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Plant-Plant Interactions, the newest Teaching Tool online

Plant-Plant Interactions, the newest Teaching Tool online | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it

Online today, the newest Teaching Tool in Plant Biology, "Plant-Plant Interactions", by Ariel Novoplansky and Mary Williams. It's all about how plants sense and respond to their neighbors. Subscription to Plant Cell required. Slides, lecture notes and teaching guide too!
http://www.plantcell.org/site/teachingtools/TTPB25.xhtml


Via Mary Williams, Kamoun Lab @ TSL
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Mahani Mohamad's curator insight, June 2, 2013 12:35 PM

to be shared with Jr.

Happy Updates's comment, June 3, 2013 12:55 AM
nice share Mary Williams http://icareeradvice.com/
Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science
Medicinal Plants, Phytochemistry and Applied Botany
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Northern Forests Falter in Combating Climate Change

Northern Forests Falter in Combating Climate Change | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Forests in Eurasia are not sucking as much CO 2 out of the sky as they used to
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Europe and Pacific Northwest Face Record Heat : Image of the Day

Europe and Pacific Northwest Face Record Heat : Image of the Day | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
High-pressure ridges over the oceans drive warm-weather systems over the continents.
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Nature and Business: Developing a Sustainable Society Together – Biomimicry Institute

Nature and Business: Developing a Sustainable Society Together – Biomimicry Institute | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Biomimicry offers a strategic advantage in sustainable product design, research, and development. Organizations that study nature as a source of innovation have already transformed a wide array of industries. Leveraging biomimicry’s unique approach to research and design can ultimately lead to sustainable, profitable technologies that increase revenues, mitigate risk, and reduce costs.
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Grass – potential killer or just misunderstood?

Grass – potential killer or just misunderstood? | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
I remember reading that grass had a huge impact on ecosystems, but maybe missed its best chance to become famous. It's possible grass would have been known as the killer of the dinosaurs, if…
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How will climate change affect food security?

How will climate change affect food security? | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Mitigating the effects on agriculture will require creative adaptations, per IPCC report (with free access to related research)
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Climate change a threat to security, food and humankind - IPCC report

Climate change a threat to security, food and humankind - IPCC report | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Warming is leading to more volatile weather patterns that are already reducing crop yields, the IPCC has warned
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Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews: Oomycete Interactions with Plants: Infection Strategies and Resistance Principles (2015)

Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews: Oomycete Interactions with Plants: Infection Strategies and Resistance Principles (2015) | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it

The Oomycota include many economically significant microbial pathogens of crop species. Understanding the mechanisms by which oomycetes infect plants and identifying methods to provide durable resistance are major research goals. Over the last few years, many elicitors that trigger plant immunity have been identified, as well as host genes that mediate susceptibility to oomycete pathogens. The mechanisms behind these processes have subsequently been investigated and many new discoveries made, marking a period of exciting research in the oomycete pathology field. This review provides an introduction to our current knowledge of the pathogenic mechanisms used by oomycetes, including elicitors and effectors, plus an overview of the major principles of host resistance: the established R gene hypothesis and the more recently defined susceptibility (S) gene model. Future directions for development of oomycete-resistant plants are discussed, along with ways that recent discoveries in the field of oomycete-plant interactions are generating novel means of studying how pathogen and symbiont colonizations overlap.


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Slides: Plant pathology in the post-genomics era (2015)

Presented at BASF Science Symposium: sustainable food chain - from field to table, Jun 23-24, 2015, Chicago.

 

Notes and acknowledgements at http://kamounlab.tumblr.com/post/122151022390/plant-pathology-in-the-post-genomics-era


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[Tome] | Plants Communicate Using An Internet Of Fungus - TIMEWHEEL

[Tome] | Plants Communicate Using An Internet Of Fungus - TIMEWHEEL | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
TIMEWHEEL is an artistic collective, audiovisual studio and blog.
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Agroecology can help fix our broken food system. Here’s how.

Agroecology can help fix our broken food system. Here’s how. | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
The various incarnations of the sustainable food movement need a science with which to approach a system as complex as food and farming.
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Sexual deception in orchids | OUPblog

Sexual deception in orchids | OUPblog | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
“In the spring a young man's fancy lightly turns to thoughts of love” (Alfred, Lord Tennyson), but he could have said the same for insects too. Male insects will be following the scent of females, looking for a partner, but not every female is what she seems to be. It might look like the orchid is getting some unwanted attention in the video below, but it’s actually the bee that’s the victim. The orchid has released complex scents to fool the bee into thinking it’s meeting a female.
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Novomer carbon dioxide-based plastics

Novomer carbon dioxide-based plastics | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Innovators are full of questions. Nature has answers. AskNature provides innovators with the world’s most comprehensive catalog of nature’s solutions to human design challenges.
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New ‘Pomegranate-inspired’ Design Solves Problems for Lithium-Ion Batteries

New ‘Pomegranate-inspired’ Design Solves Problems for Lithium-Ion Batteries | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science laboratory operated by Stanford University.
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Climate change and farming: what you need to know about the IPCC report

Climate change and farming: what you need to know about the IPCC report | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
The experts at the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) provide a breakdown of the most important take-aways related to agriculture and food security (click to download). 
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Wood anatomy of archaeological and historical specimens (Invited Review)

Wood anatomy of archaeological and historical specimens (Invited Review) | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
The principles and procedures involved in the study of archaeological and historical wood, which may be preserved through a variety of processes,
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Book: Leaf Defence: Edward E. Farmer - Oxford University Press (2014)

Book: Leaf Defence: Edward E. Farmer - Oxford University Press (2014) | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it

Leaves are among the most abundant organs on earth and are a defining feature of most terrestrial ecosystems. However, a leaf is also a potential meal for a hungry animal and the question therefore arises, why does so much foliage survive in nature? What mechanisms protect leaves so that, on a global scale, only a relatively small proportion of living leaf material is consumed? Leaf survival is in large part due to two processes: firstly, leaf-eating organisms fall prey to predators (top-down pressure on the herbivore); secondly, leaves defend themselves (bottom-up pressure on the herbivore). Remarkably, these two types of event are often linked; they are controlled and coordinated by plants and the molecular mechanisms that underlie this are now beginning to emerge.  

