The notion of "white people" or a "white race" as a large group of populations contrasting with non-white or "colored" originates in the 17th century. Pragmatic description of populations as "white" in reference to their skin color predates this notion and is found in Greco-Roman ethnography and other ancient sources.
"White people, rather than being a straightforward description of skin color, is a term denoting a specific set of ethnic groups and functions as a color metaphor for race.
The definition of "white person" differs according to geographical and historical context. Various social constructions of whiteness have had implications in terms of national identity, consanguinity, public policy, religion, population statistics, racial segregation, affirmative action, eugenics, racial marginalization and racial quotas. The concept has been applied with varying degrees of formality and internal consistency in disciplines including sociology, politics, genetics, biology, medicine, biomedicine, language, culture and law"
The papers of the pioneers of modern genetics - including Francis Crick, James D Watson, Maurice Wilkins and Rosalind Franklin - have been collected together for the first time and made freely available in a £3.9 million digitisation project from the Wellcome Library.
Codebreakers: Makers of modern genetics, which launches today atwellcomelibrary.org/codebreakers, contains more than one million pages of first-hand notes, letters, sketches, lectures, photographs and essays from the circle of brilliant minds responsible for uncovering the structure of DNA. The site lays bare the personal and professional thoughts, rivalries, blind alleys and breakthroughs of the scientists whose ideas transformed our understanding of the matter of life.
Drawing on five partner archives in the USA, London, Cambridge and Glasgow and the Wellcome Library's own holdings, Codebreakers offers an unparalleled and comprehensive primary resource for researchers and curious minds across the world and is launched ahead of the 60th anniversary of Crick and Watson's seminal 'Nature' paper revealing the structure of DNA. It holds the stories behind the discovery, which has shaped our genetic age, from diagnosis to drug development and from forensics to food production, and which lies at the heart of today's biomedical research.
The vast collections contain iconic documents - such as Crick's preliminary sketches of the double helix and Franklin's X-ray diffraction 'photo 51' - and everyday exchanges. The biological revolutions of the 1950s and 1960s, together with their legacies in the fields of medical genetics and genomics, are recorded in the scientists' own words and placed in the context of earlier research into the links between heredity and health, including the archives of the Eugenics Society, one of the most influential scientific organisations of the early 20th century.
Codebreakers sits within an entirely redesigned Wellcome Library website, and a new media player allows the close reading, downloading and embedding of digitised files. The content is free to all, and users can log in using Library membership, Facebook or Twitter accounts. A timeline and essays on key individuals and research groups offer navigational aids through the records.
Codebreakers is a collaborative project, uniting collections from five internationally important centres. Working with Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Churchill Archives Centre Cambridge, the University of Glasgow, King's College London and UCL, the digitised papers of James D Watson, Rosalind Franklin, Sydney Brenner, Lionel Penrose, J B S Haldane, Guido Pontecorvo, James Harrison Renwick, Malcolm Ferguson-Smith and Maurice Wilkins have been made available. They join material from the Wellcome Library's own holdings, including the papers of Francis Crick, Fred Sanger, Arthur Ernest Mourant, Peter Medawar, Hans Grüneberg, Honor Fell and Gerard Wyatt.
Users exploring the site will find treasures of beauty - such as Honor Fell's minutely observed cell drawings - and import, including richly annotated holographs of key papers and lectures unlocking the secrets of DNA. The archives are full of candid correspondence, keen professional insight and moving personal items, such as Peter Medawar's self-portraits, which were drawn after suffering a stroke.
Simon Chaplin, Head of the Wellcome Library says: "Codebreakers reveals the extraordinarily convoluted networks of influence, insight and inspiration that lie behind crucial moments of scientific discovery. It is a project made possible by a creative partnership with five outstanding libraries and archives, sharing a goal of free and open access. Together, our collections offer an extraordinarily rich research resource documenting one of the most significant periods of scientific innovation in human history."
