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What can bitcoin learn from the failure of 'global' language Esperanto?

What can bitcoin learn from the failure of 'global' language Esperanto? | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it

Some people have noted there are more than a few similarities between digital currencies and invented languages. By comparing them, we might be able to garner a few clues about the future of cryptocurrencies.

In 1887, Polish linguist Ludwig Zamenhof came up with the best-known of these invented languages, Esperanto. The similarities between Esperanto’s inception and that of bitcoin are pretty striking.

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English as an international lingua franca in education
This site points to interesting papers and materials related to the description of English as an international lingua franca, with an emphasis on teaching, learning, assessment, curriculum design, implementation and evaluation, and teacher education.
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English as a lingua franca -- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

English as a lingua franca -- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it

English as a lingua franca (ELF) can be defined as “an additionally acquired language system which serves as a common means of communication for speakers of different first languages”. Here's the Wikipedia entry for ELF.

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Vlad Rassypninsky's curator insight, April 17, 2013 12:43 AM

The term 'English as a lingua franca (ELF)' is ambiguous since it equates English as the language of global communication in the period of globalization with other international languages (like French, German, Russian, Spanish, Arabic, Mandarin etc) which function as lingua francas in limited areas. Therefore, the more correct term would be 'English as the global lingua franca (EGLF)' to emphasize the uniqueness of the phenomenon. The failure to recognize English as the global lingua franca as a new phenomenon distinct from many national varieties, and particularly from the US and UK national standards, leads to the continued educational practicies when English is still taught as a foreign language (EFL), which promotes the linguistic and cultural domination and gives grounds to the theories of linguistic and cultural imperialism.

The acquisition by English at the turn of the 20th century of the global status has taken the world by storm, and, as a result, while the fact of the globalization of English is widely recognized, its standard is still in the process of formation, which, in its turn, creates difficulties in language learning and teaching.    

Loredana Carson's curator insight, April 29, 2013 12:11 AM

ELF students differ dramatically from domestic students in how they use English language skills throughout their graduate studies.

Vocabmonk's curator insight, September 8, 2014 8:21 AM

English as a Lingua Franca.

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The Dangerous Nationalism of Making English 'America’s Official Language'

The Dangerous Nationalism of Making English 'America’s Official Language' | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it
Spanish was spoken on this continent before English was. Compared to, say, Europe, where children are commonly taught more than one language, the United States doesn’t have to worry about keeping up with too many foreign tongues. By and large, it’s considered a good thing to be bilingual and to be exposed to other languages.
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40 Filipino terms added to Oxford English Dictionary | News

40 Filipino terms added to Oxford English Dictionary | News | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it

If someone tries to “carnap” you, it’s understandable if you get “high-blood.” Along with 38 other Filipino terms, these two words were included in the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) in its June 2015 update of the “definitive record of the English language.” The announcement of the inclusion, made on Thursday, June 25, marks the largest single batch of words from Philippine English to be recognized and published simultaneously in the dictionary . . .

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English is not an impossible dream - Malaysia

English is not an impossible dream - Malaysia | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it

The ministry has taken a dual-pronged approach to increase the quality of English at both the school and tertiary level of education. The first is remedial in nature and the second is policies that will strengthen English overall among students.

The first phase is to retrain current teachers to reach a satisfactory level of English proficiency through various methods. Among the methods employed to do this is the Native English Speaking Programme (Program Penutur Jati).

Nicos Sifakis's insight:

Native speaker attainment of proficiency being, of course, the ultimate measure of excellence... There's a lot of ground to cover in ELF teacher education!

