There has been progress in Ethiopia, and the government is to be commended for establishing a policy to provide free delivery services for all women. Many of the facilities that IntraHealth supports deliver more babies than the national average for health facilities but still lag behind where we would like to see them. The purpose of our gender assessment was to identify why more women do not give birth in health facilities. We carried out 25 focus group discussions in two regions and six sites with female and male health service and non-service users, as well as with providers and local religious leaders.
So why, despite the risks of home birth and the benefits of institutional delivery, are most women in Ethiopia still giving birth at home?
Across the board, the number-one barrier identified by all of the focus groups was disrespect and abuse of pregnant women in health facilities. Or, more accurately, gender-based violence against pregnant women in health facilities (more on that later). Group members mentioned this barrier far more often than either geographic or financial barriers.
Molly Melching, founder of NGO Tostan (which means 'breakthrough' in Wolof), talks about the importance of working within communities across west Africa and of involving cutters – the people who excise the clitoris and other external parts of the vagina during female genital mutilation – in efforts to end the practice
The 160 Girls project is a legal initiative that is seeking justice for the thousands of young women and girls who are raped and routinely ignored by the authorities. Despite Kenya's impressive suite of gender laws promising protection against assault, their implementation is not guaranteed. The law against rape – or defilement, as it's known in Kenya – is one such law.
After a year of research and discussion, the group decided to bring a claim against the government under the equality provision in the country's 2010 constitution. "The police fail to protect girls from rape and effect the law, which constitutes sex and age discrimination," said Sampson.
Il volume, edito da Ediesse, è scritto da due studiose italiane, Anna Vanzan e Jolanda Guardi che, con un lavoro capillare di esplorazione dei testi antichi, raccontano la storia e l'evoluzione dell'orientamento sessuale e della sua costruzione sociale nei paesi musulmani
The Global Gender Gap Report 2012 benchmarks national gender gaps of 135 countries on economic, political, education- and health-based criteria. The Global Gender Gap Index was developed in 2006, partially to address the need for a consistent and comprehensive measure of gender equality that can track a country’s progress over time. The index points to potential role models by revealing those countries that – within their region or income group – are leaders in dividing resources more equitably between women and men than other countries, regardless of the overall level of resources available.
The Global Gender Gap Report 2012 emphasizes persisting gender gap divides across and within regions. Based on the seven years of data available for the 111 countries that have been part of the report since its inception, it finds that the majority of countries covered have made slow progress on closing gender gaps.
"I've been in Darfur, in Burma, and I couldn't believe this. It's the biggest disaster I've seen," says Elias Pavlopoulos, the head of mission for Médecins sans Frontières (MSF).
Startling words, but perhaps not surprising of a sub-Saharan African nation whose very existence, the United Nations Development Program once said, could be threatened by the incidence of HIV within its borders.
Such is the state of affairs in the Kingdom of Swaziland, which now has the dubious distinction of having the world's highest rate of both HIV and tuberculosis (TB). About 26% of adults aged 15–49, or about 202 000 of all the citizens of Africa's last absolute monarchy, are HIV positive, according to the Swaziland government. That number is expected to rise to 219 393 within three years. HIV, of course, also leaves people open to opportunistic infections, particularly TB, so it's not altogether unexpected that the TB prevalence rate is 1275 per 100 000 population. Some 83% of those are HIV-positive. To add to the misery, 7.3% of new TB cases, and 15% of retreatment cases, in 2010–11 were drug resistant ones.
Why are the 1.2 million people of this landlocked kingdom — just 200 km by 130 km, or roughly the size of Wales — in such dire straits?
The billionaire philanthropist Mo Ibrahim talks about Rwanda and its troubled relationship with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, tackling gender issues in Africa, and his pessimism for the future of Sudan and South Sudan. He also explains why last month his organisation, the Mo Ibrahim Foundation, awarded the former archbishop Desmond Tutu a special prize.
Today, on International Day of the Girl Child, the advocacy organization Women Deliver is trying to change this problem of chronic underfunding with Catapult.Recognizing the power of social media and online forums, Catapult, launched today, is a digital hub for donations to trusted organizations working to improve conditions for women and girls globally. Organizations can upload projects to Catapults, and donors can choose what to fund based on interest.
