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Development studies and int'l cooperation
News from developing countries, int'l organizations, ONGs, development studies and related research.
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Yémen : Ansar al Charia coupable de graves violations des droits humains

Yémen : Ansar al Charia coupable de graves violations des droits humains | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Le groupe islamiste Ansar al Charia, lié à Al Qaïda, a contrôlé une partie du gouvernorat d’Abyan (Sud-Yémen) de 2011 à 2012. Le groupe ayant été chassé en juin dernier, Amnesty International a pu mener une enquête cet été afin de procéder à l’établissement des faits qui se sont déroulés sous le régime d’Ansar al Charia. D’importantes atteintes aux droits humains ont été perpétrées.

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Afghan gunmen kill polio vaccination worker in latest attack on women

Afghan gunmen kill polio vaccination worker in latest attack on women | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

A student and volunteer on a polio vaccination programme has been murdered by gunmen in an eastern Afghan village, leaving many women too frightened to attend work and school, according to a member of parliament for the area.

 

The violent deaths of women often go unreported or unresolved in Afghanistan, a country where senior clerics this year described them as "secondary" to men.

 

Heather Barr, Afghanistan researcher at Human Rights Watch, said: "The small number of cases of prosecution of violence against women speaks to a lack of enthusiasm on the part of police and prosecutors to get to the bottom of these cases."

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UE: 100 jours d’embargo du pétrole iranien. Etat des lieux, impact sur le marché et perspectives

UE: 100 jours d’embargo du pétrole iranien. Etat des lieux, impact sur le marché et perspectives | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Le 1er juillet 2012, l’Union Européenne a mis en place un embargo sur le pétrole iranien. Cette action s’ajoute aux sanctions financières décidées en fin d’année 2011 par les Etats-Unis contre les institutions financières internationales commerçant avec la Banque Centrale de l’Iran. Le 15 octobre dernier, les ministres des Affaires étrangères de l’Union Européenne ont voté des nouvelles mesures pour renforcer les sanctions, interdisant notamment l’importation de gaz iranien. La finalité de ces actions est d’exercer des pressions sur la République Islamique d’Iran pour l’amener à arrêter le programme d’enrichissement d’uranium....

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Should Palestinians boycott international aid?

Should Palestinians boycott international aid? | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Aid-funded development in Palestine hasn't worked, as millions continue to suffer despite billions of dollars being spent. It's time for Palestinians to assert themselves and take control

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Afghanistan's Pepsi Bottle Boys

Afghanistan's Pepsi Bottle Boys | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

A group of boys have taken up traffic duty on Mahi Par pass, a dangerous, highly trafficked road outside of Kabul, using only old soda bottles and determination to make money.

 

More here: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/14/world/asia/afghan-boys-eke-living-amid-peril-at-gorge.html?_r=1&partner=rss&emc=rss

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La reprise du dialogue entre l'Iran et l'Argentine dérange Israël

La reprise du dialogue entre l'Iran et l'Argentine dérange Israël | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Après six ans de tensions, l’Iran et l’Argentine ont rétabli le dialogue en marge de l’Assemblée générale de l’ONU. Neuf Iraniens avaient en effet été condamnés par la justice argentine pour avoir perpétuer l’attentat en 1994 contre le siège de l’Association Mutuelle Israélite Argentine (AMIA), centre culturel de la communauté juive situé à Buenos Aires. Cet attentat avait coûté la vie à 85 personnes. Guillermo Borger, à la tête de l’AMIA, a déclaré à la radio locale que ce dialogue avec l’Iran était « improbable et peu fiable » : la mise en place de négociations entre les deux pays n’est pas non plus du goût d’Israël et des Etats-Unis.

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Yemen in Crisis as Global Food Prices Rise

Yemen in Crisis as Global Food Prices Rise | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Nearly half of Yemenis go to bed hungry as political instability compounds a surge in global food and fuel prices, giving Yemen the world’s third-highest rate of child malnutrition, the World Food Program said Sunday.

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Report warns of global food insecurity as climate change destroys fisheries

Report warns of global food insecurity as climate change destroys fisheries | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

The Persian Gulf, Libya, and Pakistan are at high risk of food insecurity in coming decades because climate change and ocean acidification are destroying fisheries, according to a report released on Monday.

