This site points to interesting papers and materials related to the description of English as an international lingua franca, with an emphasis on teaching, learning, assessment, curriculum design, implementation and evaluation, and teacher education.
English as a lingua franca (ELF) can be defined as “an additionally acquired language system which serves as a common means of communication for speakers of different first languages”. Here's the Wikipedia entry for ELF.
When, back in 1989, the Netherlands education minister suggested more university courses in English, public outrage caused parliament to pass a law making Dutch the official language of education. Yet the Netherlands is now Europe’s biggest non-Anglophone provider of university courses taught in English; it is used in most masters degrees in life sciences, engineering and economics, though to a limited extent in BA courses and MAs in applied subjects.
Two billion people worldwide claim to speak English, 85% of multi-nationals use English as their language of business and 79% of international HR directors look for English proficiency when recruiting. And yet until today, there has never been a globally recognised standard in English - no single way of recognising and quantifying the level of an individual's English. Keeping this in mind, Pearson, the world's leading learning company, has unveiled . . .
The concern of our students in schools and institutions of higher learning with a poor command of the English language, both written and spoken, has resurfaced with calls made to the government to see if the language can be prioritised before another generation suffers the same fate of the previous generation.
We all know that if you want to be a professional scientist in the 21st century, you have to communicate in English. This is not a problem if you are lucky enough to be born to English-speaking parents, but spare a thought for the majority of the world’s scientists who are forced to communicate the subtleties and significance of their research in an idiosyncratic foreign tongue.
Hindi was something people used with cops, storekeepers, autowallas, drivers, pundits (the religious rather than the TV news channel variety) and domestic helps. English was spoken — and read — to ward off any odour of downmarketness. But everyone in cities comprehends English these days. Thankfully, you could still tell them apart by how they spoke it.
Linguistics expert David Crystal is in Russia to give a series of lectures. At the UK-Russia Linguistic Symposium at the Russian State University for the Humanities in Moscow, he described ‘the future of Englishes’ and the evolution of global varieties of English across the world.
A 2013 report on Korea by McKinsey & Company found that a typical middle class family shells out up to $100,000 per child on education fees, even before the costs of extra English education at one of the many English academies prevalent in Korea. ... The most damning fact from the McKinsey report was the revelation that high school graduates will earn more over their work life compared with college graduates because of the late entry of the latter group into the workforce. A 2012 survey conducted by the Korea Employment Information Service, found that the average age of new office workers in Korea was a staggering 33.2 years old for men (up from 27.3 in 2008) and 28.6 for females.
Nicos Sifakis's insight:
Sadly, this is not the case only in South Korea, but in other countries of the Expanding Circle as well...
Browse Oxford 3000 word list from a to almost in English Dictionary at OxfordLearnersDictionaries.com. The Oxford 3000 key words are the words that are the most important and useful vocabulary words for learners of American English to know.
The Istiqlal’s Secretary General Hamid Chabat has stated that English is the language of the modern time in all world countries, and that its status must be promoted to be the first foreign language for Moroccans. Along with Chabat, prominent social activist and businessman Noureddine Ayouch called in various political and media meetings for English to be introduced early in public schooling. Needless to say, these calls have demonstrated the importance of English in today’s world. . . .
It is more important to comprehend scriptures than merely read them with no understanding, say youngsters. This is the reason why over the years and especially during Ramzan, Islamic readings in various languages and particularly English is on the rise. "Though I am not proud of the fact that I don't know Arabic but for the time being till I complete my Board examinations, I prefer to get to know more about Islam either via books available in English or while surfing the different religious websites," said Aman Raza, a student.
Tourism has been found to be beneficial for minority language maintenance in a number of contexts from around the world. ... PhD research byYang Hongyan has demonstrated that the award of World Heritage status to the city of Lijiang in Yunnan province in China has provided a significant boost for the maintenance of the Naxi language (Yang 2013). However, it is not always the case that the local minority language benefits from the development of tourism in a minority area, as a fascinating case study of West Street in Yangshuo Town in the Guilin district of Guangxi Province in Chinademonstrates (Gao 2012).
Yangshuo was one of the first backpacker destinations to emerge in China and the frequency with which Yangshuo is featured in English-language travel reports is out of all proportion to its small size. [Yangshuo] is the most accessible destination in China for independent foreign travelers, offering accommodation across all ranges, an eclectic array of restaurants with English menus and English-speaking tourism service providers.
However, catering to the international tourist market through the provision of English-language services is only one part of the success story of Yangshuo. Capitalising on its popularity with international tourists, Yangshuo began to strategically associate itself with English-speaking visitors in its marketing efforts directed at domestic tourists...
In addition to Japan’s men’s soccer team suffering an upsetting loss in the first round of the World Cup, another disappointment occurred when a Japanese referee for the opening match between Brazil and Croatia, Yuichi Nishimura, made a controversial call. The Croatian team, which tried to protest the call, alleged after the match that Nishimura did not speak English well. The entire country of Japan, always embarrassed at their low level of English ability, surely cringed in unison. . . .
While English is not the most spoken language on earth, it is arguably the most widely spoken among the world’s college-educated population. It is also, and by far, the most widely spoken language among computer programmers. As a matter of fact, regardless of where a tech event takes place, it seems that no other language but English is deemed appropriate to be used in front of an audience. I saw this pattern at play in Jordan and India, where I’ve traveled to write about these countries’ startup ecosystems.