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Debunked: Red Wine Antioxidant Won't Help You Live Longer

Debunked: Red Wine Antioxidant Won't Help You Live Longer | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
The antioxidant resveratrol — found in foods and drinks such as red wine, chocolate and grapes — has been purported to have anti-aging effects, but a new study suggests the compound may not increase life span after all.
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Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science
Medicinal Plants, Phytochemistry and Applied Botany
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Coffee Cup Size Leads to Caffeine Confusion

Coffee Cup Size Leads to Caffeine Confusion | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
"One cup" sounds small but can exceed health recommendations for caffeine intake
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The plant that dominates Britain's railways

The plant that dominates Britain's railways | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
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More people are buying buddleia for their gardens, but it's classified as an invasive species and is a problem on British railways.

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How Scientists Uncovered Arctic Clues to a Past Where a Tiny Fern Changed the Planet

How Scientists Uncovered Arctic Clues to a Past Where a Tiny Fern Changed the Planet | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Researchers attempt to puzzle out how Earth got its ice caps
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Why were this company’s computers attacked millions of times this year? Algae.

Why were this company’s computers attacked millions of times this year? Algae. | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Florida firm says it holds the key for climate friendly biofuels – and it’s under siege from the Chinese military
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Gaba gaba hey: cocoa is rich in gamma-aminobutyric acid | LS9 - Bioactives & Health

Gaba gaba hey: cocoa is rich in gamma-aminobutyric acid | LS9 - Bioactives & Health | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it

The amino acid content recorded in fermented beans ranged from 515 to 1812 mg/100 g, with a prevalence of the hydrophobic amino acids, important precursors of cocoa aroma. Among non-protein amino acids, relevant contents of GABA, ranging from a minimum of 31.7 mg/100 g for Grenada beans to a maximum of 101.2 mg/100 g for Ecuador beans, were detected.

The bottom line? Cocoa beans can be considered an important natural source of this inhibitory neurotransmitter amino acid, even comparable with contents recorded in some enriched foods.

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Testing food-related endocrine disruptors in silico | LS9 - Bioactives & Health

Testing food-related endocrine disruptors in silico | LS9 - Bioactives & Health | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it

Foodstuff should never be considered as fully safe, a priori. For example they could be a vector for naturally occurring and/or unwanted dangerous substances that can act as endocrine disruptors either as they are or after their bioactivation. The scientific community agrees that the metabolic activity of chemicals should be taken into account for proper risk assessment. Unfortunately, the in vitro evaluation of a metabolic panel and analytical/biochemical detection in food-safety assessment are very expensive and challenging because of the abundance of data to analyze.

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Essential oils and weed management. | LS9 - Bioactives & Health

Essential oils and weed management. | LS9 - Bioactives & Health | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
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Results showed that rose-scented Pelargonium capitatum and Aniba rosaeodora essential oils are potential natural herbicides endowed with very strong activities against Solanum lycopersicum both in pre and post-emergence stages, with potency greater or comparable to those of other renewed phytotoxic essential oils already used in commercial natural herbicides.

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ScienceShot: What Did Corn's Ancestor Really Look Like?

ScienceShot: What Did Corn's Ancestor Really Look Like? | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Ancient plant was more useful than previously believed
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Europe's oldest tree discovered Wales - and it's 5,000 years old

Europe's oldest tree discovered Wales - and it's 5,000 years old | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Experts have run tests on the tree in the St Cynog’s churchyard at Defynnog near Sennybridge, Powys, including DNA and ring dating.
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GMO 2.0: genetically modified foods with added health benefits

GMO 2.0: genetically modified foods with added health benefits | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
New genetically engineered food products have been designed to be healthier and save waste, but the technology cannot be imposed on people who don't want it
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The ROI of Your Office Espresso Machine

The ROI of Your Office Espresso Machine | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
A coffee machine and other, well-worth-it investments in your team.
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Scientists bend banana genome to help children overcome vitamin A deficiency

Scientists bend banana genome to help children overcome vitamin A deficiency | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Genetically modified Australian fruit could save the sight – and lives – of thousands of East African children
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Fujitsu Lettuce? In Japan, idled electronics factories find new life in farming

