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Dr.Francis Jarman tells Soma Basu films and plays make us thoughtful about other cultures and people...
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"This blog-a-thon submission comes from Joseph Kerski of the National Council of Geographic Education (2011 President). Joseph writes about why geography education matters and how it applies to each one of us."
This was one great orange! Thank you GS!
"Geography education applies to each one of us" - not only for children, but for adults in everyday life. Who is interested in developing a personal geoculture?
Using an orange to learn the continents of the Earth :) great idea.
"For the first time in human history, more of the world’s 6.8 billion people live in cities than in rural areas. That is an incredible demographic and geographic shift since 1950 when only 30 percent of the world’s 2.5 billion inhabitants lived in urban environments.
The world’s largest cities, particularly in developing countries, are growing at phenomenal rates. As a growing landless class is attracted by urban opportunities, meager as they might be, these cities’ populations are ballooning to incredible numbers.
A May 2010 Christian Science Monitor article on “megacities” predicted that by 2050, almost 70 percent of the world’s estimated 10 billion people—more than the number of people living today—will reside in urban areas. The social, economic and environmental problems associated with a predominantly urbanized population are considerably different from those of the mostly rural world population of the past."
Would this population shift suggest that once self-sufficient rural communities are being forced into cities to become dependent on government while industry, corporate power, and developers confiscate their lands and turn producers into consumers? The implications are quite terrifying for all living things.
"The world’s largest cities, particularly in developing countries, are growing at phenomenal rates. As a growing landless class is attracted by urban opportunities, meager as they might be, these cities’ populations are ballooning to incredible numbers."
World defense spending is expected to go up for the first time in five years, thanks to China and Russia.
Brazil being in the top 15 of countries with the largest defense budget is not all that surprising considering the political, social, and economic situations of South America. Within Brazil’s sphere of influence, especially areas west of its developed cities, the Amazon jungle still is used by those deemed enemies of the state, whether actual or politically based. Because of that, there comes the difficult task of tracking and deterring rebel activity, arms or drug smuggling, etc. The borders that Brazil share with Bolivia, Colombia, and Venezuela; border security is likely to be a concern due to the history of drug manufacture and shipping from those nations, along with the violence and corruption that comes with that activity. Not to mention the historical and violent political instability these countries have faced, which are still a concern for the region and world. Venezuela, being an “enemy of the U.S.” and Brazil being an ally, this border area is probably highly militarized or monitored. With this in mind, a slight musing could be given towards how much of the military aid and counter narcotics aid from the United States goes into Brazil’s military funding.
Brazil is also the one of the most stable and economically strong countries on the continent and in order to continue that, the government must be able to keep instability coming over from the border in check as well as deal with rebel forces using the Amazon as a safe haven. What is surprising to me however is that with how far away the rest of the countries in South America are from Brazil in military expenditures causes me to pause and think about just what they may be worrying about from their neighbors? Perhaps as they attempt to get a seat at the big table in international affairs, they feel having a stronger military will improve their image. They may not be worried about regional infighting due to the difficult terrain of the area which would make any military campaign extremely difficult and costly, besides a host of other reasons. In conclusion, Brazil is more than likely looking towards international interests in addition to showcasing their swelling national pride by spending $175 U.S. dollars per person on military expenditures while many continue to go hungry living in the famous favelas of Cidade de Deus.
Con 25,2 miliardi di dollari L'Italia si piazza 14esima, prima dell'Iran
Oltre alla spesa complessiva, per i primi 10 paesi è riportato anche l'ammontare di spese militari pro capite.
Stati Uniti 2.000 $
Cina 83 $
Russia 475 $
Arabia Saudita 2.100 $
Regno Unito 900 $
Francia 797 $
Giappone, meno di 400 $
Germania 450 $
India 29 $
Brasile 175 $
E l'Italia? Basta dividere. Sono 413 $ a persona. Ogni anno, la mia famiglia dà ben 2.065 $ alla difesa.
Russia is the third highest goverment military that spends around 143 million people lived in Russia in 2012 and they spent around $475 per person on it's military. Russia compared to China and the US is another story the US is number one in who spent the most on their military forces at $600.4 billion. As far as China is concerened it comes in at number two at spending around $112.2 billion. These numbers make sense especially for the power house that China is and how their values of militarism affect their spending and their way of society/life.
Part of Europe know to be GMO free. Will we catch up? What will it take? A revolution?
Parts of Europe know to be GMO free. When will we?
The GMO debate is raging throughout the world. Many believe that these crops have many harmful effects on the human body due their their altered genetic state. Thankfully, many countries are adopting a non-GMO attitude, as illustrated in the above map, so as to prevent the many poor side-effects they have.
What appears to be just another house along a busy street that thousands drive by daily hides a valuable secret for the city.
"A 50-year-old export industry that provides millions of jobs has to reinvent itself quickly to stay competitive."
