The warm weather is great for being outside and enjoying the sun. However, remember to stay safe and cool to avoid over-heating! Here are some quick tips from the National Institutes of Health on staying safe and well during the warm months.
- Use sunscreen, even when it doesn't look too sunny outside!
- Stay out of the direct sun and find a cool place for playtime and activities.
- Drink plenty of liquids, especially water.
- Dress for the weather. Wear light-colored, loose-fitting clothing. Wear a hat and sunglasses for extended hours of outdoor fun.
- Shower, bathe or sponge off with cool water.
- Cover windows with shades, blinds or curtains during the hottest part of the day.
- Head indoors at immediate signs of over-heating: Dizziness, light-headedness, thirsty, weak, uncoordinated. Relax and sip slowly on a cold drink. If this doesn't resolve, call 911!
Head lice are spread most commonly by direct head-to-head (hair-to-hair) contact. However, much less frequently they are spread by sharing clothing or belongings onto which lice have crawled or nits attached to shed hairs may have fallen. The risk of getting infested by a louse that has fallen onto a carpet or furniture is very small. Head lice survive less than 1-2 days if they fall off a person and cannot feed; nits cannot hatch and usually die within a week if they are not kept at the same temperature as that found close to the scalp.
The following are steps that can be taken to help prevent and control the spread of head lice:
Avoid head-to-head (hair-to-hair) contact during play and other activities at home, school, and elsewhere (sports activities, playground, slumber parties, camp). Do not share clothing such as hats, scarves, coats, sports uniforms, hair ribbons, or barrettes. Do not share combs, brushes, or towels. Disinfest combs and brushes used by an infested person by soaking them in hot water (at least 130°F) for 5-10 minutes.Do not lie on beds, couches, pillows, carpets, or stuffed animals that have recently been in contact with an infested person.Machine wash and dry clothing, bed linens, and other items that an infested person wore or used during the 2 days before treatment using the hot water (130°F) laundry cycle and the high heat drying cycle. Clothing and items that are not washable can be dry-cleaned OR sealed in a plastic bag and stored for 2 weeks.Vacuum the floor and furniture, particularly where the infested person sat or lay. However, spending much time and money on housecleaning activities is not necessary to avoid reinfestation by lice or nits that may have fallen off the head or crawled onto furniture or clothing. Do not use fumigant sprays or fogs; they are not necessary to control head lice and can be toxic if inhaled or absorbed through the skin.
Informacion sobre piojos de la cabeza del CDC
Los piojos de la cabeza se transmiten más frecuentemente por el contacto directo de cabeza con cabeza (cabello a cabello) y con menos frecuencia por compartir ropa o pertenencias personales donde se han pasado los piojos o las liendres. El riesgo de infestación por un piojo que ha caído en la alfombra o el sofá es mínimo. Los piojos de la cabeza sobreviven menos de 1 a 2 días si se desprenden de una persona y no pueden alimentarse; las liendres no pueden eclosionar y por lo general mueren después de una semana si no se encuentran bajo una temperatura similar a la del cuero cabelludo humano.
Los siguientes pasos pueden ayudar a prevenir y controlar la transmisión de piojos:
Evite el contacto de cabeza con cabeza (cabello a cabello) al jugar y realizar otras actividades en el hogar, la escuela y otras instancias (actividades deportivas, parques, fiestas de pijamas, campamentos).No comparta prendas de vestir como sombreros, bufandas, abrigos, uniformes deportivos, cintas del cabello o broches.No comparta peines, cepillos o toallas. Desinfecte los peines y cepillos que haya utilizado una persona infestada remojándolos en agua caliente (al menos 130°F) durante 5 a 10 minutos.No se recueste en camas, sofás, almohadas, alfombras o animales de peluche que hayan estado recientemente en contacto con una persona infestada.Lave en la lavadora la ropa de cama y las demás prendas que haya utilizado la persona infestada en los 2 días anteriores al tratamiento; use agua caliente (130°F) y para secar seleccione una temperatura elevada en la secadora. Se pueden llevar a la tintorería para lavar en seco la ropa y los artículos que no se lavan con agua o guardarlos en una bolsa de plástico sellada durante 2 semanas.Pase la aspiradora en el suelo y los muebles, especialmente donde la persona infestada se sentó o se acostó. Sin embargo, no es necesario dedicar mucho tiempo ni dinero a la limpieza del hogar para evitar la reinfestación de piojos o liendres que pueden haberse desprendido de la cabeza o que se han pasado a muebles o ropa.
No utilizar insecticidas en aerosol o neblina; no son necesarios para controlar los piojos de la cabeza y pueden ser tóxicos si se inhalan o se absorben por la piel.
What is physical activity? Physical activity is any body movement that requires energy. However, activities that get your heart pumping faster than normal are the ideal physical activities that lead to health benefits. We call these activities of moderate or vigorous intensity.
Children ages 2-5 do not have a specific recommendation as to how much physical activity is needed in a day, but it is encouraged to ensure that this child is active throughout the day. Children ages 6-17 are recommended to have about 60 minutes or more of moderate-vigorous physical activity a day. Adults are recommended to have about 2 hours and 30 minutes a week. Try your best to meet these goals and see how it makes you feel!
Physical activity is generally safe for everyone. The health benefits you gain from being active are far greater than the chances of getting hurt. Here are some things you can do to stay safe while you are active:
- If you haven't been active in a while, start slowly and build up.
- Learn about the types and amounts of activity that are right for you.
- Choose activities that are appropriate for your fitness level.
- Build up the time you spend before switching to activities that take more effort.
- Use the right safety gear and sports equipment.
- Choose a safe place to do your activity.
- See a health care provider if you have a health problem.
Some quick tips from the National Institutes of Health regarding maintaining your busy, well-built body.
- Maintain a healthy weight. Too much weight can make your knees and hips ache.
- Engage in muscle strengthening (resistance) activities that involve all your major muscle groups 2 or more times a week.
- Stay active all week long. Children ages 2-5 should remain active throughout the day but not for any specific length of time. Children ages 6-17 need approximately 60 minutes or more of exercise a day. For adults, aim for 150 minutes of moderate intensity activity a week, such as brisk walking.
- Wear comfortable, properly fitting shoes. Eat a well-balanced diet. Get enough calcium and vitamin D daily to protect your bones.
- Try to avoid lifting heavy objects. If you need to lift something heavy, bend your knees and keep your back straight.
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