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Development studies and int'l cooperation
News from developing countries, int'l organizations, ONGs, development studies and related research.
Curated by Paola Rattu
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Global Trends 2030: top report from US intelligence

Global Trends 2030: top report from US intelligence | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

The new ‘Global Trends 2030’ report from the US National Intelligence Council shares the usual flaws on its scenarios, and is understandably US-centric (the NIC is a US government body), but its description of trends feels spot on, albeit a bit cursory on climate change. In Rumsfeldian terms, it summarizes the known knowns – ‘megatrends’, reflecting underlying ‘tectonic shifts’, but adds in a discussion of known unknowns, both long-term processes  - ‘game changers’,  and (mainly negative) discrete events – ‘black swans’.

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Interesting points on Chian's collapse, solar storms, global middle class and ageing populations

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ICMM - The role of mining in national economies

ICMM - The role of mining in national economies | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

In 2010, the value of global minerals production was four times higher than in 2002. At the same time, there are 40 countries with significant dependence on mineral exports. Thirty of those are low or middle income countries and many have low Human Development Index scores.

 

This data demonstrates that mining has a significant and growing role to play in economic development in general and poverty reduction in particular. Evidence from ICMM case studies in Chile, Ghana and Brazil illustrates that mining areas have enjoyed stronger poverty reduction and social development performance than non-mining areas.

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Building resilience to drought in Kenya

Building resilience to drought in Kenya | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Trading their animals instead of holding on to large flocks and using their land in different ways may help herders in northern Kenya survive when drought and hunger strike...

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The Philippines: Using SMS in disaster response

The Philippines: Using SMS in disaster response | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

The Philippines looks set to expand its rapid monitoring system, based on mobile phone text messaging, to lessen the number of deaths and improve emergency response times. With over 7,000 islands and more than 100 million people, the archipelago experiences an average of 20 typhoons a year, with stronger storms in recent years.

 

Surveillance in post extreme emergencies and disaster (Speed), a project supported by the World Health Organisation (WHO), uses SMS/text messages on mobile phones or the internet to alert emergency health officials to dangerous situations and send them health information, and receive data on health conditions in communities and reports of disaster damage.

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Haiti: Let's make mining revenue work for us

Haiti: Let's make mining revenue work for us | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Haiti is reportedly on the cusp of a gold rush, with exploration proceeding apace for an estimated $20bn worth of precious minerals buried beneath the soil.

 

This is a great opportunity, but also a challenge for a country such as Haiti. The potential tax revenues that could be generated from mining copper, silver and gold are enormous. However, ensuring that a fair proportion of the revenue generated ends up benefiting the people of Haiti is far from a foregone conclusion.

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Ethiopia: Launch of a new Italian Development Cooperation Post-emergency Program

The Italian Cooperation is launching a new 1.3 million euro post-emergency program in the South and the South-East of Ethiopia, focusing on areas affected by recurrent adverse climatic events and, in some cases, subject to refugee flows from neighboring countries.

 

The five areas identified within three Regional States, Oromia, SNNPR and Somali, are characterized by a chronic shortage of potable water and adequate sanitation facilities. Such condition is often exacerbated by drought events which are particularly intense in the dry-lands of the Horn of Africa.

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Simple Tools, Big Benefit

Learn how six everyday items are changing life for the better in earthquake-devastated Haiti.

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UNICEF: Radio Links Haitian Families to Life-Saving Aid

UNICEF: Radio Links Haitian Families to Life-Saving Aid | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

A cacophony of songs and radio reports drift from the tented camp; thousands of radios are providing entertainment and, more importantly, information.

 

A UNICEF Public Service Announcement on nutrition blares out of several radios tuned into Port-au-Prince's Radio One. The station is one of many that work with Internews, an organization that is distributing information to earthquake victims.

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Living Amid Ruins in Haiti Video

Living Amid Ruins in Haiti Video | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Poverty and government policies have forced many Haitians displaced by the 2010 earthquake to leave the tent camps and return to severely damaged houses in danger of collapse.


Via Grant Davies
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Drought and Cold Snap Cause Food Crisis in Northern Mexico

Drought and Cold Snap Cause Food Crisis in Northern Mexico | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

A drought that a government official called the most severe Mexico had ever faced has left two million people without access to water and, coupled with a cold snap, has devastated cropland in nearly half of the country.

 

The government in the past week has authorized $2.63 billion in aid, including potable water, food and temporary jobs for the most affected areas, rural communities in 19 of Mexico’s 31 states.

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2011 : lourd bilan pour les catastrophes naturelles

2011 : lourd bilan pour les catastrophes naturelles | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

En 2011, les catastrophes naturelles se sont succédées, touchant un par un tous les continents de la planète. L’ONU, dans un rapport qui vient de paraître, en a recensé pas moins 302, qui auraient provoqué la mort de 29.782 personnes et causé un total de 366 milliards de dollars (soit 286 milliards d’euros) de dégâts, ce qui représente le PIB d’un pays comme l’Afrique du Sud.