This novel text focuses exclusively on the leaf, on the herbivorous organisms that attack leaves, and the mechanisms that plants use to defend these vital organs. It begins with an assessment of the scale of herbivory, before examining direct physical and chemical defences on leaf surfaces and within the leaf itself. Although some leaf defences are easily seen, most operate at the molecular level and are therefore invisible to the naked eye. Many of these recently elucidated mechanisms are described. Throughout the book, perspectives from both the laboratory and the field are combined. A central feature of the work is its emphasis on the coevolution of leaf defences and the digestive tracts of animals including humans, making the book of relevance in understanding the role of leaf defences in agriculture. 

Leaf Defence is suitable for senior undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in plant science, as well as a broader audience of biologists and biochemists seeking a comprehensive and authoritative overview of this exciting and emerging topic.

 

Readership: Senior undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in plant science, as well as a broader audience of biologists and biochemists seeking a comprehensive and authoritative overview of this exciting and emerging topic.


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Nature News: Plant denizens get the big-science treatment (2015)

Nature News: Plant denizens get the big-science treatment (2015) | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it

A plant may be rooted in place, but it is never lonely. There are bacteria in, on and near it, munching away on their host, on each other, on compounds in the soil. Amoebae dine on bacteria, nematodes feast on roots, insects devour fruit — with consequences for the chemistry of the soil, the taste of a leaf or the productivity of a crop.

 

From 30 June to 2 July, more than 200 researchers gathered in Washington DC for the first meeting of the Phytobiomes Initiative, an ambitious proposal to catalogue and characterize a plant’s most intimate associates and their impact on agriculture. By the end of the year, attendees hope to carve out a project that will apply this knowledge in ways that will appeal to funders in industry and government.

 

“We want to get more money,” says plant pathologist Linda Kinkel at the University of Minnesota in St Paul. “But beyond that, let’s just all try to talk the same language and come up with some shared goals.”

 

Leach coined the term phytobiome in 2013,at a retreat about food security. She defines the phytobiome broadly, to encompass microbes, insects, nematodes and plants as well as the abiotic factors that influence all these.

 

Since then, she has visited companies, funding agencies and universities to call for a unifying phytobiomes initiative. She has teamed up with Kellye Eversole, a consultant based in Bethesda, Maryland, and the co-owner of a small family farm in Oklahoma, who has experience working on large agricultural genomics projects, including the US National Plant Genome Initiative. That initiative was launched in 1998 and continues to crank out databases and other tools for analysing plant genomes.

 

Leach hopes that the Phytobiomes Initiative will leave a similar legacy, but she is mindful that federal funding has tightened considerably since 1998. Still, she notes that the project can build on several emerging trends in agriculture. Industry has shown renewed interest in boosting plant growth by manipulating associated microbes (Nature 504, 199; 2013). Companies and farmers are also investing in ‘precision agriculture’, which uses high-tech monitors to track conditions in a field or even around individual plants, allowing farmers to water and fertilize in exactly the right places.

 

High-tech future

 

Eversole foresees a day when tractors will carry dipstick-like gauges that provide a snapshot of the microbial community in the soil. Data from the Phytobiomes Initiative would then help farmers to manipulate that community to their advantage, she says.

 

But first, the initiative needs to standardize protocols and metrics, the meeting’s attendees determined. Kinkel says that efforts are likely to focus initially on cataloguing microbes and insects and their interactions with different crops and habitats. “We’re where plant biologists were 150 years ago,” she says. “We’re still trying to inventory things.”

 

Work has already begun along these lines: for example, a group at the International Rice Research Institute in Los Baños in the Philippines is fishing for microbial DNA in data discarded from an effort to sequence the rice genome. The goal is to determine which microbes prefer which strains of the crop.

 

Kinkel, meanwhile, has begun experimenting with manipulating carbon levels in the soil to alter the microbial population, with the aim of improving plant productivity. “If we can understand better who lives on and within plants, we have the potential to manage them to have healthier, more resilient plants,” she says.

 

Projects such as these would move faster under an organized, cohesive framework, says Sarah Lebeis, a microbiologist at the University of Tennessee in Knoxville who is studying how plants manipulate microbial communities by secreting antibiotics into the soil. “Right now we’re working as individuals,” she says. “Having an initiative will give us focus and hopefully we’ll progress further, faster, better.”


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Dying Trees Can Send Food to Neighbors of Different Species via ‘Wood-Wide Web’

Dying Trees Can Send Food to Neighbors of Different Species via ‘Wood-Wide Web’ | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
No tree is an island, and no place is this truer than the forest. Hidden beneath the soil of the forest understory is a labyrinth of fungal connections between tree roots that scientists call the mycorrhizal network.
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With Google’s Support, Plant Biologists Build First Online Database Of All The World’s Plant Species

With Google’s Support, Plant Biologists Build First Online Database Of All The World’s Plant Species | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Four leading botanical gardens from around the world want to make it easier for researchers to identify plants in the field.
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Ra's curator insight, June 23, 5:14 PM

This is amazing. A huge project with implications for a range of industry. Not wikipedia but wouldn't you like to be part of it!