Sharon Thorneywork: 'It was only when I arrived at work that it hit me. I started to cry, overwhelmed at what had just happened'
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New research presented at this year's Euroanaesthesia shows that use of public access defibrillation on people suffering cardiac arrest is associated with a large increase in chances of survival. However, despite the great potential, publicly accessible Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) are not being used enough, concludes research by Dr Marianne Agerskov and colleagues at Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
When taxi driver Dean Clarke picked up his last fare on Saturday night, he never imagined by the time the journey ended he would have saved a life.
But when a 76-year-old passenger collapsed and began having a heart attack, his instincts kicked in along with advice picked up from an advertising campaign.
Mr Clarke, who has been a taxi driver for Bristol-based Homesafe Cars for two years, administered emergency CPR to John Alexander for 20 minutes, despite having no previous first aid experience.
And the technique he used to save his passengers life were gleaned from watching a campaign backed by soccer hardman Vinnie Jones. In the Staying Alive advert the footballer turned actor demonstrates how to administer CPR accompanied by the Bee Gees' hit of the same name.
The 54-year-old was helping the man and his wife out of the taxi outside their Hanham home after they had been to a pub in Cadbury Heath celebrating their son's birthday.
Mr Clarke said: "As I helped the man out of the car, he collapsed back. It was really frightening, I rang an ambulance and told them what was happening. They talked me through some basic CPR and I just had to keep his head back and his airways open.
"I had never done CPR before, the only knowledge I had of it was from the Vinny Jones' CPR videos. The man on the phone was great, if it wasn't for him I wouldn't have been able to do anything."
Mr Clarke also rang his colleague to go back to the pub and pick up the man's son. After 20 minutes, an ambulance arrived to take the man to hospital where he was treated.
Paramedics told Dean if it wasn't for the CPR he administered, the man may not have survived.
He said: "They said I helped save the man's life, but if it wasn't for the people at the end of the phone talking me through I wouldn't have been able to do any of it, so I owe it to them really. I'm just so glad to hear the man is ok, miraculously he is out of hospital already and doing well I hear so that is all that matters. I was very anxious on Sunday until I heard he was OK.
"I don't feel like I've done anything out of the ordinary, I was just doing my job and what anyone would have done. But it was a very frightening experience and I'm just glad it has been a positive outcome."
The manager of Homesafe Taxis Mark Horman said: "It's amazing really what he did and we are very proud to have him as one of our taxi drivers. He went above and beyond and we are just pleased that the man is OK and out of hospital. His family have been in touch with us through our Facebook page and have thanked us."
Aide White said on the Facebook page: "Thanks guys, this is my father-in-law of 35 years. You lived up to your company's name, Homesafe. You did a great job."
Daughter Louise White said: "Thank you very much this customer is my Dad we have just picked him up from hospital and apart from bruising and a chest infection he is OK as a family we can not thank you enough. My mum and dad will be in contact with you soon thanks again.
It started off like any other normal after-school afternoon.
A new survey has found almost a fifth of Brits don't know what it is and 45 per cent are not confident enough to perform it
EVERY high school in the Capital will be equipped with a life-saving defibrillator to ensure that thousands of teenagers never suffer the terrible fate of teenage footballer Jamie Skinner.
City chiefs have teamed up with the Scottish Ambulance Service to spend more than £34,000 on the vital devices for all 23 secondary schools in Edinburgh, following months of campaigning by the Skinner family and the Evening News.
The move has been hailed as a “great legacy” for super-fit Jamie, who suffered a fatal cardiac arrest while making his debut for Tynecastle FC at Saughton in December 2013.
His heartbroken family has fought tirelessly for better defibrillator provision, teaming up with the News to launch the Shockingly Easy campaign in July to ensure the heart-start machines are installed in every sports club in the Lothians.
(HealthDay News) — In out-of-hospital (OOH) cardiac arrest, public access defibrillation (PAD) prior to ambulance arrival may be only rarely used, according to a study published online February 19 in Heart.
Schools Minister David Laws backs Mail on Sunday campaign to introduce vital CPR lessons in schools
Lib Dem MP Sir Bob Russell, chairman of the all-party parliamentary group on first aid, said he hoped the other two main parties would also add the proposals to their pre-Election manifestos.
