For Ricken Patel, co-founder and executive director of the online campaign group Avaaz, the focus on the most marginalised in developing countries too often overlooks the role of educated, middle-class groups, which he argues have "the most power, right now, to effect political change in their countries".
Ouvert par des anciens éboueurs, le petit magasin ‘zéro cash’ permet à des Thaïlandais qui vivent en récupérant les déchets recyclables, de les échanger contre des produits de première nécessité. Un système original qui va probablement faire des émules dans le monde entier.
In 2010, the value of global minerals production was four times higher than in 2002. At the same time, there are 40 countries with significant dependence on mineral exports. Thirty of those are low or middle income countries and many have low Human Development Index scores.
This data demonstrates that mining has a significant and growing role to play in economic development in general and poverty reduction in particular. Evidence from ICMM case studies in Chile, Ghana and Brazil illustrates that mining areas have enjoyed stronger poverty reduction and social development performance than non-mining areas.
L’association humanitaire SOLIDARITES INTERNATIONAL lutte contre la malnutrition dont sont victimes les habitants grâce à une solution simple, accessible et efficace : l’agriculture en sac. A l’occasion du 16 octobre, Journée Mondiale de l’Alimentation, l’ONG et son partenaire le Crédit Coopératif mettent cette technique à l’honneur.
In India, Samadhan, an internet-based platform for citizens to directly demand and track their service entitlements under national and state government schemes, is being piloted in two districts in Madhya Pradesh and Orissa. The pilot is supported by the UN Millennium Campaign and implemented by the VSO India Trust....
The other project is the Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI), from Vietnam (why does everything interesting always seem to come from Vietnam?). This is a public index that ranks local government performance. It piloted in 3 provinces in 2009, but now covers the whole country....
Through the efforts of increasingly media-aware NGOs, people in the west are bombarded with images of poverty and inequality in the developing world. Representations of Poverty is a comprehensive study of the communications and imagery used by international NGOs to represent the developing world. In this meticulously researched and original book, Nandita Dogra examines the full cycle of representation – integrating analyses of the public messages of international development NGOs in the UK with the views of their staff and audiences. Reviewed by Philip Goodwin.
Why most of the world's poverty is now concentrated in middle-income places like China - and why that will change again soon. Rory Cellan-Jones speaks to Andrew Rogerson from the Overseas Development Institute.
And how Uganda balances Chinese investment with access to Western markets on its path out of poverty. The BBC's East Africa correspondent, Gabriel Gatehouse reports from Kampala.
Plus our regular commentator Lucy Kellaway on why Cosmo Girl Helen Gurley Brown was really the smartest management guru ever. She explains why she's going to be calling everyone 'dear' from now on.
Last year alone 26,700 people contracted TB, according to the health ministry, a jump of more than 16 percent compared with 2009, when a military coup precipitated an economic crisis as donors suspended aid to one of the world's poorest countries.
Chronic malnutrition and poverty deepened, contributing to the spike in TB, experts say.
Kennedy Odede, the executive director of Shining Hope for Communities, decried poverty tours of slums. "Slum tourism turns poverty into entertainment, something that can be momentarily experienced and then escaped from," he said. "People think they've really 'seen' something -- and then go back to their lives and leave me, my family and my community right where we were before."
I decided to see for myself. When I was in New Delhi over the winter, I signed up for a walking tour in Paharganj, a neighborhood near the train station...
Some of the poorest people in the world are becoming significantly less poor, according to a groundbreaking academic study which has taken a new approach to measuring deprivation. The report, by Oxford University's poverty and human development initiative, predicts that countries among the most impoverished in the world could see acute poverty eradicated within 20 years if they continue at present rates.
Qu'est ce que la pauvreté ? Si celle-ci paraît être un phénomène visible, concret, aisément reconnaissable, surtout dans le contexte des pays en voie de développement, elle n'en reste pas moins un concept difficilement définissable et mesurable. Pauvre, mais privé de quoi ? Manque de ressources, manque d'éducation, absence de sécurité ? L'objet même de la pauvreté demeure aujourd'hui difficile à déterminer...
Paola Rattu's insight:
Article bien écrit et qui met en perspective trois approches théoriques différentes en es illustrant à travers un exemple.
There is a need for new values for wealth and national economic growth figures. GNP and GNI are outdated.
Paola Rattu's insight:
The World Bank and IMF use GNP and GNI as landmark figures to compare economic growth and development in different countries. These national total GNP figures do not reflect reality. It is more sensible to analyse the growth per head of the population (GNI) and additional parameters. But these other parameters are not easy to compile.
Total GNP figures are based on flows of money, added together and converted to US$. These figures require adjustment and it is time that internationally new figures were developed which offer a better representation of real development. Here are five suggestions...
While REDD+ is aimed at reducing emissions from forests, its effectiveness will depend on how much the benefits trickle down to those living closest to the forest. These same rural households are also best placed to provide local evidence of what works and what doesn’t, to influence decisions on REDD+ architecture at the national and international level.
While the economies of most rich nations have stagnated, many countries – which for decades had been classified as low income and regarded as chronically poor – have experience sustained growth and graduated into middle income status. This is overall a good news story. The bad news is that the emergence of new middle income states has also resulted in a growing disconnect between where international development assistance is focused and where it’s needed.
Il existe au Bangladesh des lois discriminatoires relatives au statut des femmes mariées, voulant se séparer de leur conjoint ou divorcer. Dans un nouveau rapport publié aujourd’hui par Human Rights Watch, les conditions de vie de ces femmes sont dénoncées : choisir la pauvreté ou se résigner à rester avec un conjoint violent, telle est la question que beaucoup d’entre elles se posent.
Even a generous donor cannot save the children of one Indian family from poverty.
The Manjhis are the product of intergenerational poverty and caste-based marginalization. Like their parents, they’re poor, illiterate and seasonally employed. They don’t think beyond their daily survival. They’re also aware that no matter how bad life gets for them, public assistance is unlikely, and change is an impossible dream. They know they have no one to depend on but themselves and their younger kin. They may have empathy for their niece and nephews, but they can’t afford to act on it.
IN a society with few effective regulatory institutions, there’s neither an incentive to take responsibility nor repercussions for not doing so. People don’t do the right thing because it’s easy not to, and there’s no reward for doing it. Villagers are preoccupied with their own daily survival. And it’s easier for bureaucrats to do nothing.
A lack of accountability not only kills motivation, it encourages outright malfeasance. In India’s poorest districts, easily bribed police officers enable trafficking. India, according to Unicef, now has more child laborers under 14 than any other country.,,,
This paper asks the following question: does the shift in global poverty towards middle-income countries (MICs) mean that global poverty is becoming a matter of national inequality? This paper argues that many of the world’s extreme poor already live in countries where the total cost of ending extreme poverty is not prohibitively high as a percentage of GDP.
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