Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science
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Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science
Medicinal Plants, Phytochemistry and Applied Botany
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GM-free sweet potatoes answer to vitamin A deficiency?

GM-free sweet potatoes answer to vitamin A deficiency? | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
South African researchers have created new beta carotene- rich sweet potatoes that could offer a solution to rampant vitamin A deficiency.
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Biodiversity is the best defence against corn pests

Biodiversity is the best defence against corn pests | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Farmers' first line of defence against pests is the ecosystem in and around their fields, write Jonathan Lundgren & Scott Fausti. With widespread or indiscriminate use of pesticides essential biodiversity is lost - and the result is more frequent and serious infestations, and a decline in food security.
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How Aloe vera became a cure-all and cosmetic superstar - New Scientist

How Aloe vera became a cure-all and cosmetic superstar - New Scientist | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Its mucilaginous gel is big business and used daily by many, but until now we had no idea where Aloe vera came from or what makes it so special
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U of M study explains why hemp and marijuana are different

U of M study explains why hemp and marijuana are different | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Genetic differences between hemp and marijuana determine whether Cannabis plants have the potential for psychoactivity, a new study by University of Minnesota scientists shows. The study was published in the July 17 online edition of New Phytologist.
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Elderberry reduces cold severity in air travellers: Study

Elderberry reduces cold severity in air travellers: Study | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Antioxidant-rich elderberry extracts can reduce the severity of colds among air travellers, Australian researchers have found.
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Book: Leaf Defence: Edward E. Farmer - Oxford University Press (2014)

Book: Leaf Defence: Edward E. Farmer - Oxford University Press (2014) | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it

Leaves are among the most abundant organs on earth and are a defining feature of most terrestrial ecosystems. However, a leaf is also a potential meal for a hungry animal and the question therefore arises, why does so much foliage survive in nature? What mechanisms protect leaves so that, on a global scale, only a relatively small proportion of living leaf material is consumed? Leaf survival is in large part due to two processes: firstly, leaf-eating organisms fall prey to predators (top-down pressure on the herbivore); secondly, leaves defend themselves (bottom-up pressure on the herbivore). Remarkably, these two types of event are often linked; they are controlled and coordinated by plants and the molecular mechanisms that underlie this are now beginning to emerge.  

This novel text focuses exclusively on the leaf, on the herbivorous organisms that attack leaves, and the mechanisms that plants use to defend these vital organs. It begins with an assessment of the scale of herbivory, before examining direct physical and chemical defences on leaf surfaces and within the leaf itself. Although some leaf defences are easily seen, most operate at the molecular level and are therefore invisible to the naked eye. Many of these recently elucidated mechanisms are described. Throughout the book, perspectives from both the laboratory and the field are combined. A central feature of the work is its emphasis on the coevolution of leaf defences and the digestive tracts of animals including humans, making the book of relevance in understanding the role of leaf defences in agriculture. 

Leaf Defence is suitable for senior undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in plant science, as well as a broader audience of biologists and biochemists seeking a comprehensive and authoritative overview of this exciting and emerging topic.

 

Readership: Senior undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in plant science, as well as a broader audience of biologists and biochemists seeking a comprehensive and authoritative overview of this exciting and emerging topic.


Via Kamoun Lab @ TSL
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The Right Chemistry: Thanks to science, we get orange juice all year

The Right Chemistry: Thanks to science, we get orange juice all year | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
A CBC Marketplace story claimed to uncover a "juicy secret" about how orange juice is made. I would categorize it more as a significant achievement for modern science.
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‘Significant’ differences between organic and non-organic foods: Meta-analysis

‘Significant’ differences between organic and non-organic foods: Meta-analysis | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Organic crops and crop-based foods may contain up to 69% more key antioxidants than conventionally-grown crops, according to a new systematic analysis.
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HerbClip: Review of Cranberry Use for the Prevention of Urinary Tract Infections

HerbClip: Review of Cranberry Use for the Prevention of Urinary Tract Infections | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
081223-482
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Coffee Cup Size Leads to Caffeine Confusion

Coffee Cup Size Leads to Caffeine Confusion | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
"One cup" sounds small but can exceed health recommendations for caffeine intake
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ScienceShot: What Did Corn's Ancestor Really Look Like?