Fujitsu Lettuce? In Japan, idled electronics factories find new life in farming | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Struggling to compete with rivals in South Korea or China in businesses like televisions and smartphones, a range of Japanese electronics giants are converting idled factories to agriculture.
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Bread Wheat Genome Contains “Shocking” Plot Twist | The Artful Amoeba, Scientific American Blog Network

Bread Wheat Genome Contains “Shocking” Plot Twist | The Artful Amoeba, Scientific American Blog Network | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
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"It's complicated": The convoluted family tree of wheat. AA = T. urartu, BB = Ae. speltoides, and DD = Ae. tauschii. AABB = emmer/durum wheat (T. turgidum), and AABBDD= modern bread wheat, T. aestivum. The first speciation event is homoploid hybrid, the second two are polyploid (as seen by chromosome copy increase). Images show extant wheat closely related to respective species. The circ

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Botany: the roots of civilisation – Telegraph Blogs

Botany: the roots of civilisation – Telegraph Blogs | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Plants underpin all life, yet botany fails to capture our imagination. Tom Chivers hopes a BBC radio series will change that view A billion years ago, a primitive single-celled organism ended up inside another, slightly less primitive organism, and something strange happened: it didn’t die. Now, a billion years later, the descendants of that hybrid [...]
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Negative effects of global change on seed viability of juniper - AoB Blog

Negative effects of global change on seed viability of juniper - AoB Blog | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Failure of natural regeneration in European juniper may be attributable to climate warming as well as high atmospheric deposition of nitrogen and sulphur.
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How Legos Could Change What We Know About Plants

How Legos Could Change What We Know About Plants | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Researchers are using toy bricks to study how plants react to environmental factors.
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Peptides and cocoa fermentation | LS9 - Bioactives & Health

Peptides and cocoa fermentation | LS9 - Bioactives & Health | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it

Cocoa beans, from the fruit of the cocoa tree (Theobroma cacao L.), are transformed into chocolate and other cocoa products by a complex process involving fermentation, drying and roasting. Fermentation is carried out by different methods in the countries of origin, and represents a crucial stage in the development of the aromatic precursors and bioactive compounds characteristic of chocolate and cocoa products. Proteins are the cocoa fraction that undergoes the most intensive modification during fermentation, where microbiological and enzymatic reactions lead to extensive breakdown of cocoa seed proteins, yielding peptides and amino acids which are the important flavour precursors

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Fumonisins during industrial processing of cornmeal | LS9 - Bioactives & Health

Fumonisins during industrial processing of cornmeal | LS9 - Bioactives & Health | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it

Results showed that fumonisin amounts decreased significantly after cleaning and corn-flaking processes, achieving a final reduction of about 40% in the cornmeal semolina, while higher level of contamination in corn flour (fumetto) and middlings were detected. Furthermore, in order to better understand the influence of the different treatments on fumonisin distribution, the occurrence of their free and masked forms during this industrial processing was investigated. Results for masked fumonisins showed that they were not detected probably due to different climatic and technological factors.

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After 'Cadmium Rice,' now 'Lead' and 'Arsenic Rice'

After 'Cadmium Rice,' now 'Lead' and 'Arsenic Rice' | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
A study of soil, water and rice grown around a metals smelter in Hunan Province shows high levels of toxic pollutants, adding to a growing body of evidence that China’s soil is badly degraded in many areas.
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Fungus Cripples Coffee Production Across Central America

Fungus Cripples Coffee Production Across Central America | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
A plant-choking fungus called coffee rust has hurt farmers and sent economic damages rippling through local communities.
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The E.U. Is the Problem on GM Crops, Say U.K. Scientists

The E.U. Is the Problem on GM Crops, Say U.K. Scientists | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
U.K. government advisers warn that European agriculture risks falling behind the rest of the world because of inappropriate E.U. regulation
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Robert Hooke's Micrographia

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Drug Developers Take a Second Look at Herbal Medicines

Drug Developers Take a Second Look at Herbal Medicines | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Desperate to develop new drugs for malaria and other ailments, researchers are running clinical trials with traditional herbal medicines—and generating promising leads
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Inside Monsanto, America's Third-Most-Hated Company

Inside Monsanto, America's Third-Most-Hated Company | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
What's the genetically modified seed factory up to? Making high-tech plans to feed a growing world
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