The Wellcome Library's Codebreakers project is the first phase of a major digitisation programme that will create integrated online content, featuring digitised books, archives, films, photographs and audio covering every aspect of the history of medicine and biomedical science. A further half million pages will be added to Codebreakers over the next six months, and £5.8 million has been set aside for the next phase of the Library's digitisation plans, which focus on material relating to neurology and mental health. The Library itself is also expanding as part of a £17.5-million development of Wellcome Collection due for completion in summer 2014.
from Stay Free!, a magazine focussed on American media and consumer culture
"Imagine yourself in the heart of Kansas, at the annual state fair, in 1928. Past the dunking booth and Ferris wheel, the stands selling corn dogs and cotton candy, farmers from around the state have gathered to show off the year's yields. Amid the horses, cattle, and hogs, a blue-eyed blonde family of four is displayed on an elevated platform. Over their heads is a large banner: fitter families contest....."
Suzanne Humphries, MD October 4, 2011 “…health is not sacrosanct or free from vested interests. The traditional grandeur of the learned...
Information given to doctors about the 200-year history of vaccination is limited to carefully selected sound-bites that pre-empt any concerns. We were led to believe that vaccines are solely responsible for the eradication of infectious diseases such as smallpox. Most accepted, without question or personal study, that vaccines greatly reduced illnesses and are a benefit to overall human health. Few know that the mortality for “vaccine preventable diseases” had massively declined before the vaccine campaigns began. But it is painfully obvious from figure 1 (at end of document) that the mortality for the major infectious diseases, including those for which no vaccines were ever created, had regressed to nearly undetectable levels in the population – long before vaccines were introduced.
Patients with acute and chronic illnesses are target groups to be heavily vaccinated even though vaccines have barely been tested for safety or long-term consequences in these populations. Most doctors and patients assume that vaccines are simply a solution of sterile saline and “dead” microorganisms. They are not aware of the manufacturing process to make a vaccine, the contents in the vial, or the potential risks of each component. Doctors wrongly assume that vaccines “protect” their patients from disease, without any adverse consequences on their health, and that vaccinated people won’t get that disease.
Rep. Paul Ryan (R-Wis.) said Monday during a town hall event in Janesville, Wis., that he has changed his position on gay couples adopting children, WKOW reports. An audience member at the event asked Ryan why he doesn't support same-sex marriage.
Both eugenics and social Darwinism had their moments in their sun, the optimistic goal of progressive techno-elites 100 years ago who wanted to use science to make the world a better place. Sounds terrific, right? Isn't that what vaccines and genetically modified food do also? Indeed, but vaccines and GMOs are for all people and not against some, the way eugenics was. The experience of eugenics may be why so many progressives, the group that embraced and mandated and enforced it as social policy, are so anti-science today; they don't trust science or themselves when science is under their control.
Under the eugenics world government system, individual human beings are literally considered to be “human resources” to be planned and manipulated under a planned economy with total control over your health care, employment, housing, food and reproduction… yet somehow government officials tell us that this is “freedom.”