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Translation challenges: From gang slang to poetic rabbits - BBC News

Translation challenges: From gang slang to poetic rabbits - BBC News | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it

Brazilian author Paulo Coelho's novel The Alchemist has spent almost seven years on the New York Times bestseller list. The novel about a Spanish shepherd's voyage to Egypt gained immediate popularity in the author's native Brazil. But Coelho himself has credited the translation into English in 1994 for his novel's international success. "In the publishing world outside of the United States, nobody reads Spanish, much less Portuguese," he told the New York Times in a 1999 interview. "Translation into English made it possible for other editors to read me." Now The Alchemist is available in 67 languages. But translating Brazilian Portuguese for an English-speaking audience is no easy task.

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Found in Translation

Found in Translation | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it
In the United States and Britain, translations represent just 3 percent of the book market. In Russia, in contrast, translated titles accounted for 10.5 percent of the market in 2013; in China, they make up around 7 percent. In the Netherlands, some 75 percent of all books produced are translations, according to 2013 statistics — and about 10 percent of all general interest books sold are original, English-language versions. Not only do foreign writers face obstacles to being read abroad, then, they are being crowded out of bookstores in their own countries. The English language, like rats or kudzu, has become an invasive species.
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Punjab English teachers ‘flunk’ Education Minister’s test

Punjab English teachers ‘flunk’ Education Minister’s test | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it
MOHALI: In Punjab, 80,278 of the 3,78,628 Class-10 government school students flunked English exam this year. Reason: they were taught by those who themselves struggle to write a simple correct sentence in the language.
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How Teaching in English Divides the Arab World

How Teaching in English Divides the Arab World | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it

But the enthusiasm for English isn’t universal. Skeptics note that switching to English does not solve all the underlying problems of troubled educational systems. Some see the turn away from their native language as a threat to Arab identity. Others worry that English-language education exacerbates the divide between the haves and have-nots. For a small minority of graduates, like Mr. Hamdy, English is the gateway to the global economy. But millions more are left behind.

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Knowing English speaks volumes - The Star Says | The Star Online

Knowing English speaks volumes - The Star Says | The Star Online | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it
THE Sultan of Johor has made a strong case for English to be used as a medium of instruction in schools in our national education system.
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Will Icelanders One Day Ditch Their Language for English? · Global Voices

Will Icelanders One Day Ditch Their Language for English? · Global Voices | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it
Icelandic identity is, according to a popular poem, land, nation and tongue. Remove one, and the others collapse. So, will the Icelandic nation survive if the Icelandic language dies out?
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Man Booker International judge speaks out against lack of world literature in English

Man Booker International judge speaks out against lack of world literature in English | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it
Marina Warner is to attack Britain’s ‘oddly provincial’ outlook on writing in other languages, and call for more translations
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What will the English language look like in 100 years?

What will the English language look like in 100 years? | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it
Since the British Empire's dispersal of English to different parts of the world, the language has taken on many forms. With all of these existing varieties, what's in store for this global language?
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France ready to end resistance to English - The Local

France ready to end resistance to English - The Local | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it
France’s Minister of Culture, Fleur Pellerin, the chief guardian of the French language, told The Local on Wednesday that she saw no point in protecting French from outside influence like English - a sign that the famous blockade against English words has been lifted.
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Mikis Theodorakis: 'In Greek prison, we learn English'

Mikis Theodorakis: 'In Greek prison, we learn English' | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it

"I like very much the English language for his simplicity, for his music.  My dream is to learn English, but the only opportunity was when I was in prison, and my English is the English of the prison because in Greek prison we learn English."

See the rest of Mikis' wonderful interview here: http://www.bruceduffie.com/theodorakis.html ;

 

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For English, Press One: Bush vs. Trump on Language and Politics

For English, Press One: Bush vs. Trump on Language and Politics | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it
About 61.6 million people in the United States speak a language other than English at home.
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English is All the Rage in Mauritania - Al-Fanar MediaAl-Fanar Media

English is All the Rage in Mauritania - Al-Fanar MediaAl-Fanar Media | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it

English teaching institutes are spreading rapidly around Mauritania as the nation’s young people are eager to learn it to get jobs in local, Arab, and African markets. In Mauritania, teaching English is a new business, which still suffers from chaos with the absence of a specific educational strategy and certified curricula.

