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Development studies and int'l cooperation
News from developing countries, int'l organizations, ONGs, development studies and related research.
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Bad Governance leads to bad land deals – the link between politics and land grabs

Bad Governance leads to bad land deals – the link between politics and land grabs | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Ricardo Fuentes-Nieva (right) and Marloes Nicholls (left) crunch the numbers to find that big land investments sniff out countries with ‘weak governance’ – aka no accountability, no regulation, no rule of law, and a green light for corruption.

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Ibrahim Index of African Governance: Nigeria worst performer among African powerhouses

Ibrahim Index of African Governance: Nigeria worst performer among African powerhouses | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Human rights, political freedom, transparency and accountability have deteriorated in four African "powerhouses" over the past six years, according to the 2012 Ibrahim Index of African Governance, published on Monday.

 

Nigeria, South Africa, Kenya and Egypt dropped in the rankings in two of the four categories used in the index to assess good governance across the continent – safety and rule of law, and participation and human rights. The other two categories are sustainable economic opportunity and human development.

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R&D Access to Medicines for Neglected Populations:Could a Treaty Address a Broken Pharmaceutical R&D System?

We discuss how an R&D treaty could complement and build on existing initiatives by addressing four areas where the system remains particularly weak: affordability, sustainable financing, efficiency in innovation, and equitable health-centered governance.


We argue that effective tools for global governance are required to generate medical R&D as a global public good, based on the understanding that a politically and financially sustainable system will require both fair contributions from all, and fair benefit-sharing for all.

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NGOs urge public debate for World Bank candidates

NGOs urge public debate for World Bank candidates | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
Non-profit organizations called for the 3 candidates vying to lead the World Bank to debate publicly to boost transparency in the first-ever challenge to the US monopoly of the job.
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AID POLICY: Spotlight on New Deal for fragile states

AID POLICY: Spotlight on New Deal for fragile states | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

At the global aid effectiveness forum in Busan, South Korea, in November and December this year, the “G7+”, a group of nations which includes 19 fragile and conflict-affected states, agreed a New Deal on fragile states, which sets out concrete and, they hope, more relevant ways to improve peace- and state-building goals.

 

The New Deal will be piloted in Afghanistan, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Liberia, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, and Timor-Leste, with help from Australia, Belgium, the Netherlands, the UK and the USA.

 

It identifies five peace- and state-building goals as prerequisites for development without which “no MDG [Millenium Development Goals] will be met”, said Marcus Manuel, director of the Budget Strengthening Initiative at the UK’s Overseas Development Institute (ODI), one of the architects of the New Deal.

The goals include legitimate politics, security, justice, economic foundations and revenues and services. “If you don’t sort them [these criteria] out, no matter how many schools you build, if you haven’t figured out the payroll, you won’t be able to move forward,” Manuel told IRIN.

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The open data revolution comes to aid

The open data revolution comes to aid | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

The challenge is to provide information to people at country level. Our existing aid information systems are mainly designed to enable donors to share information with each other, not to meet the needs of people in developing countries.

But the information needs at country level are hugely diverse, both between and within developing countries. Here’s the technical bit: the way to serve all these different needs for information without massive duplication and bureaucracy is to separate the data from the interface.....


Via Rafael Monterde Díaz
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What the Hobbit can teach us about self-governance

What the Hobbit can teach us about self-governance | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Those who believe in a small state and self-regulated markets could claim JRR Tolkien and Elinor Ostrom as two of their own.

 

Tolkien became a cult figure among hippies in the 1960s, for whom LOTR worked on a number of levels: peace-lovers versus warmongers; military-industrial complex versus local smallholders; the lust for power versus individual freedom. These days he would have celebrated the victory of the people of Totnes in their campaign to keep a branch of Costa out of their town.

Yet those who believe in a small state and self-regulated markets could also claim Tolkien as one of their own. The Shire had hardly any government: families, for the most part, managed their own affairs and the only real official was the mayor, who oversaw the postal service and the watch.

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How will transparency initiatives impact development agencies? | aidinfo.org

How will transparency initiatives impact development agencies? | aidinfo.org | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

There is enormous need for data sharing in a crisis – it is essential for coordinating and understanding the unfolding situations in real-time in order to save lives. There is much more scrutiny as well as a need for rapid coordination and response during a humanitarian crisis, so it requires a higher level of transparency than development work...

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Why creating openness is a challenge for all governments

Why creating openness is a challenge for all governments | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
One of the most moving moments at last week's Open Government Partnership conference, where the representatives of over 50 countries gathered to pledge their commitment to open and transparent government, was when Yemeni editor and anti-censorship activist Walid al-Saqaf, said he wanted his 11-year-old daughter to be a journalist – and to be safe.

 

Saqaf said secrecy, corruption and nepotism had been part of the daily habits of the former regime in Yemen, under former president Ali Abdullah Saleh, who was ousted in February. He said the countries involved in the Arab spring face a huge challenge to overturn this embedded culture of secrecy to create more transparent, open government.

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Irish Aid - €6 billion spent in an unregulated sector with low standards of accountability

The media controversy in Ireland surrounding the boutique charity GOAL has drawn attention to the standard of public accountability and transparency of its principal sponsor Irish Aid, the State’s Overseas Development office. GOAL is one of a small number of Irish charities that participate in a Multi-Annual Programme Scheme intended to provide long-term funding to alleviate distress in a small number of countries. This programme was started in 2003 and by the end of 2011 it had spent over €477 million out of a total Irish Aid spend of over €6 billion during that time.

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ITAR-TASS : Medvedev passes bill to liberalize party creation conditions

ITAR-TASS : Medvedev passes bill to liberalize party creation conditions | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Russian President Dmitry Medvedev passed in the State Duma a bill on amendments in the law on political parties, the Kremlin press service reported on Friday.
The bill “is seeking to liberalize the requirements to the creation and activities of political parties.”...

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