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Development studies and int'l cooperation
News from developing countries, int'l organizations, ONGs, development studies and related research.
Curated by Paola Rattu
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Building blocks for equitable growth: lessons from the BRICS

Building blocks for equitable growth: lessons from the BRICS | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Five key emerging market economies, commonly termed the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), have been lauded for their stellar economic growth and resilience through the 2008/09 financial crisis. They are becoming models of development for development practitioners, researchers and other emerging economies. Scratch beneath the surface, however, and you will notice that not all people in these countries have benefited equally from growth....

What can be learnt, in terms of the challenges and successes of reconciling growth and equity, from the BRICS’ recent growth? 

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Brazil and China Sign Trade Agreements

Brazil and China Sign Trade Agreements | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Leaders of Brazil and China signed trade agreements aimed at increasing investment and trade flows at a time when economic growth in both nations is losing momentum.

 

The deals come as Brazil is pressing China to buy more of its manufactured products as part of a broader effort to reduce its dependence on sales of raw materials.

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TRIPS: Between Coercion and Discourse

TRIPS: Between Coercion and Discourse | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

The objective of this dissertation is to deconstruct why in July 2008 a developing country coalition led by Brazil, India, and China, and including the African Group; and the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) bloc chose to back stringent intellectual property (IP) standards in the EU's World Trade Organization (WTO) document "TN/C/W/52" Proposal, herein referred to as the 'W52 Proposal.'

 

In light of developing countries' opposition toward the adoption of the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement in the Uruguay Round (UR) (1986-1994), the change in behavior is an interesting mystery worth solving. Two contending theoretical frameworks—neorealism and interpretivist neoliberalism—will be cited to explain the policy shift of developing countries toward intellectual property rights (IPRs).

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Africa and the Power of the Pivot

Africa and the Power of the Pivot | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
That brings us to Africa, a continent widely associated in the Western imagination with poverty, corruption, conflict and disease. Yet Africa has become the world’s most underrated growth story — in part because many of its governments have developed the resilience that comes with the ability to pivot.

 

 

You may have heard that Africa’s population surpassed one billion people in 2010, but did you know that though Africa and India have similar populations, Africans spent 35 percent more on goods and services in 2008 than Indians did. The percentage of Africans who live in cities is now comparable to that in China. By the end of this year, the number of mobile phones across the continent is expected to reach 735 million.

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India, South Africa to expand cooperation in IT, power and tourism development - Economic Times

India and South Africa, whose ties have acquired a "robust and dynamic" character, today decided to expand cooperation in a number of fields like power, IT, health, tourism and infrastructure development.

This was stated by President Pratibha Patil after talks with her South African counterpart Jacob Zuma, who hailed her state visit as "significant".

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Does aid to Africa from Brics countries differ from traditional aid?

Does aid to Africa from Brics countries differ from traditional aid? | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

In the new scramble for Africa, emerging economies insist their aid motives are not those of the west – but African nations should still beware...

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Shifting Paradimg: How the BriCS Are Reshaping Global Health and Development

This report presents findings from a qualitative and quantitative survey of present and future efforts by Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa to improve global health. It examines these roles within the broader context of international development and foreign assistance, though health remains the primary focus.

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In a globalized world, what role for the World Bank?

In a globalized world, what role for the World Bank? | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
When President Obama names his pick to replace outgoing World Bank President Robert Zoellick, that nominee will take over an institution whose role in the global economy is becoming ever more unclear.

In part, the World Bank is a lender. But its biggest borrowers are the rapidly growing powerhouses of the developing world, countries like China and India that can arguably borrow plenty of money on their own from private investors.

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India Said to Propose BRICS Development Bank to Finance Emerging Nations

India Said to Propose BRICS Development Bank to Finance Emerging Nations | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

India has proposed setting up a multilateral bank that would be exclusively funded by developing nations and finance projects in those countries, two government officials with knowledge of the matter said.
The plan has been circulated to the countries in the so- called BRIC group -- Brazil, Russia, India and China -- as well as to South Africa, an Indian government official said. A Brazilian government official confirmed the proposal.