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Haitian Farmers Undermined by Food Aid - FCIR

Haitian Farmers Undermined by Food Aid - FCIR | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
FCIRHaitian Farmers Undermined by Food AidFCIRThe US government began purchasing American crops to export as food aid with the 1954 Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act, which aimed to expand US markets.
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Nigeria's Oil Disasters Met by Silence

Nigeria's Oil Disasters Met by Silence | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

The global media have had little to say on Nigeria's latest oil spill and the hundreds of others that have destroyed so many lives...


Via Ana Valdés
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Haiti: Why are so many people still living in tents?

Haiti: Why are so many people still living in tents? | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Political instability, natural disasters and a cholera epidemic, plus a confused aid effort, mean there is still work for Haiti to do

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Bangladesh coastal areas following October's tropical storm – in pictures

Bangladesh coastal areas following October's tropical storm – in pictures | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

A violent tropical storm swept the south-east of Bangladesh in mid-October, flattening homes, uprooting trees and flooding acres of crops. The authorities have come under fire for providing inadequate warning of the cyclone's severity. Those affected now face the onerous task of rebuilding their homes and livelihoods

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The Philippines: Exploring ways to survive flooding

The Philippines: Exploring ways to survive flooding | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it


In August, floods swept through the Philippine capital Manila, forcing thousands of people to flee. The Manila Observatory, the Marine Science Institute, and the National Institute of Geological Sciences are working with the NGO Christian Aid to explore ways of improving the area's disaster resilience. Researchers have been speaking to flood-affected communities and assessing how best to evacuate people when rain makes the waters rise

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Inde: Deux millions de déplacés à cause d'inondations

Inde: Deux millions de déplacés à cause d'inondations | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Des inondations dues aux pluies saisonnières de la mousson dans l'est de l'Inde ont fait au moins 79 morts et 2,2 millions de personnes ont été déplacées, la semaine passée, a-t-on appris lundi.

 

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Africa: Uganda: 100 Missing in Landslide

Africa: Uganda: 100 Missing in Landslide | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
Rescue workers gave up their search and waited for bulldozers to help find about 100 people who residents said were missing the day after landslides struck the eastern district of Bududa.
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The Female Factor: Success in a Land Known for Disasters

The Female Factor: Success in a Land Known for Disasters | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
When it comes to the position of women, Bangladesh has made progress that would be unthinkable in many other Muslim societies.
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Millions of flood victims still at risk in Pakistan

Millions of flood victims still at risk in Pakistan | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

A feeble international response to Pakistan's second major flooding crisis in two years has left millions of people at serious risk of malnutrition and disease, aid groups warned Thursday.
The Pakistan Humanitarian Forum (PHF), a network of the 41 largest international charities in the country, called on the international community and Pakistan to take urgent steps with the next monsoon season months away.

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Paul Conneally: Digital humanitarianism

The disastrous earthquake in Haiti taught humanitarian groups an unexpected lesson: the power of mobile devices to coordinate, inform, and guide relief efforts. At TEDxRC2, Paul Conneally shows extraordinary examples of social media and other new technologies becoming central to humanitarian aid.

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PHILIPPINES: Aid management goes automated

PHILIPPINES: Aid management goes automated | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

The Philippines government and an international aid agency are automating inventory systems to improve relief distribution in one of the world's most disaster-prone countries.

 

The World Food Programme (WFP) and Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) are undertaking a US$46,000 customization of an open-source software commonly used in disaster relief, Sahana, to develop a national relief goods inventory and monitoring system, or RGIMS.

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How climate change, urbanization are changing disaster aid

How climate change, urbanization are changing disaster aid | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Picture this: a terrible drought forces you to abandon your meager plot of farmland, so you migrate to a city where the jobs are, only to end up living in a slum regularly submerged...

 

To adapt to the new reality, aid agencies will need to invest more in disaster prevention and learn a trick or two from the private sector about how to make more efficient use of limited resources, the survey of 41 relief organizations shows.


Via Cathryn Wellner
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Sri Lanka : 7 ans après le tsunami, les insuffisances du système d'alerte précoce toujours d'actualité

Sri Lanka : 7 ans après le tsunami, les insuffisances du système d'alerte précoce toujours d'actualité | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Le 27 décembre 2004, plus de 30.000 sri lankais perdaient la vie suite à un tsunami déferlant depuis l’Océan indien, touchant pas moins de treize pays et provoquant la mort de 200.000 personnes. En réponse à la défaillance du système d’alertes à l’attention de la population, le gouvernement a fait voter en 2005 une Loi sur la gestion des catastrophes naturelles.

 

Pourtant, le 25 novembre dernier, de fortes précipitations accompagnées de vents violents ont mis en évidence la persistance des défaillances de ce système. Une dizaine de milliers d’habitations ont été détruites et 29 personnes ont perdu la vie, sans qu’aucun avertissement préalable aux risques n’ait été émis à l’attention des populations.

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Un nouveau programme de la Commission Européenne pour la reconstruction en Haïti

Un nouveau programme de la Commission Européenne pour la reconstruction en Haïti | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

La Commission européenne a lancé à Port-au-Prince, Haïti, un nouveau programme portant sur la réhabilitation et la reconstruction de logements sûrs, dont bénéficieront plus de 60 000 personnes déplacées. Ce nouveau programme d'un montant de 23 millions €...

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