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Feminomics - gender balanced leadership
New perspectives on leadership from a gender perspective - and its relevance to business, politics, economics, the environment and home.
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Pay and parenthood: Baby makes dad richer and mum poorer

Pay and parenthood: Baby makes dad richer and mum poorer | Feminomics - gender balanced leadership | Scoop.it
It has long been assumed that when a working woman takes time off to have children, her career, and pay, can suffer.     

But a new report has found that when men become fathers, their pay actually increases – by an average of 19 per cent compared with their childless male colleagues.

Research by the Institute for Public Policy Research think tank (IPPR) has uncovered this "fatherhood bonus", the flipside to the "motherhood penalty" that hits many women when they have children. The report reveals that the difference between the pay of mothers and fathers is 26 per cent, for parents in their early forties. A decade ago it was even higher, at 32 per cent.

The IPPR report suggests that the "fatherhood bonus" could be down to two key factors: first, that many men strive to become breadwinners as soon as they have children, and so apply for higher-paid positions. It also speculates that male bosses with children are more likely to give higher pay rises to employees who are also fathers, ahead of men who are childless, out of sympathy.

The research reveals that mothers born in 1958 earned 14 per cent less by the time they were 40, in 1998, than they would have done if they had not had children. For mothers who are in their early forties today – those born in 1970 – the "motherhood penalty" is slightly smaller, but there is still a substantial 11 per cent difference between working mums and childless women.

Fathers born in 1958 earned 16 per cent more by the age of 40 than men who did not have children. The "fatherhood bonus" is even greater for today's dads in their forties: an average of 19 per cent more than working men with no children.

The IPPR report, which compared the salaries of those in full-time work only, found it made no difference what age men had their children, their earnings still rose. For women, there is an advantage in having children later, with those becoming mothers in their early twenties suffering a greater pay penalty than those leaving it until their thirties.

Despite the differences between mothers and fathers in their forties and fifties, the gender pay gap for men and women in their twenties has almost disappeared.

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Role model: Norway #genderstudies

Role model: Norway #genderstudies | Feminomics - gender balanced leadership | Scoop.it
What separates Norway from other European countries?

With the third highest birth rate in Europe and 85 percent working women in the age between 25 and 54 years Norway is a prime example for successful reconciliation of family and career. What were they able to do, what others apparently can’t?

Fundamental changes in politics, businesses and thus in the whole society made it possible to create a new way of leading a satisfying career and family life. In the last two decades several measures were launched to path the way for a newNorway.

Paternity leave is fostered since 1993: Parents are getting parents money while taking care for their children in the first year after the birth (80 percent of the wage) – and 14 weeks are reserved for fathers. This means that if the father does not take the 14 weeks this parental leave time is lost as it can’t be switched to the mother.

A place in the kindergarten for every child: Norway has expanded nurseries and kindergartens extensively to make sure that childcare and professional life are not mutually exclusive. Since 2009 it is a statutory right in Norway for all children between the ages of 1 and 5 to have a place in a kindergarten.

More than ten years ago the discussion about a women’s quota started and in 2008 Norway enshrines a quota in the law. Fears regarding disadvantageous effects (e.g. the fear that there are not enough qualified women for selection) did not become true and all in all the quota can be called a success.

Still there is a way to go – not only for Norway’s follower (Germanyfor example also fosters parental leave and expands places in nurseries), but also for the country itself: Still there is a discrepancy in the wages between men and women and the most part-time jobs are covered by women. Anyway –Norway achieved a lot of its targets and is a good example of how political measures can lead to fundamental changes in the whole society of a nation.


Via Marion Chapsal
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Norway shows the way in childcare

Norway shows the way in childcare | Feminomics - gender balanced leadership | Scoop.it
Minister for Children Frances Fitzgerald could learn a thing or two from the Norwegian model, writes
AUDREY ANDERSEN.
THE NORWEGIAN social commitment to children begins in the womb. Norway is ranked as the best place in the world to be a mother, with generous parental leave of 46 weeks at full pay or 56 weeks at 80 per cent pay. A child is entitled to a full childcare place in one of the many day-care centres, or barnehager as they are known, as soon as they are one year old.

The philosophy in Norway is that children are an integral part of society. This is closely linked with a drive for higher female participation in the workforce. There is general political consensus that the pre-primary sector is vital and needs to be expanded. An important element of this social agreement is that childcare fees should be affordable.
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