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Francesca's comment, September 24, 2012 11:28 AM
Sconvolgente! Ennesimo allarme sui disastri causati dai cambiamneti climatici e dall'inquinamento. Ma servirà a qualcosa?
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Syria: An Islamic School for Girls

Syria: An Islamic School for Girls | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

In 1982, when she was just 17 years old, Houda al-Habash opened the doors to her Koran school for women and girls at the Al-Zahra Mosque in Damascus, Syria. Houda is representative of a pioneering generation of women in the Middle East who have begun to study Islam within the mosque like their fathers, uncles and brothers — a trend that is reshaping the region. We made the film because despite the influence of schools like Houda’s, stories about them are still rare.

 

In the film, inside her organized and lively school, Houda teaches her students about women’s rights within Islam and encourages them to take their secular education seriously. She and her students are engaged in a debate about women’s roles in the modern world, similar to the debates we find in our own culture. In the end, we were more compelled by the similarities than the differences in that debate.

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La puissance militaire du Turkménistan s'accroît rapidement dans la Mer Caspienne

La puissance militaire du Turkménistan s'accroît rapidement dans la Mer Caspienne | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Le Turkménistan est désormais capable de soutenir ses prétentions sur les ressources énergétiques de la Mer Caspienne grâce à une puissance militaire significative. C’est ce que révèle une édition spéciale du journal russe Natsionalnaya Oborona (Défense nationale). Une nouvelle qui vient bousculer le fragile équilibre géopolitique autour la Mer Caspienne et de ses richesses.

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As foreign aid dries up, Afghan NGOs fight to survive

As foreign aid dries up, Afghan NGOs fight to survive | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Non-governmental organizations are now struggling to win donor support, more than a decade after the Taliban were driven from power by U.S.-led forces.

 

Almost 10 percent of NGOs in Afghanistan -- 175 in number -- were ordered shut at the start of the year by the Economy Ministry after they failed to submit annual reports due to inefficiency, corruption and oversight.

 

As a result, donations to Afghanistan's NGOs have waned, raising concerns about their ability to keep operating when most NATO combat troops leave at the end of 2014.

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Single women gaining limited acceptance in Iran

Single women gaining limited acceptance in Iran | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

There are no official statistics on the number of women living by themselves in big cities in Iran. But university professors, real estate agents, families and many young women all say that a phenomenon extremely rare just 10 years ago is becoming commonplace, propelled by a continuous wave of female students entering universities and a staggering rise in divorces.

 

The shift has left clerics and politicians struggling to deal with a generation of young women carving out independent lives in a tradition-bound society, away from the guidance of fathers and husbands. Desperate to stop the trend, the government introduced a campaign to promote quick and cheap marriages - but it backfired, experts said, by cheapening an institution deeply anchored in Iran's ancient culture.

 

That has left the young women to develop strategies to fend for themselves in a society where social codes are often based on deep suspicion of female sexuality.

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A plea for protection, as Israel moves to deport South Sudanese

A plea for protection, as Israel moves to deport South Sudanese | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

International organizations warn of a humanitarian disaster and pending war in South Sudan.

 

Israel, however, has seized the new state’s independence as an opportunity to deport South Sudanese nationals, who formerly enjoyed the temporary protection Israel extends to Sudanese citizens. Authorities on Sunday began arresting South Sudanese asylum seekers in Israel ahead of their deportation.

This is one asylum seeker’s plea for just treatment.

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Gulf Area: Green thinking takes root in midst of desert

Gulf Area: Green thinking takes root in midst of desert | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
Are oil-rich Gulf states, once a byword for waste and excess, really now leading the world on sustainable development?
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Gay, lesbiche, queer e trans nel mondo arabo: un libro sfata i miti

Gay, lesbiche, queer e trans nel mondo arabo: un libro sfata i miti | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Il volume, edito da Ediesse, è scritto da due studiose italiane, Anna Vanzan e Jolanda Guardi che, con un lavoro capillare di esplorazione dei testi antichi, raccontano la storia e l'evoluzione dell'orientamento sessuale e della sua costruzione sociale nei paesi musulmani

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Twitter Gives Saudi Arabia a Revolution of Its Own

Twitter Gives Saudi Arabia a Revolution of Its Own | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Saudi Arabia did not have an Arab Spring. But it has had a revolution of sorts.