According to the Mauritanian constitution, Arabic language is the first educational language while French is taught beginning in the sixth grade. (Mauritania was under French rule from 1920 to 1960.) Teaching English was introduced in secondary schools just ten years ago.

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Proficient English and Cantonese will remain bedrock of Hong Kong’s culture, say lawmakers

Proficient English and Cantonese will remain bedrock of Hong Kong’s culture, say lawmakers | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it
Proficient English and Cantonese will remain the cornerstone of the city’s competitiveness and culture, lawmakers from both sides of the political divide say in response to a new study that found Hongkongers were becoming increasingly trilingual....
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“English will stay as the language of power”

“English will stay as the language of power” | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it
Academic and intellectual Tariq Rahman talks about the underlying factors keeping the lingual conflict alive in Pakistan
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Only English is permissible in court proceedings: Gujarat HC to litigants - The Times of India

Only English is permissible in court proceedings: Gujarat HC to litigants - The Times of India | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it
Completely restraining use of Gujarati during high court proceedings, Gujarat high court on Wednesday made it clear that litigant, who appears before court as party-in-person, must speak in English and submit documents in English only.
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Language Expert Warns Against "Foreignization" Under Globalization

Language Expert Warns Against "Foreignization" Under Globalization | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it
Chan Virak said an increasing number are using English or Chinese. Without a careful policy, there is a danger of “foreignization” of Cambodian values.
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Mother tongue and English have their place

Mother tongue and English have their place | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it

Many parents in Kenya would approve if their children learnt mother tongue, but they definitely feel better if the children learnt English and Kiswahili.

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In Cambodia, English Classes More Popular Than Chinese

In Cambodia, English Classes More Popular Than Chinese | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it
In a small courtyard in downtown Phnom Penh sits the city’s oldest public school. Founded more than 100 years ago, Tuan Hoa features a Chinese temple and Mandarin language instruction for its ...
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Experts consider impact of English as global language of instruction | InsideHigherEd

Experts consider impact of English as global language of instruction | InsideHigherEd | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it

Kaschula, a professor of African language studies at Rhodes University, in South Africa, said he wanted to challenge one of the “myths” about English instruction: “that one must choose one language of instruction.” Kaschula said he doesn't doubt that English is increasingly being used at universities all over the world by students and faculty members for whom it is not a first language -- and that the trend will continue. But he said that there is no reason that this must be at the expense of local languages.
His was among a number of comments at a panel here at Going Global, the annual international education meeting of the British Council, that suggested that many of the issues about the rise of global academic English have been oversimplified or ignored.

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How English speakers won and lost the war of words: Larry Wilson

How English speakers won and lost the war of words: Larry Wilson | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it

In France, 99.4 percent of students take significant amounts of English by secondary school. It’s 100 percent in the Czech Republic and, yes, the Netherlands, and mostly over 90 percent elsewhere in Europe (for the slackers in Hungary, it’s just 78 percent, and in Portugal for some probably political reason, 47 percent, by far the lowest on the continent).

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Pro Malaysia: English as lingua franca gives Singapore a fighting chance

Pro Malaysia: English as lingua franca gives Singapore a fighting chance | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it
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Research: Video games driving English language skills; other languages suffer

Research: Video games driving English language skills; other languages suffer | English as an international lingua franca in education | Scoop.it
Research has shown that students who spend time playing online computer or console games reap an added benefit – good grades in English. The study by Helsinki University research student Olli Uuskoski shows that boys in particular tend to enjoy a big payoff, since they can more often be found with a game controller in hand than girls. As English grows in popularity among students, other languages are being left behind.
Nicos Sifakis's insight:

Yet another study that can be used in support of the view that, in Expanding Circle contexts, English is not really a foreign language (in the sense that other "major" languages, such as German, French, etc are).

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