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Development studies and int'l cooperation
News from developing countries, int'l organizations, ONGs, development studies and related research.
Curated by Paola Rattu
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Uruguay is The Economist’s country of the year

Uruguay is The Economist’s country of the year | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Modest yet bold, liberal and fun-loving, Uruguay is our country of the year.

 

The accomplishments that most deserve commendation, we think, are path-breaking reforms that do not merely improve a single nation but, if emulated, might benefit the world. Gay marriage is one such border-crossing policy, which has increased the global sum of human happiness at no financial cost. Several countries have implemented it in 2013—including Uruguay, which also, uniquely, passed a law to legalise and regulate the production, sale and consumption of cannabis. 

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Haiti: Why are so many people still living in tents?

Haiti: Why are so many people still living in tents? | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Political instability, natural disasters and a cholera epidemic, plus a confused aid effort, mean there is still work for Haiti to do

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Peru's indigenous people take battle over gas exploration to court

Peru's indigenous people take battle over gas exploration to court | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
Indigenous rights groups say further expansion into Amazon territory could lead to 'extermination' of isolated tribes
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José Mujica: After Years in Solitary, an Austere Life as Uruguay’s President

José Mujica: After Years in Solitary, an Austere Life as Uruguay’s President | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
José Mujica, a former guerrilla who took office in 2010, shuns opulence, donates most of his salary and lives modestly, as he says a leader of a proper democracy should.
Paola Rattu's insight:

I appreciate very much Mr. Mujica and his attitute towards life, money and power. 

 

During a speech at the United Nations Rio + 20 Conference he said: "Development cannot fly in the face of happiness, it should promote human happiness, love, human relations"


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Q0Yw2eWLiA

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Argentina faces IMF penalties over failure to meet inflation deadline

Argentina faces IMF penalties over failure to meet inflation deadline | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
Argentina faces the prospect of eviction from the world economic community after its apparent failure to respond to a three-month deadline set by the International Monetary Fund to produce accurate inflation and growth statistics.
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IMF sets conditionality based on data production and distribution: that's new!

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Violence is a serious cause of poverty, the UN needs to address this

Violence is a serious cause of poverty, the UN needs to address this | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

The global community must follow Guatemala's lead and fight the use of violence against the vulnerable

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Chile’s Challenge on Easter Island

Chile’s Challenge on Easter Island | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Moais on Easter Island, or Rapa Nui, as the island is known by its indigenous people. Inspired by other parts of Polynesia that have obtained a considerable degree of political autonomy or are in the process of seeking independence, leaders of the Rapanui people are mounting a slow-burning rebellion against Chile. Their movement presents a unique test for a Latin American country: quelling a challenge to its rule in the middle of the South Pacific.

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La reprise du dialogue entre l'Iran et l'Argentine dérange Israël

La reprise du dialogue entre l'Iran et l'Argentine dérange Israël | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Après six ans de tensions, l’Iran et l’Argentine ont rétabli le dialogue en marge de l’Assemblée générale de l’ONU. Neuf Iraniens avaient en effet été condamnés par la justice argentine pour avoir perpétuer l’attentat en 1994 contre le siège de l’Association Mutuelle Israélite Argentine (AMIA), centre culturel de la communauté juive situé à Buenos Aires. Cet attentat avait coûté la vie à 85 personnes. Guillermo Borger, à la tête de l’AMIA, a déclaré à la radio locale que ce dialogue avec l’Iran était « improbable et peu fiable » : la mise en place de négociations entre les deux pays n’est pas non plus du goût d’Israël et des Etats-Unis.

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Latin America struggles to cope with record urban growth

Latin America struggles to cope with record urban growth | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Latin America is no longer a largely rural region. After 60 years of chaotic but rapid urban development, four-fifths of its population now live in towns or cities, a prey to all the ills of modernity and globalisation. Despite the fact that exports from these countries depend mainly on farming and mining, more than two-thirds of their gross national product comes from cities, home to services and industry. Although Latin America has huge expanses of territory, nowhere else has achieved this level of urbanisation.

 

In its most recent report on the state of the world's cities, focusing on trends in Latin America and the Caribbean, the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) casts new light on the contrasts.

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Standing up for African-Peruvians

Standing up for African-Peruvians | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Peru has been slow to tackle inequalities that left African-Peruvians with limited job prospects but that is set to change...

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Haiti: Let's make mining revenue work for us

Haiti: Let's make mining revenue work for us | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Haiti is reportedly on the cusp of a gold rush, with exploration proceeding apace for an estimated $20bn worth of precious minerals buried beneath the soil.

 

This is a great opportunity, but also a challenge for a country such as Haiti. The potential tax revenues that could be generated from mining copper, silver and gold are enormous. However, ensuring that a fair proportion of the revenue generated ends up benefiting the people of Haiti is far from a foregone conclusion.

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Evo Morales dénonce un « nouveau colonialisme » sous couvert d’économie verte - affaires-strategiques.info

Evo Morales dénonce un « nouveau colonialisme » sous couvert d’économie verte - affaires-strategiques.info | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Sans remettre en cause la nécessité d’accords globaux sur les questions environnementales, le président bolivien a accusé les pays du Nord d’imposer des politiques interventionnistes sous prétexte de nécessité écologique. Cette critique se joint au mécontentement des acteurs de la société civile. Ils déplorent la mauvaise foi et le manque d’engagement des Etats qui se sont réunis du 20 au 22 juin à Rio.

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L’Uruguay, un havre entre deux géants (Un dromadaire sur l'épaule)

L’Uruguay, un havre entre deux géants (Un dromadaire sur l'épaule) | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Coincé entre deux géants - Brésil au Nord et Argentine au Sud- le 2e plus petit pays d’Amérique latine est connu pour sa très bonne qualité de vie.

