Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science
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Mediterranean diet may have cognitive benefits, review finds

Mediterranean diet may have cognitive benefits, review finds | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Adherence to a Mediterranean diet may be associated with better cognitive functions and lower rates of cognitive decline, a systematic review of the evidence reveals.
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Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science
Medicinal Plants, Phytochemistry and Applied Botany
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Study could help cities improve tree planting

Study could help cities improve tree planting | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Through their research, scientists developed thresholds of impervious surface around planting sites. In other words, they defined points at which the amount of pavement around a tree reduces its condition. Using these established levels of impervious surface, landscape architects and other landscape professionals can plant trees in a way that reduces pest damage and economic loss.
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The taste or smell of foods can affect aging, say scientists

The taste or smell of foods can affect aging, say scientists | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
POSTECH researchers, Seung-Jae Lee and Murat Artan, discovered that the smell or taste of food can directly shorten lifespan by affecting sensory neurons that produce insulin-6, an insulin hormone-like factor. They also showed that insulin-6 from sensory neurons alters the action of a well-known anti-aging protein called FOXO in various tissues. Their findings were published in Genes & Development as the cover article.
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No, this isn’t the start of the antibiotic apocalypse, just bad reporting

No, this isn’t the start of the antibiotic apocalypse, just bad reporting | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
New drug-resistant infection is cause for measured concern, but let’s get the facts straight.
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Dealing with Uncertainty

Taking account of what you don't know (as well as what you do know) is an intrinsic part of science. Dr Andy Hart from Fera Science Ltd explains ho
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Climate probably stopped Mongols cold in Hungary

Climate probably stopped Mongols cold in Hungary | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Mongol cavalry was no match for cold, wet climate in medieval Hungary, researchers think.
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A fifth of all plants threatened as habitats shrink worldwide

A fifth of all plants threatened as habitats shrink worldwide | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Most types of plant communities have had their ranges changed by more than 10 per cent since 2001, with mangroves and coniferous forests taking the brunt
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John Oliver teaches us how to interpret medical and scientific studies

John Oliver teaches us how to interpret medical and scientific studies | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
It’s no secret that I’m a big fan of John Oliver. When my aging body allows me to stay awake late enough on Sunday nights and there’s a new episode on, I’ll almost always be watching. Since startin…
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Biologists find how plants reconstitute stem cells

Biologists find how plants reconstitute stem cells | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Stem cells are typically thought to have the intrinsic ability to generate or replace specialized cells. However, a team of biologists at NYU showed that regenerating plants can naturally reconstitute their stem cells from more mature cells by replaying embryogenesis.
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Plants display nature's optofluidic machinery

Plants display nature's optofluidic machinery | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
If you place a houseplant next to a sunny window, you may notice the leaves bending toward the light. Plants don't have brains, so the vast majority of movement is controlled by the interaction of light and fluid within plant cells. Researchers have published a paper in APL Photonics that highlights examples of optofluidics in plants. Optofluidics combine optical systems, which respond to and control light, with microfluidic systems, which move fluids through small channels.
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Why do tomatoes smell 'grassy'?

Why do tomatoes smell 'grassy'? | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
A Japanese research group has identified the enzymes that change the grassy odor of plants into a sweeter 'green' fragrance. This discovery can potentially be used to grow sweet tomatoes with less of a grassy odor. These findings were published on April 29 in the Journal of Biological Chemistry.
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How to make cut flowers last longer (video)

How to make cut flowers last longer (video) | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
After April showers, we get May flowers -- just in time for Mother's Day. Sadly, after a few days, that wonderful bouquet may start wilting. Thankfully, Reactions has picked out the best science-backed tips to maximize the freshness of your cut flowers. Be sure to check out this video before you buy your bouquet: https://youtu.be/ZYifkcmIb-4.
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Bacteria in branches naturally fertilize trees

Bacteria in branches naturally fertilize trees | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
A University of Washington team has demonstrated that poplar trees growing in rocky, inhospitable terrain harbor bacteria within them that could provide valuable nutrients to help the plant grow.
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Following tricky triclosan