A maquiladora is a term that often used to describe a factory in Northern Mexico that enjoys special tax breaks for eport-driven production. Northern Mexico is an ideal location for this type of industry because 1) access to American markets is high and 2) labor costs are relatively low. The Mexican Maquiladoras can no longer compete in a ‘race to the bottom’ for the lowest skill jobs, but they can produce higher-end goods and compete with China to supply more innovative consumer goods. Labor costs in China are on the rise, making Mexico able to compete more effectively with them on the open market. The total value of Mexican maquiladoras exports has grown by more than 50% in the last 5 years; more foreign corporations are investing money into Mexico. Some of the more innovative and aggressive maquiladoras are attempting to become more involved in the research and development end of production; essentially they want to start competing with European and American companies on the lucrative high-end of the commodity chain instead of fighting for the scraps at the bottom.
Tags: Mexico, manufacturing, industry, economic, globalization, technology.
In addition to commerce what are the democratic and civil society institutions and social mvoements involved, or not involved, in this transiation now apparently underway?
Two ships broke free Tuesday from the Antarctic ice that had trapped them off the continent's coast.
We chart the routes of, and reasons for, the barriers which are once again dividing populations
Great content source for world history investigations.
This is exactly why I am interested in collaborative online international learning as well as adaptive learning.
What are the opportunities to integrate bridge building learning activities in an cirriculum, via online learning? Any subject any time. Even better, how to empower students to create self-directed study accross 'walls'? Gaming?
What types of stories will 'retell' this scenario? Reframe perspectives? What mediums can they be told through to reach the appropriate audiences?
Unfortunately, for our security, we must live in a Walled World
This story map was created with the Esri Map Tour application in ArcGIS Online.
I find it very interesting on how other countries precieve Santa Claus. The history on him, what he looks like, how he gets around, and what they call him. Each country perceives him differently, depending on their culture and history. His clothes, age, language, and personality.
I find it very interesting on how other countries perceive Santa Claus. The history on him, what he looks like, how he gets around, and what they call him. Each country precieves him differently, depending on their culture and history. His clothes, age, language, and personality.
Nice visual on differences in income, with associated paper. No stats needed here; a simple exploratory/observational curiosity is all you need. A great starter for classroom discussions/lab activities. Start with this primer where you can see the distinct difference.
Well first of all I'd have to think on the bright side of life on the poor side. And on the other side, the rich side, I'd have to not take things for granted. On the poor side you'd have to use everything to it's limit and not waste a bit. While on the rich side it doesn't really matter that much.
useful for Year 8 and Year 11 Geography units.
A rare snow storm hit the Middle East last week, producing record snows and extreme conditions for Syrian refugees.
Yes anything can happen, even snow in the Middle East.
Not so "rare" for Jerusalem, the more beautiful in white and shining bright !!!
There are a few people in the US who have never seen snow, but I'd venture a lot of people in the cities of the Middle East never have, save the tops of mountains. The mixing of snow and sand is an interesting site in itself, but the fact that this is a first in 112 years for Egypt is sure to have some impacts. It's interesting how it no longer looks like the Middle East we're familiar with from the media. Different clothes are brought out and that coupled with the snow-covered architecture reminds me more of Europe. This demonstrates how climate can be used to identify areas, and how they're tied in with the popular image of cultures and regions.
I found this image on social media from a great geography teacher (link to his site--looking for APHG group activities? Try this). This picture taken at the Jewish Community Center (JCC) in Memphis, TN shows an intrguing linguistic combination that I had never imagined before. This is referred to as cultural syncretism, where two or more cultures or cultural traits combine together to make something new. Globalization and migration are making more cultural combinations than we've ever seen before in this human mosaic we call home.
Tags: language, culture, the South, APHG, religion, landscape.
People who live in them actually have greater social cohesion, according to one sociologist.
Thomas R. Hochschild Jr. actually first encountered the social cohesion of cul-de-sacs in his latest research when he wandered into one in Connecticut with his clipboard and polo shirt, and someone called the cops. That never happened on the other types of streets he was studying, places where it would turn out the neighbors didn't know each other as well, and it was less clear who "belonged." Repeatedly, though, he found at the end of cul-de-sacs families who watched each others' children and took in each others' mail, who barbequed and orchestrated the removal of snow together, and who considered each other close friends. In cul-de-sacs, these families had a stronger sense of shared social space and territoriality. An outsider stood out.
Living in a cul-de-sac sounds very inviting.
I lived in a col-de-sac for a number of years. My family and I had very close relationships with our two neighbors within our col-de-sac. We had parties together and helped each other out in times of need - this article is spot on.
Interesting article about suburban design.
LONDON – Escalating the fight against secession, the British government warned Thursday that Scotland would lose the right to continue using the pound as its currency if voters there say yes to a historic referendum on independence this fall.
Osborne’s stark warning, delivered in a speech in Edinburgh, the Scottish capital, represented a new willingness by unionists to take a hard line in persuading Scottish voters to shun independence in a September plebiscite. A thumbs-up would end Scotland’s 307-year-old marriage to England and Wales and cause the biggest political shakeup in the British Isles since Ireland split from the British crown nearly a century ago.