Residents from the Fulford and district area attended free, two hour Heart Start & Defibrillator awareness courses on Sunday 29th June 2014.
They learnt vital lifesaving skills, which could help keep a person alive until medical help arrives.
The course was provided by Mike Taylor (of Abacus Training), David Thomas and Mel Avis, who are all volunteer responders with the Fulford & District Community First Responder charity. ‘Heart Start’ is a national scheme that is being supported by the West Midlands Ambulance Service across Staffordshire, in association with the British Heart Foundation.
Mel Avis explained,
Participants attending Fulford & District Heart Start and Defibrillator Awareness workshop on Sunday 29th June 2014, outside the village hall, with Heart Start trainer, Mike Taylor.
Acting quickly when someone is in cardiac arrest is crucially important. Early CPR and Early Defibrillation significantly increase a person’s chance of survival. People should not be afraid to learn how to use a cPAD. They are designed specifically for use in community settings and provide a series of voice prompts and illuminated illustrations to guide the rescuer.
says Mike Taylor (of Abacus Training).
says participant, Sarah Cox
says participant, Jacqui Leach
For more information about First Aid courses or the Heart Start scheme, please contact: Mike@fulfordanddistrictcfr.co.uk or visit www.abacustraining.co.uk
Special thanks to:
About Fulford & District Community First Responders:
Fulford & District CFRs can be followed on Facebook and Twitter @FulfordCFR
A MAN who spearheaded a campaign to purchase defibrillators for use in and around East Grinstead has remarkably had his own life saved by one of the devices.
Jim Miller admits he would be "six feet under" had it not been for the shock he received from one of the machines following a recent heart attack.
The 82-year-old helped to raise enough money to fund three new defibrillators in his role as a volunteer for East Grinstead and District Lions Club back in 2010.
The club purchased the devices to be used by first responders – people living within communities who attend local medical emergencies while paramedics are still on their way.
And another defibrillator, at East Surrey Hospital, ended up saving Jim's own life on March 18.
He said: "I had some discomfort in my chest and I thought it was heartburn.
"I was taken by ambulance to East Surrey Hospital and they were about to send me home. I went to use the phone to tell my wife the good news and that's the last thing I remember. The next thing I knew, I was surrounded by all these people telling me to stay calm and not to move."
Coincidentally, another East Grinstead resident with close links to the lcoal Lions Club also had his life saved by a defibrillator after he suffered a cardiac arrest in February.
Gordon Gould, who runs the charity's website, collapsed at his doctors' surgery, but was resuscitated immediately and transferred to St George's Hospital, in Tooting, by ambulance.
He said: "Defibrillation needs to be applied very quickly, because for every minute that a person is in cardiac arrest before defibrillation, their chances of survival are reduced by about ten per cent. First responders are local volunteers, trained in lifesaving skills and in how to use a defibrillator, and can often get to a scene quicker than an ambulance.
"I am so grateful that a defibrillator was available to save my life, and the more first responders with defibrillators there are, the more lives will be saved."
The defibrillators funded by the Lions in 2010 have been made available for use by first responders in East Grinstead, Lingfield and Dormansland.
Jim, of Fulmar Drive, East Grinstead, said: "The idea is to have a first responder available within eight minutes of an incident. These are people who are trained to use defibrillators and without them, I would be six feet under.
"They saved my life and they saved Gordon's life."
Lifesaving training for first responders is provided by the South East Coast Ambulance Service (SECAmb), though the service admits it does not currently have the funding to support new volunteers. Instead, SECAmb is keen to raise awareness and money for the service.
First responder Richard Herbert, from Dormansland, said: "As first responders, we're not just there for heart attacks. We help with anything an ambulance can help with, such as first aid, cuts and breakages."
Read more: http://www.eastgrinsteadcourier.co.uk/Volunteer-launches-campaign-purchase/story-20894032-detail/story.html#ixzz2yrpyRAVt
ALL new schools are to be equipped with life-saving defibrillators to cut the number of child heart deaths.