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EU highlights trade-led growth as central to modern development agenda

On 27 January, the European Commission will adopt a Communication that outlines how the EU’s trade, investment and development policies can work hand-in-hand to support poverty reduction as well as inclusive and sustainable growth in developing countries for the next decade.

 

The Communication aims to reflect changes in the relative trade power of developing countries, notably with respect to the growing weight of emerging economies and the struggle that Least Developed Countries (LDCs) have in reaping the benefits of world markets.

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US Senate Postpones PIPA Vote; EU Commissioner Joined Opposition

US Senate Postpones PIPA Vote; EU Commissioner Joined Opposition | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
The new age of lobbying through online public engagement showed its effectiveness today as the Senate announced the postponement of next week's vote on controversial anti-piracy legislation that led to unprecedented protests on the internet.
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An Opportunity in Myanmar

An Opportunity in Myanmar | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

After decades of isolation imposed by major OECD countries out of concern over human rights violations, Myanmar has emerged as a new darling of the West.

 

One hopes that the about-face of Western powers is a genuine commitment to supporting peace and democratic reforms. But one fears that in reality the change of position is driven as much by the awareness that China, Thailand, Singapore, and India have been benefiting from the abundant natural resources of Myanmar—natural gas, hydropower potential, gemstones, real estate for industrial production zones or tourism, and the country's geostrategic position with access to the Indian Ocean—while businesses in the United States and Europe were missing out on very lucrative deals and investment opportunities...

 

Yet as a country endowed with valuable resources, Myanmar has the means to use its policy space to innovate....

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New Directions in International Intellectual Property - International IP and the Public Interest

New Directions in International Intellectual Property - International IP and the Public Interest | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

the field of international intellectual property is being shaped today at the intersection of two rival and conflicting agendas. The high protectionist (maximalist) agenda being pushed by the US and other wealthy countries. And the opposing “development agenda” being led by Brazil, India and other developing countries....

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BRICS urbanisation provides key lessons for economic growth and social equity

Towns and cities across Africa, Asia and Latin America have a wealth of lessons to learn from the BRICS nations – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – according to research published today.

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Racy Painting, Apparently of Zuma, Stirs Controversy in South Africa

Racy Painting, Apparently of Zuma, Stirs Controversy in South Africa | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
South Africa’s governing party, the African National Congress, went to court on Tuesday to try to force an art gallery in Johannesburg to remove a painting that appears to depict South Africa’s president, Jacob Zuma, with his genitals exposed.

 

The tussle over the painting is the latest battle over free speech in a country where the government has taken increasingly firm steps to squelch critics despite one of the world’s most expansive sets of individual rights, enshrined in its 15-year-old Constitution.

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South Africa Hopes New Bill Brings Traditional Knowledge Protection | Intellectual Property Watch

The Intellectual Property Laws Amendment Bill currently in the in-tray of South African President Jacob Zuma and awaiting a signature, holds the hope that it will finally pave the way for the protection of the country’s most famous red tea, Rooibos, as well as other local staples.

 

The bill passed by Parliament needs to be signed by Zuma in order for it become the law. It is an ambitious piece of legislation that aims to provide protective mechanisms for indigenous knowledge in South Africa...

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South Africa: Govt, Germany Commit to Strengthen Partnership

Acknowledging the solid relationship between them, South Africa and Germany on Tuesday committed to further intensify their partnership in strategic areas.

 

"Both sides agreed that the intensification of co-operation between the countries in the context of the Bi-National Commission (BNC) can be fostered even further, and that full use must be made of all possibilities to increase investment in the respective countries," the countries said in a communiqu, issued after the 7th BNC meeting in Berlin.

