Reauthorization of theWomen’s Educational Equity Act (WEEA) of 2001 Background:Since 1974, WEEA has been the only federal education program specifically focused on gender equity. The federal government has a responsibility to actively implement Title IX and other federal civil rights laws using preventive as well as enforcement strategies. WEEA was known for funding model gender equity programs and for using its Resource Center to share information on these programs and assist states with gender equity initiatives. However, WEEA has never been adequately funded and the Bush Administration ended the WEEA Equity Resource Center in 2003. At its height, WEEA received $10 million in 1980, although it had been authorized for $80 million. Since 1987 the annual appropriations for WEEA have been less than $4 million and in the proposed FY ’11 Department of Education budget WEEA is to receive only $2.278 million -- less than many congressional earmarks! This amount is not even sufficient to support annual competitions for gender equity programs that were held in past years. This is not to say that there has been no funding of gender equity programs –the Perkins Vocational Education Acts had provided $100 million annually for sex equity in non-traditional careers and to assist displaced homemakers until 1998 and the National Science Foundation has funded gender equity STEM (science, technology, engineering & mathematics) activities for many years – but the funding has been narrow and not focused on the broad goal of educational equity for girls and boys, women and men. Federal support of gender equity education has been minimal, uncoordinated, and inadequately focused on preventing sex discrimination. A new coordinated approach is needed to take advantage of the common underlying challenges in fully implementing gender equity in a wide variety of areas (such as STEM, vocational education, and under-representation of women in education administration). The Department of Education (ED) is in an ideal position to provide leadership in accomplishing many gender equality goals.