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Bionic plants could light the future › News in Science (ABC Science)

Bionic plants could light the future › News in Science (ABC Science) | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Instead of mobile phone towers and street lights, imagine a world where trees light our way at night and branches are antennae.
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Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science
Medicinal Plants, Phytochemistry and Applied Botany
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The herbivore dilemma: How corn plants fights off simultaneous attacks: Maize plants may face a metabolic tradeoff when defending against both aphids and caterpillars

The herbivore dilemma: How corn plants fights off simultaneous attacks: Maize plants may face a metabolic tradeoff when defending against both aphids and caterpillars | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
When some maize varieties generate defensive compounds against caterpillars they become more susceptible to aphids, researchers have found.
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Forschungszentrum Jülich - Press releases - German Plant Phenotyping Network (DPPN) Launched

Forschungszentrum Jülich - Press releases - German Plant Phenotyping Network (DPPN) Launched | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Jülich, Gatersleben, Munich, 23 January 2013 – Thomas Rachel, secretary of state of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), visited the research center Jülich to address funding of about € 35 million on occasion of the launch of the German Plant Phenotyping Network (DPPN).
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Climate change's frost harms early plant reproduction, Dartmouth study finds

Climate change's frost harms early plant reproduction, Dartmouth study finds | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Climate change may harm early-flowering plants not through plant-pollinator mismatch but through frost damage, a Dartmouth College-led study shows.
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We're Wasting As Much As Half the Food We Produce | JSTOR Daily

We're Wasting As Much As Half the Food We Produce | JSTOR Daily | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Research suggests that at least half of the food produced is lost before and after it reaches the consumer. 
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Scientists discover how plants tailor growth to the seasons

Scientists discover how plants tailor growth to the seasons | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
The Nusinow Lab at the Danforth Plant Science Center studying plants' circadian clock have discovered a gene that allows plants to remember daylight during the long nights of winter.
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Why do people buy organic? Separating myth from motivation

Why do people buy organic? Separating myth from motivation | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Sales and demand of organic food have been rising again after an uncertain 2014-15, buoyed on by stronger claims of benefits to health, a more natural way of production and an overall improvement in taste. 
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How 'more food per field' could help save our wild spaces

How 'more food per field' could help save our wild spaces | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Increased farm yields could help to spare land from agriculture for natural habitats that benefit wildlife and store greenhouse gases, but only if the right policies are in place. Conservation scientists call on policymakers to learn from working examples across the globe and find better ways to protect habitats while producing food on less land.
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Does a Crack in a Carrot Spell Ruin for the Root Vegetable?

Does a Crack in a Carrot Spell Ruin for the Root Vegetable? | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Growth cracks can originate during the growth period from uneven moisture. As to the safety of cracked carrots, common sense should be the rule.
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The global spectrum of plant form and function

The global spectrum of plant form and function | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Do existing plants represent all theoretically possible combinations of structure and function for growth, survival and reproduction? To answer this question an international team from 14 countries analyzed the most comprehensive global data set of essential plant functional traits ever compiled, containing plants ranging from Arabidopsis to Araucaria, from bramble to Brazil nut, from hemp to Hakea, from Sedum to Sequoia, from watercress to wattle.
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Researchers Reverse Engineer the World of Flowers in Biomimetic 4D Printing

Researchers Reverse Engineer the World of Flowers in Biomimetic 4D Printing | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
3D printing certainly isn’t going out of style—or going anywhere at all—except for perhaps heading onward and upward into another dimension when prescribed.
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Plants and Pinatubo, Prestahnukur, Popocatépetl… - AoB Blog

Plants and Pinatubo, Prestahnukur, Popocatépetl… - AoB Blog | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Plants are generally sessile organisms that, unlike their puny animal ‘cousins’, can’t get up and run away if the environment is not to their liking. Botan
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Plants trick bacteria into attacking too soon

Plants trick bacteria into attacking too soon | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Scientists have discovered that a plant compound interferes with bacterial communication.
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Women shouldn't drink? How many microbes? | On Science Blogs

Women shouldn't drink? How many microbes? | On Science Blogs | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
The CDC has warned women that they shouldn't drink if they might get pregnant. Also, fewer microbes on the body than previously thought.
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How roots grow

How roots grow | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Researchers at Goethe University Frankfurt found out: root shape of plants is determined by a combination of genetic predisposition and the self-organization of cells.
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How can food grown on Mars boost food security on Earth?

How can food grown on Mars boost food security on Earth? | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Dutch researchers have launched a crowdsourcing appeal for a project that will analyse the safety and nutrient content of food grown on Martian and lunar soil -  and the findings could prove useful for life on Earth too, they say.
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World's Oldest Tea Discovered In An Ancient Chinese Emperor's Tomb

World's Oldest Tea Discovered In An Ancient Chinese Emperor's Tomb | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Archaeologists found the 2,100-year-old tea leaves in the tomb of a Han dynasty emperor, suggesting tea was highly valued. But was the emperor drinking tea as we do, or using it as medicine?
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Turning Plants into Drug Factories

Turning Plants into Drug Factories | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Researchers are developing GM plants that can be used as pharmaceutical biofactories to produce inexpensive, ingestible medicines
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Study: Antioxidant supplements (still) not an athlete’s best training partner

Study: Antioxidant supplements (still) not an athlete’s best training partner | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Back in 2009, a group of researchers in Germany and the US published a hotly debated study that said antioxidants may blunt the benefits of exercise. One of the researchers recently released a topical review of the subject, and he
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Fa male alla salute, ma non più del burro « Fondamentale 01/2016 | AIRC

Fa male alla salute, ma non più del burro « Fondamentale 01/2016 | AIRC | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Demonizzato dalla stampa, oggetto di petizioni e boicottaggi, l'olio di palma è diventato il "nemico alimentare" numero uno, accusato di essere dannoso per la salute.
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Understanding Addiction

Understanding Addiction | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Drugs and other stimuli hijack dopamine signaling in the brain, causing changes that can lead to addiction
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First Flower Seeds from Dino Era Discovered : DNews

First Flower Seeds from Dino Era Discovered : DNews | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
The seeds are miniscule and unusually well-preserved, in such good condition that their internal cell structures were still visible.
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The genome of the seagrass Zostera marina reveals angiosperm adaptation to the sea : Nature : Nature Publishing Group

The genome of the seagrass Zostera marina reveals angiosperm adaptation to the sea : Nature : Nature Publishing Group | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Seagrasses colonized the sea on at least three independent occasions to form the basis of one of the most productive and widespread coastal ecosystems on the planet. Here we report the genome of Zostera marina (L.), the first, to our knowledge, marine angiosperm to be fully sequenced. This reveals unique insights into the genomic losses and gains involved in achieving the structural and physiological adaptations required for its marine lifestyle, arguably the most severe habitat shift ever accomplished by flowering plants. Key angiosperm innovations that were lost include the entire repertoire of stomatal genes, genes involved in the synthesis of terpenoids and ethylene signalling, and genes for ultraviolet protection and phytochromes for far-red sensing. Seagrasses have also regained functions enabling them to adjust to full salinity. Their cell walls contain all of the polysaccharides typical of land plants, but also contain polyanionic, low-methylated pectins and sulfated galactans, a feature shared with the cell walls of all macroalgae and that is important for ion homoeostasis, nutrient uptake and O2/CO2 exchange through leaf epidermal cells. The Z. marina genome resource will markedly advance a wide range of functional ecological studies from adaptation of marine ecosystems under climate warming, to unravelling the mechanisms of osmoregulation under high salinities that may further inform our understanding of the evolution of salt tolerance in crop plants.
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