ALL new schools are to be equipped with life-saving defibrillators to cut the number of child heart deaths.By: Marco GiannangeliPublished: Sun, March 9, 2014
Defibrillators will be supplied to schools to cut down child heart attack deaths [GETTY]
The move, supported by Education Secretary Michael Gove, will be announced in Chancellor George Osborne’s Budget later this month.
More than 270 pupils die after suffering heart attacks at school every year but, according to charity Sads, only 80 of 30,000 schools have automated external defibrillators, which cost £1,500.
Sick youngsters given an electric shock to the heart with the life-saving devices are 50 per cent more likely to survive a coronary than those who have to wait for an ambulance. The odds in rural areas are 75 per cent.
The initiative is being spearheaded by Conservative MP Andrew Percy, a trained first responder who has helped raise funds to buy defibrillators for six schools in his Brigg and Goole constituency. It is backed by the British Heart Foundation, Red Cross, St John Ambulance and Oliver King Foundation.
Mr Percy told the Sunday Express: “It is a national scandal that children are dying unnecessarily in this country because there are not enough public access defibrillators. A relatively small one-off investment could have a lasting legacy, which is why for me it is a complete no-brainer.”Related articlesBoy’s school shooting Tweet was spotted by Dunblane victim’s fatherHigh School of Dundee pupil was not bullied into suicide say parentsIslamic boys' school bars women from applying for job as science teacher
Oliver King was just 12 when he died of a cardiac arrest while taking part in a school swimming race in 2011.
A year after Oliver’s death his family set up the Oliver King Foundation, which wants to see defibrillators installed in all schools, sports centres and other public buildings.
Oliver’s father, Mark, said: “We are losing children who are fit and healthy every week to cardiac arrests.
“When my own son died we waited more than 20 minutes for the ambulance to arrive and it was a seven-minute journey to hospital. I know that had there been a defibrillator on site, he would be here today.
“My question to the Government is why is there a postcode lottery with children’s lives with there being defibrillators at some schools and not others?”
Despite several campaigns to increase numbers of defibrillators in public places - and the English government's acknowledgement of their life-saving role - public access to them is low, as is understanding of their use, says a new UK study. The findings imply it would be a different story if defibrillators were as accessible and as well understood as fire extinguishers.
Estimates from the British Heart Foundation (BHF) suggest around 60,000 out of hospital cardiac arrests occur in the UK every year.
A defibrillator - also called an automated external defibrillator or AED - is a device that delivers an electric shock to the heart of someone who is having a cardiac arrest. Prompt use of an AED can shock the heart back into rhythm.
Acting quickly when someone is in cardiac arrest before the ambulance arrives can save their life. Every minute without CPR and defibrillation reduces their chance of survival by 10%.
The aim of the new UK study was to find out how available AEDs were, given the effort that has been put in over the last 10 years to promote and deploy them in public places, such as shopping centers and train stations.
The study was conducted by researchers from the University of Southamptom, working with the South Central Ambulance Service, and it is published in the journal Heart.
Performing CPR for 38 minutes or longer can improve a patient’s chance of surviving cardiac arrest, a new study has found.
The findings, presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2013, revealed that sustaining CPR that long also improves the chances that survivors will have normal brain function.
Cardiac arrest occurs when electrical impulses in the heart become rapid or chaotic, causing it to suddenly stop beating.
In the US, about 80 percent of cardiac arrests, nearly 288,000 people, occur outside of a hospital each year, and fewer than 10 percent survive.
Research has found that the early return of spontaneous circulation — the body pumping blood on its own — is important for people to survive cardiac arrest with normal brain function.
However, little research has focused on the period between cardiac arrest and any return of spontaneous circulation.
The Japanese Circulation Society Resuscitation Science Study group tracked all out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in Japan between 2005 and 2011.
The researchers studied how much time passed between survivors’ collapse and the return of spontaneous circulation, and how well brain function was preserved a month later.
Survivors were considered to have fared well neurologically if they were alert and able to return to normal activities, or if they had moderate disability but were well enough to work part-time in a sheltered environment or take part in daily activities independently.
