED? The answer? Video. With video, text and voice, 97 percent of the respondents said they would be able to use an AED to save a life.

In response, Defibtech introduced the VIEW AED, which has an innovative, exclusive LCD video feature that literally shows rescuers how to perform each step of an SCA rescue in real time – in accordance with the latest American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines. The color video is reinforced by loud and clear audio and corresponding text that can be understood in noisy environments. For example, when the VIEW’s audio says and text reads, “Place pads on patient’s chest,” the video shows exactly where to place the pads.

The VIEW also has embedded help videos that can be used during training to review the critical steps of a rescue, providing reassurance to rescuers that they will be ready during the stress of an emergency. In addition to the help videos, the VIEW has a patented status screen that shows the readiness of defibrillation pads and the AED’s battery, as well as the overall AED operational status. The VIEW AED virtually maintains itself through automated daily self-tests. Choosing an AED that’s easy for bystanders to use is important because not all AEDs are created equal.

Enable your workers to rescue a fellow employee

From any standpoint, it makes complete sense to encourage and enable workers to rescue a fellow employee striken by the most common killer of Americans. While medical advances in virtually every area of medicine have reduced mortality rates, SCA mortality has remained the same for 30 years, even though it can be treated by a person with no medical training if there is an AED onsite. That fact alone calls for workplaces to have AEDs available and to empower their employees with the confidence to use them.

Greg Slusser is a vice president for Defibtech, the designer and manufacturer of the Lifeline™ and ReviveR™ families of AEDs and related accessories, Click Here 1-866-DEFIB-4-U (1-866-333-4248).

Abridged with permission from the August 2012 edition of Facility Safety Management magazine (

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