The project represents the growth of a key segment in philanthropy: crowdfunding. In 2011 in the United States, crowdfunding grew by 43 percent to donations exceeding US $636 million. Catapult has committed to raising US $45 million over the next three years.
Of all the promising technological innovations presented at the 2012 Social Good Summit in New York City, the one that most intrigued me came from a print journalist. New York Times Columnist Nicholas Kristof took the stage on the final day of the Social Good Summit, Monday September 24th, along with Asi Burak of Games for Change, and pitched his next endeavor: a mobile game based on his widely sold book, Half the Sky.
Half the Sky – authored by the award winning married couple, Nicholas Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn – tells the story of women and girls in the developing world who are oppressed, and argues that society's “economic progress lies in unleashing women's potential.” Since its publication in 2009, the book's enormous success prompted Kristof and WuDunn to create the Half the Sky Movement, an effort to advance women's empowerment across multiple platforms in order to ignite real change. Gaming – the act of playing electronic mobile or video games – is just one example of the platforms the Half the Sky Movement is seeking to leverage.
«Plus les femmes sont instruites et leurs droits reconnus, moins les enfants ont faim» remarque Olivier De Schutter, rapporteur des Nations unies pour le droit à l’alimentation dans un rapport publié lundi, à quelques jours de la Journée de la femme
India has laws against rape; seats reserved for women in buses, female officers; special police help lines. But these measures have been ineffective in the face of a patriarchal and misogynistic culture. It is a culture that believes that the worst aspect of rape is the defilement of the victim, who will no longer be able to find a man to marry her — and that the solution is to marry the rapist.These beliefs aren’t restricted to living rooms, but are expressed openly.
The volume of protests in public and in the media has made clear that the attack was a turning point. The unspeakable truth is that the young woman attacked on Dec. 16 was more fortunate than many rape victims. She was among the very few to receive anything close to justice. She was hospitalized, her statement was recorded and within days all six of the suspected rapists were caught and, now, charged with murder. Such efficiency is unheard-of in India.
Christy Turlington Burns, an American model and advocate for maternal health with Every Mother Counts, says the most vulnerable mothers are adolescent girls. Talking about child and forced marriage at the Trust Women conference, she says: 'If we can get girls to be girls as long as possible, then we can delay early marriage and first pregnancies and a lot of the ongoing health implications of those practices'. She believes the MDGs were incredibly powerful, but wants any post-2015 targets to have more focus on teenage girls
A student and volunteer on a polio vaccination programme has been murdered by gunmen in an eastern Afghan village, leaving many women too frightened to attend work and school, according to a member of parliament for the area.
The violent deaths of women often go unreported or unresolved in Afghanistan, a country where senior clerics this year described them as "secondary" to men.
Heather Barr, Afghanistan researcher at Human Rights Watch, said: "The small number of cases of prosecution of violence against women speaks to a lack of enthusiasm on the part of police and prosecutors to get to the bottom of these cases."
The one-child policy has long been cited as the reason for China's steep abortion rate, but some experts now point to another factor: Young people, they say, simply don't know how to use contraceptives.
It’s one of the best times to be a girl in India’s history, according to a government release earlier this year. The number of girls in schools has increased. The maternal mortality ratio has dropped. The government has carved out more money for women’s welfare measures in the budget. And for the first time, women outnumbered men in the number of literates added to the country in the last decade.
And yet, as the first International Day of the Girl Child was celebrated on Thursday, news of a string of rapes in a northern state, and the response to it from both low-level governing bodies and high-level politicians, highlights India’s scuffled steps toward girls’ rights and gender equality.
"I'm tired of people immediately assuming that to blog about African women is to blog about charity work. I'm tired of this idea that African women can only be objects of pity. I'm tired of the notion that African women can or should only interact on select topics. African women bloggers should and do write about social media, sex, literature, art, pop culture, ove, philosophy, fashion, food, hiphop and more. I'm sick and tired of the single narrative of African womanhood having such impenetrable power".
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