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Development studies and int'l cooperation
News from developing countries, int'l organizations, ONGs, development studies and related research.
Curated by Paola Rattu
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Comment définir la pauvreté: Ravallion, Sen ou Rawls ?

Comment définir la pauvreté: Ravallion, Sen ou Rawls ? | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Qu'est ce que la pauvreté ? Si celle-ci paraît être un phénomène visible, concret, aisément reconnaissable, surtout dans le contexte des pays en voie de développement, elle n'en reste pas moins un concept difficilement définissable et mesurable. Pauvre, mais privé de quoi ? Manque de ressources, manque d'éducation, absence de sécurité ? L'objet même de la pauvreté demeure aujourd'hui difficile à déterminer...

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Article bien écrit et qui met en perspective trois approches théoriques différentes en es illustrant à travers un exemple.

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Neglected Disease R&D: a Five Years Review


"International financial support aimed at counteracting the world's 'neglected diseases' increased by nearly a half-billion dollars over the past five years, according to new research released Monday, but changing funding dynamics could already be having a negative impact on the development of cures for diseases that affect a substantial proportion of the world's poor," Inter Press Service reports. "While funding for these diseases had begun to pick up, the new Global Funding of Innovation for Neglected Diseases (G-FINDER) report [.pdf] finds that this assistance has decreased again following the international financial crisis," the news service writes, adding, "More worrying, funding for research into these diseases remains highly dependent on a tiny number of players," including the U.S.


Source: http://globalhealth.kff.org/Daily-Reports/2012/December/04/GH-120412-NTD-Funding-Report.aspx?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+kff%2Fkdghpr+%28Kaiser+Daily+Global+Health+Policy+Report%29

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Why don’t Africa’s politicians invest more in small farmers? The political economy of ag policy.

Why don’t Africa’s politicians invest more in small farmers? The political economy of ag policy. | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Interesting if rather impenetrable new(ish) paper from the Future Agricultures consortium on the political economy of Africanagricultural policy. It seeks to answer an important question – why hasn’t the spread of democracy produced more investment in the smallholder farmers that form the majority of the electorate in many countries? 

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Book Review: Representations of Global Poverty: Aid, Development and International NGOs

Book Review: Representations of Global Poverty: Aid, Development and International NGOs | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Through the efforts of increasingly media-aware NGOs, people in the west are bombarded with images of poverty and inequality in the developing world. Representations of Poverty is a comprehensive study of the communications and imagery used by international NGOs to represent the developing world. In this meticulously researched and original book, Nandita Dogra examines the full cycle of representation – integrating analyses of the public messages of international development NGOs in the UK with the views of their staff and audiences. Reviewed by Philip Goodwin.

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Paradigms, lock-ins and liberations: Robert Chambers on rice and shit

Paradigms, lock-ins and liberations: Robert Chambers on rice and shit | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Following my review of his new book, and Robert’s thoughts on immersion programmes (which generated some great comments), here is a third and final piece from Provocations for Development

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Development reads, slum dwellers and new UK secretary of state Justine Greening

Development reads, slum dwellers and new UK secretary of state Justine Greening | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

For many students, the new academic year begins this month. For those about to begin one of the numerous courses related to development, our list of recommended reads for first-year students may be helpful. We've also published our suggested reads around the topic of environment and sustainable development, and over the next few weeks we'll be publishing reading lists on other key subjects in development, such as gender and economics.

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Les TICs dans les pays des Suds - tics&sociétés, Vol. 5, n°2-3

Les TICs dans les pays des Suds - tics&sociétés, Vol. 5, n°2-3 | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

«Le numéro proposé, dans cette nouvelle livraison de la revue tic&société, a pour ambition d’amorcer de nouvelles perspectives sur les TICs dans les pays des Suds en sollicitant des contributions qui interrogent le passé des TICs dans les pays des Suds, sans tomber pour autant dans les pièges et les revers de l’évaluation a posteriori. Tournées résolument vers les études de problèmes empiriques, de telles perspectives permettent de relativiser les discours des promoteurs sur les rapports entre TICs et « développement » et d’éclairer, par la même occasion, sur le contexte, les stratégies et les finalités des acteurs en présence de projets d’intégration des TICs tombés dans l’oubli». 

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TRIPS: Between Coercion and Discourse

TRIPS: Between Coercion and Discourse | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

The objective of this dissertation is to deconstruct why in July 2008 a developing country coalition led by Brazil, India, and China, and including the African Group; and the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) bloc chose to back stringent intellectual property (IP) standards in the EU's World Trade Organization (WTO) document "TN/C/W/52" Proposal, herein referred to as the 'W52 Proposal.'

 

In light of developing countries' opposition toward the adoption of the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement in the Uruguay Round (UR) (1986-1994), the change in behavior is an interesting mystery worth solving. Two contending theoretical frameworks—neorealism and interpretivist neoliberalism—will be cited to explain the policy shift of developing countries toward intellectual property rights (IPRs).

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What agricultural policies worked in today’s successful economies? Important new book from Ha-Joon Chang

What agricultural policies worked in today’s successful economies? Important new book from Ha-Joon Chang | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

‘Public Policy and Agricultural Development’ aims to do on agricultural policy what Ha-Joon’s 2002 book ‘Kicking Away the Ladder’ did on industrial policy, namely reclaim the lessons of history to refute the ideas of the Washington Consensus and instead suggest a much more activist role for the state (although its conclusions on ag are less statist than Ha-Joon’s work on industrial policy in books like Kicking Away the Ladder).

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Atlas of Gender and Development

Atlas of Gender and Development | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Illustrated with graphics and maps, the Atlas of Gender and Development gives readers a unique insight into the impact of social institutions − traditions, social norms and cultural practices − on gender equality in 124 non-OECD countries.

