Complex Systems and X-Events
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Complicated or complex - knowing the difference is important

Complicated or complex - knowing the difference is important | Complex Systems and X-Events | Scoop.it
Understanding the difference between complex and complicated systems is becoming important for many aspects of management and policy. With complicated problems or issues one can define the problem ...
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Eddies in the Stream

Eddies in the Stream | Complex Systems and X-Events | Scoop.it
What is there about matter, energy, and information that leads to the spontaneous creation and continued existence of complex systems of which we humans are an example? Does life need to composed of carbon atoms as we are? Can life be made out of other types of molecules? Or to take the questioning deeper, does…
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This is from a new book I am writing.
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Commentary on Gun Control and the Orlando Terrorist Event

Commentary on Gun Control and the Orlando Terrorist Event | Complex Systems and X-Events | Scoop.it
All comments and opinions expressed by TheX-Press authors are their opinions and do not necessarily represent the opinions of TheX-Press.
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Beyond prebiotic chemistry

Beyond prebiotic chemistry | Complex Systems and X-Events | Scoop.it
How can matter transition from the nonliving to the living state? The answer is essential for understanding the origin of life on Earth and for identifying promising targets in the search for life on other planets. Most studies have focused on the likely chemistry of RNA ( 1 ), protein ( 2 ), lipid, or metabolic “worlds” ( 3 ) and autocatalytic sets ( 4 ), including attempts to make life in the lab. But these efforts may be too narrowly focused on the biochemistry of life as we know it today. A radical rethink is necessary, one that explores not just plausible chemical scenarios but also new physical processes and driving forces. Such investigations could lead to a physical understanding not only of the origin of life but also of life itself, as well as to new tools for designing artificial biology.
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Meta-principles for developing smart, sustainable, and healthy cities

Policy directives in several nations are focusing on the development of smart cities, linking innovations in the data sciences with the goal of advancing human well-being and sustainability on a highly urbanized planet. To achieve this goal, smart initiatives must move beyond city-level data to a higher-order understanding of cities as transboundary, multisectoral, multiscalar, social-ecological-infrastructural systems with diverse actors, priorities, and solutions. We identify five key dimensions of cities and present eight principles to focus attention on the systems-level decisions that society faces to transition toward a smart, sustainable, and healthy urban future.

 

Meta-principles for developing smart, sustainable, and healthy cities
Anu Ramaswami, Armistead G. Russell, Patricia J. Culligan, Karnamadakala Rahul Sharma, Emani Kumar

Science  20 May 2016:
Vol. 352, Issue 6288, pp. 940-943
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aaf7160 


Via Complexity Digest
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EPJ Data Science

EPJ Data Science | Complex Systems and X-Events | Scoop.it
EPJ Data Science is a peer-reviewed open access journal published under the SpringerOpen brand.

Data-driven science is rapidly emerging as a complementary approach to the traditional hypothesis-driven method. This revolution accompanying the paradigm shift from reductionism to complex systems sciences has already largely transformed the natural sciences and is about to bring the same changes to the techno-socio-economic sciences, viewed broadly.
The journal EPJ Data Science addresses the challenges of the data revolution across academic disciplines:
·         how to extract meaningful data from systems with ever-increasing complexity
·         how to analyze data in ways that inspire new insights
·         how to generate data that is needed but not yet available
·         how to develop new empirical laws, or more fundamental theories, concerning the function of complex natural or artificial systems
EPJ Data Science spans a broad range of research areas and applications with a focus on social systems, where it comprises those research lines that regard digital traces of human behavior as first-order objects for scientific investigation. This includes human and animal social behavior and interaction, economic and financial systems, management and business networks, socio-technical infrastructure, health and environmental systems, the science of science, as well as general risk and crisis scenario forecasting.
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David Smucker on Breaking the Light

David Smucker on Breaking the Light | Complex Systems and X-Events | Scoop.it
Lloyd takes long, complex exposures in New York City's streets at night with his handheld 35 mm Canon digital camera. Far from static and serene cityscapes, his photographs exuberantly embrace the energy of the city and its inhabitants. The word embrace, though, doesn't fully cover what's going on in these photos. These works are a…
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Ads and Myths About Quick Alzheimer Cures

Ads and Myths About Quick Alzheimer Cures | Complex Systems and X-Events | Scoop.it
Prevention, of course, is vital early in life. In my book SECRETS OF ETERNAL YOUTH, we study the newest information about brain plasticity. In 1995 it was discovered that our brains, contrary to previous beliefs, can grow new neurons all of our lives. The major factors that keep are brains young and even make them…
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How does healthcare economics in the U.S. differ from traditional economics?

How does healthcare economics in the U.S. differ from traditional economics? | Complex Systems and X-Events | Scoop.it
The concept of supply and demand is the cornerstone of economic theory. For simple commodities, the theory predicts that the demand for a product decreases as the price of the product increases and consumers are unwilling to pay the higher price. The supply increases as the price increases and suppliers increase production to capture increased…
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The Patient-Driven Drug Pipeline

The Patient-Driven Drug Pipeline | Complex Systems and X-Events | Scoop.it
The new-drug pipeline is a mere shadow of its former blockbusting self. Despite the fact that R&D expenditures have been increasing over the last several years, the number of drugs in the pipeline has been decreasing. There have been many proposed explanations for this:
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Healthcare Patents and Hot-Dog Vendors