 

Ici, peu d’insécurité, peu ou pas de corruption, une éducation gratuite et accessible à tous. L’Uruguay a aussi été l’un des premiers pays du monde à autoriser le divorce, et le droit de vote aux femmes.

 

(18.6.2012)

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Latin America’s Unfinished Quest

Latin America’s Unfinished Quest | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
The Latin American countries that have performed the best in recent decades are those that have steered clear of both right-wing zealotry and left-wing populism.
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Quinoa français, une menace pour les producteurs andins ?

Quinoa français, une menace pour les producteurs andins ? | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
Les paysans de l’Altiplano étaient loin de se douter que le quinoa pouvait prospérer si loin de la Cordillère.
Paola Rattu's insight:

Les paysans de l’Altiplano étaient loin de se douter que le quinoa pouvait prospérer si loin de la Cordillère. Son introduction dans les Pays de la Loire fait craindre une baisse des exportations vers l’Europe, tandis que l’annonce d’une demande de brevet sur ses utilisations cosmétiques soulève l’indignation au Pérou et en Bolivie.

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Latin America: More Guns = More Killing

Latin America: More Guns = More Killing | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Despite the ubiquitous presence of “good guys” with guns, countries like Guatemala,Honduras, El Salvador, Colombia and Venezuela have some of the highest homicide rates in the world.

“A society that is relying on guys with guns to stop violence is a sign of a society where institutions have broken down,” said Rebecca Peters, former director of the International Action Network on Small Arms. “It’s shocking to hear anyone in the United States considering a solution that would make it seem more like Colombia.”

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In Fields and Markets, Guatemalans Feels Squeeze of Biofuel Demand

In Fields and Markets, Guatemalans Feels Squeeze of Biofuel Demand | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
Biofuel expansion has contributed to spikes in food prices and a shortage of farmland; both are felt keenly in Guatemala, with its corn-based diet and land owned by a handful of families.
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AIDS in Latin America: Epidemic stable, but still deadly

AIDS in Latin America: Epidemic stable, but still deadly | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Progress in containing HIV/AIDS masks a threat to the region’s most vulnerable populations, experts say.

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The New Middle Class and the Politics of Schooling in Latin America

The New Middle Class and the Politics of Schooling in Latin America | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Over the last decade, Latin America has seen solid economic growth combined with decreasing (but still very high) income inequality – lifting millions of people out of poverty and fueling the rise of a not-poor-but-not-rich “middle” class.

 

That’s a good thing. But in Chile, the most “middle class” of all countries in Latin America by population and income share, thousands of young people have been taking to the streets to protest the low quality and high cost of schooling there.

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Chávez Wins a Third Term in Venezuela

Chávez Wins a Third Term in Venezuela | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
President Hugo Chávez won re-election on Sunday, facing down the strongest electoral challenge of his nearly 14 years in office and gaining a new mandate to deepen his socialist revolution.
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Haiti takes on dreaded disease elephantiasis one mouth at a time

Haiti takes on dreaded disease elephantiasis one mouth at a time | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
“Mass drug administration” is easy if your target is elementary school students. It’s harder when you want to reach nearly everyone else in a country of 10 million people.

 

That is the goal Haiti set this year in its campaign against a parasitic infection called lymphatic filariasis that is present in 80 percent of the country. Spread by mosquitoes, in severe cases it leads to permanent swelling of an arm or leg. That condition, called “elephantiasis,” can be grotesque and life-changing. In men, the worms can cause a swelling of the scrotum that is even more stigmatizing.

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Environmental Performance: Mexico Under a New Light

Environmental Performance: Mexico Under a New Light | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

The Environmental Performance Index (EPI) loosk at performance indicators tracked across ten policy categories, covering both environmental public health and ecosystem vitality. If one looks across the Americas, it locates Mexico right above Canada, the United States, Paraguay, Brazil, Venezuela, Argentina, Uruguay, and many others. The median score for the region is 66.8.


Via Jorge Flores Kelly, Tony Burton
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Guatemala farmers losing their land to Europe's demand for biofuels

Guatemala farmers losing their land to Europe's demand for biofuels | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Indigenous smallholder farmers are being violently evicted as companies move in to satisfy Europe's hunger for biofuels...

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New Amazon highway 'would put Peru's last lost tribes at risk'

New Amazon highway 'would put Peru's last lost tribes at risk' | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
A fierce row has broken out over a controversial plan to drive a road through pristine Amazon rainforest, imperilling the future of some of the world's last uncontacted tribes.

 

The 125-mile (200km) road would pass through the Alto Purús national park in Peru, connecting a remote area to the outside world but opening up the most biologically and culturally important area of the upper Amazon to logging, mining and drug trafficking. Opponents of the plan fear it will threaten the existence of uncontacted tribes such as the Mashco-Piro. The first detailed photographs of members of the tribe made headlines around the world earlier this year after they were spotted on a riverbank.

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Paraguay : un coup d'Etat constitutionnel est-il en train de se profiler ?

Paraguay : un coup d'Etat constitutionnel est-il en train de se profiler ? | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Les évènements de la semaine dernière ont provoqué la mort de onze paysans et de six policiers après l’occupation d’une grande propriété par des paysans sans terre armés, qui ont été délogés par la force. Cette situation résulte des élections de 2008, qui ont vu à la fois la victoire d’un président progressiste, Fernando Lugo, et la victoire de la droite au parlement. Le président n’a donc pas été en mesure, à aucun moment, d’engager des réformes progressistes, et notamment des réformes agraires. Il a dû ensuite faire face à une pression croissante de la part des partis de droite, et à la déception de ceux qui l’avaient élu, qui progressivement lui ont retiré leur soutien et ont adopté des positions critiques...

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