“The time between collapse and return of spontaneous circulation for those who fared well was 13 minutes compared to about 21 minutes for those who suffered severe brain disability”, said Ken Nagao, M.D., Ph.D., professor and director-in-chief of the Department of Cardiology, CPR and Emergency Cardiovascular Care at Surugadai Nihon University Hospital in Tokyo.
After adjusting for other factors that can affect neurological outcomes, the researchers found that the odds of surviving an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest without severe brain damage dropped 5 percent for every 60 seconds that passed before spontaneous circulation was restored.
Based on the relationship between favourable brain outcomes and the time from collapse to a return of spontaneous circulation, the researchers calculated that CPR lasting 38 minutes or more was advisable.
“It may be appropriate to continue CPR if the return of spontaneous circulation occurs for any period of time”, concluded Nagao.
Bolton West MP Julie Hilling is backing the British Heart Foundation’s (BHF) push to make it compulsory for children to learn life-saving skills in school.
A mother-of-three is urging people to have first aid training, after a “guardian angel” neighbour helped save the life of her four-week old baby when he stopped breathing.
Tina Westlake, 34, said her son Kane, now eight weeks old, “wouldn’t be here” were it not for the actions of 24-year-old Emily White who administered emergency first aid she had recently learnt and carried out CPR until paramedics arrived.
Kane stopped breathing after choking on milk after being laid down for a sleep at the family home in Foulsham, prompting a panic-striken Mrs Westlake to run out into the street to scream for help, carrying her son in her arms.
Neighbour Mrs White, who was on her way to pick her daughter Jorgie up from school, heard the screams and ran back to put into practice skills picked up at a course run by First Aid at Work Norfolk, based at Ringland Road in Taverham.
The mother-of-two, who went on the course to help her secure a job as a first-aider for Fakenham-based Med PTS, said the “excellent” training she received meant she was able to calmly deal with the unfolding emergency.
Debra Chaffin, 59, was at risk for a sudden cardiac arrest, but fortunately she had the protection of a wearable defibrillator, a white undergarment that she credits with saving her life.
The plans are in response to a campaign by Joanne and Dan Thompson, whose daughter Millie died after choking at a nursery in 2012.
Up to a quarter of defibrillators installed in public places don't work, according to the agency in charge of registering the equipment.
The Automated External Defibrillator Deployment Agency has launched a new set of guidelines in an effort to stop flat batteries and software malfunctions in the units.
The agency's Graeme Pell said electronic defibrillators in workplaces, sporting clubs and other public places did not always work.
"There's nothing more frustrating than coming across somebody who's got a sudden cardiac arrest who clearly needs urgent defibrillation to save their lives and find that the defibrillator that you have in your hand, or in fact can't locate, simply won't do the job," he said.
In the United States, research has found that up to a quarter of equipment installed in public areas at any time did not work because of flat batteries, damage or software malfunctions.
Mr Peel estimated the figures were similar in Australia.
"Probably 20 to 25 per cent of defibrillators aren't working," he said.
"We also know that unless you get fibrillation on a sudden cardiac arrest patient within the first couple of minutes, then their chance of survival is very remote.
"Anecdotally, we believe that there probably are people dying unnecessarily."
Up to 33,000 Australians die from sudden cardiac arrest every year.
The agency today released a set of guidelines that helps businesses and organisations make sure equipment was ready for use in an emergency.
It is also setting a up voluntary register to keep track of all defibrillators around the country.
Mr Peel said there was one positive change already underway - defibrillators were becoming easier to use.
"You open it up and it talks to you. It'll tell you pull out the pads, where the pads have to be located and connections then basically you stand back and wait," he said.
"The battery's got to be working, the pads have got to stick, software has got to be functioning.
"There's been a huge amount of enthusiasm but not as much standardisation."
If you have ever seen a marathon or watched one on TV you may have wondered why, when the runners have all finished the race, they get given those thin foil-like blankets. The blankets they are given help the athlete to regulate their body temperature, after a race a runner’s temperature will drop quite rapidly because they have ceased working their muscles.
Stockport charity set up following baby's death organised petition which received 102,000 signatures and led to a House of Commons debate
THE heroic actions of a quick thinking woman from Alcester and her friend saved a cyclist's life when he collapsed on a country road.