Healthcare Patents and Hot-Dog Vendors | Complex Systems and X-Events | Scoop.it
While patents on medical devices seem normal, patents on drugs and chemical entities may seem like a stretch. I am not sure that the law makers in Venice in 1474, who invented the legal concept of a patent, envisioned the need to patent molecules. In fact, molecules were not even envisioned at that time. We…
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Traces: Ants and Urban Design

Traces: Ants and Urban Design | Complex Systems and X-Events | Scoop.it
An individual ant is not very interesting. Its level of intelligence is minimal; its problem solving skills miniscule. But even these limitations allow for rule based behavior. Paired with asynchronous forms of communication such as pheromones in scent markers or trails, or the ability to categorize and count other ants, complex behaviors emerge. Those behaviors…
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SAVE OUR WESTERN NATIONAL PARKS & PUEBLOAN RUINS

SAVE OUR WESTERN NATIONAL PARKS & PUEBLOAN RUINS | Complex Systems and X-Events | Scoop.it
A traveling exhibition of Harvey Lloyd's aerial photographs of the Great West's National Parks
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Building functional cities

The literature views many African cities as dysfunctional with a hodgepodge of land uses and poor “connectivity.” One driver of inefficient land uses is construction decisions for highly durable buildings made under weak institutions. In a novel approach, we model the dynamics of urban land use with both formal and slum dwellings and ongoing urban redevelopment to higher building heights in the formal sector as a city grows. We analyze the evolution of Nairobi using a unique high–spatial resolution data set. The analysis suggests insufficient building volume through most of the city and large slum areas with low housing volumes near the center, where corrupted institutions deter conversion to formal sector usage.

 

Building functional cities
J. Vernon Henderson, Anthony J. Venables, Tanner Regan, Ilia Samsonov

Science  20 May 2016:
Vol. 352, Issue 6288, pp. 946-947
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aaf7150


Via Complexity Digest
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THE
PURSUIT
OF
LEGIBLE
POLICY:
Encouraging Agency and Participation
in the Complex Systems
of the Contemporary Megalopolis

THE<br/>PURSUIT<br/>OF<br/>LEGIBLE<br/>POLICY:<br/>Encouraging Agency and Participation<br/>in the Complex Systems<br/>of the Contemporary Megalopolis | Complex Systems and X-Events | Scoop.it

Given the complexity of urban landscapes, legible policy has emerged as an important aim for urban laboratories, suggesting ways to increase citizen participation, heighten impact of policy decisions, allow for greater inclusion in political processes and stimulate citizens' agency.


Via Complexity Digest
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How megacities are changing the map of the world

How megacities are changing the map of the world | Complex Systems and X-Events | Scoop.it
"I want you to reimagine how life is organized on earth," says global strategist Parag Khanna. As our expanding cities grow ever more connected through transportation, energy and communications networks, we evolve from geography to what he calls "connectography." This emerging global network civilization holds the promise of reducing pollution and inequality -- and even overcoming geopolitical rivalries. In this talk, Khanna asks us to embrace a new maxim for the future: "Connectivity is destiny."
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The Big Bang that Fizzled or, Hell no! No Big Bang

The Big Bang that Fizzled or, Hell no! No Big Bang | Complex Systems and X-Events | Scoop.it
Cosmologist Sean Carroll gave a TED talk Distant time and the hint of a multiverse. He said “The universe is really big. We live in a galaxy, the Milky Way Galaxy. There are about a hundred billion stars in the Milky Way Galaxy. Every one of these (little blobs) is a galaxy roughly the size…
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Our society has become more polarized. Here's how to survive this new normal.

Our society has become more polarized. Here's how to survive this new normal. | Complex Systems and X-Events | Scoop.it
SURVIVING AND THRIVING IN THE 85% WORLD

Here’s how I explain it to my clients: You could cure cancer and 85% of the world will name hospitals after you, give you a Nobel prize, throw ticker tape parades and name you TIME magazine’s, ‘Person of the Year.’

But watch out for the other 15%—they’ll come after you. You’re the bad guy who put pharmaceutical companies out of business, emptied hospital beds, took away business from respected oncologists and put compassionate cancer nurses on the unemployment line.

In other words, 85% is the new 100%.

Via David Hain
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David Hain's curator insight, April 21, 5:39 AM

The important distinction between fads and trends, plus other wisdom bites!

malek's curator insight, April 22, 7:00 AM

a thought provoking approach to a new global challenge

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Clinical Trials in the Era of Personalized Medicine

Clinical Trials in the Era of Personalized Medicine | Complex Systems and X-Events | Scoop.it
Roger D. Jones, PhD December 30, 2012 The cost of sequencing an individual human genome is rapidly dropping below $1000. Much of the population can now easily access the details of their susceptibility and response to various disease states and conditions. Since a person’s genome is as individual as a fingerprint and every person’s response…
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Quantum Entanglement Redux

Quantum Entanglement Redux | Complex Systems and X-Events | Scoop.it
The notes below from Wired Magazine (Jan. 2011) shed light on how BREAKING THE LIGHT images are made through an interaction with light photons called quantum entanglement. Each image is made during a single time exposure with a hand held camera. While the shutter is closed I am "blind" to the multi-colored lights where I…
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Rancho de Taos Church

Rancho de Taos Church | Complex Systems and X-Events | Scoop.it
This immense block of church masonry and metaphysical undercurrents stands like a monolith at the approach to Taos, a guardian angel strangely looming out of the road, Ayers rock in miniature, but not in any way inferior to the gigantic red monolith in the Australian desert. A titan's block, immoveable and immeasurable, an omniscient god…
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