ScienceShot: What Did Corn's Ancestor Really Look Like? | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Ancient plant was more useful than previously believed
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Broccoli Brew Eases Air Pollution Effect, But Is This Detox?

Broccoli Brew Eases Air Pollution Effect, But Is This Detox? | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
A broccoli concoction showed promise in a recent study in fighting one harmful effect of air pollution, but that doesn't mean that broccoli can "detox" the body.
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Tequila Nation: Mexico Reckons With Its Complicated Spirit

Tequila Nation: Mexico Reckons With Its Complicated Spirit | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Some of tequila's oldest traditions are fast being erased as international spirit conglomerates take over family businesses. And tequila makers are worried about their impact on the environment.
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What degree of evidence is required to make an EU health claim?

What degree of evidence is required to make an EU health claim? | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Eight years after the EU nutrition and health claims regulation (NHCR) came into force the question of how to win a health claim is still not satisfacto...
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That Neat and Tidy Map of Tastes on the Tongue You Learned in School is All Wrong | SciTech Connect

That Neat and Tidy Map of Tastes on the Tongue You Learned in School is All Wrong | SciTech Connect | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Everybody has seen the tongue map – that diagram of the tongue with different sections cordoned off for taste receptors. Turns out it's completely wrong.
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Elderberry benefits air travelers

Elderberry benefits air travelers | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
The negative health effects of international air travel are well documented but now it seems that the common elderberry can provide some relief.
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Could beetroot juice help you exercise for longer?

Could beetroot juice help you exercise for longer? | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Chronic consumption of beetroot juice may improve cardiovascular health and potentially delay the onset of fatigue in healthy people, says a new study.
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Dying Trees Can Send Food to Neighbors of Different Species via ‘Wood-Wide Web’

Dying Trees Can Send Food to Neighbors of Different Species via ‘Wood-Wide Web’ | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
No tree is an island, and no place is this truer than the forest. Hidden beneath the soil of the forest understory is a labyrinth of fungal connections between tree roots that scientists call the mycorrhizal network.
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To Save Chocolate, Scientists Develop New Breeds of Cacao

To Save Chocolate, Scientists Develop New Breeds of Cacao | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
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Andrew Ear's curator insight, February 9, 2015 4:53 AM

Thank science for saving chocolate!

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Are Organic Vegetables More Nutritious After All?

Are Organic Vegetables More Nutritious After All? | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
New data show that organic produce has higher levels of antioxidants. But you can get plenty of those compounds just by eating more fruits and vegetables, no matter how they're grown.
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Talking Plants: The deceptively dainty Sichuan Pepper causes a pleasant vibration

Talking Plants: The deceptively dainty Sichuan Pepper causes a pleasant vibration | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
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Bread Wheat Genome Contains “Shocking” Plot Twist | The Artful Amoeba, Scientific American Blog Network

Bread Wheat Genome Contains “Shocking” Plot Twist | The Artful Amoeba, Scientific American Blog Network | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Meristemi's insight:

"It's complicated": The convoluted family tree of wheat. AA = T. urartu, BB = Ae. speltoides, and DD = Ae. tauschii. AABB = emmer/durum wheat (T. turgidum), and AABBDD= modern bread wheat, T. aestivum. The first speciation event is homoploid hybrid, the second two are polyploid (as seen by chromosome copy increase). Images show extant wheat closely related to respective species. The circ

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Drug Developers Take a Second Look at Herbal Medicines

Drug Developers Take a Second Look at Herbal Medicines | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Desperate to develop new drugs for malaria and other ailments, researchers are running clinical trials with traditional herbal medicines—and generating promising leads
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What’s Up With That: Why Toothpaste and Pine Nuts Can Make Some Foods Taste Disgusting | Science | WIRED

What’s Up With That: Why Toothpaste and Pine Nuts Can Make Some Foods Taste Disgusting | Science | WIRED | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
I used to love pine nuts, but now I’m wary of them. A couple years ago I threw a handful of them on a salad and they ruined my sense of taste for weeks. Water tasted bitter and metallic. Everything I ate tasted different, and not in a good way. Eventually, the bad taste went…
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