Having been alerted to discussion which pertains to my child, Samantha Martin, I have joined a thread on the fb group, John Oakly Show. I note presence of additional issues which do not relate to the case directly; so I will restrict commentary to the subject of my daughter in hopes of providing clarification. Automated publication bans are frankly and politely, a thorn in my side which I am heavily opposed to. My argument (which I will expand upon) was accepted by the Court and thus, Attila Vinczer, who knew of Samantha's case, was correct in indicating that it is acceptable both ethically as well as lawfully to publish Samantha's name. Regards to photographs, those are images that I myself took to demonstrate concerns to authorities. While these may be graphic, they are a truthful depiction of what my child endured and hiding them would be a disservice to Samantha; as if denying her history, her life, and her victory in disclosing what happens to a world of children beyond. The purpose of a publication ban under scope of law is two-fold: To protect the interests of a child and to protect the interests of the family. My position is that a child requires promotion of protection in life; where a child is failed to the point of death, anonymity becomes moot. Where surviving family indicates choice to openly examine circumstances which led to a loved one's death, being forced into silence only serves to re-victimize and exacerbate conditions. The decision to be vocal in seeking accountability and prevention was not a difficult one; with 4 sons who survive their sister, we were clear in discussing potential disturbances associated with publicity. The children strongly felt that an open forum was the best remedy to provide honor to their sister and a measure of closure for selves. I am proud to know that judicial accountability factors so strongly in these fine youth. Not only did the boys suffer the loss of their sister in death, but they were also betrayed through alienation in life. To deny opportunity for answers would be callous and wrong. Sadly, amongst those who know the loss of life of loved ones, most do not have the ability to speak. I have stood at vigils for other children who have lost their lives at the hands of wrongdoers and watched as family members painfully struggle with inability to state their loved one's name aloud. Fear of retaliation involves much more than public critique, but also includes severe penalty of fine and imprisonment. Since stepping forward and breaking the barriers of silence, I have been approached by many families who convey their tragic circumstances in confidence. I have assisted in alleviating restrictions by teaching necessary argument to present in court; as with the case of Delonna Victoria Sullivan, a 4-month-old victim who was erroneously taken into custody and died in "care" within 6 days of apprehension. Both Provincial and Queen's Bench have ruled that it is indeed, lawful to honor these children by rightfully providing them their given names and these landmark decisions are the basis of all subsequent victories for nameless victims of the Child Welfare System. For the most part, I feel that blindness towards systematic injustice stems from lack of awareness. However, sometimes there is true ignorance and I am always a bit disheartened to witness unwillingness of citizens refusing to take time to study conditions before imposing negative judgment on issues that they are unfamiliar with. This, I feel, is largely why I knew it was vital for me to speak although public forums were not initially my forte. Stigma associated with the Child Welfare realm is rampant. Even as an individual who did not have the restrictions that so many others are bound by, I met with continuous obstacles and handled disrespectfully by those whose profession is to alleviate family stress. I was a white, middle-class, married woman, educated and a hospital spokesperson yet negatively impacted; so I can only imagine how much more difficult it must be to have any of these conditions differ. Someone had to speak and so I do; while I cannot bring my child back to life, she lives through my efforts to educate. It makes me very angry to learn of all the children who remain faceless, nameless beings because behind those empty statistics (often not accurately reflected by true, larger numbers) are parents, brothers, sisters, grandparents, aunts & uncles, teachers, and friends who loved and were loved in return, their lives irrevocably altered forever. Here I will interject because there are inadvertedly some who blindly succumb to myth and want to point fingers of blame proclaiming that a family "got what they deserve" or that "there must be more to the story than they are saying." In my experience, these are misinformed opinions. While I do not deny that some children do come to harm at the hands of natural parents, more often than not, no one will protect their child better than natural family. Regardless of whom is responsible for hurting a child, the focus must remain on the CHILD. No child deserves to come to harm so it is bitterly pointless to shift attention away from the victim. Once oblivious, like so many others, I had believed authority figures were benign, helpful outlets which served the interests of those assigned to protect. I was raised to honor and respect persons with title and blindly trusted persons I should not have. This was perhaps, one of the more shocking elements that I struggled to overcome: Learning that not all persons of prestigious position are worthy of respect. I now try to teach my own children a balance between respect without compromising one's instincts; as these are generally correct. We develop in children the premise that if something feels wrong, it likely is and to tell and keep telling until someone listens. However, as adults we doubt ourselves because we so strongly want to believe in the goodness of others and that judgment becomes clouded. Follow your gut - always - and do not be silent - shout! As many good men & women long before us have learned, civil disobedience is sometimes the only correct approach. No one should be forced into silence; it is generally those with hidden agendas or who have wronged who promote suppression of truth. History: Samantha was born in 1993 with an extremely rare medical condition. The hospital was at a loss as it had no experience and could provide no direction beyond a single archaic medical text-book page indicating horrible prognosis. In effort to assist in anticipated extraordinary care, staff referred to Children's Services for support. Rather than offer of help, we were given ultimatum: 'If you hope to offer your child an opportunity at life, you will need to surrender custody so that she can gain access to government supports because as the natural family, these will not be provided.' The care promised Samantha through an Agreement with the Government, did not surface; she was failed miserably. We bear the cost of trusting experts at a time when we were left devastated and led astray by social-workers who still viewed children with disability as a burden. In hindsight, I see the strategy was to hide children, like Samantha, in foster custody - much like institutions and residential schools - rather than provide support within the natural family home amongst loved ones who truly have a vested interest. I have no issue outlining details about Samantha's history because her story can and has sparked awareness. Potentially salvaging the life of another child is my gratification. Samantha was a beautiful girl, with a great deal of joy, love and personality and is gravely missed by everyone who knew her. Samantha's short life was extremely purposeful; as is her legacy. As a hospital and family-centred care spokesperson for the group, Protecting Canadian Children, I am inundated with cases shared with me. I have attended court alongside other victims and I can assure, targeting of families for benign circumstances exists and cases are rampant. Autism, for example, a developmental condition affecting approximately 1 in 54 boy may require therapies, medication and life-long treatment. These extraordinary considerations are not equal to that of a "normal, healthy" child, nor can conditions be anticipated. Neither are any of us is infallible; at any time, one of us or a loved one could fall victim to disease or accident and require services. In Alberta, a single mother (pseudonym "Marie" as dictated by publication ban and not the mother's wish) was diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis; as the disease progressed she responsibly sought assistance. Instead, she was threatened with adoption of her young children and eventually fled the Province rather than lose her children to the System. Within Alberta, alone, 70% of children who comprise the Child Welfare System are those with special needs. Twenty-five percent of parents considered to have an intellectual impairment have had their child apprehended. Up until 1972, Albertans were still being sterilized! Native families have been subjected to inhumane conditions with the Residential School era and its toll continues to plague subsequent generations. In Ontario, legislation exists in which the government basis grounds for apprehension of a baby at birth - without any basis of neglect or abuse - solely with the following criteria: The parent is single, a teenager, and/or has grown up themselves in the System. The circumstances go on and on... Eugenics a vicious molester of many groups. The following is a summary of my 13-year-old daughter, Samantha Lauren Martin's circumstances as outlined within the fatality inquiry publicly available on the Ministry of Justice, Alberta website: http://justice.alberta.ca/programs_services/fatality/Documents/fatality-report-Martin.pdf My family's tragedy only differs from that of others in that I can and will speak. Breaking the confines of silence has not been a simple task. I faced numerous obstacles including threat of imprisonment; yet I would face these challenges again if so needed because it is the correct thing to do! Samantha's story has resulted in legislative amendment, which I endeavor to seek as National Policy: SAMANTHA'S LAW creates distinction between families dealing with medical and developmental diversity from those requiring intervention services for abuse or negligence. Caring families must not be coerced into out-of-home placement of a loved one with medical needs, nor compelled to relinquish guardianship in effort to secure required services. Samantha's Law has been recognized by the Mayor of Edmonton and the UN with International Women of the Year Award. Please see my recent broadcast on CTV, Alberta Primetime: http://www.albertaprimetime.com/Stories.aspx?pd=4894 To discuss further, you may reach me online at: Protecting Canadian Children http://www.protectingcanadianchildren.ca/ Sincerely, Velvet Martin
Photo And Video: Police Uncover Orphanage Where Teenage Girls Are Used To Breed Babies In Abia The Abia state police command has apprehended a fake social wor… (Photo And Video: Police Uncover Orphanage Where Teenage Girls Are Used To Breed Babies...
The editor of the paper that originally published this story about a lawsuit against GSK, Indian states, India's Drug Controller and others, is now in prison. Gaia Health is carrying the banner to keep these stories out there. We need to know that there is a battle being waged against the use of our children as vaccine product dumps so that Big Pharma can make Big Profits.
The petition outlines a series of serious allegations regarding the HPV vaccines Gardasil® and Cervarix®. Petitioners Kalpana Mehta, Nalini Bhanot and Dr. Rukmini Rao reported that the two HPV vaccines were illegally brought into the states of Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat and subsequently administered to thousands of young, vulnerable Indian children before the vaccines were known to be safe.