Following tricky triclosan | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Most US homes are full of familiar household products with an ingredient that fights bacteria: triclosan. Most of the triclosan is removed in waste water treatment plants. However, a US Geological Survey found the antibacterial in nearly 58 percent of freshwater streams. What does that mean for the food and soil irrigated with water from streams?
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Mongol hordes gave up on conquering Europe due to wet weather

Mongol hordes gave up on conquering Europe due to wet weather | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
A soggy winter in the 1240s turned parts of central Europe into a swamp, forcing the Mongols led by Genghis Khan's grandson to retreat to feed their horses
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As World Warms, How Do We Decide When a Plant is Native? by Janet Marinelli: Yale Environment 360

As World Warms, How Do We Decide When a Plant is Native? by Janet Marinelli: Yale Environment 360 | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
The fate of a tree planted at poet Emily Dickinson's home raises questions about whether gardeners can — or should — play a role in helping plant species migrate in the face of rising temperatures and swiftly changing botanical zones.
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Quando l’uomo ha colorato le carote

Quando l’uomo ha colorato le carote | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
È stato recentemente sequenziato l’intero codice genetico della carota. Oltre a permettere numerosi miglioramenti delle qualità dell’ortaggio, la conoscenza del suo DNA spiega come l’uomo, addomesticandola, abbia modificato le proprietà di questa radice
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Why does gin and tonic taste so good?

Why does gin and tonic taste so good? | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Matthew Hartings hates gin. "Something about that flavor doesn’t sit right with me," writes Hartings, a professor of chemistry at American University. He also hates tonic. "It is too bitter for me. I just don’t understand how people can drink tonic water." But, if you mix the two, you make one of his favorite drinks: th
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What a 9,000-Year-Old Spruce Tree Taught Me - Issue 36: Aging - Nautilus

What a 9,000-Year-Old Spruce Tree Taught Me  - Issue 36: Aging - Nautilus | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
I had little idea of what I would discover when I set out to find and photograph the oldest living things in the world. I expected…
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Synthetic wine made without grapes claims to mimic fine vintages

Synthetic wine made without grapes claims to mimic fine vintages | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
The world's first fruit-free "wine" synthetically mimics expensive and iconic brands – but can it really be as good as the real thing? New Scientist takes a sip
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Plant cell wall development revealed in space and time for the first time

Plant cell wall development revealed in space and time for the first time | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Scientists have mapped changes in composition of plant cell walls over space and time, providing new insights into the development and growth of all plants.
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Plants are 'biting' back

Plants are 'biting' back | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Calcium phosphate is a widespread biomineral in the animal kingdom: Bones and teeth largely consist of this very tough mineral substance. Researchers from Bonn University could now for the first time demonstrate the presence of calcium phosphate as a structural biomineral in higher plants. The substance provides the necessary 'bite' to the stinging hairs of representatives of the rock nettle family (Loasaceae). It hardens the trichomes, which serve as a herbivore defense.
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Making plants fit for climate change

Making plants fit for climate change | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Breeding barley that provides good yields even in a hot and dry climate -- a research team of the University of Würzburg is currently busy with this task. The project is part of the new Bavarian alliance 'BayKlimaFit' aimed at finding strategies to adapt crops to climate change.
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The anatomy of flower color

The anatomy of flower color | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Roses are red, violets are blue. Everybody knows that, but what makes them so? Although plant breeders were aware of some of the genes involved, there was as yet no quantitative study of how pigment turns a flower red, blue or yellow. Casper van der Kooi conducted just such a study, combining biology and physics.
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Herbal remedies are an overlooked global health hazard

Herbal remedies are an overlooked global health hazard | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Scientists raise are raising awareness that long-term use of herbal remedies is no guarantee of their safety. Herbal remedies are an overlooked global hazard.
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A rallying call for microbiome science national data management

A rallying call for microbiome science national data management | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
In a paper published online May 16, 2016, in Trends in Microbiology, researchers from the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute call for the formation of a National Microbiome Data Center to efficiently manage the datasets accumulated globally. By integrating and harnessing all available microbiome data and metadata, researchers could conduct larger-scale comparative analyses in order to address global challenges related to energy, environment, health and agriculture.
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