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Development studies and int'l cooperation
News from developing countries, int'l organizations, ONGs, development studies and related research.
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In the wake of the Delhi bus rape, what is the future for India?

In the wake of the Delhi bus rape, what is the future for India? | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
The gang rape and murder of a young woman last month has sparked furious protests in India – and given voice to an emerging political class.

 

"The moment they climbed into the unlicensed private bus driven by their attackers the good and the bad elements of India's ongoing transformation collided...."

Paola Rattu's insight:

A clear analysis of the sharp contrasts and visible and invisible borders in contemporary changing India.

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The Unspeakable Truth About Rape in India

The Unspeakable Truth About Rape in India | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

India has laws against rape; seats reserved for women in buses, female officers; special police help lines. But these measures have been ineffective in the face of a patriarchal and misogynistic culture. It is a culture that believes that the worst aspect of rape is the defilement of the victim, who will no longer be able to find a man to marry her — and that the solution is to marry the rapist.These beliefs aren’t restricted to living rooms, but are expressed openly. 

 

The volume of protests in public and in the media has made clear that the attack was a turning point. The unspeakable truth is that the young woman attacked on Dec. 16 was more fortunate than many rape victims. She was among the very few to receive anything close to justice. She was hospitalized, her statement was recorded and within days all six of the suspected rapists were caught and, now, charged with murder. Such efficiency is unheard-of in India.

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16 Days: Gender-Based Violence in Maternity Care

There has been progress in Ethiopia, and the government is to be commended for establishing a policy to provide free delivery services for all women. Many of the facilities that IntraHealth supports deliver more babies than the national average for health facilities but still lag behind where we would like to see them. The purpose of our gender assessment was to identify why more women do not give birth in health facilities. We carried out 25 focus group discussions in two regions and six sites with female and male health service and non-service users, as well as with providers and local religious leaders.

 

So why, despite the risks of home birth and the benefits of institutional delivery, are most women in Ethiopia still giving birth at home?

Across the board, the number-one barrier identified by all of the focus groups was disrespect and abuse of pregnant women in health facilities. Or, more accurately, gender-based violence against pregnant women in health facilities (more on that later). Group members mentioned this barrier far more often than either geographic or financial barriers.

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Violence is a serious cause of poverty, the UN needs to address this

Violence is a serious cause of poverty, the UN needs to address this | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

The global community must follow Guatemala's lead and fight the use of violence against the vulnerable

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Latin America: More Guns = More Killing

Latin America: More Guns = More Killing | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Despite the ubiquitous presence of “good guys” with guns, countries like Guatemala,Honduras, El Salvador, Colombia and Venezuela have some of the highest homicide rates in the world.

“A society that is relying on guys with guns to stop violence is a sign of a society where institutions have broken down,” said Rebecca Peters, former director of the International Action Network on Small Arms. “It’s shocking to hear anyone in the United States considering a solution that would make it seem more like Colombia.”

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Pakistan polio campaign hit by fresh attacks - Telegraph

Pakistan polio campaign hit by fresh attacks  - Telegraph | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
Gunmen in Pakistan have mounted fresh attacks on health workers carrying out polio vaccinations, taking the death toll to nine and prompting UNICEF and WHO to suspend work on a campaign opposed by the Taliban.

Rumours about polio drops being a plot to sterilise Muslims have long dogged efforts to tackle the disease in Pakistan, but suspicion of vaccination programmes intensified after the jailing of a doctor who helped the CIA find Osama bin Laden in 2011 using a hepatitis campaign.
Paola Rattu's insight:

Another example of how complot theorists can promote violence. Nevertheless, we should think about the fact that funds could be distributed in a different way, allowing public health campaigns to be carried at the national level and by local practicioners...

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Afghan gunmen kill polio vaccination worker in latest attack on women

Afghan gunmen kill polio vaccination worker in latest attack on women | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

A student and volunteer on a polio vaccination programme has been murdered by gunmen in an eastern Afghan village, leaving many women too frightened to attend work and school, according to a member of parliament for the area.

 

The violent deaths of women often go unreported or unresolved in Afghanistan, a country where senior clerics this year described them as "secondary" to men.

 

Heather Barr, Afghanistan researcher at Human Rights Watch, said: "The small number of cases of prosecution of violence against women speaks to a lack of enthusiasm on the part of police and prosecutors to get to the bottom of these cases."

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