Learn more about teaching ESL on Reading Horizons ESL Blog: http://www.readinghorizons.com/international/blog/
|Scooped by Lena Richie|
This informational video is about top down and bottom up strategies that can be utilized for teaching ESL students to read basic English. Using both strategies together becomes "interactive reading", which is beneficial for students who find these strategies effective. The top down strategy is guessing words and phrases from known contexts in the student's personal experiences. This could be very effective with ESL students because they can bring information and experiences from their native country and apply it to what they are learning in English classrooms. The bottom up strategy is taking individual letters and seeing how the words are formed, and how those words create phrases and sentences that can eventually be strung together to create pieces of text. This can also be related to the child's native language, especially if that native language utilizes a lot of characters like the English language does. You can have the child explain how words are formed in their language, and then you can relate that to how the words are formed in English. Both of these strategies can be effective in teaching ESL students how to read and speak English, but it is important for the teacher to know what student they are working with and recognize which strategy, if any, are effective in teaching that particular student. They are not going to learn if they can't connect or learn in the style they are being taught in. It is the teacher's job to recognize this based on their observation of the student, or by asking the student what they prefer themselves.