The man was cycling along Fish Hill near the Cotswold village of Broadway last March when he collapsed.
Fortunately he was spotted on the side of the road by Gemma Guedes, 30, from Alcester, and her friend Katie Nightingale, who were only travelling down the road by chance after taking a wrong turn on their way to take Gemma's pet puppy for a walk.
The pair spotted the man receiving CPR from a fellow cyclist and immediately remembered that there were defibrillators kept at the nearby Farncombe Estate, where they both used to work.
"It was very worrying to see someone receiving CPR as it was the first time that I have ever been in that situation," said Mrs Guedes. "We were just very lucky that Farncombe Estate was so close and that they have trained people to use the defibrillator."
The friends called ahead and were met by security supervisor Tony Haines, of Pensham, near Pershore, who had grabbed a defibrillator.
They dashed back to the stricken man with Mr Haines - an experienced St John Ambulance volunteer - in tow and used the defibrillator to re-start his heart.
He was then rushed to Worcestershire Royal Hospital, where grateful medics confirmed the cyclist would not have survived without the defibrillator and their quick-thinking actions.
"When we arrived the man was starting to turn blue around the lips - Tony gave him a single shock and his heart re-started. After a few minutes the man started talking, which was a huge relief to everyone.
"We waited for the Air Ambulance to arrive and once the man was airlifted to the hospital you could feel that everyone felt a great sense of achievement," added Mrs Guedes.
Mr Haines said he was glad the estate had the vital life-saving equipment . Both he and St John Ambulance are now urging more places, especially in isolated rural locations, to get equipment of their own.
Mr Haines said: “We gave the man a single shock and his heart restarted. Within a few minutes he was talking, it was amazing.
“This incident just goes to show what a difference a defibrillator can make and I would urge as many organisations as possible to have one on hand in case of emergency.”
Defibrillators are to be installed in every Scottish NHS dental practice.
The £1m Scottish government scheme aims to boost the survival chances for people who have cardiac arrests.
The 970 defibrillators will also be mapped by ambulance staff so call handlers can direct people to the nearest one while patients wait for paramedics to arrive.
More than 1,500 Scots died in the community last year after suffering a cardiac arrest.
A defibrillator can be used by anyone to deliver an electric shock to the chest to restore a person's heart to a normal rhythm after a cardiac arrest.
'Every second counts'
Ministers said that currently, only 5% of people who have a cardiac arrest in the community survive and every minute of delay cuts their chances.
Public Health Minister Michael Matheson said: "Every second counts when someone's heart goes into cardiac arrest and having access to a defibrillator can mean the difference between life and death.
"As these machines are becoming easier to use it is only right that the public have more access to its life-saving potential in any public place.
"There are almost 1,000 NHS dental practices in the centre of Scottish communities. By giving them this equipment we are providing 1,000 more chances to save a life.
"I believe that this investment will save many more lives."
The machines are expected to be in place by the end of August.
Any dental practice which has already bought a defibrillator will be compensated.
The FINANCIAL -- Each year, approximately 300,000 people suffer out-of-hospital sudden cardiac arrests (SCA) that require revival from an automated external defibrillator (AED). Although many workplaces have AEDs on site, it’s likely that a majority of workers would not be prepared to locate and use the units, according to the results of a survey commissioned by Cintas Corporation, one of the leaders in first-aid and safety programs.
The survey, conducted online by Harris Interactive among 2,019 adults ages 18 and older (of whom 916 are employed), found that 79 percent of employed adults do not know where their workplace’s AED is located.
Less than 1 in 5 (17 percent) feel confident that they could reach the nearest AED in their workplace and return to the victim quicklyEighty-six percent would not feel comfortable using the AED during an emergency such as cardiac arrestEighty-eight percent have not received training on the proper use of the workplace AED
Mike Taylor's insight:
An article from the US, but I can't see the UK being much different.
Coroners could save lives by telling family members of a loved one lost to a heart condition to get screened themselves.
Guidance (1) led by the British Heart Foundation (BHF) has been developed with the Chief Coroner of England and Wales to ensure that if someone dies from an inherited heart condition, the coroner recommends directly to relatives that they are screened as well.