Sturgeon predicted that “what the Treasury says now in the heat of the campaign would be very different to what they say after a democratic vote for independence, when common sense would trump the campaign rhetoric.”
This is an intriguing strategic move by the UK as Scotland considers independence. Some have argued that this move will backfire and push more Scottish voters into the "yes" camp. In related news, the BBC reports that EU officials say that an independent Scotland would have a hard time joining the European Union.
Tags: devolution, political, states, sovereignty, autonomy, Europe, unit 4 political, currency, economic. .
Living in a concrete box with hot water pouring from the tap, a refrigerator cooling our food and wi-fi connecting us to the rest of the world, we can barely imagine a day in a life of, say, Tsaatan people. They move 5 to 10 times per year, building huts when the temperature is -40 and herding ...
Would love to hear the negatives and positive comments about a photographer taking these pictures-
Hans Rosling explains a very common misunderstanding about the world. CC by www.gapminder.org
Tags: population, demographic transition model, declining population, demographics, models, gapminder, development.
A clear explanation of how saving the poor will slow population growth.
I've searched wide and far for maps that can reveal and surprise and inform in ways that the daily headlines might not.
From No. 1 Cape Town all the way to No. 52 Niagara Falls, N.Y., explore the vibrant cities and spectacular coastlines, unexpected spots and new attractions that made our list this year.
Introductory activity to Geography - have students plot these on a world map, look at climate graphs & time zones, plan a trip etc.
now all I need is the money ;-)
Radical Cartography, brought to you by Bill Rankin
Interesting stimulus for discussion of why do we live where we live.
Majorly cool! So many discussions about population distribution can come out of this. :)
Major cities across the world celebrated the beginning of 2014 with fireworks and music, ringing in the new year with record setting celebrations and good spirit. About a million New York Cit...
The tug-of-war for Ukraine.
O lugar da Ucrânia...
With gas being the key factor to the Russia-Eu tug of war over Ukraine, Russia fights hard to win this battle. Russia needs Ukraine as their own due to all the pipelines that transport the gas to Europe. Who will win this tug-of-war?
This infographic gives an idea of why Russia is so invested in Ukraine. The energy infrastructure built during the Soviet era runs almost entirely through Ukraine. A significant amount of gasoline consumed in Europe comes from Russia via Ukraine, while over 2/3rds of all the gas Russia exports to the EU goes through Ukraine. This puts Ukraine in a position of power, but the country itself is divided between the East and West making siding with the EU or Russia difficult. These are lasting effects of the Soviet era.
More adults in Idaho have embraced wireless life than have adults in any other state, according to new data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
As technology advances and changes, so does the need for households having no landlines. In Idaho, the majority has less of a need for landlines. Although reasons for ditching a landline may seem logical and practical, this article does not mention much about pricing differences between having landlines and wifi versus the use of cellphones. Are their other beneficial reasons why it is best to ditch landlines? What could be the disadvantages?
This map shows that out of all 50 states, Montana, Wyoming and South Dakota are the states that have abandoned their landline phones. Maybe this depicts a way of living in simpilier means? Maybe it is not as a neccessity as it is to more of city states compared to rural.
I think most Idaho residents are wise for having only wireless telephones. In these modern times, most people have cell phones and wired telephones are becoming a thing of the past. My family and I also do not have a house phone, as we only have cell phones. I haven’t had a traditional wired telephone in my house in over ten years and we manage to save some money each month and avoid telemarketers.
See where the wealth and poverty are in America using this great map.
This picture shows the cocentrations of poverty and affluence. The areas hilighted in yellow show the areas which are wealthy and the dark blue showing the poor. This coincides with the amout of pay and the education levels in these countries. Areas such as Boston, New York and Washington show high cocentrations of affluence. These areas also have much higher education systems and more well -paid jobs. Countries which are highlighted in dark blue are countries with lesser education and lesser paid jobs. This shows the extent at which poverty can affect a country.
A historical problem.
The world is urbanising rapidly (World Urbanization Prospects, the 2011 Revision). Some of its rapidly growing cities, however, seem to be misplaced. They are located in places hampered by poor access to world markets, shortages of water, or vulnerability to flooding, earthquakes, and volcanoes.
This outcome – cities being stuck in the wrong places – has dire economic and social consequences. When thinking about policy responses, a key research question is whether historical events can leave towns trapped in suboptimal places.
New research on a historical ‘experiment’
Our recent research looks at this issue by comparing the evolution of two initially similar urban networks following a historical calamity that wiped out one, while leaving the other largely intact (Michaels and Rauch 2013). The specific setting in which we examine this is northwestern Europe, where we trace out the effects of the collapse of the Western Roman Empire more than 1500 years ago, through to the present day.
This combined with climate change, where will our biggest city centers be relocated to?
"A comprehensive listing of world capital cities that have moved from one city to another."
What happens when a country moves it's capital city? Why would a country choose to move it's capital? This list (with some short historic and geographic context) helps answer those questions.
Over the years countries have moved their major capitols from one area of their country to another. They move their capitol cities to try to please the people and reform. By moving the capitol cities it causes more growth and development which can lead to the area being more populated.