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Crops and Carbon: Paying Farmers to Combat Climate Change | Routledge

Crops and Carbon: Paying Farmers to Combat Climate Change | Routledge | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Rich countries are paying poor countries to fight climate change on their behalf - and one way they are doing it is through carbon sinks. These are reservoirs of organic carbon tied up in plants and in the earth, rather than being in the atmosphere as greenhouse gases. A new book by Mike Robbins  looks critically at this mode of climate change mitigation.


Via CGIAR Climate
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Development Policy Review theme issue: Tracking development in South-East Asia and sub-Saharan Africa

Development Policy Review theme issue: Tracking development in South-East Asia and sub-Saharan Africa | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
This theme issue examines the divergent development trajectories of South-East Asian and sub-Saharan African countries, providing insight into the political and social processes that lead to particular policy choices and economic outcomes.
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Viêt Nam, Maroc, Algérie : Comment aborder l’héritage colonial ?

Benjamin Stora, historien, professeur à l’Université Paris-13, vient de publier « Voyages en postcolonies – Viêt Nam, Algérie, Maroc » (Stock, 2012). Il répond à nos questions à l’occasion de la parution de la Revue internationale et stratégique sur le thème « Pardon et réconciliation », pour laquelle il a accordé un entretien

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Geographical factors affecting alternative strategies for filariasis elimination in post-conflict countries

Vector control, including the use of bed nets, is recommended as a possible strategy for eliminating lymphatic filariasis (LF) in post-conflict countries such as the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

This study examined the geographical factors that influence community bed net coverage in DRC in order to identify the hard-to-reach areas that need to be better targeted. In particular, urban/rural differences and the influence of population density, proximity to cities and health facilities, plus access to major transport networks were investigated.

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The impact of pensions on health and wellbeing in rural South Africa: Does gender matter?

The impact of pensions on health and wellbeing in rural South Africa: Does gender matter? | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Unique to Africa, a means-tested non-contributory pension is available to South Africans. In 2006, women over 60 and men over 65 were pension-eligible. To explore the effect of the pension for health and wellbeing indicators of rural South African men and women, we analyze data from the WHO-INDEPTH Study of Global Ageing and Adult Health Survey, carried out in the Agincourt sub-district by the MRC/Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit (Agincourt) in 2006. Overall, women report poorer wellbeing compared to men...

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Moving towards universal health coverage: health insurance reforms in nine developing countries

We analyse nine low-income and lower-middle-income countries in Africa and Asia that have implemented national health insurance reforms designed to move towards universal health coverage. Using the functions-of-health-systems framework, we describe these countries' approaches to raising prepaid revenues, pooling risk, and purchasing services.

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Development studies: Key first-year reads

Development studies: Key first-year reads | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

A shortlist of recommended books for first-year university students interested in development studies

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Development studies: Key first-year reads

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The Complete List of 79 Academic ICT4D Journals and Publications | ICTWorks

The Complete List of 79 Academic ICT4D Journals and Publications | ICTWorks | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

One source of continuous frustration for ICT4D researchers is the glacial pace of academia. One has to submit papers 8 months in advance for conferences that are over a year away - like ICTD. Or it usually takes about 2 years minimum to get a paper published in a journal. If you are a researcher, you have to mentally prepare for that wait or look for a different way to get your ideas into the ICT4D conversation. One way is to start a blog, another is to submit your paper to an existing blog, like ICTworks.

 

That said, in the university setting, journals are often considered the only "real" publication venue. So to help those trying to get research validation, here is a list of journals that publish articles related to the use of information and communication technologies to accelerate the social and economic advancement in the development world.

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PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases: Ebola and Marburg Hemorrhagic Fevers: Neglected Tropical Diseases?

PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases: Ebola and Marburg Hemorrhagic Fevers: Neglected Tropical Diseases? | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) and Marburg hemorrhagic fever (MHF) are rare viral diseases, endemic to central Africa.

 

The overall burden of EHF and MHF is small in comparison to the more common protozoan, helminth, and bacterial diseases typically referred to as neglected tropical diseases (NTDs).

 

However, EHF and MHF outbreaks typically occur in resource-limited settings, and many aspects of these outbreaks are a direct consequence of impoverished conditions...

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Living Through Crises: How the poor cope with crisis

Living Through Crises: How the poor cope with crisis | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

When the global financial crisis struck in 2008, the World Bank's social development unit and the Institute of Development Studies in the UK set out to examine in "real time" how around 3,000 people in 17 developing countries coped with the shock of higher food and fuel prices.

 

The joint project has resulted in a book, Living Through Crises. The book, published last week, covers eight countries – including Bangladesh, Cambodia and Kenya – and research is leavened with lots of voices from the ground.

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Dependency theory – is it all over now?

Dependency theory – is it all over now? | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Despite ideas of exploitation being akin to conspiracy theories in some quarters, there are good reasons not to drop dependency theory from the development lexicon just yet...

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Africa Humiliated? Misrecognition in Development Aid

Critiques of development aid from its recipient’s sometimes draw our attention to the perception of paternalism on the part of ‘development industry’ actors.

 

This article explores how charges of misrecognition within development cooperation challenge the assumption by many liberal political theorists that more global justice could be achieved through more aid.

 

DOI 10.1007/s11158-012-9186-2

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A Brief History of International Development Aid

A Brief History of International Development Aid | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Moyo splits ‘the history of aid’ up into ‘seven phases’ – starting with the earliest days of Bretton Woods in the mid 1940s – which saw the establishment of institutions such as the IMF, then outlines details of the Marshall Plan in the 1950s – but I’m going to start my brief summary with the third phase in the 1960s -which are followed in each successive decade with next four phases....

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