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The BRIC Countries

The BRIC Countries | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it
For some time now, Brazil, Russia, India, and China have been grouped together under the acronym BRIC.

 

What are the demographic profiles of these "BRIC" countries that are increasingly looming large in the global consciousness?  While they to not quite fit the profile of more developed countries (MDCs), the BRIC countries are notable for how rapidly they are closing the gap in many metrics. 


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Hector Alonzo's curator insight, November 2, 2014 9:21 PM

The BRIC countries are among the top 10 riches countries in the world and this article shows data supporting the idea that by 2050, These countries will pass the top 4 countries due to their booming economies. As the countries continue their upward climb they will be closer to securing their place atop of the richest countries list.

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America's Place in the New World

American leaders have long presumed that the world's democracies will align themselves with the United States, but India and Brazil are challenging that idea.
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Aid from Brics countries is making a bigger splash

Aid from Brics countries is making a bigger splash | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Apart from China, the Brics emerging nations are still relative minnows in the aid world, but apart from money, they also bring innovation, investment and domestic experience.

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IBSA International Conference on South-South Cooperation: Background note

IBSA International Conference on South-South Cooperation: Background note | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

"...In the above context, the Government of India in technical support with the ILO is planning to organise an International Workshop on “Public Employment Programmes (PEP) & Sustainable Inclusive Growth” during 01-03 March 2012 at New Delhi, India..."


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China's not breaking the rules. It's playing a different game.

China's not breaking the rules. It's playing a different game. | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

In their Oval Office meeting earlier this week, President Obama predictably warned China's visiting president-in-waiting Xi Jinping that China must play by the rules in international trade. It sounded right and fair and slightly tough as it was carefully crafted to do by top White House political advisers, and the president may even believe it. But he shouldn't have said it.

 

The fundamental premise of all U.S trade/globalization talks and discussions is that the participants are all playing the same game of liberal, neo-classical, free market, resource endowment and comparative advantage based free trade. This is a totally false premise that immediately gets the discussions off in irrelevant directions. The global economy is, in fact, sharply divided between those who are playing the free trade game and those who are playing some form of mercantilism. Of course, there is a spectrum of attitudes and policies...

 

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Le Brésil, nouvel Eldorado pour les chômeurs du monde entier

Le Brésil, nouvel Eldorado pour les chômeurs du monde entier | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

Alors qu’en Europe et aux États-Unis la crise économique de 2008 a conduit le taux de chômage à atteindre des niveaux historiques (8,6% en 2011 pour les États-Unis), le Brésil, pays émergent classé sixième puissance économique mondiale, semble bien éloigné de ce marasme..

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Vers un retour en force des frontières sur le web ?

Vers un retour en force des frontières sur le web ? | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

En dépit de la bulle internet, l’espace virtuel n’a cessé de s’agrandir et d’intensifier ses liaisons. Cette croissance remarquable s’est accomplie grâce notamment aux entreprises qui ont proposé des technologies et des offres attractives pour faire d’Internet un complément quasi indispensable à la vie quotidienne de millions de personnes.

 

Ces dernières, bercées par l’illusion de la gratuité de nombreux services, ont intégré l’idée que tout était possible sur cet espace virtuel, et que les limites étatiques, économiques et culturelles que nous connaissons dans la vraie vie disparaissaient.

Or, il n’en est rien.....

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L'avènement annoncé des pays émergents à l'horizon 2050

L'avènement annoncé des pays émergents à l'horizon 2050 | Development studies and int'l cooperation | Scoop.it

La banque HSBC, dont le siège social est basé à Londres, vient de publier un rapport dans lequel elle fait état des changements à venir au classement des puissances économiques mondiales. ¨

Si six nouveaux pays devraient suivre l’exemple chinois et voir leur puissance économique dépasser à l’horizon 2020 celle des pays développés, HBSC indique qu’en 2050, 19 des 30 premières places seront détenues par des pays aujourd’hui émergents.

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