Around 600 people aged just 35 or under die suddenly each year with apparently no explanation or cause of death, leaving families shocked and distraught (2). Often the cause is due to an inherited heart condition. Signposting family members to their GP for a referral to a cardiac genetic clinic could save the lives of siblings and children of those affected by detecting the same potentially fatal condition and prompting immediate treatment and monitoring.
Suzanne Morton, who lost her 20-year-old son, Luke, last year to an undiagnosed heart condition, said: "It's a mother's instinct to want to protect her children. I couldn't protect Luke from a heart condition I didn't know he had. But, by telling Luke's story, I hope I can prevent other parents from going through the pain of losing a child so suddenly.
"That's why I'm getting behind these new guidelines for coroners, which will make sure that families are screened to see if they are carrying an undetected heart condition. Even if it even saves the life of one young person, it'll be worth it."
Professor Peter Weissberg, Medical Director at the BHF, said: "The death of a loved one can sadly be the first time people find out about an inherited heart condition in their family. Yet, even after a 'suspicious' death, family members are not always screened themselves. Their life could be in danger and their family could be devastated all over again - something a simple blood test could set right.
"We are delighted the Chief Coroner is supporting this important guidance. It will save lives and prevent families suffering a second, devastating loss."
HHJ Peter Thornton QC, Chief Coroner of England and Wales, said: "This guidance, which will be issued to all coroners, will help to avoid a second death in a family from an inherited heart condition. It is a vital part of coroner work to prevent future deaths wherever possible."
Professor Huon Gray, National Clinical Director for Cardiac Care, NHS England, said: "Identifying and offering treatment to families with a genetic risk of sudden cardiac death is a priority for the NHS and forms part of the Government's Cardiovascular Disease Outcome Strategy.
"It is fantastic that the Chief Coroner and the BHF are supporting this important work. With such collaboration I believe we can make great progress, and help reduce the loss of young lives and the great stress that this causes their families and friends."
A GRANDFATHER has told how he would be "eternally grateful" to the woman who saved his life after he collapsed in a Falmouth restaurant.
John Ollernshaw, from Flushing, would have died if a member of staff from Princess Pavilion had not resuscitated him during a cardiac arrest in November.
John Ollernshaw and wife Sylvia, with Ceinwen Morgans, who performed CPR on him after he collapsed.
Catering team leader Ceinwen Morgans started CPR on the 82-year-old within minutes of the arrest, having been trained in first aid just a few weeks earlier.
Mr Ollernshaw said: "I guess I was in the right place at the right time.
"If it had happened somewhere else, who knows what the chances of finding someone who knew what to do would have been.
"I will be eternally grateful to that young lady and the fact she had completed the first aid course."
Mr Ollernshaw's wife, Sylvia, credited Ms Morgans with saving his life.
"He went straight down and the girl just started resuscitating him immediately until the paramedics came," she said. "She cracked two of his ribs in the process and she had to keep going for a considerable amount of time. It was that which saved his life.
"We have been told that if the waitress hadn't been trained he would have died before the paramedic arrived.
"It was just amazing really, it seemed like it was just instinctive for her which was marvellous."
It was the first time Ms Morgans, from Falmouth, had put her training into practical use since completing the course. She said: "It all just happened so quickly and luckily I knew what to do. Nothing can prepare you for the real thing. I think my adrenalin carried me through and I was able to just get on with it but afterwards it was a little bit traumatising.
"If there hadn't been someone like me there that day then John would have died and his family would have faced Christmas and the new year without him."
Mr Ollernshaw, a dad of two and grandfather of three, had to be defibrillated on the way to the Royal Cornwall Hospital in Truro. In the ambulance, his wife was warned he was unlikely to survive the night.
"Our local vicar came with me to the hospital and by the time we got there the staff had managed to get him going on the machines because he wasn't able to do it himself," said Mrs Ollernshaw.
He remained on life support for four days before he was able to breathe on his own, then spent almost a month in hospital, during which he underwent heart-bypass surgery.
Alison Brown, cardiac rehab nurse at the Royal Cornwall Hospitals Trust, said: "It is fantastic that he was in a public place where there was someone who had been recently trained in CPR."