 

Open criticism of this country’s royal family, once unheard-of, has become commonplace in recent months. Prominent judges and lawyers issue fierce public broadsides about large-scale government corruption and social neglect. Women deride the clerics who limit their freedoms. Even the king has come under attack.

 

All this dissent is taking place on the same forum: Twitter.

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Canada’s $1.5B Afghanistan aid effort ‘divorced from reality,’ according to previously unreleased documents

Canada’s $1.5B Afghanistan aid effort ‘divorced from reality,’ according to previously unreleased documents | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Hampered by an increasingly hostile work environment and a bureaucratic culture that discouraged innovation, Canada’s aid blitz in Afghanistan seemed at times “divorced from reality” in the war-ravaged country, concludes a previously secret review of the $1.5-billion program.

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Free Speech in the Islamic World

Free Speech in the Islamic World | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
The debate over freedom of expression in new Arab and Muslim democracies should be seen as part of a larger historical transition, says Duke University's Timur Kuran.
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Yemen’s leader, President Hadi, Praises U.S. Drone Strikes

Yemen’s leader, President Hadi, Praises U.S. Drone Strikes | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

WASHINGTON — The president of Yemen gave an unqualified endorsement of American drone strikes in his country during a visit here on Friday, cementing his status as a favored counterterrorism partner of the United States.

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With Tattoos, Young Israelis Bear Holocaust Scars of Relatives

With Tattoos, Young Israelis Bear Holocaust Scars of Relatives | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
Some young Israelis are having the concentration-camp numbers of relatives who survived the Holocaust permanently inked into their arms. It has provoked intense reactions.
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EU pledges extra 100 million euros aid for Palestinians

BRUSSELS, Sept 14 (Reuters) – The European Union will double its aid for Palestinian development and the Palestinian Authority to 200 million euros in 2012, the EU executive said on Friday.

 

The development aid will be focused on water, sanitation and support for refugees. A further 100 million euros aid credits unspent last year will be also spent in 2012, the European Commission said in a statement.

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In Yemen, Little Relief for Hunger

In Yemen, Little Relief for Hunger | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
The international community has been slow in its response, and concerns are growing that the country’s already tenuous democratic prospects may be at risk unless the transitional government receives more foreign assistance in meeting people’s essential needs.

 

“It’s worse than we had thought,” said Jamal Benomar, the United Nations envoy to Yemen. “The latest figures for Yemen are not far from the situation in Sahel in Africa or Afghanistan, but unfortunately this is not attracting attention from the world.”

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Les expulsions d'immigrés africains s'accélèrent en Israël.

Les expulsions d'immigrés africains s'accélèrent en Israël. | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Le ministre israélien des Affaires étrangères Elie Yishaï va au-delà des mesures prises par Netanyahu et annonce vouloir expulser tous les immigrés illégaux d’origine africaine. Il incite aux départs volontaires en échange d’argent mais ceux qui décident de rester risqueront bientôt l’expulsion. Les premiers départs s’inscrivent dans un contexte d’hostilité grandissante envers les migrants, principalement dans les quartiers pauvres de Tel-Aviv. Les associations humanitaires dénoncent la non-considération des demandes d’asile politique des immigrés majoritairement issus d’Erythrée et du Soudan, zones de conflits.

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Visualizing Occupation: Who profits, and who pays?

Visualizing Occupation: Who profits, and who pays? | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

American tax dollars go a long way in sustaining West Bank settlements, the Israeli army and corporations profiting from the occupation. This illustration is the fifth in a series of infographics on the effect of the occupation on the Palestinian civilian population.

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A Peek Inside Saudi Social Media

A Peek Inside Saudi Social Media | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

The Foundation for the Defense of Democracy released an unprecedented survey yesterday of the Saudi social media sphere—a vast space on Twitter, Facebook, and a host of blogs, message boards, and mobile applications.

 

Their findings offer a striking picture of a country that is, in the lead author Jonathan Schanzer’s words, usually “very much a black box” to the outside world. The portrait that emerges is that of a vastly conservative and controlled country, but one where new voices—ranging from women to liberals to religious extremists—are beginning to find a voice online.

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