Through their research, scientists developed thresholds of impervious surface around planting sites. In other words, they defined points at which the amount of pavement around a tree reduces its condition. Using these established levels of impervious surface, landscape architects and other landscape professionals can plant trees in a way that reduces pest damage and economic loss.
POSTECH researchers, Seung-Jae Lee and Murat Artan, discovered that the smell or taste of food can directly shorten lifespan by affecting sensory neurons that produce insulin-6, an insulin hormone-like factor. They also showed that insulin-6 from sensory neurons alters the action of a well-known anti-aging protein called FOXO in various tissues. Their findings were published in Genes & Development as the cover article.
Stem cells are typically thought to have the intrinsic ability to generate or replace specialized cells. However, a team of biologists at NYU showed that regenerating plants can naturally reconstitute their stem cells from more mature cells by replaying embryogenesis.
If you place a houseplant next to a sunny window, you may notice the leaves bending toward the light. Plants don't have brains, so the vast majority of movement is controlled by the interaction of light and fluid within plant cells. Researchers have published a paper in APL Photonics that highlights examples of optofluidics in plants. Optofluidics combine optical systems, which respond to and control light, with microfluidic systems, which move fluids through small channels.
A Japanese research group has identified the enzymes that change the grassy odor of plants into a sweeter 'green' fragrance. This discovery can potentially be used to grow sweet tomatoes with less of a grassy odor. These findings were published on April 29 in the Journal of Biological Chemistry.
After April showers, we get May flowers -- just in time for Mother's Day. Sadly, after a few days, that wonderful bouquet may start wilting. Thankfully, Reactions has picked out the best science-backed tips to maximize the freshness of your cut flowers. Be sure to check out this video before you buy your bouquet: https://youtu.be/ZYifkcmIb-4.
Most US homes are full of familiar household products with an ingredient that fights bacteria: triclosan. Most of the triclosan is removed in waste water treatment plants. However, a US Geological Survey found the antibacterial in nearly 58 percent of freshwater streams. What does that mean for the food and soil irrigated with water from streams?
The fate of a tree planted at poet Emily Dickinson's home raises questions about whether gardeners can — or should — play a role in helping plant species migrate in the face of rising temperatures and swiftly changing botanical zones.
È stato recentemente sequenziato l’intero codice genetico della carota. Oltre a permettere numerosi miglioramenti delle qualità dell’ortaggio, la conoscenza del suo DNA spiega come l’uomo, addomesticandola, abbia modificato le proprietà di questa radice
Matthew Hartings hates gin. "Something about that flavor doesn’t sit right with me," writes Hartings, a professor of chemistry at American University. He also hates tonic. "It is too bitter for me. I just don’t understand how people can drink tonic water." But, if you mix the two, you make one of his favorite drinks: th
Calcium phosphate is a widespread biomineral in the animal kingdom: Bones and teeth largely consist of this very tough mineral substance. Researchers from Bonn University could now for the first time demonstrate the presence of calcium phosphate as a structural biomineral in higher plants. The substance provides the necessary 'bite' to the stinging hairs of representatives of the rock nettle family (Loasaceae). It hardens the trichomes, which serve as a herbivore defense.
Breeding barley that provides good yields even in a hot and dry climate -- a research team of the University of Würzburg is currently busy with this task. The project is part of the new Bavarian alliance 'BayKlimaFit' aimed at finding strategies to adapt crops to climate change.
Roses are red, violets are blue. Everybody knows that, but what makes them so? Although plant breeders were aware of some of the genes involved, there was as yet no quantitative study of how pigment turns a flower red, blue or yellow. Casper van der Kooi conducted just such a study, combining biology and physics.
In a paper published online May 16, 2016, in Trends in Microbiology, researchers from the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute call for the formation of a National Microbiome Data Center to efficiently manage the datasets accumulated globally. By integrating and harnessing all available microbiome data and metadata, researchers could conduct larger-scale comparative analyses in order to address global challenges related to energy, environment, health and agriculture.
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